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Published Date:02-07-2017
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1FUN WITH A PENCIL ALSO BY ANDREW LOOMIS Figure Drawing for All It’s Worth Creative Illustration Drawing the Head and Hands Three-Dimensional Drawing 2Spacer 3FUN WITH A PENCIL ANDREW LOOMIS 4COPYRIGHT 1939 BY ANDREW LOOMIS FIRST PUBLISHED BY THE VIKING PRESS IN MAY 1939 BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY OF CANADA LIMITED REPRODUCED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE IN DECEMBER 2001 All drawings and text within this book are the property of their respective copyholders and should not be reproduced for any reason. They may only be used for the purpose of practice and study. 5DEDICATED TO EVERYONE WHO LOVES A PENCIL 6MR. WEBSTER DEFINES DRAWING AS DELINEATION. THAT DOESN’T TELL YOU HOW MUCH OF A REAL “BANG” THERE IS IN IT. MAYBE HE NEVER KNEW. MOST FOLKS LOVE TO DRAW EVEN WHEN THEY KNOW LITTLE ABOUT IT. IT STARTED WITH THE CAVE MAN, AND STILL SURVIVES ON THE WALLS OF PUBLIC PLACES... BE- CAUSE IT’S SO MUCH FUN, AND SO EASY, IT’S A SHAME NOT TO BE ABLE TO DO IT BETTER. ANDREW LOOMIS 7ALL THAT YOU NEED TO KNOW, TO START THIS BOOK, IS HOW TO DRAW A CIRCLE. . . . And it can be as lopsided as the family budget, and still work out. Don’t start out with that old gag, “I couldn’t draw a straight line.” Neither can I, freehand. If we need a straight line, we can use a ruler. Now please try it, just for fun. 8FOLKS HOWDY Who am I? Oh, just one of Andy’s little funny folk. But I’m important He gave me a job. I’m the spirit of the book, by jeeminy, big nose and all. I represent all the blue in here. My right name would be Basic Form, but that’s much too high-sounding. He thinks that name would scare you away. So he just calls me "Professor Blook’’ and lets it go at that. Now, I’ve got a few interesting things to tell you. 9Since Andy cannot talk to you personally, he put me in here so we can really get together. It’s tough on Andy, for that guy really loves to talk, especially "shop talk.’’ Now this plan of action is based on the use of simple forms that are already known and familiar to you, and which you can certainly draw. From these simple, known forms, we build other forms, which without some constructive plan would be too complicated to draw. For instance, the top of the head, or cranium, is nearer to a ball in shape than anything else. So we start with a bull, and add to it the shapes we want. We thus "arrive’’ at the out- lines that are needed instead of guessing at them. Only the most talented end experienced artist can draw at once the final outlines. That procedure is most diffi- cult, and is the reason most people give up drawing. But knowing how to "construct’’ makes drawing simple and easy, and a delightful pastime to anybody. By build- ing preliminary shapes and developing the outlines on them, we know WHERE TO DRAW OUR REAL LINES. There is hardly anything that cannot first be constructed by the use of simple forms. “Santa had a belly, like a bowl full of jelly.’’ Now that was a real observation. We know just whet it must hove looked like. In fact we can see it shaking Now, the idea is to draw the bowl before the belly. If the observation is correct, it ought to be a simple matter to make it fairly convincing as an abdomen for old Nick. Of course we will cover it with his coat and pants, but we’ll be pretty sure the pants don’t spoil the big idea. I picked on Santa because he’ll never complain that I’m being too personal over his appearance. I might just as well have chosen your next-door neighbor, his lunch basket may be equally rotund, and shake some too. Every form is like some simpler form, with this or that variation, and with pieces added on. The simplest 10Forms we know are the sphere, the cube, and the egg. Before we could walk we recognized the sphere in Dad’s new golf bulls; the cubes were in the sugar bowl; as for the eggs, well, the nicest ones were Easter eggs. I say, “Draw a line.’’ You cannot know just what I mean. A straight line? A curved line? A jagged line? A wiggly line? There are a thousand kinds of lines; be more specific. But it I say draw a ball, a cube, an egg, a cylinder, a pyramid, a cone, a rectangular block, in each case the image you get is perfect. You know ex- actly what I mean. Instead of “line,’’ we shall think in terms of concrete and tangible “form,’’ and proceed as if we were handling lumps of clay. You can appreci- ate the value of such a method, for you know the fun- damentals even before you start; they are obvious to anybody. If you never saw a ball, you should quit right now. As you proceed to build all sorts of shapes out of simpler ones, it is amazing what you can do with them, and how accurate and "solid’’ the resulting draw- ings will appear. The surprising part is that, when the construction lines are erased, very few could guess how it had been done. Your drawing appears us complicated and difficult to the other fellow as mine might seem to you now. It takes on a look of professional workman- ship, which indeed it has, since the professional artist has by some method had to “construct’’ his work to make it “professional.’’ If you will give the following pages even your amused attention, I am satisfied you will find much that will surprise you in the way of ability but perhaps you here- tofore never guessed you had. If it absorbs your inter- est, you might find yourself clever enough to amaze those about you. Just now take my word for it that the method is simple, practical, and, I believe, possible for anybody to follow. 11TAKE A GOOD LOOK AT THIS PAGE A circle is a flat disk. If you draw the “inside” contours, it becomes a solid ball, with a third dimension. We shall build other forms, like lumps of clay, onto this solidity. The construction will be erased, but the solid appearance will remain, giving form or the appearance of reality. 12PART ONE HOW TO DRAW FUNNY FACES Get a pencil and paper quickly Draw lightly all you see printed in blue. Take one stage at a time, on one drawing, until the last stage; then finish, with strong lines over the light ones, the lines we have printed in black. That is all there is to learn These are "selected’’ or "built in’’ from the basic forms. I call the basic drawings “Blooks,’’ after myself . 13HERE WE GO I promised you that all you need to know, to start this book, is how to draw a lopsided ball. Whatever shape you draw can be used as a foundation for a funny face. Do the best you can, even if the ball looks more like a potato. 14THE FUN STARTS The big idea is to start with a “form.” Then develop other “forms” on it. Build your final lines in by selecting, eliminating the lines you do not use. I leave mine in to show how it’s done. 15A SURE METHOD FOR ANYBODY 16IT’S REALLY GOING TO BE EASIER THAN YOU EXPECTED Now, if the first drawings you do are not the last word in cleverness, don’t be discouraged. You will soon get the idea. When you begin to sense form, you will have the whole works. Then we’ll polish up, and they will have to admit you are good. 17THE “BLOOK BALL” If you will now turn back to page 12 and look at the string of balls, you will see that we are getting right into big business. You need some practice on these. Never mind if they are a little off. The better you can draw these balls in any old position you wish, the better you are going to be. The line from the top to bottom is the “middle” line of the face. The horizontal line, which looks like the equator, is the “eyeline,” and it also locates the ear. 18JUST PRACTICE ON THESE “BLOOKS” 19THE BEST WAY TO GO ABOUT IT 20