How to write Literature review of Research paper

how write literature review research paper example and how to write a literature review for a research proposal and how to write a literature review for a dissertation
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Dr.CherylStam,New Zealand,Researcher
Published Date:04-07-2017
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Literature Review Learning Development Service Leonie Maria Tanczer, MSc.WhyLearning Development Service …because most students end up like this:Learning Development Service Who are you? • Schools / Subjects • Concerns • Expectations • StageLearning Development Service Workshop Structure 1. The purpose of a literature review 2. How to find appropriate literature 3. How to not get lost in the literature – time management, organisation 4. How to structure a literature review – step-by-step approachDissertationLearning Development Service What is a dissertation? Oxford English Dictionary • “An extended scholarly essay, usually based upon original research, submitted for a degree or other academic qualification.” More generally: • A focused ‘essay’, typically about 10,000-20,000 words in length; • An independent piece of work that demonstrates the candidate’s ability as a competent researcher with advanced knowledge on a specific topic.Learning Development Service Hourglass Introduction Main Body ConclusionLiterature ReviewLearning Development Service Definition What is a literature review? • A critical, analytical account of the existing research on a particular topic Why do we write literature reviews? • Show knowledge of the topic • Keep current • Stepping stone to research/further analysis • Gain credibilityLearning Development Service The Literature Review… IS NOT IS • A descriptive summary of • A critical, analytical existing literature account • A presentation of your • A synthesis of the own argument arguments of others • Organised by source or • Organised around ideas written as an annotated or arguments bibliography • An account of a selection • An account of every of writings relevant to existing piece of research your work related to your topicLearning Development Service 14 Review Types (Grant & Booth, 2009)PurposeLearning Development Service What is the aim? • To provide an organised overview of existing research on a specific topic • To take a critical and evaluative perspective toward published research • To summarise, synthesise and analyse the arguments of other authors • To uncover similarities and differences or consistencies and inconsistencies within existing research • To identify a gap within the body or research • To help you generate and justify your research question and hypothesesLearning Development Service Be Original. Find a Gap. • Value of a research lies in its contribution to knowledge • Should strive to show clearly how the previous research is conflicting or lacking in some way • This lack is called a “gap” – your research contributes to “fill” the gap. • Gap should flow naturally and clearly from your understanding of the literature Learning Development Service The Gap. The Rationale. • Ask yourself: – Why is the gap you’ve identified important? – How important is the gap you’ve identified? – Why is it worth to investigate this particular gap? – What is the benefit from studying that gap respectively research area further? • You will need to make a persuasive argument for the importance of this issue as it provides the rational for your researchLearning Development Service Five Types of Gaps • Knowledge-based: Most common, occurs when we don’t know (enough) about a phenomenon • Relationship-based: occurs when we know about certain issues or variables well, but are unsure about their relationship • Theory-based: occurs when a theory or an aspect of a theory has not been investigated thoroughly, or not been tested in a particular way • Methodological: occurs when a research design or methodology has not been applied to a particular phenomenon • Analytical: occurs when a phenomenon has not been investigated using a particular analytical approach i.e., qualitative vs. quantitative Learning Development Service Activity • Write down a key term which summarises the research field or theme you are going to work in/with? – Hacktivism • What do you want to achieve with your work? – What is your research question? Hypotheses? – Break gender stereotypes of the “white male hacker” – What characterises the discourse of hacktivists around gender? • What are related topics, research areas, keywords or issues? – Gender Studies, Computer Science, Gender Stereotypes • What theory/theories is/are underpinning your research? – Social Identity TheoryLearning Development Service Activity • What methods / arguments are common in this research area? – Quantitative Analyses: Implicit Association Test etc. – Qualitative Analyses: Semi-Structured interviews, focus groups etc. – Discourse Analyses etc. • What is the purpose of your literature review? What is missing? – To lead to the gap = no research which investigates the “male-only” stereotype of the hacktivist community • Get stuck? – What do you already know? – What information do you still need?Find Literature