Mobile and Wireless Network Architectures

adaptive clustering for mobile wireless networks lecture notes pdf free download
JackBrown Profile Pic
JackBrown,Georgia,Professional
Published Date:11-07-2017
Your Website URL(Optional)
Comment
2G1330 Mobile and Wireless Network Architectures Lecture notes of G. Q. Maguire Jr. For use in conjunction with the text: Wireless and Mobile Network Architectures, by Yi-Bing Lin and Imrich Chlamtac, John Wiley & Sons, 2001, ISBN 0-471-39492-0. KTH Information and Communication Technology © 1998-2006 G.Q.Maguire Jr. . All rights reserved. No part of this course may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the author. Last modified: 2006.01.13:10:07 Maguire Cover.fm Total pages: 1 maguirekth.se 2006.01.132G1330 Mobile and Wireless Network Architectures 1. Introduction Lecture notes of G. Q. Maguire Jr. For use in conjunction with Wireless and Mobile Network Architectures, by Yi-Bing Lin and Imrich Chlamtac, John KTH Information and Wiley & Sons, 2001, ISBN 0-471-39492-0 Communication Technology © 1998-2006 G.Q.Maguire Jr. . All rights reserved. No part of this course may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the author. Last modified: 2006.01.13:10:20 Maguire MWA-Lecture1.fm Total pages: 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13Welcome to the course The course should be fun. We will dig deeper into Personal Communication Systems - with a focus on their architectures, but we will also examine some of the protocols which are used. Information about the course is available from the course web page: http://www.imit.kth.se/courses/2G1330/ Note that the above URL will change - due to the reoganization of KTH to: http://www.cos.ict.kth.se/education/msc/ccs/courses/2G1330/ Maguire Welcome to the course Introduction 2 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesStaff Associated with the Course Instructor (Kursansvarig) prof. Gerald Q. Maguire Jr. maguire at kth.se Administrative Assistant: recording of grades, registration, etc. Irina Radulescu irina.radulescu at wireless.kth.se Maguire Staff Associated with the Course Introduction 3 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesGoals, Scope and Method Goals of the Course • To understand both what Personal Communication Systems are and their basic architectures. • To be able to read and understand the literature. • To provide a basis for your own research and development in this area. Scope and Method • We are going to examine a number of different systems to understand both the details of the system(s) and to abstract from these details some architectural features. • You will demonstrate your knowledge by writing a written report and giving an oral presentation describing your project. Maguire Goals, Scope and Method Introduction 4 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesPrerequisites • Internetwork (2G1305) or • Equivalent knowledge in Computer Communications (this requires permission of the instructor) Maguire Prerequisites Introduction 5 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesContents The focus of the course is on personal communication systems and their network architecture. This spans the range from piconets to space probes, but the emphasis will be primarily focus on the range from LEO satellites down to personal area networks. The course consists of 10 hours of lectures and a project of 50 hours effort. Maguire Contents Introduction 6 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesTopics • Personal Communication Systems (PCS): handoff, mobility, paging • Network Signaling • CDPD • GSM, GPRS, SMS, International Roaming, Operation/Administration/Maintenance • Number portability, VoIP, Prepaid •WAP • Heterogeneous PCS • Wireless Local Loop (WLL), Enterprise Networks • Personal Area Networks (PANs), such as Bluetooth and Ultrawideband (UWB) • Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) • Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) • Sensor Networks Maguire Topics Introduction 7 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesProject Goals: to gain analytical or practical experience and to show that you have mastered some knowledge in this area and to encourage you to find a topic which interests you (since this will motivate you to really understand the material) • Can be done in a group of 1 to 3 students (formed by yourself). Each student must contribute to the final written and oral reports. • Discuss your ideas about topics with the instructor before starting. Maguire Project Introduction 9 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesAssignment Registration and Report • Registration: 3-Feb. 2006, to maguire at kth.se with subject: "2G1330 topic" • Group members, leader, and topic selected • Written report • The length of the final report should be 10 pages (roughly 5,000 words) for each student. • The report may be in the form of a collections of papers, with each paper suitable for submission to a conference or journal • Contribution by each member of the group - must be clear (in the case where the report is a collection of papers - the role of each member of the group can be explain in the overall introduction to the papers. • The report should clearly describe: 1) what you have done; 2) who did what; if you have done some implementation and measurements you should describe the methods and tools used, along with the test or implementation results, and your analysis. Final Report: written report due Monday 27 Feb. 2006 at 23:59 + oral presentations: Friday 10 March 2006. • Send email with URL link for a PDF or PostScript file to maguire at it.kth.se • Late assignments will not be accepted (i.e., there is no guarantee that they will be graded before the end of the term) Note that it is permissible to start working well in advance of the deadlines Maguire Assignment Registration and Report Introduction 10 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesLiterature The course will mainly be based on the book: Wireless and Mobile Network Architectures, by Yi-Bing Lin and Imrich Chlamtac, John Wiley & Sons, 2001, ISBN 0-471-39492-0. Although we will not focus on Mobile IP in the lectures (since an introduction was given in the internetworking course), if you want to do a project which involves mobility, the following two books are useful sources: • Charles E. Perkins, Mobile IP: Design Principles and Practices, Addison-Wesley, 1998, ISDN 0-201-63469-4. • James D. Solomon, Mobile IP: the Internet Unplugged, Prentice Hall, 1998, ISBN 0-13-856246-6. We will refer to other books, articles, and RFCs as necessary - see notes and web. In addition, you will be searching & reading the literature in conjunction with your projects. Please make sure that you properly reference your sources in your report. Maguire Literature Introduction 11 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesLecture Plan • 1: Introduction • Course arrangement • Personal Communication Systems (PCS): handoff, mobility, paging (Chapters 1-4,22) • 2: Network Signaling (Chapters 5-8); CDPD • 3: GSM (Ch. 9,10,11), GPRS (Ch. 18), SMS (Ch. 12), International Roaming (Ch. 13), Operation/Administration/Maintenance (Ch. 14) • 4: Number portability (Ch. 15), VoIP (Ch. 16), Prepaid (Ch. 17) • 5: WAP (Ch. 19), Heterogeneous PCS (Ch. 20), 3G(Ch. 21) • 6: Wireless Local Loop (WLL) (Ch. 23), Enterprise Networks (Ch. 24) • 7: Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) • 8: Bluetooth: Piconets, Scatternets • 9: Ultrawideband (UWB) • 10: Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) • 11: Sensor Networks • 12: Misc. topics Maguire Lecture Plan Introduction 12 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesContext of the course Personal Communication Systems have been both increasing their number of users and increasing the variety of personal communication systems. Some of these system (such as GSM) have had growth rates of millions of new customers each month Europe is in the process of introducing so-called third generation (3G) cellular systems. In many countries the license fees alone are many thousand of euros per potential customer. 1 There are discussions of future systems (which Theo Kanter calls πG systems ). There is even discussion of if there will be a 4th generation of cellular systems or if we will see the end of generational architectures and systems. 1. Because 3 π 4 and π is an irrational number. Maguire Context of the course Introduction 13 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesChapters 1-4, and 22 Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Mobility Management Chapter 3: Handoff Management: Detection and Assignment Chapter 4: Handoff Management: Radio Link Transfer Chapter 22: Paging Systems Maguire Chapters 1-4, and 22 Introduction 14 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesInternet Architecture WLAN FDDI MH AP R H Token Ring R switch switch R H R WAN switch Ethernet LANs switch R R IWU Ad hoc MH MSC BTS BSC MH HLR/VLR PAN Cellular networks MH MH Figure 1: Multiple network technologies - internetworked together Maguire Internet Architecture Introduction 15 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network Architectures … … … …More complete Architecture WLAN MH FDDI AP R Token Ring H R switch switch R H R WAN PSTN IWU switch Ethernet LANs switch R R IWU Ad hoc MH MSC MH BTS BSC HLR/VLR PAN Cellular networks MH MH Figure 2: Internet and PSTN • We will focus on the parts marked in red in the above figure, i.e., Cellular, WLAN, and PAN (and Ad hoc) networks. Maguire More complete Architecture Introduction 16 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network Architectures … … … …Internetworking Internetworking is • based on the interconnection (concatenation) of multiple networks • accommodates multiple underlying hardware technologies by providing a way to interconnect heterogeneous networks and makes them inter-operate. Most of the systems discussed in the course textbook are interconnected to the Public Switched Telephony System (PSTN) - thus there must generally be an adaptation to fixed rate (64 kbps) voice coding. Increasingly these systems are also interconnected to the Internet, hence packet based services are becoming an increasingly important part of such systems. In the lectures we will discuss the effects of these interconnections. Maguire Internetworking Introduction 17 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesPersonal Communication Systems (PCS) The goals of PCS are to provide a mobile user with voice, data, and multimedia at any place, at any time, and in any format. Thus the system has to either provide universal coverage or it has to include interworking with other communication systems. Thus far, attempts at providing universal coverage by a globally standard system have failed (for various technical, historic, economic, and political reasons). The market has often been fragmented based on: wide area coverage (especially for business users), enterprise (focused on in-building and on campus), and homes (often equated with “personal or free-time usage”). However, this market separation is increasingly converging rather than further diverging. Traditionally, various PCS systems were connected to the Public Switched Telephony System (PSTN) and driven by telephony standards (and at the rate of change of telephony standards). Today, these systems are increasingly connected to the internet and driven by the internet standards & change at internet speeds. Maguire Personal Communication Systems (PCS) Introduction 18 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesHigh Tier and Low Tier Cellular, and Cordless Generally the PCS market has been divided into these three classes: System High Tier Cellular Low Tier Cellular Cordless large (0.25-38km) medium (10-100m) small (10-20m) Cell size high (≤ 260 km/h) medium (≤100km/h) low (≤50km/h) User speed high low low Handset complexity high (100-800mW) low (5-20mW) low (5-10mW) Handset power consumption low (8-13kbps) high (32kbps) high (32kbps) Speech coding rate high (≤600ms) low (≤10 ms) low (≤10ms) Delay or latency high medium low (often flat rate) Costs GSM, D-AMPS, PDC, CT2, DECT, PHS, PACS Examples cdmaOne, … Maguire High Tier and Low Tier Cellular, and Cordless Introduction 19 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network ArchitecturesCellular Telephony Different means of defining channels: • Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) • Advanced Mobile Phone Service (AMPS) • Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) • D-AMPS, Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) • Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) • IS-95 (developed by Qualcomm), cdma2000, W-CDMA, … Maguire Cellular Telephony Introduction 20 of 92 maguireit.kth.se 2006.01.13 Mobile and Wireless Network Architectures

Advise: Why You Wasting Money in Costly SEO Tools, Use World's Best Free SEO Tool Ubersuggest.