Glossary of Mobile terms

develop a mobile marketing strategy and digital marketing terminology pdf
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Mobile Marketing Industry GlossaryGlossary Introduction By necessity, the thriving mobile marketing industry has yielded a multitude of new terms and acronyms to describe the various nuances unique to its business space. However, much of this language is not widely understood and, depending on the source, holds various meanings and interpretations. To address the issue of lexis standardization within both the industry and academia, the Mobile Marketing As- sociation (MMA), has created the Mobile Marketing Glossary. As this Glossary is intended to be a living document, the MMA will work diligently to keep it maintained and updated. Periodic revisions will include the addition of new terms as they are identified. By design, educational tools, research and guide- lines issued by the MMA, will no longer contain a glossary of terms, and instead, will refer to the master glossary. The MMA welcomes input for the Glossary from members of the industry and the academic community. Please email suggestions, comments, and new terms (with proposed definitions, and related sources) to The most up-to-date MMA Mobile Marketing Glossary may be found at Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 1 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary 1 Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition 1G The first generation of wireless services which were mostly ana- logue and included technology standards such as AMPS. 2G PCS Also known as Personal Communications Services (PCS), second generation wireless service refers to the digital mobile phone technologies that emerged and were deployed during the 1990’s, delivering both voice and data transmissions. 2G technology standards include Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA), and (Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM). It also offers auxiliary services such as data, fax and SMS. 3G The third generation wireless service promises to provide high data speeds, always-on data access and greater voice capacity. The high data speeds enable full motion video, high-speed internet access and video-conferencing, and are measured in Mbps. 3G technology standards include UMTS, based on WCDMA technology (quite often the two terms are used interchangeably) and CDMA2000, which is the evolution of the earlier CDMA 2G technology. UMTS standard is generally preferred by countries that use GSM network. The data transmission rates range from 144 kbps to more than 2 mbps. 3GPP 3GPP is a grouping of international standards bodies, operators and vendors. 3GPP specifications are based on evolved GSM specifica- tions. The scope of 3GPP includes standardizing the WCDMA based members of the IMT-2000 family and Long Term Evolution (LTE) to form the next generation mobile network standard technology. 3GPP2 Similar to 3GPP, except that this is the counterpart responsible for the standardization of the CDMA2000-based members of the IMT-2000 family. 1 AKA: Also Known As Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 2 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary A Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Acquisition Rate Percentage of respondents who opted in to partici- pate in a mobile initiative/campaign. Acquisition rate = total participants/total audience. Ad Impression An advertisement impression transpires each time a consumer is exposed to an advertisement (either prepended or appended to an SMS message, on mobile web or web page, within a video clip, or related media). Ad Space Any space within an application that has been reserved for the display of advertising. Its dimensions and location within an application typically define an ad space. Ad Unit Any defined advertising vehicle that can appear in an ad space inside of an application. For example, a rectangular banner is considered to be a common type of ad unit. Advertisement Any collection of text, graphics or multimedia content displayed and accessible inside of an application for the purposes of promoting a commercial brand, product or service. Advertisement Action Action Any activity associated with a Advertisement that enables interactivity and communication between the advertiser and the consumer. For example, common actions include clicking on a phone number to call the advertiser, a hyperlink that takes the consumer to an advertiser’s mobile web portal, or a link that adds the advertiser’s contact information to the consumer’s phone book. Advertiser Individual or organization that places a paid promo- tion within media for the purpose of promoting commercial messages, goods or services. Affiliate Marketing A process whereby a Content Provider provides financial consideration to one or more persons or en- tities in exchange for their agreement to offer Content Providers’ products and/or services to users. Aggregator An organization that acts as a middleman between application and content providers, and mobile carri- ers. Provides message traffic throughput to multiple wireless operators or other aggregators; provides mobile initiative campaign oversight, and administra- tion, as well as billing services. Airtime Talk Time The number of connected minutes consumed by a mobile subscriber while placing and receiving calls on his/her mobile phone. Carriers calculate customer bills based on airtime minutes used during a specific period of time. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 3 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary A Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Alert Tone An audio product that is triggered by and sounds on the handset upon a specific event, such as an incom- ing text message, voice message, calendar event, or other event to which the handset owner wishes to be alerted. Length of tone varies based on mobile carrier requirements. Often traditional ringtones or other audio products can be used as an alert tone. Alerts Notic fi ations, typically in the form of a text or multimedia message, containing time-sensitive information (event details, weather, news, services updates) that are pushed to a mobile subscriber who has opted-in to re- ceive this information. Note: If the mobile subscriber has not opted in to receive said information, the notification would be considered SPAM. Alternative Method of AMOE A no cost or low cost means for an individual to enter Entry a sweepstakes or contest. ALT tag The text displayed while an image is being loaded. ALT tags are particularly relevant for mobile SEO, since many people turn off image downloads in their mobile browsers to preserve bandwidth. Anchor Text The actual text of a link – i.e. the portion that you see underlined. An important ranking factor which uses this text, and the keywords used in it, to make assumptions on the relevance of the content being linked to. Application Downloadable Software solutions that power the business logic for Application mobile marketing initiative(s). Application Originated AO A text or multimedia message sent from a network Message based mobile application, typically to a handset. Application Provider An organization that offers network based software solutions “applications,” or dowloadable applications that enable the business logic behind mobile market- ing initiatives. Application Terminated AT A text or multimedia message received by a network based mobile application, typically sent by a handset. Asynchronous A type of two-way communication that occurs with a time delay, allowing participants to respond at their own convenience. Average Revenue Per ARPU A commonly used financial benchmark to measure User the average revenue generated by a mobile carrier’s mobile subscriber, or “user.” Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 4 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary B Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Background Audio Ad A background audio clip that is played throughout the MMS message. An example is a jingle. Bandwidth Digital bandwidth is measured in bits per second (bps), kilobits per second (kbps), or megabits per second (mps). Banner Size The width and length dimensions (typically presented in pixels) of a banner/ image advertisement placed on the mobile web. Bill Face Descriptor Description of billing details that appear on a mobile subscriber’s wireless bill. Billing Aggregator An organization that provides one ore more billing solutions (PSMS, Direct-to-bill, Credit Card, PayPal, Loyalty Points, Credits, etc.) to off-portal mobile application solution providers. Binary Runtime Envi- BREW An open-source application development platform ronment for Wireless for wireless devices, originally designed for CDMA technology. However, BREW is air-interface indepen- dent and can also support GSM/GPRS and UMTS technology. It allows users to download applications such as text chat, enhanced e-mail, location position- ing, games, etc. Native BREW applications are written in C or C++, but the platform is designed to allow developers to write in whatever language they choose, including Java and XML. Developers are also provided with BREW Software Development Kit (SDK), which includes the full BREW applications platform, plus a variety of tools for writing BREW applications. Bitmap BMP A format for images. Blink Message Text message that contains blinking text for the purpose of emphasis. Bluetooth A communication protocol that enables mobile devices equipped with a special chip to send and receive information wirelessly over short-ranges, using the 2.4 GHz spectrum band. Branding The process by which brand identity is developed; a marketing strategy and/or campaign objective. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 5 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary B Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition BREW Applications Applications that are designed and built on Qualcomm’s BREW technology for small-screen devices. Currently supported by a handful of network operators – including Verizon Wireless and KDDI (Japan) – the BREW market is small compared to WAP, like Apple computers command a small market share compared to Windows PCs. Broadcast video Video content is “broadcasted” over a network down to the consumer’s handset. This allows consum- ers the freedom to select which content to watch. With broadcast or multi-cast video, content is a “one too many” experience and does not suffer the buffering or downloading issues of other mobile video platforms. Similar to “traditional” TV, advertising opportunities exist within commercial breaks. Per- sonalization technology regarding the ad experience will generally be located nearer to the consumer’s device (e.g. a handset application) rather than within the video delivery. Currently there is no global defacto broadcast technology standard, however the following technologies are gaining acceptance in the different regions of the world: DVB-H (Europe), MediaFLO (US) ATSC M-H (US), DMB, ISDB and SDMB (Asia). Browse and Buy The model for content discovery and purchase that is provided by operators on-deck. This model is increasingly emerging off-deck, and replicates the PC Web experience for sites designed for handsets. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 6 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary C Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Call Detail Records CDR The record made within the cellular network of all details of both incoming and outgoing calls made by mobile subscribers. This record is then passed to the billing system for action. Call to Action CTA A statement or instruction, typically promoted in print, web, TV, radio, on-portal, or other forms of media (often embedded in advertising), that explains to a mobile subscriber how to respond to an opt-in for a particular promotion or mobile initiative, which is typically followed by a Notice (see Notice). Caller Ringback Tones CBT Ringbacks See Ringback Tone Calltone Ringtone See Ringtone Capacity The measure of a mobile network’s ability to support simultaneous calls, messages, etc. Carrier Mobile carrier, A company that provides wireless telecommunica- Mobile Network tions services. Operator, Mobile Carrier, Network Operator, Operator Company, Wireless Carrier. Cascading Style Sheet CSS An external document containing code that defines a Website’s (Internet and Mobile Web) appearance. Chat A program that enables asynchronous interactions between two or more mobile subscribers. Chat Bots A computer-generated response sent to chat par- ticipants. These responses are sent without human interaction. Child A person under the age of 13. Clear and Conspicuous The vehicle by which descriptions, instructions, terms Notice and conditions, and other relevant details pertinent to a specific marketing initiative, are prominently posted. (For guidance on the meaning of “clear and conspicuous” disclosure, please see Section III of the Federal Trade Commission’s “Dot Com Disclosures,” available at buspubs/dotcom/III). Click The act of when a mobile subscriber interacts with (highlights and clicks on) an advertisement (banner, text link) or other actionable link, that has been served to their screen. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 7 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary C Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Click to Call A service that enables a mobile subscriber to initiate a voice call to a specified phone number by clicking on a link on a mobile web site. Typically used to enhance and provide a direct response mechanism in an advertisement. Click-through The process that takes a mobile subscriber to a jump or landing page once the mobile subscriber has clicked on a link. Click-through Rate CTR A way of measuring the success of an online or mobile advertising campaign. A CTR is obtained by dividing the number of users who clicked on an ad on a Web page by the number of times the ad was delivered (impressions). Code Division Multiple CDMA Also called “spread spectrum techniques,” a tech- Access; nique for multiplexing digital transmission of radio signals in which each voice or data call uses the whole radio band, and is assigned a unique code. Color Graphics Color Wall- A color image. papers Wallpapers Color Graphics Color Ring Back Tone See Ringbacks. Combination Ad A potentially clickable ad consisting of an image and text. Commercial Messages Text or multimedia messages that are sent to a mobile device, usually for commercial purposes. Common Short Code CSCA An organization that administers the common short Administration code registry for a particular country/region. CSCAs are predominantly in Canada, China, the United Kingdom and the United States. Local mobile carriers and short code aggregators are the administrators of CSC registry in other countries Common Shortcode CSC Short numeric numbers (typically 46 digits) to which text messages can be sent from a mobile phone. Wireless subscribers send text messages to common short codes with relevant keywords to access a wide variety of mobile content. Compact HTML cHTML A subset of HTML for small devices, such as mobile phones and PDAs. cHTML was created by Japan-based Access Company, Ltd. in 1998 for i-Mode devices. Complete MMS Ad This advertisement unit assumes that the entire MMS is the advertisement. This MMS advertisement could be the result of a WAP Banner click or a free message sent to subscribers who have opted-in to receive news about the advertiser. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 8 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary C Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Confidentiality The treatment of information that an individual has disclosed in a relationship of trust, and with the expectation that it will not be divulged without per- mission to others, in ways that are inconsistent with the understanding of the original disclosure. Confirmed Opt-in The process used for verifying a mobile subscriber’s intention, and for gaining the subscriber’s explicit agree- ment to participate in a mobile program/ initiative. Consideration Although the definition of consideration varies from state to state, generally, consideration means that a willing participant is required to purchase something or pay for access to be eligible to enter a game. Content Aggregator An organization that contracts with an array of con- tent providers, and redistributes licensed content. Content Preview An advertisement where a sample of mobile content is included. This is very similar to a movie trailer, but, for all digital content including ringtones and wallpapers. Content Provider CP A company that creates and offers content, e.g. graphic products, ringtones, games, news, informa- tion and entertainment services, etc. Contest A promotional mechanism that includes a prize and a game of skill. Consideration is allowed, but there cannot be any element of chance. Cookie Information placed on a visitor’s computer or Mobile hand- set by a Web server that can be stored or retrieved when the site is accessed. Cookies are generally used as unique identie fi rs (i.e. user IDs or session IDs) to record a users unique behavior during each visit. Cookies may be used to store other data such as email address, usernames etc. Most mobile handsets do not support cookies, although the market long-term is moving in this direction. Cost per Thousand CPM A metric used to price advertising banners. Sites that sell advertising may guarantee an advertiser a certain number of impressions (number of times an ad banner is served and presumably seen by visitors) and then set the cost based on the guarantee, multiplied by the CPM rate. Coupon A ticket, message, and/or document that can be ex- changed for a financial discount on a product or service. Cross-carrier Mobile- A software solution that processes the votes cast by phone Voting Application mobile subscribers from multiple mobile carriers. Customer Care and CCB The function area/department of a carrier, content Billing provider, or other vendor that provides customer support to mobile customers regarding billing issues, product/service problems, complaints, etc. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 9 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary D Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Data Charging The cost of using the mobile network for data services. The two main charging models are: pay-as- you-use, which is effectively metered billing because the charges increase in proportion to the amount of data consumed by the user; the second method is charging at pre-set rates (over a monthly usage period) for pre-determined amounts of data that can be consumed. These charges become significant in the distribution of rich media content that drives large amounts of data across the networks. Data Collection The process by which a marketer collects mobile subscribers’ personally identifiable information. Day Parting See Targeting Deck Portal A browseable portal of links to content, pre-config- ured usually by the network operator, and set as the default home page to the phone’s browser. Dedicated Short Code The process of running only one service on a Com- mon Short Code at any given time. Delivery Report An acknowledgement /notice/report of a successful MO/MT billing. Digital Multimedia DMB A digital radio transmission technology for sending Broadcasting multimedia (radio, TV, and data casting) to handsets. Digital Video Broad- DVB-H The technology that drives mobile TV, which is a casting- Handset combination of conventional digital video, and IP that scales for smaller devices. Direct To Consumer D2C Content and services promoted directly by the third- party “provider” to the phone end-user. The promo- tion of these services does not depend upon listing in (operator) portals; the content provider is responsible for tasks such as pricing and marketing. Discoverable Notice See Notice Double Opt-in The process of confirming a mobile subscriber’s wish to participate in a mobile program by requesting the subscriber to opt-in twice, prior to engaging the subscriber. A requirement for premium and many other types of mobile services. Downloadable Ap- See Application plication Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 10 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary D Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Download video In this instance, the video file is downloaded to the handset completely before the handset starts playing it. Since the video is played when fully received on the handset, an ad server cannot detect whether the video content and ads are actually watched in their entirety. Due to the nature of the underlying technolo- gies used, the quality of the received video files is as good as the quality of the source file on the network servers. Since the video files are stored complete on the mobile handset, copyright concerns are more ap- parent here. The most popular underlying technology is OMA download. Dual Band A handset that supports and is compatible with two different standards and/or two different frequencies/ bands. Dynamic Ad Delivery Based upon predetermined criteria, Dynamic Ad De- livery is the process by which a mobile advertisement is delivered, via a campaign management platform, to a publisher’s mobile content. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 11 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary E Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition End-User A person who accesses and uses a product. (e.g. a user who watches a video using their mobile device). Enhanced Data rates EDGE Enhanced The final stage in the evolution of the GSM standard, for GSM Evolution GPRS (E- which was also an intermediate technology that GPRS) brought 2G closer to 3G capacity for data transfer. EDGE uses a new modulation schema to enable theoretical data speeds of up to 384kbit/s within the existing GSM spectrum. Extensible Markup XML A general-purpose markup language, primarily used Language to facilitate the sharing of data across different infor- mation systems, particularly via the Internet. Extensible HyperText XHTML A markup language. It is a reformulated, upgraded Markup Language version of HTML, but still conforms to the XML syntax. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 12 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary F Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition First Generation See 1G Fixed Mobile Conver- FMC A mobile device that supports both carrier network gence and WiFi and can switch between each seamlessly. Free to End User FTEU An FTEU program is any program to which the subscriber opts-in, with the result that the subscriber receives Mobile Terminated (MT) SMS/MMS mes- sages for which they do not incur any premium or standard messaging charges from their wireless carrier. The subscriber may interact with the service by sending SMS/MMS messages (including, but not limited to, messages for the purpose of opt-in, opt-out and requesting help). The wireless carrier may, at their discretion, charge the subscriber at standard messaging rates for Mobile Originated (MO) messages to the program. Friendly Off-Deck Off-portal mobile internet content that has been validated against operator standards for technical performance and suitability of content. Full Music Download The downloading of a complete song, versus a sec- tion of a song, for playback on a mobile device. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 13 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary G Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Gallery An extended set of menus containing links to third-party content. The gallery is usually accessed from the main (mobile carrier) deck with the assumption the content has gone through some basic acceptance testing, though less detailed than that applied to content featured on the main deck. Games See Mobile Games General Packet Radio A packet-switching technology that enables high- Service speed data transmission of up to 115kbps. An enhancement for GSM, often described as 2.5G. Global Positioning A system of satellites, computers and receivers that System can determine the latitude and longitude of a given receiver (within it’s system) located on Earth. It pin- points the reciever’s location by calculating the time it takes for signals from different satellites (positioned at various locations) to reach the receiver. Global System for Mo- A digital mobile cellular standard developed and bile Communications widely used in Europe. One of the main 2G digital wireless standards. Graphic Banners A graphic mobile ad represented by a banner featur- ing an image. Similar to a web banner, but with lower size constraints (See Banner Size). Graphics Interchange GIF A supported format for color images, such as mobile Format banner ads. Greeting A voicemail greeting that the caller hears when the call recipient he/she is attempting to reach does not answer their mobile phone. Can consist of a Master- tone or Voicetone, or a custom message recorded by the handset/account owner. Greeting Card mobile card See M-Card Group Chat Community See Chat. Chat Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 14 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary H Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Hands Free Hands free The operation of a mobile phone without the use kit of the handset; usually installed in vehicles and/or enabled via Bluetooth or similar headset. Handset Term used in reference to a mobile phone, mobile device, or mobile terminal. Heading/H tags This tag denotes a specific page or section heading on a Web page. Engines pay special attention to H text as it provides insight into the topicality and relevance of the content contained with the section. High Speed Downlink An enhancement to the Universal Mobile Telecom- Packet Access munications System (UMTS) 3G technology, also known as Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (W-CDMA). It is designed to increase the available download speeds by more than five times, and, in theory, reaches up to 14 Mbps (million bits per second). Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 15 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary I Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Image A photograph or graphic that may be delivered to the mobile handset as any of several low resolution image formats, including .png, .gif, .jpg, etc. Images on mobile platform may be classified as mobile content/products (wallpapers, screensavers, etc), assets for a mobile website, or enabled with links to trigger an action. Image Ad An image on a mobile web site with an active link that can be clicked on by the wireless subscriber. Once clicked, the wireless subscriber is redirected to a new page, another mobile web site or other destination where an offer resides. i-Mode A packet-based information service developed by Japanese operator NTT DoCoMo to deliver a wide range of services to mobile subscribers. The revenue sharing model used for i-Mode is being adopted by other operators as the basis for the new services enabled by GPRS and 3G. Impressions A business metric for counting the number of times mobile subscribers have viewed a particular page, mobile advertisement on a mobile internet site or embedded within a text message or similar mobile medium. Index The database in which a search engine stores con- tent from every Web page that its spider visits. Information on Demand IOD Content delivered in the form of an Alert. Subscriber receives updates of weather, traffic, horoscopes, jokes of the day, etc via SMS text, at a predetermined time and frequency. Instant Voice Response IVR A computerized system that allows a person, typically a telephone caller, to select options from a voice menu and otherwise interact with the computer phone system from their mobile device. Integrated Digital i-DEN A wireless technology developed by Motorola, Enhanced Network which combines the capabilities of a digital cellular telephone, two-way radio, alpha-numeric pager, and data/fax modem into a single network. iDEN operates in the 800MHz, 900MHz, and 1 500MHz frequency bands, and is based on TDMA and GSM architec- ture it places more users in a given spectral space, compared to analog cellular systems. iDEN networks are used by various carriers all over the world, and by Nextel and Southern LINC in the USA. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 16 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary I Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Interactive TV iTV Interactive TV refers to TV programming and technology that allows the viewer to engage in two-way interaction with the television/programming. Interactive Voice IVR A phone technology that allows a computer to detect Response voice and touch tones using a normal phone call. The IVR system can respond with pre-recorded or dynamically generated audio to further direct callers on how to proceed. IVR systems can be used to con- trol almost any function where the interface can be broken down into a series of simple menu choices. International Mobile IMEI A 15 digit, unique serial number assigned to a mobile Equipment Identity phone. IMEI consists of five groups of numbers. The first group represents the manufacturer; the second sequence identifies the Type Approval Code (TAC) or model number; the third represents Final Assembly Code (FAC); the fourth is the device serial number and the fifth is a spare single digit (usually 0). Inter-operable Mes- The ability for mobile subscribers to exchange text and saging multimedia messages across different mobile operator networks. Also used to refer to a Common Short Code that is registered on multiple mobile operators’ networks. Interstitial Image Ad An advertising image that is inserted into the middle of a complete MMS message. This image will be displayed as the subscriber is viewing the complete MMS message. Interstitial Text Ad A text page that is displayed in the middle of the MMS message. Interstitial Video Ad An advertising video clip that is inserted in the middle of a complete MMS message. This video plays back as the subscriber is viewing the complete MMS message. Interstitial Video Clip An advertising video clip that is inserted into the middle of a complete MMS message. This video will be displayed as the subscriber is viewing the complete MMS message. IVR Discovery A content discovery method where the user calls a phone number, during which their mobile phone number is captured, and a data connection is subsequently made to the handset (SMS, WAP push). A charge for the call registers once the mobile con- nection has been made. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 17 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202Glossary J Acronyms AKA Nomenclature Task Force Definition Java An object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. Programs authored in Java do not rely on an operating system, as long as a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is installed on the destination device on which they are running. Java 2 Platform, Micro J2ME A technology that allows programmers to use the Edition Java programming language and related tools to de- velop programs for mobile handsets. J2ME consists of programming specifications and a special virtual machine (Java Virtual Machine, or JVM) that allows a J2ME-encoded program to run in the handset. Java Games refer to Mobile Mobile games authored in the Java programming Games language. The destination/player device must have the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) installed for it to run. Joint Photographic JPEG An image compression format widely used for storing Experts Group and transmitting photographs on the World Wide Web. Suitable for compressing photographic images, however, each subsequent compression causes im- age quality deterioration. Not appropriate for graphs, charts and other textual or iconic graphics, as the compression blurs the image. Jump Page Landing The page or view to which a user is directed when Page they click on an active link embedded in a banner, web page, email or other view. A click-through lands the user on a jump page. Mobile Marketing Association Version 2008. 12 Page 18 of 53 © 2008 Mobile Marketing Association, 1670 Broadway, Suite 850, Denver, CO 80202

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