How to write Phd Research Proposal pdf

how to write a phd research proposal computer science with example and how to write research proposal for masters degree | download free pdf
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Published Date:07-07-2017
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Introduction to PhD Research Proposal Writing Dr. Solomon Derese Department of Chemistry University of Nairobi, Kenya 1Your PhD research proposal should answer three questions; What – …is the fundamental problem? – …is your idea? – …is its relationship to the field? – …is its novelty? –…is it important? Why –…is it likely to succeed? –…will anyone care? –…are you planning on tacking the problem? How –…are you planning on disseminating the results? 2What is Research? The Oxford Encyclopaedic English Dictionary defines research as: a) the systematic investigation into the study of materials, sources etc. in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. b) an endeavour to discover new or collate old facts etc. by the scientific study of a subject or by a course of critical investigation. 3Cyclical Nature of Research Research is cyclical and is not a one-time act – static, self- contained, and an end in itself … research creates more problems than it resolves. The research process 4 components of a research proposal Methodology Objectives Introduction Idea Literature Review Budget Time Plan 5In most cases, your DAAD research proposal will need to include the following:  Table of Contents  Abstract  Introduction into the General Topic  Problem Statement and Justification of the Research Project  Hypothesis and Objectives of the Study  Literature Review  Research Methodology  Data Collection, Analysis and Evaluation of Data  Expected Results and Output of the Study  Bibliography  Appendix, e.g. Tables, Graphs, Questionnaires etc.  Financial Budget and Timetable 7Writing A Research Proposal 8What is a Research Proposal? A research proposal is a document that: • Outlines a research problem (research topic) • States its associated research questions • Summaries the prior literature related to the topic • Specifies the procedure to be followed in answering the research questions. The purpose of your proposal is to sell your research idea by showing that you have thought it through very carefully and have devised a good strategy to address the questions of the study. 9Identifying a Research Study Area: Identify the field of research where you have expertise or General proficiency. Topic: Identify a specific topic of interest in this area of expertise. This reflects the problem to be solved. Research Questions: Identify the questions whose answers will guide solving the problem. Objectives: Identify the goals associated with each of the research questions. Activities: Identify the things that will need to be done to meet Specific each of the objectives of the research. This provides the conceptual framework that guides the 11 proposal writing process.Guiding Principles in Identifying a Research Study Flow of Ideas What Remedying Deficiencies Evidence for the Deficiencies Educational in the Topic the Issue will do for Issue Evidence Select Subject •A Concern Audiences • Evidence from • What is missing Area •A Problem the literature in this body of How addressing the • Something • Evidence from evidence? problem will help: that needs a practical • What do we – researchers solution experiences need to know – educators more about? – policy makers – individuals like those in the study 1213What is an Abstract and What is its value? An abstract is a summary of the proposal. It is the single most important element of the proposal since: It speaks for the proposal when it is separated from it. It provides the reader with a first impression of the proposed research. As a summary, it frequently provides the reader of the proposed study. 14Some proposal reviewers read only the abstract, and most rely on it to give them an initial quick overview of the proposal and later to refresh their memory of the project's main points. 15What is the structure of an Abstract? To capture the essence of your proposal, the abstract should summarize all the elements of the proposal, except the references, work plan and budget. It starts by describing the background (the knowledge field where your research takes place and the key issues that offer opportunities for scientific or technological innovations that you intend to explore). It then presents briefly your research statement and your proposed research objectives and approach. It concludes with the expected outcome and the anticipated implications of such results on the advancement of scientific knowledge. 16At what point do you write an Abstract? Although it often appears at the beginning of the proposal, the abstract should be written last, as a concise summary (approximately 250 - 300 words) of the proposal. Your Abstract should leave a lasting impression 17Introduction motivate a novice about your research idea 18What is the purpose of the introduction? The Introduction provides a brief rationale for why the proposed study is worth pursuing. It provides the background information on the study It explains why other people should care about it (establishes its importance)  It outlines what you plan to do and reveals what you plan to achieve (explains its significance). Restrict the introduction to topics relevant to the study that help explain your research topic e.g. A scientist may explain how cancer cells reproduce to help readers understand why a chemical might inhibit growth of cancerous cells. 19What is the outline of the introduction? The introduction serves to familiarize the reader with the topic of the proposal. It begins with background information with a statement of what is being proposed that serves to introduce the subject to someone unfamiliar with the topic. It also provides a brief summary of the literature on research related to the problem being investigated. It should briefly outline the objectives of the project and provide enough background to enable the reader to place this particular research problem in the context of common knowledge. 20Literature Review If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants. (Isaac Newton). 21Literature Review - An Overview It provides the reader with a comprehensive review of the literature related to the problem under investigation. The review of related literature should greatly expand upon the background information already incorporated in the introduction section. It should be selective and critical. It should only discus relevant studies and provide a fair evaluation of them. If no studies of your specific topic exist, look for parallel or broader ones. Since the literature review may be lengthy, it is essential to divide into sections and subsections as needed to logically organize the information presented. 22

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