Green technology for Sustainable development ppt

approaches to sustainable development ppt and dimensions of sustainable development ppt and elements of sustainable development ppt
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Published Date:09-03-2017
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTOne person can make a difference … …and everyone should try J F Kennedy Introduction The term“sustainabledevelopment” first came to prominence in the world Conservation Strategy (WCS)in1980. It achieved a new status with the publication of two significant reports by Brundtland on: North and South: a programme for survival and common crisis (1985)  Our Common Future (1983) and has gained even greater attention since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)heldinRiodeJenerioinJune1992.A brief history of sustainable development 1962: Rachel Carson’s 1972: Stockholm UN book “Silent Spring” 1983: Brundtland Conference on Human becomes the catalyst for Commission: “Our Development, first bringing modern Common Future” together heads of state on a environmentalism massive scale to address the question of environment and development 1992: Earth Summit •Rio Declaration •Agenda 21 2000: Millennium •CSD 1997: Kyoto Protocol Development Goals •CBD •UNFCCC 2002: Johannesburg Conference on 2009: COP15 Sustainable Copenhagen Development And now… Rio+20… 2010: COP16 Cancun •Johannesburg Plan of 2011: COP17 Durban Implementation Resources Any thing that we take from the physical landscape to make other things that we need or want for our lives, e.g • Drink • Food • Shelter • Fuel/Power • Manufactured goods But, using resources can lead to a lot of waste Finished Resources Activities products wasteResources : soil Gives support and Eroded and blown nutrients to crops away by wind Over use by people Absorbs water, so and/or animals can helps to slow down cause lasting or stop the risk of damage to soils flooding Soaks up some Washed away by harmful chemicals heavy rainsResources : seas and oceans To think about: What do you think will be the impact of these types of fishing on the resources of the sea?Resources : coal, oil, gas and minerals China & India Are Building 4 New Coal Power Plants – Every Week More than 1,000 new coal plants are planned worldwide, with about three-quarters of these in China and India alone Coal, oil and gas are Fossil Fuels. We dig up coal and drill for oil. We then burn the coal and oil (and gas) to generate electricityResources: forestsResources : minerals Iron ore mine, Australia Granite quarry, Glensanda, ArgyllWhat is Development?  Generally Development is the gradual growth of a situation that becomes more advanced and strong than previous one.  Development is intended to bring a positive change for human being and its surroundings. Development may take place by bringing about a change in policy, projects and legislation.  Development is a unfolding of human potentials for meaningful participation in economic, social, political and cultural process and institutions, so that people can improve their conditions.Sustainable Development “ Improvement Preserving natural Sustainable of lifestyles resources and Development and well-being ecosystemsSustainable Development ○The use of renewable and nonrenewable resources in a manner that satisfies our current needs but does not compromise the future availabilityofresources ○According to the UN, sustainable development “meets the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meettheirownneeds.”Triple Bottom Line Solutions must meet environmental, economic, and social goals simultaneously to satisfy the triple bottom line.  Sustainable development is more than just caring about the environment, or generating money through economic growth.The pillars of Sustainable Development Environ- Society Economic ment Sustainable development Systems Approach When we think of sustainable development we must think of a system where the decisions taken ensure that every component of the system– man, trees, environment, society, wealth, is capable of flourishing without hindering the capacity of the other component to do so, whether inthepresentorinthefutureA look at the three pillars of SD: economic Social environmental •opportunities for growth Participation and inclusion of •Protection of ecosystems and •increased GDP and benefits everyone biosphere •increased quality of air, land, •system stability and security •eradication of poverty and water exclusion •Green jobs and eradication of •better management of waste and unemployment •food security pollution •Prevention of practices which •equitable distribution of •respect and protection for all misuse resources resources species - flora, fauna, marine species •Regulation of over-exploitation •better life chances and •measures to ensure resource and harmful externalities opportunities sustainability and harmony •protection from exploitative •Protection of marine resources practices Sustainable Development – the Economic Dimension The economic pillar is often made to be the strongest or even the only pillar in “development”. To ensure economic development and sustainability at the same time, we need to look at issues such as: ○ Fair trade ○ Debt eradication ○ Putting in place mechanisms which ensure that everyone gets their due reward ○ That corporations, industries and governments or Industries do not use up resources and put a strain on the environment We need mechanisms to “measure” sustainable development. This is why indicators are used. One of the current issues is that the indicator used, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is not appropriate for measuring sustainable development. Firstly, it is based on money. Secondly, using GDP as measure does not reflect social inequality or resource overexploitation. WHAT IF WE USED HAPPINESS AS AN INDICATOR INSTEAD?Sustainable Development – the Social Dimension ○ Health: everyone having access to healthcare and leading healthy lifestyles, and diseases (such as HIV) being eradicated ○ Education: everyone, esp. girls and people from poor background having access to education ○ Equality: everyone should be equal, and not be discriminated against because they do not have the same resources or wealth as others, or because they are a girl or belong to a specific community etc. ○ Peace: many of us may take peace for granted; however, last year, over 30 conflicts and wars around the world were taking place and lack of security is a very real issue for a lot of youth. ○ Food security, technology and communication, equal opportunities etc