How to use the Internet to get Smarter

tips for using the internet safely and tips for using the internet and email and netiquette tips for using the internet
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Dr.AstonCole,United Kingdom,Researcher
Published Date:10-07-2017
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start here A beginner’s guide to using computers and the internet Beginner’s g uideclick each section below Contents introduction • Welcome 1 1. Using a computer 1.1 Switching on your computer 3 1.2 Using a mouse 5 1.3 Desktop and icons 10 1.4 Using a keyboard 16 2. Using the internet 2.1 What the internet is 21 2.2 Searching the internet 27 2.3 Staying safe online 32 3. Using email 3.1 Sending and receiving email 37 4. Further help for beginners 4.1 Jargon Buster – a glossary of useful terms 45 4.2 Know the basics? Want to learn more? 49 4.3 More places to get help 50content page Welcome If you think computers and the internet It takes you step-by-step through the very are not for you, you’re not alone.basics like using a mouse and a keyboard, through to searching the internet and If you think you’re too old or too stupid sending emails. to use it, you’re not alone. T o help you pr actise these new skills , There are millions of people who feel a number of the topics include link s to the same way. inter activ e activities on the BBC W ebW ise w ebsite. As your confidence g r o ws , you will Computers and the internet have become be ab le to do wnl oad mor e topics fr om the a part of everyday life – from staying in Fir st Click w ebsite to include in your guide. touch with friends and family and sharing photographs to booking holidays and doing It r eally is easier than you think… your shopping online. so get r eady to tak e your fir st click. It’s all really useful… if you know how That is why the BBC has created this guide to help those people who have never used a computer or the internet to understand and enjoy the benefits they offer. Disclaimer: The BBC has created Fir st Click materials to help support local partners to run beginners’ courses to using computers and the internet. The courses where these materials will be used will not be run or delivered by the BBC. 1content page 1: Using a computer 1.1 Switching on your computer 1.2 Using a mouse 1.3 Desktop and icons 1.4 Using a keyboard “I really want to use the internet, but I need to get to grips with some computer basics 1: Using a computercontent page 1.1: Switching on your computer This is a basic introduction to different types of computers and how to switch them on. This section covers: To switch your computer on, you • Switching on a computer need to press the • The difference between a desktop power button. computer and a laptop 1. Using a computer 3content page 1.1: Switching on your computer The main dif fer ence betw een a desktop and a laptop is that a laptop is smaller and por tab le . Laptops also hav e a touchpad which can be used instead of a mouse but you can connect a mouse to a laptop if you pr efer . Monitor Laptop d esktop computer Mouse Keyboard Touchpad 1. Using a computer4content page 1.2: Using a mouse This section is all about the mouse and how you use it to control your computer. This section covers: • What a mouse is for • How to hold a mouse • How to use a mouse to select, open and move items on your computer What you need to have covered already: • Switching on your computer 1. Using a computer 5content page 1.2: Using a mouse What a mouse is for A mouse is one of the main Most mouse designs have two A mouse needs to be flat on a To hold the mouse you rest ways to control your computer. buttons – a left button and a surface with the end with the your hand over it and put your right button. buttons pointing towards the index finger on the left b utton computer. Most people find it and rest your thumb on the side. easier to position the mouse to the side of the keyboard. If you are left-handed you may find it easier to put the mouse on the left-hand side of your keyboard and use your middle finger for the left button. 1. Using a computer6content page 1.2: Using a mouse What a mouse is for You only need to use the When you move the mouse The cursor will change shape left button for this section. it moves a pointer or ‘cursor’ depending on what you are If you click on the right button on the screen. doing. – don’t worry. Just click on the left button again. 1. Using a computer7content page 1.2: Using a mouse Getting to know your mouse An arrow lets you select things A hand lets you open a link on An hourglass (if using Windows and move them around. the internet. Vista this will appear as a revolving circle) is asking you to wait while the computer does a task. 1. Using a computer 8content page 1.2: Using a mouse u sing the mouse to do tasks You can use your mouse to do To open things click twice on To move things, you need to You can practise your mouse a variety of tasks – select things, the left button – think ‘knock, ‘drag and drop’. Hold down skills with the BBC WebWise open things and move things. knock’ on a door. the left button as you ‘drag’ game, Clicky Mouse. the mouse along. Let go of Your course leader can help the button once you have you find it and get started positioned the item where with the game. you want it. To select things, move your cursor over the item, click once with the left button and let go. 1. Using a computer9content page 1.3: Desktop and icons Getting to know your desktop and icons This section is all about explaining what you see when you turn your computer on. This section covers: A desktop is what you see when From your desktop, you can An icon represents a file, folder the computer is turned on.use shortcuts to find files and or program. • What you will find on your programs on your computer. desktop When you open programs Icons look different for each or files they appear on your type of file or program. • Where to find your start desktop. button, taskbar, menu bar and toolbar • How to move between windows • How to hide a window, make a window bigger and close a window What you need to have covered already: • Switching on your computer • Using a mouse 1. Using a computer10content page 1.3: Desktop and icons Getting to know your desktop and icons The start button lets you open programs and files on your computer. The taskbar shows which programs and folder or documents you have open. 1. Using a computer11content page 1.3: Desktop and icons Getting to know your folders and windows A f older stores files such as When you open a folder or You can use the scroll bars to documents or pictures.file by clicking twice on it with move around the window. your mouse, its contents will appear in a window. 1. Using a computer12content page 1.3: Desktop and icons Getting to know your folders and windows The title bar displays the name The menu bar has commands The tool bar has shortcuts of the folder, document or where you choose what to do to the commands in the program. with your folder, document or menu bar. program. 1. Using a computer13content page 1.3: Desktop and icons Moving between windows You can have more than one The active window has a To move between windows window open at a time. highlighted title bar and is in click on a window or on the front of the other windows. button on the taskbar. The open windows are displayed as buttons on the taskbar. The active window button will be a different colour. 1. Using a computer14content page 1.3: Desktop and icons Moving between windows To hide a window, click on the To bring back the window, To make a window larger and To close a window click on minimise button in the top click on its button on the fill the screen, click on the the close button. right hand corner. taskbar. maximise button. You have now covered ‘Desktop and icons’. 1. Using a computer15content page 1.4: Using a keyboard How to put information (words and numbers) into your computer This section covers: • What a keyboard looks like • What the different keys do and how to use them What you need to have covered already: • Switching on your computer • Using a mouse • Desktop and icons 1. Using a computer16content page 1.4: Using a keyboard What a keyboard looks like A keyboard is for putting information such as letters, words and numbers into your computer. The keys are The number keys the individual buttons you press when you type. run across the top of the keyboard and The symbol keys are also on the right to the right of the of the keyboard. letters include symbols such as the question mark and full stop. The keys that surround the letters, numbers and symbol keys on the left, right and bottom of the keyboard, help you to choose where and how you type. The letter keys are in the centre of the keyboard. 1. Using a computer17content page 1.4: Using a keyboard Using the keys When you open a document Press the letter keys for letters. Press the number keys or click in a box to type, you You will notice they are laid for numbers and press the will see a flashing vertical line. out in a non-alphabetical order. symbol keys for symbols. This is the cursor. It tells you This is called a QWERTY layout. where you are going to start typing on the page or screen. Cat 1. Using a computer18