Glossary of shipping terminology

glossary of shipping terms 2015 and glossary of shipping terms and abbreviations
NathanBenett Profile Pic
Published Date:11-07-2017
Your Website URL(Optional)
Glossary of Shipping Terms Maritime AdministrationU.S. – FLAG CARRIERS ALASKA MARINE LINES AMERICAN ROLL–ON ROLL–OFF CARRIER, 5615 W. Marginal Way S.W. LLC Post Office Box 24348 One Maynard Drive Seattle, WA 98124–4348 3rd Floor Park Ridge, NJ 07656 Contact: Ms. Gail Knapp, President Phone: (206) 768–3502 Contact: Stephen M. Gill, Vice President of Mobile: (206) 396–8168 Commercial Marketing Email: Phone: (201) 571–0441 Email: Contact: Mr. Don Reid Phone: (907) 463–9329 Contact: Ray Camarda, General Manager of Mobile: (907) 321–2328 Planning & Operations Email: Phone: (201) 571–0442 Email: URL: Contact: Sandy Santianna, General Manager of Customer Service AHL SHIPPING COMPANY Phone: (201) 571–0451 219 E. Houston St. Email: Suite 300 San Antonio, TX 78205 Contact: Kevin Killoran, Vice President of Marketing Contact: Mr. Richard Horner, President Phone: (201) 571–0428 Phone: (210) 228–2700 (Main) Email: (210) 228–2727/2728 (Direct) Fax: (210) 222–9102 Fax: (201) 307–8798 Mobile: (210) 445–1638 Washington, DC Representative: Contact: Captain Thomas W.J. Burg, Eric P. Ebeling Marine Superintendent Operations Director Government Relations Phone: (210) 228–2700 (Main) The American Shipping & Logistics Group (210) 228–2751 (Direct) Three Bethesda Metro Center, Suite 700 Fax: (210) 222–9102 Bethesda, MD 20814 Mobile: (210) 317–9526 Phone: (301) 841–1855 Email: Fax: (301) 941–1856 URL: Mobile: (202) 294–6477 Email: AMERICA CARGO TRANSPORT, INC. 16300 Christensen Road, Suite 203 Seattle, WA 98188 Contact: Ms. Helen Foster Phone: (206) 243–1800 Fax: (206) 243–1801 Email: URL: 2APL COLUMBIA COASTAL TRANSPORT, LLC 1667 K Street, NW 106 Allen Road Suite 400 Liberty Corner, NJ 07938 Washington, DC 20006 Contact: Mr. Joe Villa, Vice President of Contact: Mr. Ron Seignious, Director of Operations Military Sales Phone: (908) 991–0001 Phone: (202) 496–2485 Fax: (908) 580–1000 Fax: (202) 775–8427 Email: Email: URL: http://www.columbia– or CROWLEY MARITIME CORP. Contact: Mr. Bill Sheridan, Director of CROWLEY MARINE SERVICES INC. Humanitarian Aid CROWLEY LINER SERVICES INC. Phone: (202) 496–2483 1320 Central Park Blvd Fax: (202) 775–8427 Suite 235 Email: Fredericksburg, VA 22401 Customer Service: 1 (800) 999–7733 Contact: Mr. Edward Fortunato, V.P. of URL: - Government Business Development vices.html Phone: (540) 548–2037 Fax: (540) 548–2038 APL MARITIME, LTD. Email: 6550 Rock Spring Drive, Suite 300 URL: Bethesda, MD 20817 Contact: Mr. R. Bruce Carleton FOSS MARITIME COMPANY Phone: (301) 571–0100 x319 660 W. Ewing Street Fax: (301) 571–1455 Seattle, WA 98119 Email: Contact: Mr. Don McElroy Phone: (206) 281–3856 CENTRAL GULF LINES, INC. Email: c/o Washington Maritime Shipping Corporation 1101 17th Street, NW Contact: Mr. Dave Hill Suite 603 Phone: (206) 281–4739 Washington, DC 20036 Email: Contact: Mr. Frank T. Hayden Contact: Mr. Bruce Reed Mr. Warren A. Hayden Phone: (206) 281–4708 Phone: (202) 833–9892 Email: Fax: (202) 789–2636 Fax: 206–301–0748/206–301–0745 Email: 24 Hr. Customer Service (800) 426–2885 URL: URL: 3GLOBAL INTERNATIONAL MARINE HORIZON LINES, LLC P.O. Box 6031 4064 Colony Road, Suite 200 Houma, LA 70360 Charlotte, NC 28211 Contact: Mr. Ray Fournier, President Contact: Mr. Ed Berti Phone: (985) 868–9327 Phone: (704) 973–7017 Fax: (985) 868–7759 Fax: (704) 973–7022 Email: Email: EBertihorizon– or URL: www.horizon– INTERMARINE, L.L.C. (Agent for US Ocean LLC) GLOBAL CONTAINER LINES LIMITED (GCL) 519 N. Sam Houston Parkway East 100 Quentin Roosevelt Blvd. Suite 400 Garden City, NY 11530 Houston, TX 77060 Contact: Mr. Bijan Paksima, Vice President Contact: Mr. Paul Wilson, V.P. of Phone: (516) 222–0707 U.S.–Flag Services Fax: (516) 222–0377 Mr. Leo Bonser Email: U.S.–Flag Services URL: Phone: (281) 260–2300 Fax: (281) 260–2350 Email: HAPAG–LLOYD USA, LLC Washington, DC Office : URL: 1001 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Suite 600 South K–SEA TRANSPORTATION CORP. Washington, DC 20004 3245 Richmond Terrace Contact: Mr. Jared Henry, Vice President of Staten Island, NY 10303 Government Relations Contact: Mr. Carl Eklof, Jr. and Special Programs Mr. Richard Pittner Phone: (202) 742–6560 Mr. Timothy Casey Fax: (202) 742–6561 Mr. Greg Haslinsky Email: Phone: (718) 720–7207 URL: http://www.hapag– Fax: (718) 448–3083 Email: ceklofjrk– Tampa Office : 401 East Jackson Street URL: http://www.k– Suite 3300 Tampa, FL 33602 LIBERTY GLOBAL LOGISTICS Contact: Mr. Michael Cunningham, Director 1979 Marcus Avenue, Suite 200 Email: Lake Success, NY 11042 Military Sales: Mr. Charles Weymouth, Director Contact: Mr. Robert Wellner, Executive Email: Vice President Phone: (516) 488–8800 CustomerService: Ms. Esther Hurlburt Fax: (516) 488–8806 Email: Email: Phone: (813) 276–4600 URL: Fax: (813) 276–4619 URL: http://www.hapag– 4LIBERTY MARITIME CORPORATION MAYBANK SHIPPING COMPANY INC. 1979 Marcus Avenue, Suite 200 Mobile Marine Terminal Lake Success, NY 11042 150 Viaduct Road Chickasaw, AL 36611 Contact: Capt. David O. Hussey, Vice President Contact: Mr. Stephen S. Reed, President Phone: (516) 488–8800 Cell Phone: (843) 723–7891 Fax: (516) 488–8806 Email: Email: Contact: Mr. J. Philip Tomlison, Vice President URL: Cell Phone: (843) 991–9217 Email: MAERSK LINE, LIMITED Phone: (251) 247–9551 One Commercial Place, 20th Floor URL: Norfolk, VA 23510 Contact: Mr. Steve Carmel, Senior MCALLISTER FEEDER LINES, INC. Vice President 17 Battery Place Phone: (757) 857–4800 New York, NY 10004–1260 Fax: (757) 852–3232 Contact: Mr. Buckley McAllister, Email: Vice President URL: Phone: (212) 269–3200 Fax: (212) 509–1147 Email: MAERSK LINE Government Sales and Marketing URL: Maersk Line 1530 Wilson Boulevard MOBY MARINE CORPORATION Arlington, VA 22209 P.O. Box 466 Contact: Mr. Dan Smith Palm City, FL 3499 Phone: (703) 351–0115 Contact: Mr. Dan McAlpin Fax: (703) 351–0547 Mr. Jimmy Griffin Email: Phone: (772) 419–5119 URL: Fax: (772) 419–5120 Email: MATSON NAVIGATION COMPANY URL: 555 12th Street Oakland, CA 94607 MORAN TOWING CORPORATION Contact: Mr. Mike Garvin, Director of 50 Locust Avenue Government Services New Canaan, CT 06840 Phone: (510) 628–4200 Contact: Mr. Bruce D. Richards Fax: (510) 986–1947 Phone: (203) 442–2850 Email: Fax: (203) 442–2857 URL: Email: URL: 5NAKNEK BARGE LINES LLC SEA STAR LINE, LLC 6701 Fox Ave. S. 100 Bell Tel Way, Suite 300 Seattle, WA 98108 Jacksonville, FL 32216 Contact: Ed Hiersche, General Manager Contact: Mr. Robert Krok, Director of Phone: (206) 658–0222 Cargo Management Fax: (206) 768–1247 Phone: (904) 855–1260 ext. 1036 Email: Fax: (877) 601–9349 Email: OSG SHIP MANAGEMENT, INC. URL: 666 Third Avenue, 5th Floor New York, NY 10017 SIGNET MARITIME CORP. Contact: None 1330 Post Oak Boulevard, Suite 2150 Phone: (212) 953–4100 Houston, TX 77056 Fax: (212) 578–1832 Contact: Mr. Charles E. Ruehl, Jr. URL: Phone: (713) 840–1100 Fax: (713) 840–1101 Email: OTTO CANDIES, LLC P.O. Box 25 URL: Des Allemands, LA 70030 Contact: None SUPERIOR MARINE SERVICES, INC. Phone: (504) 469–7700 2574 N. University Drive Fax: (504) 469–7740 Suite 211, Sunrise Plaza Email: m Sunrise, FL 33322 Contact: David E. Wright, President RED RIVER SHIPPING CORP. Phone: (954) 747–3814 6110 Executive Blvd, Suite 620 Fax: (954) 747–4759 Rockville, MD 20852 Email: Contact: Mr. George Crighton URL: Phone: (570) 923–2841 Fax: (570) 923–2845 TECO OCEAN SHIPPING Cell Phone: (814) 360–2830 1300 East 8th Avenue Email: Suite S–300 URL: Tampa, FL 33605 Contact: Mr. Cliff Johnson SEALIFT INC. Phone: (813) 209–4258 68 West Main Street Email: Oyster Bay, NY 11771 Contact: Mr. Craig T. Doty Contact: Mr. Ragnar Meyer–Knutsen Phone: (813) 209–4235 Phone: (516) 922–1000 Phone: (813) 209–4204 (Main) Fax: (516) 922–6526 Fax: (813) 242–4849 Email: Email: URL: URL: 6TIDEWATER MARINE, L.L.C. TRANSATLANTIC LINES LLC Towing Division 6 Lincoln Avenue P.O. Box 1519 Greenwich, CT 06830–5751 Amelia, LA 70340 Contact: Mr. Brandon Rose, President Contact: Mr. William Scott, Phone: (203) 625–5514 Operations Manager Fax: (203) 863–9354 Phone: (985) 631–5820 Email: Direct: (985) 631–5718 Fax: (985) 631–4063 STRONG VESSEL OPERATORS Cell Phone: (985) 518–3569 Three Stamford Landing, Suite 200 Email: 46 Southfield Avenue Stamford, CT 06902–7236 URL: Contact: Mr. Bryan Alix, Commercial Manager TOTEM OCEAN TRAILER EXPRESS, INC. Phone: (203) 705–4536 P.O. Box 4129 Cell Phone: (203) 912–7371 Federal Way, WA 98063–4129 Fax: (203) 705–4528 Email: Contact: Ms. Claudia Roberts Phone: (253) 449–8166 (direct) URL: Fax: (253) 449–8225 URL for “JEAN ANNE”: Email: URL: WATERMAN STEAMSHIP CORP. One Whitehall Street TRAILER BRIDGE, INC. New York, NY 10004–2109 10405 New Berlin Road East Jacksonville, FL 32226 Contact: Mr. F. B. Begendorf Mr. Joe Ryan Contact: Mr. Joe Cruise, Director of Phone: (212) 747–8550 Business Development Fax: (212) 747–8588 Phone: 1 (800) 554–1589 Email: Fax: (904) 751–7444 Email: URL: http://www.waterman– URL: Book the cargo on a U.S.-Flag vessel or contact the Maritime Administration (MARAD). File required reports—bill of lading with MARAD. U.S. Department of Transportation Maritime Administration Office of Cargo Preference Customer Outreach Tel: (800) 9US-FLAG 987-3524 (202) 366-4610 Fax: (202) 366-5522 Email: 7A AA Always Afloat. A contract term requiring that the vessel not rest on the ground. In some ports the ship is aground when approaching or at berth. AAR Abbreviation for: – Against All Risks (insurance clause). – Association of American Railroads. Abaft A point beyond the midpoint of a ship’s length, towards the rear or stern. Abandon A proceeding wherein a shipper/consignee seeks authority to abandon all or parts of their cargo. Abatement A discount allowed for damage or overcharge in the payment of a bill. ABI U.S. Customs’ “Automated Broker Interface,” by which brokers file importers’ entries electronically. Aboard Referring to cargo being put, or laden, onto a means of conveyance. Absorption One carrier assumes the charges of another without any increase in charges to the shipper. Acceptance – A time draft (or bill of exchange) that the drawee (payer) has accepted and is unconditionally obligated to pay at maturity. – Broadly speaking, any agreement to purchase goods under specified terms. 9Accessorial Charges Charges that are applied to the base tariff rate or base contract rate, e.g., bunkers, container, currency, destination/delivery. Acquiescence When a bill of lading is accepted or signed by a shipper or shipper’s agent without protest, the shipper is said to acquiesce to the terms, giving a silent form of consent. Acquittance A written receipt in full, in discharge from all claims. ACS (A.C.S.) or ACE U.S. Customs’ master computer system, “Automated Commercial Systems.” Now being replaced by the Automated Commercial Environment system. Act of God An act beyond human control, such as lightning, flood or earthquake. Ad Valorem A term from Latin meaning, “according to value.” Import duty applied as a percentage of the cargo’s dutiable value. Administrative Law Judge A representative of a government commission or agency vested with power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, take testimony, and conduct hearings of cases submitted to, or initiated by, that agency. Also called Hearing Examiner. Admiralty (Adm.) Refers to marine matters such as an Admiralty Court. Advance To move cargo up line to a vessel leaving sooner than the one booked. See also Roll. Advanced Charge Transportation charge advanced by one carrier to another to be collected by the later carrier from the consignor or consignee. 10Advanced Notice of Arrival (ANOA) Any vessel entering United States waters from a foreign port is required to give a 96–hour ANOV. Any vessel of 300 gross registered tonnage and greater is required to give the ANOA to the U.S. Coast Guard’s National Vessel Movement Center. Any vessel under 300 gross registered tons is required to give the ANOA to the appropriate Captain of the Port. Adventure Shipment of goods on shipper’s own account. A bill of adventure is a document signed by the master of the ship that carries goods at owner’s risk. Also, a term used in some insurance policies to mean a voyage or a shipment. Advice of Shipment A notice sent to a local or foreign buyer advising that shipment has gone forward and containing details of packing, routing, etc. A copy of the invoice is often enclosed and, if desired, a copy of the bill of lading. Advising Bank A bank operating in the seller’s country that handles letters of credit on behalf of a foreign bank. Aframax Tanker A vessel of 70,000 to 119,000 DWT capacity. The largest tanker size in the AFRA (average freight rate assessment) tanker rate system. Affreightment, Contract of An agreement by an ocean carrier to provide cargo space on a vessel at a specified time and for a speci - fied price to accommodate an exporter or importer. Aft Movement toward the stern (back end) of a ship. Agency Tariff A tariff published by an agent on behalf of several carriers. Agent (Agt.) A person authorized to transact business for and in the name of another person or company. Types of agents are: (1) brokers, (2) commission merchants, (3) resident buyers, (4) sales agents, (5) manufacturer’s representatives. 11Aggregate Shipment Numerous shipments from different shippers to one consignee that are consolidated and treated as a single consignment. Agreed valuation The value of a shipment agreed upon in order to secure a specific freight rate. Agreed Weight The weight prescribed by agreement between carrier and shipper for goods shipped in certain pack- ages or in a certain number. A.I.D. Agency for International Development. Air Waybill The forwarding agreement or carrying agreement between shipper and air carrier and is issued only in nonnegotiable form. All In The total price to move cargo from origin to destination, inclusive of all charges. Allision The striking by a moving vessel against a stationary object. Alongside A phrase referring to the side of a ship. Goods delivered “alongside” are to be placed on the dock or barge within reach of the transport ship’s tackle so that they can be loaded. Alternative Rates Privilege to use the rate producing the lowest charge. Ambient Temperature The temperature of a surrounding body. The ambient temperature of a container is the atmospheric temperature to which it is exposed, American Bureau of Shipping U.S. classification society which certifies seagoing vessels for compliance to standardized rules regard - ing construction and maintenance. 12AMS The U.S. Customs’ “Automated Manifest System.” Anti–Dumping Duty A tariff imposed to discourage sale of foreign goods, subsidized to sell at low prices detrimental to local manufacturers. Any Quantity (A.Q.) Usually refers to a rating that applies to an article regardless of size or quantity. Apparent Good Order When freight appears to be free of damage so far as a general survey can determine. Appraisement Determination of the dutiable value of imported merchandise by a Customs official who follows procedures outlined in their country’s tariff, such as the U.S. Tariff Act of 1930. Appraiser’s Stores The warehouse or public stores to which samples of imported goods are taken to be inspected, ana- lyzed, weighed, etc. by examiners or appraisers. Arbitrary A stated amount over a fixed rate to one point to make a rate to another point. Arrival Notice A notification by carrier of ship’s arrival to the consignee, the “Notify Party,” and – when applicable – the “Also Notify Party.” These parties in interest are listed in blocks 3, 4 and 10, respectively, of the Bill of Lading. ASC X12 American Standards Committee X12 responsible for developing EDI standards for the United States. Assignment A term commonly used in connection with a bill of lading. It involves the transfer of rights, title and interest in order to assign goods by endorsing the bill of lading. 13Astern – Behind a vessel – Move in a reverse direction. A.T.A. American Trucking Association. ATDNSHINC Any time Day or Night Sundays & Holidays Included. A chartering term referring to when a vessel will work. Athwartships A direction across the width of a vessel. Automated Identification System (AIS) It is a system used by ships and Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) principally for the identification and the locating of vessels. AIS provides a means for ships to electronically exchange ship data including: identification, position, course, and speed, with other nearby ships and VTS stations. Average See Insurance. Avoirdupois Pound Same as 0.4535924277 kilograms. AWWL Always within Institute Warranties Limits (Insurance purpose). 14B BB Abbreviation for: – Ballast Bonus: Special payment above the Chartering price when the ship has to sail a long way on ballast to reach the loading port. – Bareboat: Method of chartering of the ship leaving the charterer with almost all the responsibilities of the owner. B/L Abbreviation for “Bill of Lading.” Backhaul To haul a shipment back over part of a route it has traveled. BAF Abbreviation for “Bunker Adjustment Factor.” Used to compensate steamship lines for fluctuating fuel costs. Sometimes called “Fuel Adjustment Factor” or FAF. Balloon Freight Light, bulky articles. Bank Guarantee Guarantee issued by a bank to a carrier to be used in lieu of lost or misplaced original negotiable bill of lading. Barratry An act committed by the master or mariners of a vessel, for some unlawful or fraudulent purpose, contrary to their duty to the owners, whereby the latter sustain injury. It may include negligence, if so gross as to evidence fraud. Barrel (BBL) A term of measure referring to 42 gallons of liquid at 600 degrees. Base Rate A tariff term referring to ocean rate less accessorial charges, or simply the base tariff rate. 15BCO Abbreviation for “Beneficial Cargo Owner.” Refers to the importer of record, who physically takes possession of cargo at destination and does not act as a third party in the movement of such goods. Beam The width of a ship. Belt Line A switching railroad operating within a commercial area. Beneficiary – Entity to whom money is payable. – The entity for whom a letter of credit is issued. – The seller and the drawer of a draft. Berth Terms Shipped under rate that includes cost from end of ship’s tackle at load port to end of ship’s tackle at discharge port. Beyond Used with reference to charges assessed for cargo movement past a line–haul terminating point. Bilateral A contract term meaning both parties agree to provide something for the other. Bill of Exchange In the United States, commonly known as a “Draft.” However, bill of exchange is the correct term. Bill of Lading (B/L) A document that establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper and a transportation company. It serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage and a receipt for goods. • Amended B/L: B/L requiring updates that do not change financial status; this is slightly different from corrected B/L. • B/L Terms & Conditions: the fine print on B/L; defines what the carrier can and can - not do, including the carrier’s liabilities and contractual agreements. • B/L’s Status: represents whether the bill of lading has been input, rated, reconciled, printed, or released to the customer. 16• B/L’s Type: refers to the type of B/L being issued. Some examples are: a Memo (ME), Original (OBL), Non–negotiable, Corrected (CBL) or Amended (AM) B/L. • Canceled B/L: B/L status; used to cancel a processed B/L; usually per shipper’s request; different from voided B/L. • Clean B/L: A B/L which bears no superimposed clause or notation which declares a defective condition of the goods and/or the packaging. • Combined B/L: B/L that covers cargo moving over various transports. • Consolidated B/L: B/L combined or consolidated from two or more B/L’s. • Corrected B/L: B/L requiring any update which results in money –or other financially related changes. • Domestic B/L: Non–negotiable B/L primarily containing routing details; usually used by truckers and freight forwarders. • Duplicate B/L: Another original Bill of Lading set if first set is lost. Also known as reis - sued B/L. • Express B/L: Non–negotiable B/L where there are no paper copies printed of origi- nals. • Freight B/L: A contract of carriage between a shipper and forwarder (who is usually a NVOCC); a non–negotiable document. • Government B/L (GBL): A bill of lading issued by the U.S. government. • Hitchment B/L: B/L covering parts of a shipment which are loaded at more than one location. Hitchment B/L usually consists of two parts, hitchment and hitchment memo. The hitchment portion usually covers the majority of a divided shipment and carries the entire revenue. • House B/L: B/L issued by a freight forwarder or consolidator covering a single shipment containing the names, addresses and specific description of the goods shipped. • Intermodal B/L: B/L covering cargo moving via multimodal means. Also known as Combined Transport B/L, or Multimodal B/L. • Long Form B/L: B/L form with all Terms & Conditions written on it.Most B/L’s are short form which incorporate the long form clauses by reference. • Memo B/L: Unfreighted B/L with no charges listed. • Military B/L: B/L issued by the U.S. military; also known as GBL, or Form DD1252. 17• B/L Numbers: U.S. Customs’ standardized B/L numbering format to facilitate elec- tronic communications and to make each B/L number unique. • Negotiable B/L: The B/L is a title document to the goods, issued “to the order of ” a party, usually the shipper, whose endorsement is required to effect is negotiation.Thus, a shipper’s order (negotiable) B/L can be bought, sold, or traded while goods are in transit and is commonly used for letter–of–credit transactions. The buyer must submit the origi- nal B/L to the carrier in order to take possession of the goods. • Non–Negotiable B/L: See Straight B/L. Sometimes means a file copy of a B/L. • “Onboard” B/L: B/L validated at the time of loading to transport. Onboard Air, Box- car, Container, Rail, Truck and Vessel are the most common types. • Optional Discharge B/L: B/L covering cargo with more than one discharge point op- tion possibility. • “Order” B/L: See Negotiable B/L. • Original B/L: The part of the B/L set that has value, especially when negotiable; rest of set are only informational file copies. Abbreviated as OBL. • Received for Shipment B/L: Validated at time cargo is received by ocean carrier to com- mence movement but before being validated as “Onboard”. • Reconciled B/L: B/L set which has completed a prescribed number of edits between the shipper’s instructions and the actual shipment received. This produces a very accurate B/L. • Short Term B/L: Opposite of Long Form B/L, a B/L without the Terms & Conditions written on it. Also known as a Short Form B/L. The terms are incorporated by reference to the long form B/L. • Split B/L: One of two or more B/L’s which have been split from a single B/L. • Stale B/L: A late B/L; in banking, a B/L which has passed the time deadline of the Letter of Credit (L/C) and is void. • Straight (Consignment) B/L: Indicates the shipper will deliver the goods to the con- signee.It does not convey title (non–negotiable).Most often used when the goods have been pre–paid. • “To Order” B/L: See Negotiable B/L. • Unique B/L Identifier: U.S. Customs’ standardization: four–alpha code unique to each carrier placed in front of nine digit B/L number; APL’s unique B/L Identifier is “APLU”. Sea–land uses “SEAU”. These prefixes are also used as the container identification. 18• Voided B/L: Related to Consolidated B/L; those B/L’s absorbed in the combining pro- cess. Different from Canceled B/L. Bill of Lading Port of Discharge Port where cargo is discharged from means of transport. Bill of Sale Confirms the transfer of ownership of certain goods to another person in return for money paid or loaned. Bill to Party Customer designated as party paying for services. Billed Weight The weight shown in a waybill and freight bill, i.e, the invoiced weight. BIMCO The Baltic and International Maritime Council, the world’s largest private shipping organization. Blanket Bond A bond covering a group of persons, articles or properties. Blanket Rate – A rate applicable to or from a group of points. – A special rate applicable to several different articles in a single shipment. Blanket Waybill A waybill covering two or more consignments of freight. Blind Shipment A B/L wherein the paying customer has contracted with the carrier that shipper or consignee infor- mation is not given. Block Stowage Stowing cargo destined for a specific location close together to avoid unnecessary cargo movement. 19Blocked Trains Railcars grouped in a train by destination so that segments (blocks) can be uncoupled and routed to different destinations as the train moves through various junctions. Eliminates the need to break up a train and sort individual railcars at each junction. Blocking or Bracing Wood or metal supports to keep shipments in place to prevent cargo shifting. See also Dunnage. Bls. Abbreviation for “Bales.” Board To gain access to a vessel. Board Feet The basic unit of measurement for lumber. One board foot is equal to a one–inch board, 12 inches wide and 1 foot long. Thus, a board 10 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 1 inch thick contains 10 board feet. Boat A relatively small, usually open craft/vessel a small, often open vessel for traveling on waterAn inland vessel of any size. Bobtail Movement of a tractor, without trailer, over the highway. Bogie A set of wheels built specifically as rear wheels under the container. Bolster A device fitted on a chassis or railcar to hold and secure the container. Bond Port Port of initial Customs entry of a vessel to any country. Also known as First Port of Call. 20Bonded Freight Freight moving under a bond to U.S. Customs or to the Internal Revenue Service, to be delivered only under stated conditions. Bonded Warehouse A warehouse authorized by Customs authorities for storage of goods on which payment of duties is deferred until the goods are removed. Booking Arrangements with a carrier for the acceptance and carriage of freight; i.e., a space reservation. Booking Number Reservation number used to secure equipment and act as a control number prior to completion of a B/L. Bottom Side Rails Structural members on the longitudinal sides of the base of the container. Bottom–Air Delivery A type of air circulation in a temperature control container. Air is pulled by a fan from the top of the container, passed through the evaporator coil for cooling, and then forced through the space under the load and up through the cargo. This type of airflow provides even temperatures. Bow The front of a vessel. Boxcar A closed rail freight car. Break Bulk – To unload and distribute a portion or all of the contents of a rail car, container, trailer, or ship. – Loose, non–containerized mark and count cargo. – Packaged cargo that is not containerized. Bridge Point An inland location where cargo is received by the ocean carrier and then moved to a coastal port for loading. 21