What is Dissertation Research

what is dissertation hypothesis and what is dissertation proposal and what is dissertation methodology and what is dissertation literature review what is dissertation & theses database
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Dr.JohnParker,Singapore,Researcher
Published Date:01-07-2017
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Introduction to Dissertations Learning Enhancement Team LETmdx.ac.uk Variety is the Spice of Life Different Schools… ….Different Rules – Can you use ‘I’ in an academic text? – Should an essay have section headings? – How long is a report? – Do you use primary or secondary research? – Footnotes, endnotes or no notes? – Harvard style referencing or MLA? What about APA? Which school are you in? What is acceptable and what is unacceptable in your field? Always check in your module handbooks or with your tutor if you are concerned about appropriacy © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 2 Introduction to Dissertations Aims — To know what your lecturer expects from your dissertation — To become familiar with the typical structures of a dissertation — Strategies for writing up the core sections of your dissertation © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 3 Common Dissertation Concerns I have never heard of I read so much a Dissertation before but don’t know and am worried by what I should be the thought of including writing one There is so much to cover and I don’t know how to structure it © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 4 What Is A Dissertation? Depending on your school and programme, your dissertation may be referred to differently... — ‘Dissertation’ used in all schools except Art & Design — ‘Contextual and Critical Proposition’ is used in Art & Design — ‘Project’ is the next most common — ‘Report’ used in Science & Technology for Computing — Health & Education is the most diverse in naming What do all these different names actually mean? © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 5 Task There are four main expectations when writing a Dissertation. What do you think these are? — Able to undertake a substantial study — Show skills in finding, selecting and critically analysing information — Show skills in decision making, task management and problem solving — Show skills in summarising and presenting findings © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 6 A Dissertation... A Dissertation typically: — Identifies a problem / issue(s) / controversy — Refines a topic to generate research question(s) — Works to a thesis or hypothesis There are a number of different methods of research: — A Practical Study — An Artefact Study — Testing a Hypothesis You may have already considered — A Library / Conceptual Study this as part of your proposal; if not, the AWL Open Workshop How To — A Research Based Study Write A Proposal might be useful. © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 7 The Value Of Your Dissertation When thinking about the focus of your Dissertation, think about the questions below to help develop your ideas: — Why is your project important to the academic community/profession? Why is it worth addressing? — Is there enough evidence to support your ideas? — Do you have a credible strategy for addressing the issues in your project? — Has your idea already received enough attention? If so, what can you contribute to the existing discussion? © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 8 The Dissertation Process •Adding parameters/ •Personal scope considerations Thesis or Forming Choosing Refining •Practical hypothesis will •Looking for a research considerations potentially a topic the topic gap questions answer •Academic considerations • Cross-linking unlikely areas Formative Research © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 9 Dissertation Make Up What elements/sections do you think are typically included in a Dissertation? A Dissertation will typically be made up of some or possibly all of the following: — Abstract — Introduction — Literature Review — Methodology • Research approach • Research design Don’t panic There are AWL Open Workshops on How To Write An — Results Abstract and How To Write A — Discussion Literature Review — Conclusion © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 10 The Look Of Your Dissertation As already mentioned, this may be subject to variation depending on your school: — Title, signature, copyright, originality statement, acknowledgments — Abstract — Table of Contents — List of Tables and List of Illustrations — Chapter I. Introduction or statement of the problem — Chapter II. Literature review and RQs — Chapter III. Methodology — Chapter IV. Findings (likely to be more than one chapter) — Chapter V. Discussion (may be more than one chapter, including discussion, limitations, conclusion, implications or recommendations) — Reference list or bibliography — Appendices © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 11 Thinking Ahead Writing a Dissertation is like running a marathon, so pace yourself and leave enough time for everything: — Common Limitations • Time constraints on data collection • Time constraints on data analysis • Time constraints on the readingthinkingwriting process — Project Management Skills • Think always with the goal in mind • Timelines with milestones • Action lists • Contingency time (life happens) © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 12 Reading and Writing To Find Direction © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 13 Critical Reading Reading critically is essential for Dissertations, as it can help you to enter the conversation in two ways: — Intellectually • The location of your question within the discipline and its wider academic context: meaning, significance, relevance, purpose — Socially • Establishing ‘the right to speak’, why people should listen to you You may find the How To Read Journal Articles AWL Open Workshop helpful © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 14 Research Questions A good research question must be: — Precise — Open to discussion — Answerable — Serious © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 15 Context, Introduction background to your topic Brief overview of dominant arguments relating to your topic Research Question / Hypothesis Signposting the structure of your dissertation © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 16 Methodology Methodology = How? © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 17 Literature Review What exactly is a Literature Review? — A synthesis of previous research What exactly should a Literature Review do? — Evaluate the literature, and lead logically to your research question Functions of a Literature Review: — Justify your research – what’s the issue? Why should the reader care? — Explain and justify your research methods — Give the background info/context your reader needs to know — Get the vocabulary needed — Show you are familiar with the research field/issues/techniques used — Get your reader ready for your study © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 18 Keep Your Literature Review Clear A Literature Review is not a chance to show off what or how much you have read. It is for your reader, so keep it clear and relevant. Help your reader find their way: — Guide your reader assertively through to your research question — Use signposting phrases along the way — Use topic sentences, and paragraphs with one topic each — Review and preview to help your reader — Use transition paragraphs to change topics — Use summaries to help your reader © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 19 Dangers And Pitfalls.. A poor Literature Review is: A good Literature Review is: — An annotated bibliography — A synthesis of available research — Confined to description — A critical evaluation — Narrow and shallow — Clear and concise — Confusing — Uses rigorous and consistent methods — Long-winded — Vague and generalising — No contrasts Don’t forget, you can book a spot on — Only uses old research both the How To Write A Literature Review or Critical Thinking AWL Open Workshops © Middlesex University How To Write A Dissertation 20