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GUIDELINES FOR THE PREPARATION OF THESIS, DISSERTATION & REPORT FOR GRADUATE PROGRAMMES CENTRE FOR GRADUATE STUDIES UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE PREFACE i TABLE OF CONTENTS ii APPENDICES iv 1 Introduction 1 2 Submission of Thesis for Evaluation/Examination 1 3 Arrangement of Contents 2 3.1 Pre-title page (Front Cover) 2 3.2 Title Page 2 3.3 Copyright (optional) 3 3.4 Declaration Page 3 3.5 Approval 3 3.6 Dedication (optional) 3 3.7 Abstract and Abstrak 3 3.8 Acknowledgements 3 3.9 Table of Contents 3 3.10 List of Tables, Figures (Illustrations, Plates/Photographs) 4 3.11 List of Abbreviations, Symbols, Specialized Nomenclature 4 3.12 List of publications (if any) 4 3.13 Main text of the thesis 5 3.13.1 Chapter Layout 5 4 Format of Thesis 7 4.1 Language 7 4.2 Typing 7 4.2.1 Font 7 4.2.2 Space and Format 7 4.2.3 Symbol 8 4.2.4 Typing Quality 8 4.3 Margin 8 4.4 Pagination 8 4.5 Notes and Footnotes 8 4.6 Tables and Figures 9 4.7 Colour 9 5 Literature Citation and Referencing 9 5.1 Citation in Text 9 5.1.1 Author’s name cited in text 9 5.1.2 Author’s name not cited directly in the text 10 5.1.3 No author 10 ii 5.1.4 Corporate authors 10 5.1.5 No date 10 5.1.6 Secondary referencing 10 5.1.7 Websites 11 5.2 Referencing 11 5.2.1 Reference from books 11 5.2.2 Chapters of edited books 11 5.2.3 Books which have been translated 12 5.2.4 E-books 12 5.2.5 Reference from journals and newspapers 12 5.2.6 Reference from conference proceedings 12 5.2.7 Standards 13 5.2.8 Patent 13 5.2.9 Multiple works from the same author in the same year 13 5.2.10 Anonymous (authorless) reference 13 5.2.11 Publications on International bodies/agencies 13 5.2.12 Websites 14 6 Appendices 14 7 Binding 14 8 CD Submission 15 iii GUIDELINES FOR THE PREPARATION OF THESIS, DISSERTATION AND REPORT FOR GRADUATE PROGRAMMES 1. INTRODUCTION This Guideline is prepared and designed to assist graduate students of Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) in the preparation of their thesis, dissertation and report of master project. It deals only with the submission and the physical format and writing conventions of the thesis, dissertation and report of master project. It is the responsibility of each student to ensure that his/her work conforms to the guidelines set out below. Further clarification of the guidelines can be obtained from the Centre for Graduate Studies (PPS). In this Guideline, the word ‘thesis’ applies to the various types of work involved namely Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Engineering Doctorate (DEng) and Master of Science (MSc) thesis; dissertation and report of master project (for Master by Taught Course). 2. SUBMISSION OF THESIS FOR EVALUATION / EXAMINATION The title of the thesis must have prior approval for submission from the supervisor(s) and the respective faculties. The following procedures must be followed when submitting a thesis for evaluation / examination: 2.1 For Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Engineering Doctorate (DEng) and Master of Science (MSc) thesis, candidates should notify PPS in writing at least three (3) months before they intend to submit their research work. Notification forms for thesis submission are available from PPS. For dissertation and report of master project (for Master by Taught Course), candidates should refer to the respective faculties. 2.2 Candidates must submit one (1) draft copy of the thesis to his/her supervisor before submitting the final copies, to ensure that the proper format has been followed before the copies are sent for examination. The draft copy should be accompanied with a TURNITIN report. 2.3 Upon approval by the respective faculties, five (5) copies of the thesis must be submitted to PPS for further action. The thesis must be bound in soft cover (white, 70 gm A4 paper) with comb binding. For dissertation and report of Master programme by mixed mode, candidates should notify faculty in writing at least one (1) month before they intend to submit their research work, candidates should refer to the faculty guidelines. 2.4 The title should be a short and concise description of the main content of the thesis and should not exceed 15 words. Redundancies such as “An investigation of …”, “A preliminary study of …”, “On the …”“Theory of …”, “Some of …” and “Toward a …” must be avoided. Thesis title should not contain formulas, symbols or subscripts, 1 Greek letters, or other non-alphabetical symbol such as bracket; rather word substitutes are used. 2.5 Length of thesis is given as follows : i. Doctoral - between 35 000 and 60 000 words ii. Master by Research and Dissertation – between 20 000 and 35 000 words iii. Master Project – between 15 000 and 25 000 words The total number of words only accounts for the main text and does not include footnotes, exhibits, figures, tables, graphs, appendices, bibliographies and references. 3. ARRANGEMENT OF CONTENTS All theses should be divided into appropriate sections or chapters. Candidates should bear in mind that thesis examiners deplore overlong or verbose thesis; the onus is on the candidate to provide a well - organized and well written thesis. The following arrangement of list of thesis sections is supposed to serve as a guideline. Many of these sections are self- explanatory. Further information on some of the sections is provided following the list. 3.1 Pre-title page (Front cover) Title of a thesis should be as concise as possible giving an accurate description of the work. The pre-title page must contain the following: 3.1.1 Logo of UTeM 3.1.2 Name of Faculty 3.1.3 Title of thesis 3.1.4 Full name of candidate 3.1.5 The degree submitted for (refer to Appendix A) 3.1.6 The year thesis is submitted for Senate approval. Format and sample of the pre-title page is shown in Appendix B1 and Appendix B2. Do not number this page. This format should be followed closely. 3.2 Title Page The title page should consist of the following: 3.2.1 Title of thesis 3.2.2 Full name of candidate 3.2.3 Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of (Doctor of Philosophy / Master of Science/ Master of Business Administration) 3.2.4 Name of Faculty 3.2.5 UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA must be written in uppercase (capital letters) 3.2.6 The year thesis is submitted for Senate approval. 2 Refer to Appendix C1 & Appendix C2 for the title page format and sample. Do not number this page. 3.3 Copyright (optional) Under International Law the use of copyright material requires the permission of either the author or the publisher. It is the responsibility of the candidate to address this issue and to cover any expenses incurred. No pagination on this page. 3.4 Declaration Page This page should contain declaration by the student on the originality of the thesis. The declaration should be signed. An example is provided in Appendix D. This page should not be numbered. 3.5 Approval This page should contain approval from the Supervisor. The approval for the respective degree must be signed. An example is provided in Appendix E1 for thesis (PhD, Engineering Doctorate and Master by Research) and Appendix E2 for dissertation/report (Master by Mixed Mode and Taught Course). This page should not be numbered. 3.6 Dedication (optional) The dedication must be brief, not more than one paragraph, and must not contain any number, chart or photograph. Refer to the example in Appendix F. 3.7 Abstract and Abstrak Abstracts in both English and Bahasa Malaysia are mandatory. The abstract in Bahasa Malaysia must be in Italic for a thesis written in English, and vice versa. Abstract is a summary of the entire thesis written in one paragraph. It should briefly outline the research problem addressed by the thesis, research objectives, research methodology, the findings and the significance of the work in the context of the field of study. The abstract should not exceed one (1) typewritten single-spaced page. Example can be seen in Appendix G1 (English) and Appendix G2 (Bahasa Malaysia). Number this page ‘i’. Paginations of the text section follow after this page. 3.8 Acknowledgements Most theses will include a brief statement of thanks and appreciations in recognition of special assistance (including financial) and guidance given by individuals, institutions or government bodies. An example can be seen in Appendix H. 3.9 Table of Contents The titles of sections, chapters and their principal subdivisions along with the page numbers on which they appear should be listed in the Table of Contents. Titles should be worded exactly as they appear in 3 the text of the thesis. Thesis with many subsections should use a hierarchical numbering system for headings and sub-headings (i.e., 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, etc). Such numbering system combined with the judicious use of upper and lower case, indentations and italics should indicate clear relationships between the sections of the thesis. All chapters and their sub-sections must be labeled and numbered. The chapters are numbered using Arabic numeric, i.e. Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3 and so on. The sub-sections are given as follows Chapter 2 Title of the chapter 2.1 First level (Title of the sub-section) 2.1.1 Second level (Title of the sub-sub-section) 2.1.1.1 Third level (Title of the sub-sub-sub-section) If the length of a title of a chapter or any level is more than one line, the same line spacing as in the text should be used. Sub-sections beyond third level should be labeled using characters. Refer to the example in Appendix I. 3.10 List of Tables, Figures (Illustrations, Plates/Photographs) These lists consist of the exact titles (including numbering) of all tables, figures and plates that appear in the thesis. All tables, figures and plates should be single spaced and numbered consecutively throughout the text. See examples in Appendix J1 and Appendix J2. The caption for tables is placed above the table itself using Times New Roman, font size 12. An example is shown in Appendix J3. In contrast, the caption for figures is placed below the figure itself using Times New Roman, font size 12. An example is depicted in Appendix J4. Number the tables and figures by chapter, e.g. Table 1.1 and Table 1.2 to indicate they belong to Chapter 1. Whereas, Table 2.1 and Table 2.2 belong to Chapter 2 and so on. In addition, Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2 to indicate they belong to Chapter 1. Whereas, Figure 2.1 and Figure 2.2 belong to Chapter 2 and so on. 3.11 List of Abbreviations, Symbols, Specialized Nomenclature This list is optional, depending on the subject matter or technicality of the thesis. All scientific symbols and nomenclature should follow the standard SI- system. See example in Appendix K. 3.12 List of publications (if any) List in chronological order the publications of work from this study, with most recent work first and the rest follow in descending order. Include name of the author, year of publication, title of article, name of journal/ book, volume and issue number as well as page number. 4 3.13 Main text of the thesis The main body of the thesis is usually arranged into consecutively numbered chapters or sections. The internal organization of the thesis is the responsibility of the candidate in consultation with his/her thesis supervisor(s) in accordance to the format given in section Table of Content. The organization will partly depend on the field of study, but the onus is on the student to provide a systematic and well-organized thesis. As a whole, the font of the main text should be the Times New Roman, font size12 with double-spacing. 3.13.1 Chapter Layout The thesis often includes the following chapters: Chapter 1 Introduction This chapter introduces the subject matter and problem(s) being studied, and indicates its importance and validity. Introduction is the first part of a thesis and allows the readers to get the general idea of what your thesis is about. It also acquaints the readers with the thesis topic, explaining the basic points of the research and pointing the direction of your research. Introduction sets out the hypotheses to be tested (if applicable) and research objectives to be attained. It is important to remember that the research objectives stated in the thesis should match the findings of the study. Failing to do so could result a recommendation by the examiners to conduct additional studies so that the stated objectives are met. Chapter 2 Literature Review This section encompasses a critical and comprehensive review of the literature related to the topic of thesis. It is meant to act as a base for the experimental and analytical sections of the thesis. Literature selected must be up to date, and be analysed and synthesised logically. It is not simply a summary of works of different authors. It is a critical, analytical summary and synthesis of the current knowledge of a topic. Thus, it should compare and relate different theories, findings, etc rather than just summarise them individually. In addition, it should have a particular focus or theme to organise the review. It does not have to be an exhaustive account of everything published on the topic, but it should discuss all the significant academic literature important to that focus. The review should give the gist of each book or pertinent findings of a journal article, explain how it relates to the topic and show why it is not sufficient to answer the research questions. Textbook materials on basic principles or theories should be kept to a minimum. Chapter 3 Materials and Methods/Methodology This section varies from thesis to thesis depending on the discipline of study, and may be absent in theoretical theses. It contains a description and justification of the materials, theoretical approaches, 5 experimental designs and methods (including statistical analysis) used to achieve the stated objectives of the study undertaken. In engineering this may include, but is not limited to, a description of the methodology, theoretical development, fundamental philosophical foundation, experimental design and standard procedure description. The materials and methods used in the study should be described in detail and concisely such that a reader would be able to replicate the experiment solely with the information contained in this section. Chapter 4 Results/Findings The section presents a complete account of the results obtained in the study in the form of text, figures or tables so that the key information is highlighted. The same set of results or data should not be presented in more than one format (e.g. either as a table or figure, but not both). This may be presented as a single chapter, divided separately into appropriate section or in two or more chapters to include the analysis and presentation of data. When results are placed in one chapter, sub-headings may be used to demarcate the different aspects of the study. The results should be interpreted, but extensive reference to other relevant work should not be included. Chapter 5 Discussion This section bridges the data presented or described in the preceding section, and contains the analyses or interpretations of the results obtained, and the conclusions drawn. Students should discuss these results in relation to the hypotheses (if applicable) or objectives set out in the Introduction, and how they fit into the existing or current body of knowledge. The significance and implications of the main findings should be made clear. Chapter 6 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations for Future Studies This chapter contains a brief summary of the entire work, including methods, results and major conclusions /recommendations arising from the work. This chapter is important since it illustrates the significance of the study and stresses the findings upon which a conclusion or conclusions are drawn in line with the objectives set, acknowledges the limitations, and suggests further research which may be carried out on the topic. The summary can be written in a single section or in separately numbered sections. Suggestions for future work are often included together with contributions of research. It is acceptable for individual chapter to be self-contained, including their own introduction, methods, results and discussions, as is often the case where individual chapter being submitted for publication. However, in such thesis a broader introduction to the whole thesis should be included to tie the chapters or sections together and to provide the framework for the whole thesis. 6 4. FORMAT OF THESIS 4.1 Language The thesis must be written in either English or Bahasa Malaysia. The language of the thesis should be as direct and simple, as the subject matter will allow. Language use should be consistent throughout the thesis, especially in terms of spelling (American or British). 4.2 Typing A thesis should be typed in word format MS Office Word or text processor. 4.2.1 Font Candidates should use the Times New Roman with font size 12 in preparing their thesis. Other fonts are not acceptable. Chapters and their sub-sections must be given titles. The title of each chapter should be typed using capital letters and centered. A new chapter must start on a new page. The titles should be typed using bold letters and should not be underlined. Write the titles of the sub-sections in “sentence case”, that is the same capitalization that candidate would have used in normal sentence (capitalize only the first word). 4.2.2 Space and Format The thesis should only be typed on one side of the page. The text should be double-spaced throughout, including explanatory footnotes, equations, long quotations, appendices, headings and subheadings. However, legends, captions or keys to tables, figures or plates should be single-spaced. The following guidelines should also be observed. 4.2.2.1 The spacing between the lower top margin and the chapter number should be one (1) line spacing 4.2.2.2 The spacing between the chapter number and the title, and between the title and the first line of a text should be one (1) line spacing 4.2.2.3 The spacing between the last line of a text with the title of a subsection should be one (1) line spacing 4.2.2.4 No spacing between the title of a sub-section and the first line of a text 4.2.2.5 No spacing between paragraphs 4.2.2.6 The number and the title of sub-section should be aligned with the left margin 4.2.2.7 The first line of a paragraph should be indented by 1 tab (1.22 cm) from the left margin 4.2.2.8 A new paragraph should not begin on the last line of a page 4.2.2.9 The spacing between the last line of a text and a table, or a figure or an illustration should be one (1) line spacing 7 4.2.2.10 The spacing after a full stop (.) should be one (1) character spacing 4.2.2.11 The spacing after a comma (,) should be one (1) character spacing (An example is provided in Appendix L) 4.2.3 Symbol For symbols that are not available on the computer keyboard, such as copyright symbol, trademark symbol, paragraph marks and Unicode characters, use appropriate function in the MS Office Word to generate them. Use an equation editor to insert common mathematical equations or other formulas. 4.2.4 Typing Quality All copies must be of good legible quality. Hard copies of the thesis submitted for examination or binding must be printed using a laser printer or similar quality machines. Candidates are required to carefully proof read and correct any typographical errors before submitting the thesis. 4.3 Margin Left margin should be 3 cm (30 mm) wide for binding purposes. The other three sides that are top, bottom and right margin should be 2.5 cm (25 mm) wide. 4.4 Pagination Pages should be numbered consecutively throughout the thesis, including pages of figures, tables and appendices. It is advisable that all tables and figures are placed on separate pages and not together with the text. Pagination begins with the first page of Chapter 1 (i.e., Introduction) using Arabic numeric (1, 2, 3, etc.) but the numbers should not be printed. Similarly, the first page of all chapters should be counted but the numbers should not be printed. Preliminary pages preceding Chapter 1 must carry page numbers in small Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, etc.). The title page should not be numbered. Page numbers should be centered at the bottom of the page of the thesis and should be at least 1 cm (10 mm) from the margin of the page. Page numbers should appear by themselves and they are not to be enclosed in parenthesis, hyphens, etc. Each appendix should be identified separately in alphabetical order. The pages of the appendices should also be typed according to the above pagination system. Page numbers should be retained at the centre and bottom of the page (at portrait layout) even though landscape table and figures are attached. 4.5 Notes and Footnotes In the case where notes and footnotes are used with font size 10 and should be kept to minimum. 8 4.6 Tables and figures Source of the tables and figures should be stated in full if it was adopted from copyrighted permission. It should be written at the end of the caption. 4.7 Colour Colour can help enormously to present data clearly. However, design the colourful diagrams to preserve as much information as possible in a black and white printout. 5. LITERATURE CITATION AND REFERENCING Any thesis which makes use of other works, either in direct quotation or by reference, must contain a bibliography listing of these sources. Only works directly cited or quoted in the text should be included in the bibliography. UTeM follows the Harvard System for literature citation and referencing. References are made by giving the author's last name together with the year of publication. 5.1 Citation in Text 5.1.1 Author’s name cited in text In the text, the year of publication appears within parenthesis after the author's surname if the latter forms part of a sentence. For example: Chong (1986) states that… In any particular sentence, if several publications are cited, the references should be cited in chronological order. For example: Jones (2006) and Smith (2008) have both shown… However, if several publications of the same year are cited the references should be cited in alphabetical order and with single author taking precedence over joint authors. For example: Azis and Harrison (1987) claim that… Where there are more than two authors: Yamakura et al. (1990) found that... If several papers by the same author(s) and from the same year are cited, the letters a, b, c, etc. should be put after the year of publication. For example: Chazdon and Ibrahim (1988b). 9 5.1.2 Author’s name not cited directly in the text Reference to a work or piece of research without mentioning the author in the text then both the author’s name and publication year are placed at the relevant point in the sentence or at the end of the sentence in brackets. For example: Making reference to published work appears to be characteristic of writing for a professional audience (Cormack, 1994). 5.1.3 No author Reference from authorless articles should be cited as: (Anonymous, 1998). For example: Marketing strategy assists our customers in optimizing and executing their go-to-market strategy (Anonymous, 1999). 5.1.4 Corporate authors Reference from official publications of an organization or international bodies/agencies with no personal author should be written as: (SIRIM, 1984). For example: More recently SIRIM (1984) has issued guidelines… 5.1.5 No date Every effort should be made to establish the year of publication if you intend to use one reference as supporting evidence in an academic submission. However, in case of the year of publication is not available, the abbreviation n.d. is used to denote this: Directly: Smith (n.d.) has written and demonstrated… Indirectly: Earlier research (Smith, n.d.) demonstrate that… 5.1.6 Secondary referencing You may come across a summary of another author’s work in the source you are reading, which you would like to make reference to in your document. This is called secondary referencing. For example: Direct reference: Recently, research carried out in Melaka area by Ariffin (2001 cited in Abdullah, 2007) found that… Ariffin (2001) as cited in Abdullah (2007) suggests that… 10 Indirect reference: (Ariffin, 2001 cited in Abdullah, 2007) 5.1.7 Websites When citing material found on a website, you should identify the authorship of the website, either by author’s surname or organization’s name. URL or website address should not be written in the text. For example: Recent research on Super Alloy (Bowman, 2009) has shown… 5.2 Referencing At the end of the thesis, all the references cited are listed in alphabetical order and should not be indented. There is no necessity to number or bullet the references. The bibliography should be double-spaced as with the rest of the text Times New Roman using font size 12. (An example is provided in Appendix M). The following bibliographic style must be followed: 5.2.1 Reference from books Author’s surname, Initials., Year. Title of book, Edition., (only include this if not the first edition) Place of publication: (this must be a town or city, not a country) Publisher. Example for one author: th Conn, E.E., 1987. Outlines of Biochemistry, 5 ed., New York: John Wiley & Sons. Example for two or more authors: Kalpakjian, S., and Schmid, S.R., 2001. Manufacturing th Engineering and Technology, 4 ed., New Jersey: Prentice- Hall. 5.2.2 Chapters of edited books Chapter author(s) surname(s), Initials. Year of chapter followed by In: Book editor(s) initials and surnames with edition. After the last name. Year of book. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher. Example: Horking, A.D. 1988. Moulds and Yeasts Associated with Foods of Reduced Water Activity: Ecological Interactions. In nd Food Preservation by Moisture Control (Seow, C.C., 2 ed.), pp. 57-72. London: Elsevier Applied Science Publication. 11 5.2.3 Books which have been translated Author, Year. Title of book. Translated from (language). Place of publication: Publisher. Example: Yahya, R., 2005. Hidraulik dan Pneumatik. Translated from English. Johor, Malaysia: UTM Press. 5.2.4 E-books The required elements for e-books accessed from the University Library or other sources: Author, Initials., Year. Title of book. e-book Place of publication: Publisher. Followed by “Available through:” include e-book source/database, web address or URL Accessed date. Example: Fishman, R., 2005. Ceramic Processing. e-book Chester: Castle Press. Available through: Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka Library http://library.utem.edu.my Accessed on 14 September 2010. 5.2.5 Reference from journals and newspapers Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full title of journal, Volume number (Issue / Part number), Page numbers Example for article: Kalotas, T.M., and Lee, A.R., 1990. A Simple Device to Illustrate Angular Momentum Conservation and Instability. American Journal of Physics, 58 (6), pp.80 - 81. Example for newspaper: Kipper, D., 2008. Japan’s New Dawn. The Times, 3 Sep, pp.10. 5.2.6 Reference from conference proceedings Author, Initials., Year. Full title of conference paper. In: followed by editor or name of organization, Full title of conference. Location, Date, Place of publication. Example: Hassan, M.D., and. Norshimah, H., 1996. Designing of Primers for Cloning of Papaya Ringspot Virus Coat Protein Gene. In: Hasanah, M.G., Khatijah, M.Y., and Marziah, M., Proceedings of the 8th National Biotechnology Seminar, Selangor, Malaysia, 24 – 27 May 1996. UKM Publisher. 12 5.2.7 Standards Corporate author, Year. Identifying letters and numbers and full title of the standards. Place of publication: Publisher. Example: International Standards Office, 1998. ISO 690 – 2 Information and documentation: Bibliographical references. Geneva: ISO. 5.2.8 Patent Inventor name, Initials., Assignee., Year. Title. Place. Patent number (status, if an application). Example: Leonard, Y., Super Sports Limited., 2008. Tin Can Manufacture and Method of Sealing. Canada. Pat. 12, 789, 675. 5.2.9 Multiple works from the same author in the same year For example: Reed, R.C., 2006a. The Superalloys – Fundamentals and Applications, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Reed, R.C., 2006b. Fusion Welding of Superalloys, London: Macmillan. 5.2.10 Anonymous (authorless) reference Depending on the type of document, replace the authorship with Anonymous. For example: Anonymous, 1996. External Trade in Sago Flour and Sago Starch, 1985-1995. Agricultural Statistics, Sarawak. Planning Division, Department of Agriculture, Sarawak, Malaysia. 5.2.11 Publications of international bodies/agencies Depending on the type of source, replace the author’s name with the organization name. For example: WHO, 1984. Environmental Health Criteria 39: Paraquat and Diquat. World Health Organization, Geneva. 13 5.2.12 Websites Authorship or Source, Year. Title of web document or web page. type of medium (date of update if available) Available at: include website address or URL Accessed date. Example: Bowman. R., 2009. Superalloys: A Primer and History. online Available at: http://www.tms.org/Meetings/Specialty/superalloys2000/Super alloysHistory.html Accessed on 8 November 2010. 6. APPENDICES This section is optional and will depend on the individual thesis contents. It contains supplementary illustrative material, original data, and quotations too long for inclusion and not immediately essential to an understanding of the subject. The appendices should be labeled alphabetically such as Appendix A, Appendix B, and so on depending on type and quantity to be included. Specific titles can also be given. Example can be seen in Appendix N. 7. BINDING 7.1 Based on the acceptance by the respective Faculty, one (1) copy of thesis should be bound in hard cover for Senate Standing Committee for Post Graduate Studies (JKTSPS) recommendation for degree conferment before approval by the Senate. For report of Master Project, four (4) copies of report should be bound in hard cover and approved by the respective Faculty. 7.2 Following approval by the Senate, the candidate must submit four (4) copies of the approved work to PPS with hard-cover binding. The candidate is also required to submit a soft-copy of his/her work in word format MS Office Word. 7.3 The front thesis cover shall be printed in accordance to the colour code of the degree being awarded together with the embedded UTeM logo. A Buckram type cover must be used and written with golden ink for the lettering with font size 18 points. The colour of the cover and their code should be as follows: 14 Thesis Colour Colour code Masters Black 585 Doctorate Maroon 567 Please use the specified colour code when ordering for binding at the vendor. The title of the thesis, name of candidate and the degree and year for which the thesis is submitted should be printed on the Front Cover using Capital Letter Arial following the style shown in Appendix O. The student's name, degree and year shall also be printed on the Spine of the bound thesis. An example is given in Appendix P1 and Appendix P2. 7.4 A white and good quality (80 grams) paper of A4 size (210 x 297 mm) should be used for all submitted final copies of the thesis. Photographic illustration should be printed on good quality high- resolution paper with single sided printing. 8. CD SUBMISSION The candidate is required to submit a soft copy of his/her work in MS Office word format. The CD that consists of the soft copy of the thesis must be labeled according to the following: a. Full name of the candidate b. Faculty c. Title of the thesis d. Year of submission e. Degree 15 APPENDIX A LIST OF DEGREE FACULTY / FAKULTI NO. BAHASA MALAYSIA NO. ENGLISH ABBREVIATION / SINGKATAN 1 Doktor Falsafah 1 Doctor of Philosophy PhD. 2 Doktor Kejuruteraan 2 Engineering Doctorate DEng 3 3 Sarjana Sains Dalam Kejuruteraan Elektrik Master of Science in Electrical Engineering MSc. in Electrical Engineering Faculty of Electrical Engineering / 4 Sarjana Sains Dalam Kejuruteraan Mekatronik 4 Master of Science in Mechatronic Engineering MSc. in Mechatronic Engineering Fakulti Kejuruteraan Elektrik Sarjana Kejuruteraan Elektrik (Elektronik Kuasa Dan Master of Electrical Engineering (Power Electronics and 5 5 - Pemacu) Drives) 6 6 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Elektrik (Kuasa Industri) Master of Electrical Engineering (Industrial Power) - 7 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Elektrik (Kawalan Dan Robotik) 7 Master of Electrical Engineering (Control and Robotics) - 1 Doktor Falsafah 1 Doctor of Philosophy PhD. 2 Doktor Kejuruteraan 2 Engineering Doctorate DEng 3 Sarjana Sains Dalam Kejuruteraan Elektronik 3 Master of Science in Electronic Engineering MSc. in Electronic Engineering Faculty of Electronic and Computer Engineering / Fakulti 4 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Elektronik (Kejuruteraan Komputer) 4 Master of Electronic Engineering (Computer Engineering) - Kejuruteraan Elektronik dan Kejuruteraan Komputer 5 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Elektronik (Sistem Elektronik) 5 Master of Electronic Engineering (Electronic System) - 6 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Elektronik (Sistem Telekomunikasi) 6 Master of Electronic Engineering (Telecommunication System) - 1 Doktor Falsafah 1 Doctor of Philosophy PhD. 2 Doktor Kejuruteraan 2 Engineering Doctorate DEng 3 Sarjana Sains Dalam Kejuruteraan Mekanikal 3 Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering MSc. in Mechanical Engineering 4 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Mekanikal (Mekanik Gunaan) 4 Master of Mechanical Engineering (Applied Mechanics) - Faculty of Mechanical 5 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Mekanikal (Tenaga) 5 Master of Mechanical Engineering (Energy) - Engineering / Fakulti 6 6 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Mekanikal (Automotif) Master of Mechanical Engineering (Automotive) - Kejuruteraan Mekanikal 7 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Mekanikal (Mekanik Struktur) 7 Master of Mechanical Engineering (Structure Mechanics) - 8 8 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Mekanikal (Kejuruteraan Tenaga) Master of Mechanical Engineering (Energy Engineering) - 9 9 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Mekanikal (Automotif) Master of Mechanical Engineering (Automotive) - 10 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Mekanikal (Rekabentuk Produk) 10 Master of Mechanical Engineering (Product Design) - 1 Doktor Falsafah 1 Doctor of Philosophy PhD. 2 Doktor Kejuruteraan 2 Engineering Doctorate DEng 3 Sarjana Sains Dalam Kejuruteraan Pembuatan 3 Master of Science in Manufacturing Engineering MSc. in Manufacturing Engineering Sarjana Kejuruteraan Pembuatan (Kejuruteraan Sistem Master of Manufacturing Engineering (Manufacturing System 4 4 Faculty of Manufacturing - Pembuatan) Engineering) Engineering / Fakulti Sarjana Kejuruteraan Pembuatan (Kejuruteraan Sistem Master of Manufacturing Engineering (Quality System Kejuruteraan Pembuatan 5 5 - Kualiti) Engineering) 6 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Pembuatan (Kejuruteraan Industri) 6 Master of Manufacturing Engineering (Industrial Engineering) - 7 Sarjana Kejuruteraan Pembuatan (Kejuruteraan Kepersisan) 7 Master of Manufacturing Engineering (Precision Engineering) - 1 Doktor Falsafah 1 Doctor of Philosophy PhD. Master of Science in Information and Communication MSc. in Information and 2 Sarjana Sains Dalam Teknologi Maklumat Dan Komunikasi 2 Technology Communication Technology 3 Sarjana Sains Komputer (Teknologi Rangkaian Internet) 3 Master of Computer Science (Internetworking Technology) MCS. (Internetworking Technology) Faculty of Information and Communication Technology / 4 Sarjana Sains Komputer (Teknologi Pangkalan Data) 4 Master of Computer Science (Database Technology) MCS. (Database Technology) Fakulti Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi Sarjana Sains Komputer (Kejuruteraan Perisian Dan Master of Computer Science (Software Engineering and MCS. (Software Engineering and 5 5 Kepintaran) Intelligence) Intelligence) 6 6 Sarjana Sains Komputer (Sains Keselamatan) Master of Computer Science (Security Science) MCS. (Security Science) Ijazah Sarjana Sains Komputer (Pengkomputeran 7 7 Master of Computer Science (Multimedia Computing) MCS. (Multimedia Computing) Multimedia) 1 Doktor Falsafah 1 Doctor of Philosophy PhD. 2 2 Sarjana Sains Dalam Pengurusan Teknologi Master of Science in Technology Management MSc. in Technology Management Faculty of Technology 3 Sarjana Sains Dalam Keusahawanan 3 Master of Science in Entrepreneurship MSc. in Entrepreneurship Management and Technopreneurship / Fakulti Sarjana Pentadbiran Perniagaan (Pengurusan Operasi Master of Business Administration (Advanced Operation MBA (Advanced Operation Pengurusan Teknologi dan 4 4 Termaju) Management) Management) Teknousahawanan Sarjana Pentadbiran Perniagaan (Pengurusan Teknologi Dan Master of Business Administration (Technology and MBA (Technology and Innovation 5 5 Inovasi) Innovation Management) Management) 1 Doktor Falsafah 1 Doctor of Philosophy Institute of Technology 2 Sarjana Sains Komunikasi Teknikal 2 Master of Science in Technical Communication - Management and Entrepreneurship / Institut 3 Sarjana Sains Kaunseling Industri 3 Master of Science in Industrial Counseling - Pengurusan Teknologi dan Keusahawanan 4 Sarjana Sains Pembangunan Sumber Manusia 4 Master of Science in Human Resource Development - APPENDIX B1 Pre-Title Page (Font Type : Times New Roman) 1.5 cm 4.0 cm 1.5 cm Name of Faculty (Font size 16; lower case,bold) 1.5 cm 1.5 cm (Title also must leave 2.5cm margin on either side) TITLE OF THESIS (Font size 14, Uppercase;bold) Equal margin Name of Student (Font 12 lower case, bold) Equal margin Degree (Font 12 lower case,bold) Equal margin Year (Font 12 lower case,bold)