Explaining literature review in a ppt

how to conducting effective literature review and how to write literature review in thesis sample and how to write a literature review without plagiarizing
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Dr.CherylStam,New Zealand,Researcher
Published Date:04-07-2017
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Stand alone Within thesis Systematic literature reviews: http://flexiblelearning.auckland.ac.nz/phils on/47.html Systematic-Review-User-Guide.pdf Good sources of published systematic literature reviews include: 1. The Cochrane Library (MHS) - http://www.thecochranelibrary.com/ 2. The Campbell Collaboration - http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/ (education, crime and justice, and social welfare) 1. Define what you need to know, and about what topics. It is a good idea at this stage to be as specific as possible. ‘Is family therapy an effective treatment for anorexia nervosa?’ for instance will be a more effective question and produce better results than ‘How do I help people with eating disorders?’ In this stage you also need to decide how you will choose which studies to include in your final analysis and which not to include. 2. Search for the articles you might want to include in your review 3. Select which articles are good enough to be included in the final review 4. Look for any risk of potential bias in the articles you have selected 5. Carry out a statistical analysis of the data from the trials you have selected 6. Check for any bias in the way the trials you have included have reported their results. Have they stressed positive results and downplayed negative ones or vice versa? 7. Present the statistical outline of your results and tables showing a summary of your findings 8. Interpret your results, come to some conclusions and express them in clear English for as wide an audience as possible ABSTRACT 1 BACKGROUND Description of the condition Description of the intervention Why it is important to do this review 2 OBJECTIVES 3 METHODS Criteria for considering studies for this review Search methods for identification of studies Data collection and analysis 4 RESULTS Description of studies Risk of bias in included studies Effects of interventions 5 DISCUSSION 4 Summary of main results Overall completeness and applicability of evidence Quality of the evidence Potential biases in the review process Agreements and disagreements with other studies or reviews 6 AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS  Is part of the process of defining and focusing your topic: know ◦ where own ideas fit, what may inform them, what others have written and discovered, ◦ where and how your field of questioning, research and findings can contribute to existing knowledge  Demonstrates your knowledge of the existing field of research to the reader and examiner  Provides the context of your topic and related fields  Gathers information about what is already known about the topic  Identifies 'gaps' in the knowledge  Suggests methods and designs for (clinical) practice  Suggests ways of avoiding difficulties or deficiencies  Cover current literature as well as material of an historical interest  Discuss landmark studies and central debates; identify key concepts  Be critical and evaluative by showing the merits and limitations of existing scholarship  Have synthesis and an overall coherence  Relate the review of literature to research questions What are the major issues What are the epistemological and debates? grounds for the discipline? Literature search and review How is knowledge on the on your topic topic organised? What are the main questions What are the different addressed to date? (political) standpoints? Are there important definitions or terms to clarify? Grix (2001) identifies three stages in the process: 1. The initial overview of the field, or “initial dip” 2. A narrowing focus, in tandem with the development of your research topic 3. The “full scale critical literature review” 13  Do a Google search  Find the original source of an idea  Consult basic text books or a glossary/ subject dictionary  Read review articles on your topic  Email the author for clarification, further information, or to locate his/her other works 1. distinguish what has been done from what needs to be done 2. discover important variables relevant to the topic 3. synthesise and gain a new perspective 4. identify relationships between ideas and practice 5. establish the context of a topic or problem 6. rationalise the significance of the problem 7. enhance and acquire the subject vocabulary 8. understand the structure of the subject 9. relate ideas and theory to applications 10. identify the main methodologies and research techniques that have been used 11. place the research in a historical context and show familiarity with up-to-date developments  Introduction  Fair and accurate summary of the literature reviewed (purpose and main points of the article/book)  Critical examination (e.g. accuracy, significance, clear definition of terms, fair use of information, logical arguments)  Systematic evaluation (agree/disagree, support with reasons)  Statement or indication of own assumptions  Conclusion  Author’s credentials – affiliation  Currency - Date of publication  Publisher  Academic rigour – content, writing style etc.  Range/scope  Relevance 18  Seek advice from your subject librarian  Develop appropriate key search words and phrases  Determine which databases to search  Use the ‘find citing articles’ feature to locate more recent relevant sources  Consider the quality of your sources – published books, peer-reviewed articles, and reputable web-sites are best  Consult the reference list/bibliography of each source  Devise a system of filing articles and references  Keep careful records of source ideas, papers, quotes etc.  Use bibliographical software e.g.  EndNote (http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/endnote/endnote.htm) or  RefWorks (http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/refworks/refworks.htm)