Communicative English lecture notes

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COMMUNICATIVE ENGLISH HIGHER SECONDARY - SECOND YEAR Untouchability is a sin Untouchability is a crime Untouchability is inhuman TAMILNADU TEXTBOOK CORPORATION College Road, Chennai – 600 006.UNIT I ASKING FOR AND SHOWING PREFERENCE WARM UP Indian government prefers negotiation to confrontation with Pakistan for solving the Kashmir problem. Discuss - 1) What do we mean by ‘negotiation’ and ‘confrontation’? 2) Why does the Indian government prefer negotiation to confrontation? LET’S ROLE PLAY In a stationery shop Student : Have you got pens? Shopkeeper : Would you like a ball pen or a micro tipped one? Student : I prefer a micro tipped pen. Shopkeeper : What colour do you want? Student : I want green. Shopkeeper : Here are some green colour pens. You can choose from them. Student : (Chooses a pen) How much does this pen cost? Shopkeeper : Cello pen? This costs Rs.11/- Student : Here you are. Shopkeeper : Thank you. 2A telephone talk between a VIP and the Principal of a college. The VIP will be the chief guest for a function in the college. VIP : Hello, Good morning, I’m Chandrasekar speaking from Bangalore. Principal : Hello, Good morning, Sir. I’m the Principal of CAT College at Chennai. This is about your stay. The choice is yours, Sir. Our guest house or a suite in a hotel. VIP : I generally find a suite in a hotel more satisfactory. Principal : We’ll book a suite in the Hotel Alankar. VIP : That’s very kind of you. I’ll be there on Wednesday morning by nine. Principal : We’re looking forward to your visit, Sir. VIP : Thank you, see you bye. Principal : Good-bye, Sir. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION The expressions asking for and showing preferences are detailed below: Neutral Situations Asking for preferences : Would you prefer ……. or ……..? Which would you prefer …. or ….. ? Do you like … better than ……? Showing preferences : I think I like ……… better. I would go for …………… I’d rather have …………. anytime. 3Informal Situations Asking for preferences : We can …… or …; what do you say? Do you prefer ……. or ……? What’s your favourite …….? Showing preferences : I think I like …….. I would go for ……….. I’d rather have ……. anytime. Formal Situations Asking for preferences : Do you find … or …. more enjoyable? The choice is yours; ….. or ……. ? Which appeals more ……. or …….? Showing preferences : I have a strong preference for ……… I generally find ….. more satisfactory. I’d generally choose …… in preference to ……… ORAL PRACTICE In a Hotel Receptionist : Do you find an AC room or a Non AC more comfortable, Ma’am? Tourist : I’d rather have an AC room because the weather here is a bit hot. Receptionist : Would you like a room with a bath? Tourist : I’d prefer a shower to a bath if possible. Receptionist : I can give you one with a shower, Ma’am. It’s room No. 210 for you in the first floor. Tourist : Thank you. Receptionist : Welcome 4TASK: Fill in the blanks according to your preference. 1) Would you like to wear a T-shirt or a safari while on a tour? Ans: I’d rather wear a ……………….. 2) Which do you prefer - coffee or tea? Ans: I prefer ………………… 3) Do you prefer teaching or practising law? Ans: I’d rather be a …………… 4) Would you like lassi or orange juice? Ans: I’d prefer …………… 5) Would you like to watch a horror film or a social play? Ans: I’d love to watch ……… ACTIVITY: Pair work One can ask the questions above and the other will answer according to his preference. UNIT II INVITING, ACCEPTING AN INVITATION AND DECLINING AN INVITATION WARM UP Invitation for Wedding Anniversary Mr. Mahesh and Ms. Vimala, children of Mr. Kumar and Mrs. Meena Kumar request the pleasure of your company at a party celebrating their parents’ thirtieth Wedding Anniversary on Sunday th 20 September 2005 at 7 pm, at their residence. PREM VILLA 53, Nafiza Avenue WestAnnanagar Chennai. 5Points to ponder:  Note the verb phrase that is used for the function of inviting.  How does this phrase sound - formal, informal or neutral? LET’S ROLE PLAY I A: Would you like to come and watch a game of cricket with me tomorrow? B: Thank you, I’d love to. What time does the game start? A: It’s at nine in the morning. B: Shall I come and pick you up around half past eight? A: That’s fine. II A: We should be delighted if you could come and have dinner with us this evening. B: Thank you. That’d give me great pleasure but what’s the occasion? A: My daughter has passed her MCA Exam with distinction. B: O great My congratulations to her. A: Thank you. III A: We’re going to Ooty Flower show tomorrow. Do you fancy coming along? B: I’d love to, but I’ve got an exam tomorrow afternoon. A: Its OK. Join us next time. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION We see different kinds of phrases / utterances used for inviting in the above three dialogues. In the first dialogue, the situation being neutral, the expression for inviting is ‘would you like to ………’ It could also be ‘I’d like you to come and watch …………..’ In the second dialogue, the situation is formal and the expression has to be polite and so it is ‘we should be delighted if you could come ………’ In the third, the persons involved are 6very close and the situation is informal and hence the expression, ‘Do you fancy coming along’? Similarly, in the first two dialogues, the invitees accept the invitation and in the third, the invitee declines it. The following table gives the various expressions depending on situations, for the functions inviting, accepting an invitation and declining one. 7ORAL PRACTICE 1. A: We are going out for dinner on Sunday. How about joining us? B: Thanks a lot. I’ll come along. 2. A: We’d be happy if you could attend my son’s marriage next Monday. B: That’s very kind of you to invite me, I’d be delighted to attend. 3. A: You’ll enjoy being with us for high tea at the ‘Residency’ day after. Won’t you? B: I wish I could, but I’m afraid I am away for a conference that day; but thank you very much. TASK : Rewrite the following jumbled turns in a dialogue in the correct order. B: Good evening Where are you going? A: Hello, Good evening. B: I’d like to very much. Thanks a lot. Where’s it held? B: Island Grounds? Isn’t it too far away? A: It’s in the Island Grounds. A: To the book exhibition. Would you like to join me? A: So what? We’ll go by a taxi. ACTIVITY Role-play the above dialogue after getting it rewritten in order. 8UNIT III OFFERING, ACCEPTING AND DECLINING HELP WARM UP In what ways can you offer help to others in various life situations? LET’S ROLE PLAY Informal Kaushik is exasperated as his scooter would not start. Anand offers to help him. Kaushik : (Kicking his scooter) Oh, what a day I’ve been kicking for five minutes. This scooter wouldn’t start. Oh God, I’m tired. Anand : Hi Kaushik Having trouble with the scooter? May I help you? Kaushik : How very kind of you, Anand Please try your hand. Anand : (Starts it easily) Look, how easy it is to start. You’re impatient Kaushik. You haven’t put the keys properly. Kaushik : Thanks Anand. Formal Association Secretary : I need someone to give a vote of thanks in the function today. Everyone is backing out. Member : Perhaps I could do it sir. A S : Thank you for your offer. But I’m afraid you have a bad cough. That might come in the way of your performance. Member : Of course, Sir. But I’ll manage. 9A S : Thank you for your spirit. But let’s not take a risk. You’ll need your voice for next week’s culturals. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION Expressions in offering help, accepting it, and declining it are given in the following table: ORAL PRACTICE 1. On the train, while getting down Gentleman : Can I carry this luggage for you? Old man : If you’re sure it’s no trouble for you. Gentleman : Not at all. Old man : Thanks a lot. 102. Mrs. Sarala is waiting at the station for her husband. Mr. Giridhar, her office manager is seen there in his car. Mr. Giri : Can I drive you back home? Mrs. Sarala : It’s very good of you to offer, Sir. But I’m expecting my husband. TASK: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate expressions in the following dialogues. 1. A teacher finds his principal unable to button his left hand cuff as he has fractured his right hand. He offers to help him. Principal : Oh, heavens My cuff is unbuttoned, I’m unable to reach it. Teacher : …………………………………… Principal : Please help me, it’s …………… Thanks. 2. At the railway station, Vivek finds an elderly man struggling with a reservation form, unable to read/fill it. Elderly man : How forgetful I am I’ve left my reading glasses at home. What can I do now? Vivek : Sir, if you don’t mind, ………….. fill up the form for you? Elderly man : God bless you, my son; please do. Vivek : (Fills up the form and hands it over) Here it is, sir; please take it. Elderly man : ……….. my son, very ……………… of you. ACTIVITY Role-play the above dialogues in pairs. 11UNIT IV ASKING SOMEONE TO SAY SOMETHING AGAIN AND ASKING FOR HELP WARM UP ‘I beg your pardon’. Have you heard people using this sentence in conversation? When do they use it? LET’S ROLE PLAY 1. Father and Son Son : I’m sorry to bother you, I need a help daddy. Father : What help? Son : I want ss…some…mm money. Father : What was that? Son : I said I want some money. Father : Money? What for? Son : I’ve lost my friend’s cell phone Daddy. Father : Your friend’s cell phone? How did it happen? Son : It was in my shirt pocket, Daddy. While travelling in a crowded bus, some thief picked it from my pocket. I have to buy a new one and give it to him. Father : You’re always careless. How much does it cost? Son : Only Rs.3000 /- Father : Go and get it from your mom. Son : Thank you, Daddy. 2. A Telephone conversation A: Hello, could I speak to Mr. Raveendran? B: I’m sorry, would you mind repeating the name, please? 12A: I said Raveendran. B: Oh Raveendran. I’m afraid he is away at the moment. A: I’d be grateful if you could pass on a message to him. I’m Livia. The book he wants is in my office with my personal secretary. B: I’ve noted down the message. I’ll pass it on to him as soon as he arrives. A: Thanks a lot. B: Welcome. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION A. Asking someone to say something again We ask someone to repeat when we can’t hear what the person says.The expressions are given below: Informal : What was that? Sorry. What did you say? Sorry I didn’t hear you. Neutral : I’m sorry, what did you say? I’m sorry, I couldn’t hear what you said. Pardon? Formal : I beg your pardon. I’m sorry, would you mind repeating the word (please)? I’m sorry, could I ask you to repeat the word / sentence (please)? B. Asking for help Informal & Neutral : Help me, please. Can you help me? Would / Could you help me? 13Formal : I’m sorry to bother you, but …….. Would you mind ……………… I wonder if you could ………… I’d be grateful if you could ………….. ORAL PRACTICE 1. Teacher (announces) : Tomorrow you will take a test in Hydrostatics? Student : I beg your pardon, Sir. Is it hydraulics? Teacher : No, I said hydrostatics. Student : Thank you, Sir. 2. Jaya : Hey, there was an interesting programme on TV last night. It was, ‘The Bold and the Beautiful’. (telephone rings) Reena : Could I ask you to repeat that? Jaya : ‘The Bold and the Beautiful’. 3. Anil : Hello, Mohamad, you look sad. What’s the matter? Mohamad : I’m badly in need of money now. Can you help me? Anil : Oh sure, how much do you need? Mohamad : Five thousand rupees. Anil : Pardon? Mohamad : I want five thousand rupees; I’ll return it within a week. Anil : That’s allright, shall I give you a cheque? Mohamad : Of course, I’ll encash it tomorrow. Thank you. Anil : Welcome. 14TASK: Write dialogues for the following situations. Let each person have about four turns in a dialogue. 1. You notice a snake in the backyard. There is no one else in the house. You seek the help of your neighbour. 2. You want a one-rupee coin to make a telephone call. You have no change on you. 3. You ask your friend over phone requesting him to book a ticket for Bangalore. ACTIVITY: Pair work Get your dialogues corrected by your teacher and role-play each dialogue. UNIT V SEEKING, GRANTING AND REFUSING PERMISSION WARM UP In our life situations who do we seek permission from? What for? LET’S ROLE PLAY Informal Arthi : Sheela, I lost my calculator. Mind if I use yours? Sheela : No, not at all. You can have it. Arthi : OK if I have this until this evening? Sheela : Oh, sure. Formal Raghu, the secretary of the English club meets the Principal. Raghu : Good morning, Sir. Principal : Good morning. Have you got the confirmation from the speaker for the inauguration? 15Raghu : Yes, sir. Professor Mathew from St. Joseph’s College has given his consent. He’ll reach Madurai by 1 pm tomorrow. Would it be possible to send the car to pick him up, Sir? Principal : I’m afraid it is not possible. You better hire a taxi. We’ll pay the fare. FOCUS ON COMMUNCIATION Expressions for seeking, granting and refusing permission in various situations are given below: Formal Situations Seeking permission : Might I have your permission to …… With your permission I should like to… Would it be all right if I ………… Granting permission: Permission is granted ………. We are pleased to permit ….. Refusing permission : I’m afraid we couldn’t allow. I’m afraid we don’t have the authority. Informal Situations Seeking permission : Any chance of borrowing ……. Mind if I borrow …….. All right if I use ………….. Granting permission : It’s OK / fine / all right Go ahead. Of course, you can. Refusing permission : I’d like to, but I can’t …. I can’t possibly. Sorry that’s not on. No way, I’m afraid. 16Neutral Situations Seeking permission : Would it be possible ………..? I wonder if you could ……… Do you mind if ……….. ? Granting permission: By all means do …….. Please don’t hesitate. Yes, certainly, you can. Refusing permission : I don’t really think you can. I’m afraid that’s not possible. I’m sorry I’m not supposed to allow….. ORAL PRACTICE 1. Shopkeeper : May I help you, Sir? Ravi : I’m looking for a pair of black cotton trousers. Shopkeeper : Here’s one, Sir. Ravi : Do you mind if I try this on me? Shopkeeper : No, not at all. Ravi : Thank you (after trying). It’s quite all right for me. I’ll take this. 2. Teacher : Sir, class XII students want to go for a picnic to Malampuzha. Would it be all right if I take them this week end? Headmaster : How about their revision test? Are they through with it? Teacher : Yes sir, they are. Headmaster : In that case, I think you can go ahead. Teacher : May I take the Zoology teacher with us? Headmaster : I’m afraid we couldn’t allow. For twenty students only one teacher can accompany. Teacher : It’s all right, Sir. I’ll manage. 17TASKS: Fill in each blank with the appropriate expression. 1. Assistant : I wonder if I could possibly go on leave tomorrow? Officer : …………………….. (grants permission) 2. Two Friends Akila : ……………….. (asks for permission to use Nikita’s Scooty the next day) Nikita : I don’t think it’s possible because I need to go to the public library tomorrow. 3. On the train Passenger : …………(asks permission to exchange berths) Ticket collector: ……………(grants permission) ACTIVITY After getting your answers checked with the teacher, role- play the dialogue. UNIT VI EXPRESSING SYMPATHY WARM UP The Newsreader on TV: Ninety children studying in classes I to V were burnt to death in a fire accident in a school in Kumbakonam. Viewer: O God How sad LET’S ROLE PLAY 1. Formal Student : May I know why you look sad, Sir? 18Teacher : I’m really upset; you know, my uncle passed away day before yesterday. Student : I’m very sorry to hear that, Sir. Teacher : In fact, it was he who brought me up. He was my godfather too. Student : How sad, Sir Teacher : We’ll miss him a lot. Student : Time is the best healer, Sir. Teacher : Thank you for the comforting words. Student : It was the least I could do. 2. Neutral A: Why do you look upset? B: You know, I have lost my wallet somewhere this morning. A: Oh, I’m very sorry to hear that. How much money did you have in it? B: I had Rs.500 /- in it. A: Which places did you visit from the morning? B: I went to the restaurant for breakfast and then …….. A: Why don’t you speak to the person in the cash counter? B: Yes, let me try. A: I hope you will get it back. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION Some of the expressions we use for sympathising with people who are in distress in various situations are given below. Formal I am most upset to hear that. What a terrible situation for you One should not worry too much I do sympathise with you. 19Informal What a pity That’s awful. How sad Poor old you, …… Neutral O dear I am sorry. I’m awfully sorry. What bad luck That’s a pity You must be very upset / annoyed. Task 1: In each of the following exchanges, the one who sympathises is not using the appropriate expression, make his expression communicatively effective. a. A: My cousin got his leg fractured in an accident. B: He’s poor. A & B are watching a cricket match on TV b. A: How great Anil Kumble is Look here, he’s bowled out Muralidharan. (Suddenly the power goes off) B: The power has gone; it is bad. Task 2: On the first day of the Pongal holidays, you ring up to your friend Arvind to invite him to a party that evening. He tells you he is running a high temperature. Write a telephone conversation between you and your friend. Task 3: Your uncle has invested all his life’s savings in a company. He has just heard that the company has gone bankrupt. Write a dialogue between you and your uncle. ACTIVITY Pair work: Play roles in the above dialogues. 20

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