Invention that happened in America’s National Laboratory

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Published Date:05-07-2017
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M A D E Improved airport security. Channeled chips and hips. Given fluorescent lights their big break. Put eyes in the sky. Chances are you’re reading this using energy-efficient Vela satellites, first launched in 1963 to detect potential Weapons, explosives, plastic devices and other tools Integrated circuits and artificial hips owe concealed by terrorists are easier to detect thanks their success to a National Lab discovery fluorescent lighting, and chances are those lights use nuclear detonations, transformed the electronic ballasts, which control the current nascent U.S. space program. The to technology developed at a National Lab and now that revealed how to change a material by installed in airports worldwide. injecting it with charged atoms, called ions. flowing through the light. The ballast was satellites featured optical sensors developed at a National Lab in the and data processing, logic and Ion channeling is now standard practice in industry and science. 1970s with help from the lighting power subsystems designed and Preserved the sounds of yesteryear. industry. created by National Labs. National Lab scientists engineered a high-tech way to digitally reconstruct aging sound recordings Built a better building. that are too fragile to play, such as The Department of Energy has built one Edison wax cylinders from the late of the world’s most energy-efficient office 1800s. Archivists estimate that many buildings. The facility, operating as a living of the millions of recordings in the laboratory at a National Lab site, uses 50% world’s sound archives, including less energy than required by commercial the U.S. Library of Congress, could codes and only consumes energy produced AMERICA’S NATIONAL LABORATORIES benefit from the technology. by renewable power on or near the building. Turned an additive green. Engineered smart windows. Found in everyday products such National Lab scientists have created highly as antifreeze, paints and plastics, insulated windows that change color to modulate interior 50 50 propylene glycol can now be temperatures and lighting. If broadly installed, they could save produced from biomass instead of about 5% of the nation’s total energy budget. h g s u o petroleum. The cost-competitive r h t k a B e and renewable alternative process r Changed the face of matter. originated at a National Lab and is now in Protons and neutrons were once thought to be indivisible. commercial use. Wrong. National Lab scientists discovered that protons and neutrons were made of even smaller parts, called quarks. Transformed inventory control. Later experiments identified six kinds of quarks, changing our From finding, identifying view of how the material world works. and determining the condition of supplies Harvested energy from air. by loaded on ships to A miniature device—commercialized by private industry after evaluating the readiness a National Lab breakthrough—generates enough power from of battlefield munitions, small temperature changes to power wireless sensors or inventory control has AMERICA’S radio-frequency transmitters at remote sites, such as dams, been simplified thanks to bridges and pipelines. advanced radio-frequency identification tagging techniques devised by Simulated reality. National Lab engineers and scientists. Trains, planes and cars and thousands of other objects are safer, stronger and better-designed thanks to computer NATIONAL simulation software first developed at a National Laboratory. Solved a diesel dilemma. A National Lab insight into how catalysts behave paved the way for a new, “lean-burn” diesel engine Gone grid friendly. that met emissions standards and improved fuel Regulating the energy use of household appliances, especially efficiency by 25% over conventional engines. at peak times, could slash energy demand and avoid blackouts. A National Lab Cemented a new material. appliance-control device LABS National Lab scientists have developed a novel and senses grid stress and versatile material that blends properties of ceramic responds instantly to turn off and concrete to form a nonporous product that can machines and reduce end- do everything from seal oil wells to insulate walls with use demand, balancing the extra fire protection. It even sets in cold weather. system so that the power For more information, contact sc.communicationsscience.doe.gov stays on. Produced by the Department of Public Affairs, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Design: Creative Services Office CSO_21134 I N U S AHelped catch criminals. Fought pump friction. Put the digital in DVDs. Tamed hydrogen with nanonparticles. To DNA testing, we can now add human antibody detection, a Friction generated by industrial hydraulic pumps costs industry The optical digital recording technology behind To replace gasoline, hydrogen must be safely stored America’s National Laboratory precise method of matching suspects to crime scenes. The millions of dollars per year in energy bills. A National Lab music, video, and data storage originated at a and easy to use, but this has proved elusive. National technique, created by National Lab scientists, also foils would- developed a ceramic coating from an alloy of boron-aluminum- National Lab nearly 40 years ago. Lab researchers have now designed a new pliable system has been changing and improving the lives of millions for more than 80 years. Born at a be drug test cheaters. magnesium that reduces pump friction, decreases wear and material using nanoparticles that can rapidly absorb tear, and may one day pump money back into business. and release hydrogen without ill effects, a major step time of great societal need, this network of Department of Energy Laboratories has now grown Reduced air conditioning costs. in making fuel-cell powered cars a commercial reality. Made refrigerators cool. Air conditioning is a huge energy drain. National Lab scientists into 17 facilities, working together as engines of prosperity and invention. As this list of 50 Break- Next-generation refrigerators will likely put the Pitted cool roofs against carbon dioxide. invented an air conditioning process that uses up to 90% less freeze on harmful chemical coolants in favor of an National Lab researchers and policy experts energy that today’s top-of-the-line units. Cooling down cheaply Made wind power mainstream. throughs attests, National Laboratory discoveries have spawned industries, saved lives, generated environmentally friendly alloy, thanks to National Lab have led the way in analyzing and implementing might one day be a breeze. Increasing wind-turbine efficiency with high-efficiency new products, fired the imagination, and helped to reveal the secrets of the universe. Rooted in the scientists. cool roofing materials that reflect sunlight, airfoils has reduced the cost of wind power by more lower surface temperature, and slash cooling than 80% over the past 30 years. Now deployed need to be the best and bring the best, America’s National Laboratories have put an American Levitated trains with magnets. costs. Think globally: If all the world’s roofs and in wind farms nationwide, these turbines owe their Brought safe water to millions. stamp on the past century of science. With equal ingenuity and tenacity, they are now engaged in pavement used cool materials, the reduction in existence to National Lab research. Removing arsenic from drinking water is a global priority. A carbon dioxide emissions would be equivalent to long-lasting particle engineered at a National Lab can now do winning the future. taking the world’s 600 million cars off the road for 18 years. exactly that, making contaminated water safe to drink. Another Created a pocket-sized technology developed at a National Lab uses ultraviolet light DNA sampler. to kill microbes that cause water-borne diseases such as Toughened airplanes. A tool developed by National Lab dysentery. This process has reduced child mortality in the A National Lab and industry technique for strengthening metal scientists that identifies the microbes At America’s National Laboratories, we’ve: developing world. by bombarding it with laser pulses has saved the aircraft Say goodbye to traffic jams. National Lab scientists developed in air, water, and soil samples is fast industry hundreds of millions of dollars in engine and aircraft a technology that uses the attractive and repulsive forces of becoming a workhorse in public maintenance expenses. magnets to levitate and propel trains. Maglev trains now ferry health, medical, and environmental Explained photosynthesis. Confirmed the Big Bang, and discovered Delivered troops safely. commuters in Japan and China and will be operational in other cleanup projects. Only a few years Ever wonder how plants turn National Laboratory researchers have developed dark energy. countries soon. old, the credit-card-size PhyloChip sunlight into energy? A National computer models that effectively manage the complex Discovered 16 elements. National Lab detectors aboard a NASA satellite revealed is already pinpointing the diseases that Lab scientist determined the path logistical tasks of deploying troops and equipment to The periodic table would be smaller without the birth of the galaxies in the echoes of the Big Bang. Dark kill coral reefs, and cataloging airborne bacteria over of carbon through photosynthesis, a distant destinations. the National Labs. Among the Labs’ handiwork Exposed the radon risk. energy—the mysterious something that makes up three- U.S. cities. It was also used to quickly categorize the scientific milestone that illuminated one of is an instrumental role in the discovery of You can sleep easier thanks to National Lab research that quarters of the universe and causes oil-eating bacteria in the deep water plumes of the life’s most important processes. Today, this technetium-99, which has revolutionized the quantified the health risk posed by radon gas in parts of the it to expand at an accelerating Brought the Web to the U.S. Deepwater Horizon spill. work allows scientists to explore how to field of medical imaging. Another discovery, country. Subsequent EPA standards, coupled with radon rate—was also discovered by National Lab scientists, seeking to share particle physics derive sustainable energy sources from americium, is widely used in smoke detectors. detection and mitigation measures pioneered by National Lab National Lab cosmologists. information, were the first to install a web server in North the sun. scientists, prevent the naturally occurring gas from seeping Revolutionized medical diagnostics. America, kick-starting the development of the Web into basements, saving thousands of lives every year. From the original scintillation camera that detected as we know it. Gotten the lead out. Found life’s mystery messenger. gamma rays emitted by radioactive isotopes to Removing hazardous lead-based solders from the environment Exposed explosives. National Lab scientists discovered how genetic instructions today’s cancer-detecting, compact nuclear-imaging A credit-card-size detector developed by National is now a reality thanks to a lead-free alloy of tin-silver-copper Squeezed fuel from microbes. are carried to the cell’s protein-manufacturing center, Mapped the universe—and the dark side devices and the magnets in MRI scanners—National developed at a National Lab. The lead-free solder has been In a milestone that brings advanced biofuels one step Lab scientists can screen for more than 30 kinds of where all of life’s processes begin. Subsequent Lab discoveries have revolutionized medicine and of the moon. explosives in just minutes. The detector, called ELITE, licensed by more than 60 companies worldwide. closer to America’s gas tanks, a collaboration led light-source research on the genetic courier, Credit for producing a 3D map of the sky, and 230 million saved countless lives. by scientists with the Department of Energy’s Joint requires no power and is widely used by the military, called messenger RNA, has revealed how celestial objects, goes to National Lab scientists, who also law enforcement and security personnel. BioEnergy Institute developed a microbe that can the information is transcribed and how Pioneered efficient power lines. developed a camera that mapped the entire surface of the produce fuel directly from biomass. The research Redefined cancer therapy. mistakes can cause cancer and birth defects. New kinds of power lines made from superconductors can moon. team, which includes National Lab scientists, A proton accelerator that treats patients with carry electric current with no energy loss. Now deployed by Put the jolt in Chevy’s Volt. engineered a strain of Escherichia coli bacteria to advanced forms of cancer owes its existence to The Chevrolet Volt would not be able to cruise on National Lab scientists, these prototypes could usher in a new Identified good and bad cholesterol. secrete biodiesel fuel. Found fuel in sewer slime. National Lab researchers, as does software that era of ultra-efficient power transmission. battery power were it not for the advanced cathode The battle against heart disease received a boost in the targets radiation treatments while sparing National Lab scientists discovered how to use a catalyst to technology that emerged from a National Lab. The 1960s when National Lab research unveiled the good and turn gooey residue in food-service grease traps into clean, healthy tissue. Shown that fusion is not fantasy. same technology is also sparking a revival of bad sides of cholesterol. Today, diagnostic tests that Seen inside weapons. high-quality biodiesel. America’s battery manufacturing industry. From a fusion test reactor that detect both types of cholesterol save lives. National Lab technology that quickly identifies the chemical produced enough power to meet Fabricated the smallest machines. makeup of weapons has been used to verify treaties around the energy needs of 3,000 Unmasked a The world’s smallest synthetic motor, as well as the world. Created the toughest ceramic. homes to the fusion-ignition radios, scales, and switches that dinosaur killer. National Lab scientists mimicked the structure potential of the world’s are 100,000 times finer than Natural history’s greatest of mollusk shells to create what might well be the toughest largest and most energetic Restored ancient knowledge. a human hair, were engineered whodunit was solved in 1980 when ceramic ever produced. The material could lead to incredibly The works of famed ancient mathematician laser, fusion science is at a National Lab. These and a team of National Lab scientists strong yet light composites that are perfect for energy and moving closer to commercial Archimedes—written over by medieval other groundbreaking forays into pinned the dinosaurs’ abrupt transportation applications. monks and lost for millennia—were revealed reality because of National Lab nanotechnology could lead to life- extinction on an asteroid collision with Earth. scientists. to modern eyes thanks to the X-ray vision saving pharmaceuticals and more Case closed. and light-source technology found at a powerful computers. National Lab.Helped catch criminals. Fought pump friction. Put the digital in DVDs. Tamed hydrogen with nanonparticles. To DNA testing, we can now add human antibody detection, a Friction generated by industrial hydraulic pumps costs industry The optical digital recording technology behind To replace gasoline, hydrogen must be safely stored America’s National Laboratory precise method of matching suspects to crime scenes. The millions of dollars per year in energy bills. A National Lab music, video, and data storage originated at a and easy to use, but this has proved elusive. National technique, created by National Lab scientists, also foils would- developed a ceramic coating from an alloy of boron-aluminum- National Lab nearly 40 years ago. Lab researchers have now designed a new pliable system has been changing and improving the lives of millions for more than 80 years. Born at a be drug test cheaters. magnesium that reduces pump friction, decreases wear and material using nanoparticles that can rapidly absorb tear, and may one day pump money back into business. and release hydrogen without ill effects, a major step time of great societal need, this network of Department of Energy Laboratories has now grown Reduced air conditioning costs. in making fuel-cell powered cars a commercial reality. Made refrigerators cool. Air conditioning is a huge energy drain. National Lab scientists into 17 facilities, working together as engines of prosperity and invention. As this list of 50 Break- Next-generation refrigerators will likely put the Pitted cool roofs against carbon dioxide. invented an air conditioning process that uses up to 90% less freeze on harmful chemical coolants in favor of an National Lab researchers and policy experts energy that today’s top-of-the-line units. Cooling down cheaply Made wind power mainstream. throughs attests, National Laboratory discoveries have spawned industries, saved lives, generated environmentally friendly alloy, thanks to National Lab have led the way in analyzing and implementing might one day be a breeze. Increasing wind-turbine efficiency with high-efficiency new products, fired the imagination, and helped to reveal the secrets of the universe. Rooted in the scientists. cool roofing materials that reflect sunlight, airfoils has reduced the cost of wind power by more lower surface temperature, and slash cooling than 80% over the past 30 years. Now deployed need to be the best and bring the best, America’s National Laboratories have put an American Levitated trains with magnets. costs. Think globally: If all the world’s roofs and in wind farms nationwide, these turbines owe their Brought safe water to millions. stamp on the past century of science. With equal ingenuity and tenacity, they are now engaged in pavement used cool materials, the reduction in existence to National Lab research. Removing arsenic from drinking water is a global priority. A carbon dioxide emissions would be equivalent to long-lasting particle engineered at a National Lab can now do winning the future. taking the world’s 600 million cars off the road for 18 years. exactly that, making contaminated water safe to drink. Another Created a pocket-sized technology developed at a National Lab uses ultraviolet light DNA sampler. to kill microbes that cause water-borne diseases such as Toughened airplanes. A tool developed by National Lab dysentery. This process has reduced child mortality in the A National Lab and industry technique for strengthening metal scientists that identifies the microbes At America’s National Laboratories, we’ve: developing world. by bombarding it with laser pulses has saved the aircraft Say goodbye to traffic jams. National Lab scientists developed in air, water, and soil samples is fast industry hundreds of millions of dollars in engine and aircraft a technology that uses the attractive and repulsive forces of becoming a workhorse in public maintenance expenses. magnets to levitate and propel trains. Maglev trains now ferry health, medical, and environmental Explained photosynthesis. Confirmed the Big Bang, and discovered Delivered troops safely. commuters in Japan and China and will be operational in other cleanup projects. Only a few years Ever wonder how plants turn National Laboratory researchers have developed dark energy. countries soon. old, the credit-card-size PhyloChip sunlight into energy? A National computer models that effectively manage the complex Discovered 16 elements. National Lab detectors aboard a NASA satellite revealed is already pinpointing the diseases that Lab scientist determined the path logistical tasks of deploying troops and equipment to The periodic table would be smaller without the birth of the galaxies in the echoes of the Big Bang. Dark kill coral reefs, and cataloging airborne bacteria over of carbon through photosynthesis, a distant destinations. the National Labs. Among the Labs’ handiwork Exposed the radon risk. energy—the mysterious something that makes up three- U.S. cities. It was also used to quickly categorize the scientific milestone that illuminated one of is an instrumental role in the discovery of You can sleep easier thanks to National Lab research that quarters of the universe and causes oil-eating bacteria in the deep water plumes of the life’s most important processes. Today, this technetium-99, which has revolutionized the quantified the health risk posed by radon gas in parts of the it to expand at an accelerating Brought the Web to the U.S. Deepwater Horizon spill. work allows scientists to explore how to field of medical imaging. Another discovery, country. Subsequent EPA standards, coupled with radon rate—was also discovered by National Lab scientists, seeking to share particle physics derive sustainable energy sources from americium, is widely used in smoke detectors. detection and mitigation measures pioneered by National Lab National Lab cosmologists. information, were the first to install a web server in North the sun. scientists, prevent the naturally occurring gas from seeping Revolutionized medical diagnostics. America, kick-starting the development of the Web into basements, saving thousands of lives every year. From the original scintillation camera that detected as we know it. Gotten the lead out. Found life’s mystery messenger. gamma rays emitted by radioactive isotopes to Removing hazardous lead-based solders from the environment Exposed explosives. National Lab scientists discovered how genetic instructions today’s cancer-detecting, compact nuclear-imaging A credit-card-size detector developed by National is now a reality thanks to a lead-free alloy of tin-silver-copper Squeezed fuel from microbes. are carried to the cell’s protein-manufacturing center, Mapped the universe—and the dark side devices and the magnets in MRI scanners—National developed at a National Lab. The lead-free solder has been In a milestone that brings advanced biofuels one step Lab scientists can screen for more than 30 kinds of where all of life’s processes begin. Subsequent Lab discoveries have revolutionized medicine and of the moon. explosives in just minutes. The detector, called ELITE, licensed by more than 60 companies worldwide. closer to America’s gas tanks, a collaboration led light-source research on the genetic courier, Credit for producing a 3D map of the sky, and 230 million saved countless lives. by scientists with the Department of Energy’s Joint requires no power and is widely used by the military, called messenger RNA, has revealed how celestial objects, goes to National Lab scientists, who also law enforcement and security personnel. BioEnergy Institute developed a microbe that can the information is transcribed and how Pioneered efficient power lines. developed a camera that mapped the entire surface of the produce fuel directly from biomass. The research Redefined cancer therapy. mistakes can cause cancer and birth defects. New kinds of power lines made from superconductors can moon. team, which includes National Lab scientists, A proton accelerator that treats patients with carry electric current with no energy loss. Now deployed by Put the jolt in Chevy’s Volt. engineered a strain of Escherichia coli bacteria to advanced forms of cancer owes its existence to The Chevrolet Volt would not be able to cruise on National Lab scientists, these prototypes could usher in a new Identified good and bad cholesterol. secrete biodiesel fuel. Found fuel in sewer slime. National Lab researchers, as does software that era of ultra-efficient power transmission. battery power were it not for the advanced cathode The battle against heart disease received a boost in the targets radiation treatments while sparing National Lab scientists discovered how to use a catalyst to technology that emerged from a National Lab. The 1960s when National Lab research unveiled the good and turn gooey residue in food-service grease traps into clean, healthy tissue. Shown that fusion is not fantasy. same technology is also sparking a revival of bad sides of cholesterol. Today, diagnostic tests that Seen inside weapons. high-quality biodiesel. America’s battery manufacturing industry. From a fusion test reactor that detect both types of cholesterol save lives. National Lab technology that quickly identifies the chemical produced enough power to meet Fabricated the smallest machines. makeup of weapons has been used to verify treaties around the energy needs of 3,000 Unmasked a The world’s smallest synthetic motor, as well as the world. Created the toughest ceramic. homes to the fusion-ignition radios, scales, and switches that dinosaur killer. National Lab scientists mimicked the structure potential of the world’s are 100,000 times finer than Natural history’s greatest of mollusk shells to create what might well be the toughest largest and most energetic Restored ancient knowledge. a human hair, were engineered whodunit was solved in 1980 when ceramic ever produced. The material could lead to incredibly The works of famed ancient mathematician laser, fusion science is at a National Lab. These and a team of National Lab scientists strong yet light composites that are perfect for energy and moving closer to commercial Archimedes—written over by medieval other groundbreaking forays into pinned the dinosaurs’ abrupt transportation applications. monks and lost for millennia—were revealed reality because of National Lab nanotechnology could lead to life- extinction on an asteroid collision with Earth. scientists. to modern eyes thanks to the X-ray vision saving pharmaceuticals and more Case closed. and light-source technology found at a powerful computers. National Lab.Helped catch criminals. Fought pump friction. Put the digital in DVDs. Tamed hydrogen with nanoparticles. To DNA testing, we can now add human antibody detection, a Friction generated by industrial hydraulic pumps costs industry The optical digital recording technology behind To replace gasoline, hydrogen must be safely stored America’s National Laboratory precise method of matching suspects to crime scenes. The millions of dollars per year in energy bills. A National Lab music, video, and data storage originated at a and easy to use, but this has proved elusive. National technique, created by National Lab scientists, also foils would- developed a ceramic coating from an alloy of boron-aluminum- National Lab nearly 40 years ago. Lab researchers have now designed a new pliable system has been changing and improving the lives of millions for more than 80 years. Born at a be drug test cheaters. magnesium that reduces pump friction, decreases wear and material using nanoparticles that can rapidly absorb tear, and may one day pump money back into business. and release hydrogen without ill effects, a major step time of great societal need, this network of Department of Energy Laboratories has now grown Reduced air conditioning costs. in making fuel-cell powered cars a commercial reality. Made refrigerators cool. Air conditioning is a huge energy drain. National Lab scientists into 17 facilities, working together as engines of prosperity and invention. As this list of 50 Break- Next-generation refrigerators will likely put the Pitted cool roofs against carbon dioxide. invented an air conditioning process that uses up to 90% less freeze on harmful chemical coolants in favor of an National Lab researchers and policy experts energy that today’s top-of-the-line units. Cooling down cheaply Made wind power mainstream. throughs attests, National Laboratory discoveries have spawned industries, saved lives, generated environmentally friendly alloy, thanks to National Lab have led the way in analyzing and implementing might one day be a breeze. Increasing wind-turbine efficiency with high-efficiency new products, fired the imagination, and helped to reveal the secrets of the universe. Rooted in the scientists. cool roofing materials that reflect sunlight, airfoils has reduced the cost of wind power by more lower surface temperature, and slash cooling than 80% over the past 30 years. Now deployed need to be the best and bring the best, America’s National Laboratories have put an American Levitated trains with magnets. costs. Think globally: If all the world’s roofs and in wind farms nationwide, these turbines owe their Brought safe water to millions. stamp on the past century of science. With equal ingenuity and tenacity, they are now engaged in pavement used cool materials, the reduction in existence to National Lab research. Removing arsenic from drinking water is a global priority. A carbon dioxide emissions would be equivalent to long-lasting particle engineered at a National Lab can now do winning the future. taking the world’s 600 million cars off the road for 18 years. exactly that, making contaminated water safe to drink. Another Created a pocket-sized technology developed at a National Lab uses ultraviolet light DNA sampler. to kill microbes that cause water-borne diseases such as Toughened airplanes. A tool developed by National Lab dysentery. This process has reduced child mortality in the A National Lab and industry technique for strengthening metal scientists that identifies the microbes At America’s National Laboratories, we’ve: developing world. by bombarding it with laser pulses has saved the aircraft Say goodbye to traffic jams. National Lab scientists developed in air, water, and soil samples is fast industry hundreds of millions of dollars in engine and aircraft a technology that uses the attractive and repulsive forces of becoming a workhorse in public maintenance expenses. magnets to levitate and propel trains. Maglev trains now ferry health, medical, and environmental Explained photosynthesis. Confirmed the Big Bang, and discovered Delivered troops safely. commuters in Japan and China and will be operational in other cleanup projects. Only a few years Ever wonder how plants turn National Laboratory researchers have developed dark energy. countries soon. old, the credit-card-size PhyloChip sunlight into energy? A National computer models that effectively manage the complex Discovered 16 elements. National Lab detectors aboard a NASA satellite revealed is already pinpointing the diseases that Lab scientist determined the path logistical tasks of deploying troops and equipment to The periodic table would be smaller without the birth of the galaxies in the echoes of the Big Bang. Dark kill coral reefs, and cataloging airborne bacteria over of carbon through photosynthesis, a distant destinations. the National Labs. Among the Labs’ handiwork Exposed the radon risk. energy—the mysterious something that makes up three- U.S. cities. It was also used to quickly categorize the scientific milestone that illuminated one of is an instrumental role in the discovery of You can sleep easier thanks to National Lab research that quarters of the universe and causes oil-eating bacteria in the deep water plumes of the life’s most important processes. Today, this technetium-99, which has revolutionized the quantified the health risk posed by radon gas in parts of the it to expand at an accelerating Brought the Web to the U.S. Deepwater Horizon spill. work allows scientists to explore how to field of medical imaging. Another discovery, country. Subsequent EPA standards, coupled with radon rate—was also discovered by National Lab scientists, seeking to share particle physics derive sustainable energy sources from americium, is widely used in smoke detectors. detection and mitigation measures pioneered by National Lab National Lab cosmologists. information, were the first to install a web server in North the sun. scientists, prevent the naturally occurring gas from seeping Revolutionized medical diagnostics. America, kick-starting the development of the Web into basements, saving thousands of lives every year. From the original scintillation camera that detected as we know it. Gotten the lead out. Found life’s mystery messenger. gamma rays emitted by radioactive isotopes to Removing hazardous lead-based solders from the environment Exposed explosives. National Lab scientists discovered how genetic instructions today’s cancer-detecting, compact nuclear-imaging A credit-card-size detector developed by National is now a reality thanks to a lead-free alloy of tin-silver-copper Squeezed fuel from microbes. are carried to the cell’s protein-manufacturing center, Mapped the universe—and the dark side devices and the magnets in MRI scanners—National developed at a National Lab. The lead-free solder has been In a milestone that brings advanced biofuels one step Lab scientists can screen for more than 30 kinds of where all of life’s processes begin. Subsequent Lab discoveries have revolutionized medicine and of the moon. explosives in just minutes. The detector, called ELITE, licensed by more than 60 companies worldwide. closer to America’s gas tanks, a collaboration led light-source research on the genetic courier, Credit for producing a 3D map of the sky, and 230 million saved countless lives. by scientists with the Department of Energy’s Joint requires no power and is widely used by the military, called messenger RNA, has revealed how celestial objects, goes to National Lab scientists, who also law enforcement and security personnel. BioEnergy Institute developed a microbe that can the information is transcribed and how Pioneered efficient power lines. developed a camera that mapped the entire surface of the produce fuel directly from biomass. The research Redefined cancer therapy. mistakes can cause cancer and birth defects. New kinds of power lines made from superconductors can moon. team, which includes National Lab scientists, A proton accelerator that treats patients with carry electric current with no energy loss. Now deployed by Put the jolt in Chevy’s Volt. engineered a strain of Escherichia coli bacteria to advanced forms of cancer owes its existence to The Chevrolet Volt would not be able to cruise on National Lab scientists, these prototypes could usher in a new Identified good and bad cholesterol. secrete biodiesel fuel. Found fuel in sewer slime. National Lab researchers, as does software that era of ultra-efficient power transmission. battery power were it not for the advanced cathode The battle against heart disease received a boost in the targets radiation treatments while sparing National Lab scientists discovered how to use a catalyst to technology that emerged from a National Lab. The 1960s when National Lab research unveiled the good and turn gooey residue in food-service grease traps into clean, healthy tissue. Shown that fusion is not fantasy. same technology is also sparking a revival of bad sides of cholesterol. Today, diagnostic tests that Seen inside weapons. high-quality biodiesel. America’s battery manufacturing industry. From a fusion test reactor that detect both types of cholesterol save lives. National Lab technology that quickly identifies the chemical produced enough power to meet Fabricated the smallest machines. makeup of weapons has been used to verify treaties around the energy needs of 3,000 Unmasked a The world’s smallest synthetic motor, as well as the world. Created the toughest ceramic. homes to the fusion-ignition radios, scales, and switches that dinosaur killer. National Lab scientists mimicked the structure potential of the world’s are 100,000 times finer than Natural history’s greatest of mollusk shells to create what might well be the toughest largest and most energetic Restored ancient knowledge. a human hair, were engineered whodunit was solved in 1980 when ceramic ever produced. The material could lead to incredibly The works of famed ancient mathematician laser, fusion science is at a National Lab. These and a team of National Lab scientists strong yet light composites that are perfect for energy and moving closer to commercial Archimedes—written over by medieval other groundbreaking forays into pinned the dinosaurs’ abrupt transportation applications. monks and lost for millennia—were revealed reality because of National Lab nanotechnology could lead to life- extinction on an asteroid collision with Earth. scientists. to modern eyes thanks to the X-ray vision saving pharmaceuticals and more Case closed. and light-source technology found at a powerful computers. National Lab.M A D E Improved airport security. Channeled chips and hips. Given fluorescent lights their big break. Put eyes in the sky. Chances are you’re reading this using energy-efficient Vela satellites, first launched in 1963 to detect potential Weapons, explosives, plastic devices and other tools Integrated circuits and artificial hips owe concealed by terrorists are easier to detect thanks their success to a National Lab discovery fluorescent lighting, and chances are those lights use nuclear detonations, transformed the electronic ballasts, which control the current nascent U.S. space program. The to technology developed at a National Lab and now that revealed how to change a material by installed in airports worldwide. injecting it with charged atoms, called ions. flowing through the light. The ballast was satellites featured optical sensors developed at a National Lab in the and data processing, logic and Ion channeling is now standard practice in industry and science. 1970s with help from the lighting power subsystems designed and Preserved the sounds of yesteryear. industry. created by National Labs. National Lab scientists engineered a high-tech way to digitally reconstruct aging sound recordings Built a better building. that are too fragile to play, such as The Department of Energy has built one Edison wax cylinders from the late of the world’s most energy-efficient office 1800s. Archivists estimate that many buildings. The facility, operating as a living of the millions of recordings in the laboratory at a National Lab site, uses 50% world’s sound archives, including less energy than required by commercial the U.S. Library of Congress, could codes and only consumes energy produced AMERICA’S NATIONAL LABORATORIES benefit from the technology. by renewable power on or near the building. Turned an additive green. Engineered smart windows. Found in everyday products such National Lab scientists have created highly as antifreeze, paints and plastics, insulated windows that change color to modulate interior 50 50 propylene glycol can now be temperatures and lighting. If broadly installed, they could save produced from biomass instead of about 5% of the nation’s total energy budget. h g s u o petroleum. The cost-competitive r h t k a B e and renewable alternative process r Changed the face of matter. originated at a National Lab and is now in Protons and neutrons were once thought to be indivisible. commercial use. Wrong. National Lab scientists discovered that protons and neutrons were made of even smaller parts, called quarks. Transformed inventory control. Later experiments identified six kinds of quarks, changing our From finding, identifying view of how the material world works. and determining the condition of supplies Harvested energy from air. by loaded on ships to A miniature device—commercialized by private industry after evaluating the readiness a National Lab breakthrough—generates enough power from of battlefield munitions, small temperature changes to power wireless sensors or inventory control has AMERICA’S radio-frequency transmitters at remote sites, such as dams, been simplified thanks to bridges and pipelines. advanced radio-frequency identification tagging techniques devised by Simulated reality. National Lab engineers and scientists. Trains, planes and cars and thousands of other objects are safer, stronger and better-designed thanks to computer NATIONAL simulation software first developed at a National Laboratory. Solved a diesel dilemma. A National Lab insight into how catalysts behave paved the way for a new, “lean-burn” diesel engine Gone grid friendly. that met emissions standards and improved fuel Regulating the energy use of household appliances, especially efficiency by 25% over conventional engines. at peak times, could slash energy demand and avoid blackouts. A National Lab Cemented a new material. appliance-control device LABS National Lab scientists have developed a novel and senses grid stress and versatile material that blends properties of ceramic responds instantly to turn off and concrete to form a nonporous product that can machines and reduce end- do everything from seal oil wells to insulate walls with use demand, balancing the extra fire protection. It even sets in cold weather. system so that the power For more information, contact sc.communicationsscience.doe.gov stays on. Produced by the Department of Public Affairs, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Design: Creative Services Office CSO_21134 I N U S AM A D E Improved airport security. Channeled chips and hips. Given fluorescent lights their big break. Put eyes in the sky. Chances are you’re reading this using energy-efficient Vela satellites, first launched in 1963 to detect potential Weapons, explosives, plastic devices and other tools Integrated circuits and artificial hips owe concealed by terrorists are easier to detect thanks their success to a National Lab discovery fluorescent lighting, and chances are those lights use nuclear detonations, transformed the electronic ballasts, which control the current nascent U.S. space program. The to technology developed at a National Lab and now that revealed how to change a material by installed in airports worldwide. injecting it with charged atoms, called ions. flowing through the light. The ballast was satellites featured optical sensors developed at a National Lab in the and data processing, logic and Ion channeling is now standard practice in industry and science. 1970s with help from the lighting power subsystems designed and Preserved the sounds of yesteryear. industry. created by National Labs. National Lab scientists engineered a high-tech way to digitally reconstruct aging sound recordings Built a better building. that are too fragile to play, such as The Department of Energy has built one Edison wax cylinders from the late of the world’s most energy-efficient office 1800s. Archivists estimate that many buildings. The facility, operating as a living of the millions of recordings in the laboratory at a National Lab site, uses 50% world’s sound archives, including less energy than required by commercial the U.S. Library of Congress, could codes and only consumes energy produced AMERICA’S NATIONAL LABORATORIES benefit from the technology. by renewable power on or near the building. Turned an additive green. Engineered smart windows. Found in everyday products such National Lab scientists have created highly as antifreeze, paints and plastics, insulated windows that change color to modulate interior 50 50 propylene glycol can now be temperatures and lighting. If broadly installed, they could save produced from biomass instead of about 5% of the nation’s total energy budget. h g s u o petroleum. The cost-competitive r h t k a B e and renewable alternative process r Changed the face of matter. originated at a National Lab and is now in Protons and neutrons were once thought to be indivisible. commercial use. Wrong. National Lab scientists discovered that protons and neutrons were made of even smaller parts, called quarks. Transformed inventory control. Later experiments identified six kinds of quarks, changing our From finding, identifying view of how the material world works. and determining the condition of supplies Harvested energy from air. by loaded on ships to A miniature device—commercialized by private industry after evaluating the readiness a National Lab breakthrough—generates enough power from of battlefield munitions, small temperature changes to power wireless sensors or inventory control has AMERICA’S radio-frequency transmitters at remote sites, such as dams, been simplified thanks to bridges and pipelines. advanced radio-frequency identification tagging techniques devised by Simulated reality. National Lab engineers and scientists. Trains, planes and cars and thousands of other objects are safer, stronger and better-designed thanks to computer NATIONAL simulation software first developed at a National Laboratory. Solved a diesel dilemma. A National Lab insight into how catalysts behave paved the way for a new, “lean-burn” diesel engine Gone grid friendly. that met emissions standards and improved fuel Regulating the energy use of household appliances, especially efficiency by 25% over conventional engines. at peak times, could slash energy demand and avoid blackouts. A National Lab Cemented a new material. appliance-control device LABS National Lab scientists have developed a novel and senses grid stress and versatile material that blends properties of ceramic responds instantly to turn off and concrete to form a nonporous product that can machines and reduce end- do everything from seal oil wells to insulate walls with use demand, balancing the extra fire protection. It even sets in cold weather. system so that the power For more information, contact sc.communicationsscience.doe.gov stays on. Produced by the Department of Public Affairs, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Design: Creative Services Office CSO_21134 I N U S A