Describe the characteristics of scientific inquiry

science inquiry skills powerpoint and describe three examples of the results of scientific inquiry inquiry into scientific thinking worksheet answers
JaydenGibbs Profile Pic
JaydenGibbs,United States,Teacher
Published Date:19-07-2017
Your Website URL(Optional)
CM 2:Model of Scientific Inquiry Zainal A. Hasibuan, PhD  ( Session Objec5ves  •  To understand the steps in Scien5fic Inquiry  (Bertanya secara Ilmiah)  •  To understand the characteris5cs of Scien5fic  Methods  •  To understand the logical thinking in Research  •   To understand various types of Research Session Agenda  •  What is Scien5fic Inquiry?  •  Model of Scien5fic Inquiry  •  Induc5ve and Deduc5ve Logical Thinking  •  Types of Research Methods What is Scien5fic Inquiry?  •  Scien5fic inquiry is a term that encompasses a  variety of techniques that scien5sts use to  explore the natural world and propose  explana5ons based on the evidence they find.  •  The objec5ve of scien5fic inquiry is to find and  to characterize the paNerns as resulted from  the explora5on.  •  Scien5fic inquiry is founded on experiment  and observa5ons as opposed to purely ra5onal  or isolated logical thought.  •  Scien5fic Inquiry can enrich our understanding  of science Why Scien6fic Inquiry ?  •  It will make you more knowledgeable about  something.  •  You will be able to explain about something more  thorough  •  It will make you a more literate and cultured person.  •  It will provide you more ideas Characteristics of Scientific Inquiry   Based on facts   Objective Consideration   Analytical   Quantitative in Nature   Deductive Logic-Hypothesis   Inductive Logic-Generalization Ac5vi5es in Scien5fic Inquiry  •  Making observa5ons  •  Posing ques5ons  •  Finding out what is already known  •  Planning inves5ga5ons  •  Reviewing past knowledge in light of experimental  evidence  •  Using tools to gather, analyze, and interpret data  •  Proposing explana5ons  •  Communica5ng the results.  Models of Scien5fic Inquiry  •  Classical model   –  The classical model of scien5fic inquiry derives from Aristotle, who  dis5nguished the forms of approximate and exact reasoning, set out  the threefold scheme of abduc5ve, deduc5ve, and induc5ve inference,  and also treated the compound forms such as reasoning by analogy.   •  Pragma5c model   –  Chales Peirce considered scien5fic inquiry to be a species of the genus  inquiry, which he defined as any means of fixing belief, that is, any  means of arriving at a seNled opinion on a maNer in ques5on.  –  He observed that inquiry in general begins with a state of uncertainty  and moves toward a state of certainty, sufficient at least to terminate  the inquiry for the 5me being.   General Model of Scien5fic of  Inquiry  State General Problem Conduct Literature Search State Specific Problem Design Methodology Gather Data Analyze Data Report Results Refine Hypotheses Another Model…..   Problem Statement   Organize Critical Thinking Framework   Organize Premises   Hypothesis Formulation   Testing Hypothesis   Draw Conclusion Output of Each Step  •  State General Problem  –  Statement that stated general problems  –  Example: Will the universe expand forever?  •  Exercise: State at least three general problems on your own.  •  Conduct Literature Search  –  List all related literatures to the problems stated  –  Underline all theories, techniques, methods, findings and so  forth that others have found  –  Cri5cally analyze all the weaknesses, strengths, similari5es,  dissimilari5es among those theories, techniques, findings  above.  –  Summarize all those literatures  (make annotated  bibliographies) Output of Each Step  •  State Specific Problem  –  Statement of general problem to specific problem  –  Example: What are the factors that cause the universe  expanded?  •  Exercise: State at least two specific problems that  derived from the above exercise  •  Design Methodology  –  List all steps to be taken in order to answer those stated  problems  –  Establish the seZng of experiment  –  Provide all necessary means, tools, instruments   –  Define the object, variables, etc Output of Each Step  •  Gather Data  – Organize data in tables, graphics  •  Analyze Data  – Interpret the organized, and processed data  •  Report the Results Source: Example of Model Development: What Factors  Determine the Visibility of a Rainbow?   Working Model Sunlight travels straight through rain drops where it is dispersed into colors, and then the light travels straight into my eyes Proposed Experiment While it is raining early one morning, I will face toward the rising Sun in the ease to view a rainbow. Predicted Results I will see a rainbow in the sky as I look east on a rainy morning. Actual Result No rainbow was observed toward the east. However, I did see a rainbow when I turned around and looked west Conclusion My working model requires revision. The Sun must be behind me to view a rainbow. There must be another effect in addition to light being dispersed into color in the rain drop. How can the light get re-directed into my eyes? Basic Skills of Scien5fic Inquiry  •  Observing  •  Classifying and sequencing  •  Communica5ng  •  Measuring  •  Predic5ng  •  Hypothesizing  •  Inferring  •  Defining, controlling, and manipula5ng variable in  experimenta5on  •  Designing, construc5ng and interpre5ng models  •  Interpre5ng, analyzing and evalua5ng data Uses of Scien5fic Inquiry  •  Make connec5ons with world situa5ons  •  To encourage more ac5ve problem solving approach  to learning and thinking  •  To apply math skills  •  Review what is already known in light of  experimental evidence  •  Propose answers, explana5ons and predic5ons  •  Use tools to gather, analyze and interpret data  Exercises Your Thought  •  Develop a scien5fic model of your own  – Post deliverables of each step of the model  •   Categorized the scien5fic model into a  research method  •  Give examples of deduc5ve and induc5ve  logics 

Advise: Why You Wasting Money in Costly SEO Tools, Use World's Best Free SEO Tool Ubersuggest.