Classroom management ppt

classroom management ppt presentation and concept of classroom management ppt
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Prof.WilliamsHibbs,United States,Teacher
Published Date:28-07-2017
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Effective Classroom Management Maria Teresa F. Calderon, Ph.D. The Critical Role of the Teacher as Classroom Manager • Classroom management is one of the most important roles played by teachers because it determines teaching success. • Effective teachers appear to be effective with students of all achievement levels regardless of the levels of heterogeneity in their classes. • Effective classroom managers are those who understand and use specific techniques. • Even if the school they work in is highly ineffective, individual teachers can produce powerful gains in student learning. Functions Performed by an Effective Teacher • Chooses, makes and uses the most effective instructional strategies • Designs classroom curriculum that facilitates student learning • Also considers, when designing a curriculum, the needs of the students collectively and individually and not just relying on the textbook provided by the district • Implements rules and regulations and imposed disciplinary actions Importance of Effective Classroom Management • Effective use of classroom management techniques can dramatically decrease the disruptions in your classes. • Students in classes where effective management techniques are employed have achievement higher than students in classes where effective management techniques are not employed. • It is not possible for a teacher to conduct instruction or for students to work productively if they have no guidelines for how to behave or when to move about the room, or if they frequently interrupt teacher and one another. • Students in the class where rules and procedures were implemented might have been less disruptive by their very nature than students in the class that did not implement rules and procedures. Rules and Procedures • Effective classroom management needs good rules and procedures • Rules and procedures vary from one teacher to another and from one classroom to another. • The most effective classroom management involves the design and implementation of classroom rules and procedures. • Rules and procedures should not simply be imposed on students. The proper design of rules and procedures involves explanation and group input. Explanation is important in helping the students to see the need for the rule therefore to accept it. Designing Rules and Regulations Identify specific classroom rules and procedures for: - General Expectations for Behavior - Beginning and ending the class day or the period - Transitions and interruptions - Materials and equipment - Group work - Seatwork and teacher-led activities Students’ involvement in designing and implementing • The most effective classroom managers don’t simply impose rules and procedures on students. Rather, they engage students in the design of the rules and procedures • A group discussion will produce a compromise rule or procedure that all can live with. If not, you, the teacher, should have the final word in the deliberations • Well-articulated rules and procedures that are negotiated with students are a critical aspect of classroom management, affecting not only the behavior of students but also their academic achievement. C Cons onsequenc equences es v ver ers sus us P Puni unis shm hment ent Consequences versus Punishment Consequences are viewed as an end result of a child’s inappropriate act. That is, they should not be viewed as something imposed, such as sanctioning, but rather as an appropriate outcome for an inappropriate act. A consequence should make sense, be a logical ending for an action. It should be the effect of behaving inappropriately. Punishment, on the other hand, is punitive and/or penal in nature. It does not necessarily serve a learning purpose, but rather “gets even.” It sends the wrong message. Children are in school to learn. Part of learning is making mistakes, both academic and social. Imagine punishing a student for misspelling a word. It sounds absurd. Effective teachers discover appropriate ways to help the student learn the correct way to spell the word. A like approach should be taken to address inappropriate behavior. • There should be a healthy balance bet. negative consequences for inappropriate behavior and positive consequences for appropriate behavior. • Reinforcement: involves recognition or reward for positive behavior or for the timely cessation of negative behavior. • Punishment: involves some kind of negative consequences for inappropriate behavior. (mild forms of punishment are more effective). • No Immediate Consequences: involve some type of reminder when an inappropriate behavior appears imminent. • Combined Punishment and Reinforcement: involves recognition or reward for appropriate behavior in conjunction with consequences for inappropriate behavior Consequences versus Punishment Teacher-Student Relationships • Important to the success of two of the other aspects of effective classroom management – rules and procedures, and disciplinary interventions. • It is important to communicate appropriate levels of dominance and to let students know that you are in control of the class and are willing to lead. • It is also important to communicate to convey the message that you are interested in the concerns of the students and individuals and the class as a whole. • Students with good relationship with the teacher accept more readily the rules and procedures and the disciplinary actions that follow their violations. • Teachers should be effective instructors and lecturers, as well as friendly, helpful, and congenial. They should be able to empathize with students, understand their world, and listen to them. • The nature of an effective teacher-student relationship is one that addresses the needs of different types of students. The Students Responsibility for Management 1. Employ general classroom procedures that enhance classroom responsibility -Classroom meeting (Determine who can call a class meeting) -A Language (Vocabulary) of Responsibility ( express their opinions, to get help when needed) • 2. Provide Students with self-monitoring and control strategies requires students to observe their own behavior, record, compare and see thier success. 3. Provide students with cognitively based stategies; social skills and problem solving a. Social skills- strategies for handling social situations (for students lack of social skills in the classroom) b. Problem Solving (for all students)- responding to the situation, think of the options, consequences, and solutions Getting Off a Good Start Arrange and decorate your room in a manner that supports effective classroom management. Begin with a strong first day of class, “first impression”. Emphasize classroom management for first few days. Classroom Arrangement As Fred Jones, a noted Many experienced teachers classroom management expert, recommend assigned explains: seating for students to “A good classroom seating facilitate discipline and arrangement is the cheapest instruction. They argue that form of classroom management. students left to their own It’s discipline for free.” devices will always choose a seat that places the teacher at the greatest disadvantage. Add clip art here. • Students should be seated where their attention is directed toward the teacher. • High traffic areas should be free from congestion. • Students should be able to clearly see chalk board, screens, and teacher. • Students should be seated facing the front of the room and away from the windows. • Classroom arrangements should be flexible to accommodate a variety of teaching Management at the School Level A. Establish rules and procedures for behavioral problems that might be caused by the school’s physical characteristics or the school routines. “an once of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” B. Establish clear schoolwide rules and procedures regarding specific types of misbehavior. (bullying, verbal harassment, use of drugs, gang behavior, theft, etc.) C. Establish and enforce appropriate consequences for specific types of misbehavior. E.g. Detention-5% Counselling10% Isolation-3% Verbal reprimand-12% D. Establish a system that allows for early detection of students who have high potentials for violence and extreme behaviors E. Adopt a schoolwide management program Classroom Management Styles • The classroom management styles of teachers can be readily identified on the basis of both degree of control and level of involvement. The nature of each management style can be identified from the chart below. High Low Involvment Involvement High Control Authoritative Authoritarian Low Control Indulgent Permissive

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