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Published Date:11-07-2017
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ENGLISH - CHINESE English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary English Chinese Pinyin a priori先验的xiānyànde a priori先验地xiānyàndì A-, ab- (prefix)分开fēnkāi a-, an- 不bù a-, an- 无wú Aardvark 土豚tǔtún Aardvark土猪tǔzhū abdomen 腹fù abdominal air sac腹气囊fùqìnáng abdominal muscle腹部诸肌fùbùzhūjī abdominal pectoralis muscle胸腹肌xiōngfùjī abdominal plate腹板fùbǎn abdominal scute腹角板fùjiǎobǎn abdominal transverse muscle腹横肌fùhéngjī abductor展肌zhǎnjī abductor muscle 外展肌 wài zhǎnjī abductor muscle外展神经孔wàizhǎnshénjīngkǒng aberrant异常的yìchángde aberration变型biànxíng Abo Formation阿博组ābózǔ aboral远口侧yuǎnkǒucè aboral auricular muscle耳后肌ěrhòujī aboral palatine fenestra腭口侧 èkǒucè aboriginal土著的tǔzhùde abortion流产liúchǎn abrasion磨蚀móshí absolute age绝对年龄juéduìniánlíng absolute dating (radiometric dating)绝对年代juéduìniándài absolute ranking绝对级别juéduìjíbié absorbance吸光率xīguānglǜ absorbent吸收剂xīshōujì absorption spectrometry吸收光谱测定(法)xīshōuguāngpǔcèdìng(fǎ) abundance丰度fēngdù 2English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary abundance zone富集带fùjídài abyssal深海底的shēnhǎidǐde abyssal plain深海平原shēnhǎipíngyuán acacia阿拉伯(树)胶ālābó(shù)jiāo Academia Sinica中国科学院zhōngguókēxuéyuàn Academy of Science科学院kēxuéyuàn Acanthoclinidae 棘盖鱼科jígàiyúkē Acanthodes棘鱼属jíyúshǔ Acanthodidae 棘鱼科jíyúkē Acanthodiformes 棘鱼目jíyúmù Acanthodii 棘鱼纲jíyúgāng Acanthopterygii刺鳍鱼超目cìqíyúchāomù Acanthopterygii棘鳍目jíqímù Acanthuridae 刺尾鱼科cìwěiyúkē Acanthuroidei 刺尾鱼亚目cìwěiyúyàmù accelerator促进剂cùjìnjì acceptor RNA受体 (RNA) ((RNA) 受体)shòutǐ, (RNA) ((RNA) shòutǐ) acceptor RNA转移 RNAzhuǎnyí RNA acceptor site受体部位shòutǐbùwèi accessory carpal (bone)副腕骨fùwàngǔ accessory denticle副铰齿fùjiǎochǐ accessory gluteal muscle臀附肌túnfùjī accessory ligament副韧带fùrèndài accessory palatine foramen副腭孔fùèkǒng accessory sacrococcygeal muscle骶尾附肌dǐwěifùjī accessory sacrococcygeal muscle荐尾附肌jiànwěifùjī accessory socket副铰窝fùjiǎowō Accipitridae 鹰科yīngkē acclimation驯化作用xùnhuàzuòyòng acclimatization水土适应shuǐtǔshìyìng accommodation适应shìyìng accommodation调节作用tiáojiézuòyòng acetabular articular facet (femur)髋臼关节面kuānjiùguānjiémiàn acetabular cartilage髋臼软骨kuānjiùruǎngǔ acetabular foramen (synsacrum)髋臼孔kuānjiùkǒng acetabular notch髋臼切迹kuānjiùqièjī 3English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary acetabular part of pubis耻骨髋臼部chǐgǔkuānjiùbù acetabular part of pubis髋臼部kuānjiùbù acetabular ramus髋臼支kuānjiùzhī acetabulum髋臼kuānjiù acetic醋的cùde acetic acid醋酸cùsuān acetic acid乙酸yǐsuān acetone丙酮bǐngtóng Acheulian age阿舍利时代āshèlìshídài Achilles tendon (calcaneal tendon)跟腱gēnjiàn achromatic消色的xiāosède acid 酸suān acid酸类suānlèi acid酸性的suānxìngde acid-base balance酸碱平衡suānjiǎnpínghéng acidify酸化suānhuà acidity酸度suāndù Acinonyx (cheetah)猎豹lièbào Acipenseridae 鲟科xúnkē Acipenseriformes鲟目xúnmù Acipenseriformes 鲟形目xúnxíngmù Acipenseroidea鲟形超科xúnxíngchāokē Acipenseroidei鲟目xúnmù acme zone顶点带dǐngdiǎndài acme zone (flood zone)极顶带jídǐngdài Acoela 无肠目wúchángmù acoelous不空bùkōng acoelous vertebra无凹椎wúāozhuī acquired character获得性huòdéxìng acquired character习得性状xídéxìngzhuàng acquired immunity获得性免疫huòdéxìngmiǎnyì Acrania无头wútóu acrocoraco-humeral ligamental impression (coracoid)肩喙韧带压迹痕jiānhuìrèndàiyājīhén acrocoracoid process乌喙突wūhuìtū acrodont端生齿duānshēngchǐ 4English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary acrodont端生牙duānshēngyá acromial process肩峰突jiānfēngtū acromiodeltoideus muscle肩峰三角肌jiānfēngsānjiǎojī acromion肩峰jiānfēng acromiotrapezius muscle肩峰斜方肌jiānfēngxiéfāngjī Acrotretida 乳孔贝目rǔkǒngbèimù acrozone极顶带jídǐngdài Actinoceratina 珠角石亚目zhūjiǎoshíyàmù Actinolepididae 辐纹鱼科fúwényúkē Actinopterygii刺鳍组cìqízǔ Actinopterygii辐鳍组fúqízǔ Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼亚纲fúqíyúyàgāng actinopterygium辐鳍fúqí activation活化huóhuà activation激活作用jīhuózuòyòng activation energy活化能huóhuànéng active transfer活性转移huóxìngzhuǎnyí active transfer主动传递zhǔdòngchuándì active transport活性运移huóxìngyùnyí active transport主动运输zhǔdòngyùnshū activity活动力huódònglì activity活力huólì activity活性huóxìng ad-接近jiējìn ad- 向xiàng adambulacral副步带板fùbùdàibǎn Adapidae (= Notharctidae)兔猴科tùhóukē Adapisoricidae 猴鼩科hóuqúkē adaptation 适应性shìyìngxìng adaptive breakthrough适应突破shìyìngtūpò adaptive enzyme适应酶shìyìngméi adaptive immunity继承免疫性jìchéngmiǎnyìxìng adaptive peak适应峰shìyìngfēng adaptive radiation适应辐射shìyìngfúshè adaptive regression适应退化shìyìngtuìhuà adaptive strategy适应方式shìyìngfāngshì 5English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary adaptive valley适应谷shìyìnggǔ adaptivity 适应性shìyìngxìng adductor收肌shōujī adductor muscle 内收肌 nèishōujī adductor scar收肌痕shōujīhén adenine (Ade)腺嘌呤xiànpiàolíng adenosine (A, Ado)腺(嘌呤核)苷xiàn(piàolínghé) gān adherent粘着的niánzháode adipose capsule脂囊(肾)zhīnáng(shèn) adipose fin脂鳍zhīqí adipose tissue脂肪组织zhīfángzǔzhī adlacrimal (bone)附泪骨fùlèigǔ adnasal (bone)副鼻骨fùbígǔ adrenal肾上腺shènshàngxiàn adrenalin肾上腺素shènshàngxiànsù adsorption吸附作用xīfùzuòyòng adult成年个体chéngniángètǐ Aegialornithidae 滨燕科bīnyànkē aegithognathous palate雀腭quèè Aegothelidae 山乳鸟科shānrǔniǎokē aeluroid carnivore猫形食肉类māoxíngshíròulèi Aeluroidea (Infraorder)猫形次目māoxíngcìmù aeolian风成(的)fēngchéng(de) aeolian facies风积相fēngjīxiàng aeolian rock风成岩fēngchéngyán Aepyornithidae 隆鸟科lóngniǎokē Aepyornithiformes 隆鸟目lóngniǎomù aerobic需氧的xūyǎngde Aetosauria恩吐龙亚目ēntǔlóngyàmù Aetosauridae (= Stagonolepidae)恩吐龙科锹鳞龙科ēntǔlóngkēqiāolínlóngkē Afar阿法āfǎ aff. (affinis)近似jìsì aff. (affinis)类缘lèiyuán aff. (affinis)亲近(而不是相似的)qīnjìn(érbùshìxiāngsìde) aff. (affinis)亲缘qīnyuán affinity亲和qīnhé 6English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary affinity亲和力qīnhélì affinity亲和性qīnhéxìng affinity亲缘性qīnyuánxìng Africa非洲fēizhōu African Realm非洲界fēizhōujiè African Region非洲区fēizhōuqū Aftonian阿夫顿阶āfūdùnjiē Aftonian Stage阿夫顿间冰期āfūdùnjiànbīngqī Agamidae 飞蜥科fēixīkē agar琼脂qióngzhī agar洋菜yángcài age 期qī age and area hypothesis年龄与面积假说niánlíngyǔmiànjījiǎshuō age determination年龄测定niánlíngcèdìng Age of Mammals哺乳动物时代bǔrǔdòngwùshídài Age of Reptiles爬行动物时代páxíngdòngwùshídài age rank system年代-级别系统niándài- jíbiéxìtǒng age structure (of a fossil sample)年龄结构niánlíngjiégòu agent, oxidizing氧化剂yǎnghuàjì agent, reducing还原剂huányuánjì agglomerate集块岩jíkuàiyán aggradation加积作用jiājīzuòyòng aging老化lǎohuà Agnatha 无颌纲wúhégāng Agnopteridae 疑鹳科yíguànkē Agnotozoic (= Proterozoic)前古生代(界)qiángǔshēngdài(jiè) Agouti刺鼠cìshǔ Agriochoeridae 郊猪科jiāozhūkē Agriochoerus郊猪jiāozhū Aguja Formation阿古加组āgǔjiāzǔ Aigialosaurus绳龙类shénglónglèi Ailuropoda大熊猫属dàxióngmāoshǔ Ailurus (Lesser Panda)小熊猫xiǎoxiōngmāo air chamber气室qìshì air compressor压气机yāqìjī air filter空气滤器kōngqìlǜqì 7English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary air resistance空气阻力kōngqìzǔlì air sac气囊qìnáng Aistopoda 缺肢目quēzhīmù ala (= wing) 翼yì Alachua (NA)阿拉曲亚ālāqūyà alae notch翼切迹yìqièjī alar cartilage翼状软骨yìzhuàngruǎngǔ alar ligament翼状韧带yìzhuàngrèndài alar muscle翼状肌yìzhuàngjī alar nasalis muscle鼻肌翼部bíjīyìbù alar plate翼板yìbǎn Alaska阿拉斯加ālāsījiā Alauca Clay阿劳卡黏土层āláokǎniántǔcéng Alaudidae百灵科bǎilíngkē albedo反照率fǎnzhàolǜ Albert Mines beds艾伯特矿山层 àibótèkuàngshāncéng Albian Stage阿尔必阶āěrbìjiē albinism白化症báihuàzhèng Albulidae 鰯科ruòkē Albuloidei 鰯亚目ruòyàmù albumen蛋白dànbái albumen蛋清dànqīng albumen蛋清清蛋白dànqīngqīngdànbái albumen胚乳pēirǔ albumen (albumin)清蛋白qīngdànbái albumin白朊báiruǎn albumin (albumen)白蛋白báidànbái Alcae 海雀亚目hǎiquèyàmù Alces (elk, moose) 犴hān 驼鹿tuólù Alces (elk, moose) Alces (elk, moose)真麋zhēnmí Alcidae 海雀科hǎiquèkē alcohol 醇chún alcohol酒精jiǔjīng alcohol乙醇yǐchún Alepocephalidae 平头鱼科píngtóuyúkē 8English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Alepocephaloidei 平头鱼亚目píngtóuyúyàmù alga (algae)藻类zǎolèi algal藻类的zǎolèide Algonkian阿尔岗系āěrgāngxì Algonkian Period阿尔岗纪āěrgāngjì alisphenoid (bone)翼蝶骨yìdiégǔ alisphenoid cartilage翼蝶软骨yìdiéruǎngǔ alkaline碱性的jiǎnxìngde alkaline rock碱性岩类jiǎnxìngyánlèi alkaloid生物碱shēngwùjiǎn Allahabad (As)阿拉哈巴德ālāhābādé Allan's Rule艾伦法则 àilúnfǎzé allele (allelomorph)等位基因děngwèijīyīn Alligator钝吻鳄dùnwěnè Alligatoridae 钝吻鳄科dùnwěnèkē allochronic species异时种yìshízhǒng allochthon外来体wàiláitǐ allochthonous获得的huòdéde allochthonous外生的wàishēngde allochthonous引入的yǐnrùde allometric development异率发育yìlǜfāyù allometric growth异速生长yìsùshēngzhǎng allometry异速生长yìsùshēngzhǎng allopatric分布区不重叠的fēnbùqūbùchóngdiéde allopatric异域的yìyùde allopatric growth异地生长yìdìshēngzhǎng allopatric population异地种群yìdìzhǒngqún allopatry分布区不重叠fēnbùqūbùchóngdié allopatry异地yìdì allopatry异域性yìyùxìng Allosauridae 跃龙科yuèlóngkē Allosaurus异龙属yìlóngshǔ Allosaurus跃龙yuèlóng allospecies异域种yìyùzhǒng Allotheria 多瘤齿兽亚纲duōliúchǐshòuyàgāng alluvial冲积chōngjī 9English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary alluvial clay冲积粘土chōngjīniántǔ alluvial fan冲积扇chōngjīshàn alluvial tin冲积锡chōngjīxī Alopecodontidae 秃齿兽科tūchǐshòukē Alopiidae 长尾鲨科chángwěishākē Alpacophora 无板目wúbǎnmù alpha (α)希腊字母, αxīlàzìmǔ, α alpha decay衰变, α- (α-衰变)shāibiàn, α- (α-shuāibiàn) alpine高山的gāoshānde alteration蚀变shíbiàn Alticamelus高骆驼gāoluòtuó altithermal高温期gāowēnqī altitude地平纬度dìpíngwěidù altitude高度gāodù altitude海拔hǎibá alular metacarpal (carpometacarpus)掌骨翼zhǎnggǔyì alular process翼突yìtú alveolar foramen齿槽孔chǐcáokǒng alveolar foramen牙槽孔yácáokǒng alveolar tuberosity牙槽结节yácáojiéjié Alveolitina 槽珊瑚亚目cáoshānhúyàmù alveolus (alveoli) 槽cáo alveolus (alveoli)小孔xiǎokǒng alveolus (see tooth socket)齿槽chǐcáo Amalgre (NA)阿马格烈āmǎgéliè Ambelodon变齿象biànchǐxiàng amber琥珀hǔpò ambiens muscle栖肌qījī Amblycipitidae 杨科yāngkē Amblypoda 钝脚目dùnjiǎomù America美洲měizhōu American Commission on Stratigraphic měiguódìcéngmìngmíngwěiyuá Nomenclature美国地层命名委员会nhuì American Deer (Odocoileus )美洲鹿měizhōulù Amia弓鳍鱼gōngqíyú Amiidae 弓鳍鱼科gōngqíyúkē 10English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Amiiformes 弓鳍鱼形目gōngqíyúxíngmù amine胺 àn amino氨基ānjī amino acid氨基酸ānjīsuān Amioidea弓鳍鱼超科gōngqíyúchāokē Amioidei 弓鳍鱼亚目gōngqíyúyàmù Ammodytidae 五筋鱼科wǔjīnyúkē Ammodytoidei 五筋鱼亚目wǔjīnyúyàmù ammonia氨ān ammonite菊石júshí Ammonitina 菊石目júshímù Ammonoidea 菊石超目júshíchāomù amniotic egg羊膜卵yángmóluǎn amphi-两端liǎngduān Amphiaspidae 两甲鱼科liǎngjiǎyúkē 双螈shuāngyuán Amphibamus Amphibia两栖纲liǎngqīgāng amphibian stage两栖期liǎngqīqī amphibious两栖的liǎngqīde Amphicentrum双椎鱼shuāngzhuīyú Amphichelydia疑龟目yíguīmù Amphichelydia 两栖龟亚目liǎngqīguīyàmù amphicoelous两凹的liǎngāode amphicoelous vertebra两凹椎liǎngāozhuī amphicoelous vertebra双凹椎shuāngāozhuī Amphicyon半狗bàngǒu amphidetic ligament全韧带quánrèndài Amphilestidae 环齿兽科huánchǐshòukē Amphineura 原软体纲yuánruǎntǐgāng 文昌鱼wēnchāngyú Amphioxus amphiplatyan vertebra两平椎liǎngpíngzhuī Amphisbaenidae 蚓蜥科yǐnxīkē amphistylic双柱shuāngzhù amphistylic jaw两接型头liǎngjiēxíngtóu Amphitheriidae 双兽科shuāngshòukē Amphitherium双兽shuāngshòu 11English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Amphoridea 单孔目dānkǒngmù Amud阿马德āmǎdé Amynodontidae 两栖犀科liǎngqīxīkē ana- 常cháng ana-完全wánquán ana-向上xiàngshàng Anabantidae 攀鲈科pānlúkē Anabantoidei 攀鲈亚目pānlúyàmù Anablepidae 四眼鱼科sìyǎnyúkē anagenesis前进进化qiánjìnjìnhuà anal fin臀鳍túnqí anal muscle肛肌gāngjī anal plate肛板gāngbǎn anal scute肛角板gāngjiǎobǎn analogous同功的tónggōngde analogous organ同功器官tónggōngqìguān analogous structure同功结构tónggōngjiégòu analogue类似物lèisìwù analogy类似lèisì analogy相似xiāngsì analysis分析fēnxī Anapsida缺弓亚纲quēgōngyàgāng Anapsida 无孔亚纲wúkǒngyàgāng Anaptomorphidae 悬猴科xuánhóukē Anarcertina 后函菊石亚目hòuhánjúshíyàmù Anaspida 缺甲目quējiǎmù anaspidian skull无孔颅wúkǒnglú anathermal温后期wēnhòuqī Anatidae 鸭科yākē anatomy解剖学jiěpōuxué Anatosaurus鸭嘴龙yāzuǐlǒng ancestor sequence (ancestral sequence)祖代序列zǔdàixùliè ancestor-descendant sequence祖裔序列zǔyìxùliè Anchitherium安琪马ānqímǎ Ancodonta弯齿亚目wānchǐyàmù anconaeus muscle肘肌zhǒujī 12English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary 肘三头肌zhǒusāntóujī anconeal triceps muscle (m. triceps anconeus ) Ancylopoda 爪兽亚目zhǎoshòuyàmù Andrewsarchus安氏兽ānshìshòu anemocoelous vertebra异凹椎yìāozhuī anerobic (anaerobic)厌氧的yànyǎngde Angiospermae被子植物亚纲bèizǐzhíwùyàgāng Angiospermae (Subphylum)被子植物亚门bèizǐzhíwùyàmén Angiospermae, Angiospermophyta被子植物门bèizǐzhíwùmén Anglaspis角甲鱼属jiǎojiǎyúshǔ angle 角jiǎo angle of refraction折射角zhéshèjiǎo angle of the mandible下颌角xiàhéjiǎo Anguidae 缺肢蜥科quēzhīxīkē Anguillavidae 古鳗科gǔmànkē Anguillidae 鳗鲡科mànlìkē Anguilliformes (= Apodes)鳗鲡目mànlìmù Anguilloidei 鳗鲡亚目mànlìyàmù Anguimorpha蛇蜥类shéxīlèi angular (an)隅骨yúgǔ angular disconformity角度不整合jiǎodùbùzhěnghé angular notch角切迹jiǎoqièjī angular process角突jiǎotū angulosphenial (bone)隅夹板骨yújiābǎngǔ angulus mandibulae (= mandibular angle)下颌角xiàhéjiǎo Anhimidae 叫鸭科jiàoyākē Anhingidae 蛇鹈科shétíkē Aniliidae (= Ilysiidae)筒蛇科泥蛇科tǒngshékēníshékē Animas Formation阿理码斯组ālǐmǎsīzǔ anion阴离子yīnlízǐ anisodactylous foot不等趾足bùděngzhǐzú anisometric growth不等量生长bùděngliàngshēngzhǎng anisometric growth非等速生长fēiděngsùshēngzhǎng anisotropy畸形jīxíng ankle bone 踝骨huáigǔ ankle joint踝关节huáiguānjié 13English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Ankylosauria 甲龙亚目jiǎlóngyàmù Ankylosaurus甲龙jiǎlóng ankylosis关节僵硬guānjiéjiāngyìng ankylosis关节强硬guānjiéqiángyìng anlage原基yuánjī Annelida (Phylum)环节动物门huánjiédòngwùmén Anniellidae 北美环蜥科běiměihuánxīkē annual heat budget年热量niānrèliàng annual ring年轮niánlún annular ligament环状韧带huánzhuàngrèndài Annulata (Infraorder) (= Amphisbaenia)有环附目yǒuhuánfùmù anode阳极yángjí Anomaluridae 软尾鼠科ruǎnwěishǔkē Anomodontia 异齿兽亚目yìchǐshòuyàmù anonymous不具名的bùjùmíngde anoplothere无防兽wúfángshòu Anoplotheroidea (Superfamily)无防兽超科wúfángshòuchāokē anorbital (ano)眶前骨kuàngqiángǔ Anotopteridae 无背鳍科wúbèiqíkē Anseriformes 雁形目yànxíngmù Antarchi 胴甲鱼目dòngjiǎyúmù Antarctic Circle南极大陆nánjídàlù Antarctica南极大陆nánjídàlù Antarctica南极洲nánjízhōu ante (before) 前qián anteater食蚁兽类shíyǐshòulèi antediluvial先洪积xiānhóngjī Antelope印度羚yìndùlíng Antelope (Gazella )羚羊língyáng antenna (antennae)触角chùjiǎo anterior aperture of the pelvis骨盆前口gǔpénqiánkǒu anterior articular process关节前突guānjiéqiántū anterior articular process前关节突qiánguānjiétū anterior auricular muscle耳前肌ěrqiánjī anterior border前缘qiányuán anterior cardinal sinus前主静脉窦qiánzhǔjìngmàidòu 14English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary anterior carinal margin龙骨突前缘lónggǔtūqiányuán anterior carpal fossa腕骨前凹wàngǔqiánāo anterior clinoid process前床突qiánchuángtū anterior clinoid process前翼突qiányìtū anterior coracoid (bone)前喙状骨qiánhuìzhuànggǔ anterior cruciate ligament前十字韧带qiánshízìrèndài anterior extremity前端qiánduān anterior head of oblique muscle (= cranialis )斜肌前端xiéjīqiánduān anterior iliac crest髂前嵴qiàqiánjí anterior intermandibular muscle下颌间前肌xiàhéjiānqiānjī anterior intertransverse muscle横突间前肌héngtūjiānqiánjī anterior lacerate foramen前裂孔qiánlièkǒng anterior lateral cartilage前外侧软骨qiánwàicèruǎngǔ anterior metatarsal groove蹠骨前沟zhígǔqiángōu anterior palatine foramen腭管前孔 èguǎnqiánkǒng anterior paraseptal cartilage隔旁前软骨gépángqiánruǎngǔ anterior pterygoid cartilage翼前软骨yìqiánruǎngǔ anterior rhomboideus musculature前菱形肌qiánlíngxíngjī anterior sacral foramen骶前孔dǐqiánkǒng anterior sacral foramen荐前孔jiànqiánkǒng anterior sacrococcygeal muscle骶尾前肌dǐwěiqiánjī anterior sacrococcygeal muscle荐尾前肌jiànwěiqiánjī anterior scalenus muscle前斜角肌qiánxiéjiǎojī anterior scaphohumeralis muscle肩胛肱前肌jiānjiǎgōngqiánjī anterior semicircular canal前半规管qiánbànguīguǎn anterior semicircular canal上半规管shàngbànguīguǎn anterior serratus muscle前锯肌qiánjūjī anterior shield前盾qiándùn anterior stylar shelf (ansts.)前外架qiánwàijià anterior superorbital foramen眶上前孔kuàngshàngqiánkǒng anterior thoracic air sac前胸气囊qiánxiōngqìnáng anterior trapezius muscle前斜方肌qiánxiéfāngjī anterior tubercle前结节qiánjiéjié antetheca前壁qiánbì anther 药yào Anthozoa珊瑚虫纲shānhúchónggāng 15English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Anthozoa 珊瑚纲shānhúgāng anthozoan polyp珊瑚虫shānhúchóng anthracosaur石炭蜥shítànxī Anthracosauria 石炭蜥目shítànxīmù Anthracosauridae 石炭蜥科shítànxīkē Anthracotheriidae 石炭兽科shítànshòukē Anthracotheroidea石炭兽超科shítànshòuchāokē anthrocothere石炭兽shítànshòu Anthropogene (= Psychozoic)人类纪rénlèijì anthropoid类人猿lèirényuán anthropomorphism拟人说nǐrénshuō Anthropozoic人生代rénshēngdài Antiarchi胴甲目dòngjiǎmù antibody抗体kàngtǐ antibrachial extensor前臂伸肌qiánbìshēnjī antibrachial facial tensor muscle前臂筋膜张肌qiánbìjīnmózhāngjī antibrachial interosseal ligament前臂骨间韧带qiánbìgǔjiānrèndài antical femoral rectus muscle 股前直肌gǔqiánzhíjī antievolution反进化论fǎnjìnhuàlùn Antilocapra (Pronghorn, American Antelope)叉角羚chājiǎolíng antitragicus muscle对耳屏肌duìěrpíngjī antitrochanter对转子duìzhuǎnzǐ antitrochanter articular facet (femur)对转子关节面duìzhuǎnzǐguānjiémiàn antitrochanteric sulcus对转子侧沟duìzhuǎnzǐcègōu antler茸角róngjiǎo antler (horn)鹿角lùjiǎo antorbital cartilage眶前软骨kuàngqiánruǎngǔ antorbital plate眶前软骨板kuàngqiánruǎngǔbǎn antorbital process眶前突kuàngqiántū antorbital vacuity眶前窝kuàngqiánwō Anura 无尾目wúwěimù anus肛门gāngmén aorta主动脉zhǔdòngmài Apatornithidae 狡鸟科jiǎoniǎokē ape 猿yuán ape猿类yuánlèi 16English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary aperture孔槽kǒngcáo aperture孔径kǒngjìng aperture口径kǒujìng aperture口孔kǒukǒng aperture壳口qiàokǒu apex 顶dǐng apex顶尖dǐngjiān apex 尖jiān aphotic zone无光带wúguāngdài Aphredoderoidei 胸肛亚目xiōnggāngyàmù Aphredoderidae 胸肛科xiōnggāngkē Aplodontia山河狸shānhélí Aplodontidae 山河狸科shānhélíkē Aplodontoidea (Superfamily)山河狸超科shānhélíchāokē apo- 从cóng apo- 由yóu apochory近裔分布jìyìfēnbù Apoda (= Coecilla, = Gymnophiona)无足目wúzúmù Apodi 雨燕亚目yǔyànyàmù Apodidae 雨燕科yǔyànkē Apodiformes 雨燕目yǔyànmù Apogonidae (= Cheiodipteridae)天竺鲷科tiānzhúdiāokē apomorph近裔的jìyìde apomorphy近裔性状jìnyìxìngzhuàng aponeurosis腱膜jiànmó aponeurosis tuberculum腱膜突jiànmótū apophysis骨突gǔtū apophysis (of furcula)叉骨扁板chāgǔbiǎnbǎn Aporita 无孔目wúkǒngmù apparatus仪器yíqì apparent thickness视厚度shìhòudù appendicular悬挂xuánguà appendicular muscle (appendicularis muscle) 附肢肌 fùzhījī appendicular skeleton 附肢骨骼 fùzhīgǔgé Appendiculariae 尾海鞘纲wěihǎiqiàogāng apterium裸区luǒqū 17English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Apternodontidae 渐新猬科jiànxīnwèikē Apternodus渐新猬jiànxīnwèi Apterygidae 无翼科wúyìkē Apterygiformes无翼鸟目wúyìniǎomù Apterygiformes 无翼目wúyìmù Apterygota 无翅亚纲wúchìyàgāng Aptian Stage阿普第(阶)āpǔdì(jiē) aquatic水生的shuǐshēngde aquatic, water dwelling, water living水生shuǐshēng aqueous水的shuǐde Aquitanian阿启塔āqǐtǎ Aquitanian阿启塔(阶)āqǐtǎ(jiē) Arachnoidea 蛛形纲zhūxínggāng Arachnoidea 蜘蛛亚纲zhīzhūyàgāng Arachnomorpha 蛛形纲zhūxínggāng Araeoscelidae 纤肢龙科xiānzhīlóngkē Araeoscelis纤肢龙xiānzhīlóng Aramidae 秧鹤科yānghèkē araucarian南洋杉nányángshā arboreal林栖的línqīde arborescent枝状zhīzhuàng arch背斜bèixié arch拱顶gǒngdǐng arch穹窿qiónglóng arch of atlas (neural arch of atlas)环椎体huánzhuītǐ arch-, archi-第一dìyī arch-, archi-始祖shǐzǔ arch-, archi-原始yuánshǐ arch-, archi-昀初zu ìchū Archaeoceti (Archeoceti) 古鲸亚目gǔjīngyàmù Archaeogastropoda 古腹足目gǔfùzúmù Archaeohippus太古马tàigǔmǎ Archaeolambdidae 古菱齿兽科gǔlíngchǐshòukē Archaeomaenidae 古腊鱼科gǔlàyúkē Archaeomeryx古鹿属gǔlùshǔ Archaeomeryx古鼷鹿gǔxīlù 18English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Archaeopterydae 始祖鸟科shǐzǔniǎokē Archaeopterygiformes 古鸟目gǔniǎomù Archaeopterygiformes 始祖鸟目shǐzǔniǎomù Archaeopteryx始祖鸟属shǐzǔniǎoshǔ 古鸟属gǔniǎoshǔ Archaeornis Archaeornithes古鸟亚纲gǔniǎoyàgāng Archaeotherium古巨猪gǔjùzhū Archean, Archaean Era (time)太古代tàigǔdài Archean, Archaean Erathem (time-rock) 太古界tàigǔjiè Archegosauridae 倒蜥科dàoxīkē Archegosaurus始蜥类shǐxīlèi archencephalon原型脑yuánxíngnǎo Archeocyatha古杯亚纲gǔbēiyàgāng Archeocyatha (Phylum)古杯动物门gǔbēidòngwùmén Archeocyathida古杯纲gǔbēigāng archaeology考古学kǎogǔxué Archeornithes, Archaeornithes古鸟亚纲gǔniǎoyàgāng archetype原始型yuánshǐxíng archetype原型yuánxíng archetype祖型zǔxíng Archidiskodon原齿象属yuánchǐxiàngshǔ archipelago列岛lièdǎo archipelago群岛qúndǎo archipterygial theory原鳍说yuánqíshuō archipterygium原鳍yuánqí Archosauria初龙次亚纲chūlóngcìyàgāng Archosauria初龙亚纲chūlóngyàgāng Archosauria祖龙亚纲zǔlóngyàgāng Arctic北极的běijíde Arctic Circle北极圈běijíquān Arctic Ocean北冰洋běibīngyáng Arctic Province北极部běijíbù Arctic Realm北冰洋界běibīngyángjiè Arctic Region北极区běijíqū Arctocyon熊犬xióngquǎn arctocyonid熊犬类xióngquǎnlèi 19English-Chinese- Pinyin Dictionary Arctocyonidae (= Oxyclaenidae)熊犬xióngquǎn Arctodus熊齿兽xióngchǐshòu arctoid carnivore狗形食肉类gǒuxíngshíròulèi Arctoidea (Infraorder)狗形次目gǒuxíngcìmù Arctolepida (= Dolichothoraci)北极鱼亚目 长胸类běijíyúyàmùchángxiōnglèi Arctolepis窄鳞鱼zhǎilínyú Arctostylopidae 北柱兽科běizhùshòukē Arctostylops北柱兽běizhùshòu Arctotherium熊兽xióngshòu arcualia弓片gōngpiàn arcualia碗状wǎnzhuàng arcuate levator muscle (m. levator arcuum )鳃弓提肌sāigōngtíjī arcuate ligament弓韧带gōngrèndài Ardeidae 鹭科lùkē Ardeosauridae 鹭蜥科lùxīkē Ardyn Obo (AS)阿尔丁鄂博āěrdīngèbó area of elastic ligament弹性韧带区tánxìngrèndàiqū arenaceous砂质shāzhì arenaceous Foraminifera砂质有孔目shāzhìyǒukǒngmù Arenigian阿伦尼克界ālúnníkèjiè Arenigian Stage阿伦尼克阶ālúnníkèjiē Areoscelidea (=Protorosauria)纤肢龙目原龙目xiānzhīlóngmùyuánlóngmù argillite厚层泥岩hòucéngníyán argillite泥质nízhì argillite泥质板岩nízhìbǎnyán arid region干旱区gānhànqū arid zone干旱带gānhàndài aridity干燥度gānzàodù aridity荒芜huāngwú Ariidae (= Tachysuridae)海鲶科hǎiniánkē Arikarean阿瑞卡里阶āruìkǎlǐjiē Arikaree阿里卡里ālǐkǎlǐ Aristotle's Lantern咀嚼器jǔjuéqì arithmetic average算术平均值suànshùpíngjūnzhí arithmetic coordinate算术坐标suànshùzuòbiāo arithmetic mean等差中项děngchāzhōngxiàng 20