How to write Seminar Papers

how to present and cite seminar papers And what are the guidelines for writing seminar papers and writing and delivering seminar papers | free pdf download
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Dr.CherylStam,New Zealand,Researcher
Published Date:04-07-2017
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The Fundamental Steps to Writing Thesis/Seminar Papers: A Review of Common Mistakes and Errors Associated with Students Papers By Cosmas U. Nwokeafor, Ph.D. Dean Graduate School Fundamental Steps • In writing any (1) dissertation (2) Thesis (3) Seminar Paper • There are five principle guidelines a student must be familiar with: (1) Study Introduction (2) Review of Instant Literature (3) Methodological Approach (4) Research Findings (5) Research Interpretation and Recommendation What Does a Research Introduction Entail • A research introduction entails the following: (1) Background (2) Purpose of the Study (3) Problem Statement (4) Theoretical Framework (5) Variable Definitions (6) Scope of Study Review of Literature • Literature review in any research endeavor is the base that gives information support to the research and its possible claim. • It reviews existing work that are relevant to the study • Literature review consolidates the entire research • It weighs what already exists and how what is being presented matter in future • Insufficient literature does not help your research • Detailed literature abstracted from sources relevant to your research legitimizes your claim and significantly makes your view point stronger • It is rather scholarly advisable to increase the landscape of your literature review Methodological Approach • Your Dissertation/Thesis/Seminar Paper methodological approach should follow these steps: (1) Research Method – What Research Method are you applying (2) Instrumentation (3) Sample and Sampling Method (4) Reliability and Validity (5) Statistical measures and Analysis Note: How do your define and discuss each of these research variables • Example: Reliability: The degree to which a particular procedure enables one to collect the same data each time in repeated observation of the same phenomenon (consistency in data classification than replication) • A reliable study therefore: (1) should always produce the same results from the same set of data irrespective of circumstances (2) coders in such study must agree on the units of analysis • If agreement among coders is perfect for all units, then reliability is assured • But where there are no agreement among coders no matter how good the study turns out to be, reliability is absent. • Reliability may take the form of (a) stability (b) accuracy or © reproductibility • Validity: The focus on whether an instrument actually measures what it intended to measure • A Research exercise may be valid and not reliable and vice versa. Research Findings • At the methodological approach level, a student will be able to report the: • Demographic descriptions • Data analysis • What the research was able to find At this part of the research, details of the findings must be clearly presented Interpretations and Recommendations • At the interpretations and recommendation level, a student has to show: • Competence in interpreting and discussing data collected • Competence in using statistically analyzed data to support various claims • Making solid recommendation for future research Common Mistakes and Errors In writing dissertation, thesis and seminar papers, students makes mistakes and errors such as: 1. Lack of accurate introduction of the study 2. Lack of and inconsistent study Abstract 3. Writing in a Clear and Concise Manner Example: (a) Length (b) Organization of thought (c) Organization of Content Area (d) Organization of Source Materials Writing Styles 4. Writing Styles (a) Presenting Continuity in Ideas (b) Expression must be smooth (c) Must Maintain consistency in linking Ideas and Viewpoints (d) Precision and Clarity in Expression Grammar and Usage 5. Grammar and Usage (a) Usage of Verbs (b) Subject and Verb Agreement (c) Appropriate Use of Pronouns (d) General usage of Conjunctions Style and Mechanics 6. Style and Mechanics (a) Punctuation (b) Spacing after Punctuation Marks (c) consistency in using the following: period, comma, semicolon, dash, question marks etc. Spelling (a) Spelling should conform to standard American English as shown in any identified American College Dictionary (b) Capitalization: Must use uppercase letter for the first letter of a word

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