Essay writing skill development

how to essay writing lesson plans and how to writing essay in English How to Develop Essay Writing Skills
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Published Date:03-07-2017
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INTRODUCTION TO ESSAY WRITING Bronwen Phillips: b.m.phillipsunsw.edu.au Introduction  Basic steps in the essay writing process  Analysing the essay question  Note-taking systems  Essay plans  The introduction  The body  An academic argument  The conclusion  The paragraph  Structuring your essay  Referencing  Editing  The cat sat on the mat Basic steps in the essay writing process • Analyse the essay question and define key terms • Establish your argument/point of view • Research the topic • Take notes from your reading • Write your plan; organise your ideas using the structure of introduction, body and conclusion • Write your first draft to include your introduction, body and conclusion • Set it aside for a time, read the hard copy and make corrections. Edit and redraft your essay • Have a friend or colleague read it • Complete your references Analysing the essay question Task words • tell you what you have to do. Content words • tell you what the topic is. Limiting words • limit the topic so that it is workable. Sample essay question Discuss the changes computers have had on education.  Task word: - discuss Example question  Content words: - changes, computers  Limiting words: - education Note taking methods The lazy method: underlining, with notes in the margins Column Mind Maps method Note taking: Mind-Maps The column method Include bibliographical information –author, year, title, volume/issue no.s, publisher, place published State the aim or main argument of the source How does this information relate to other Direct quotes “......” p. 17 texts I have read? Can Include quotations What important links can be made to the topic/other research? “….” (p.75) How is the information relevant? (if not, Summaries (main ideas, no elaboration should I pursue it at this time?) And/or Summarise/paraphrase in your own words or examples) Does the author say anything new or interesting? Is there anything I don’t understand? Is the author saying anything I disagree with? Why do I disagree? Paraphrases (say it in your own words) Does the author contradict other authors on the same topic? What conclusions can be drawn from the text? Jones, W. (2001 September) Keeping Cars from Crashing, IEEE Spectrum. pp 40-45 Bibliographic information summary This article is about the latest developments in This topic relates to Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) for automobiles. my topic-’smart car’ as use of radar, lidar, "Every minute at least one person dies in a car microprocessors and crash" p.40 expert systems are quotations "The ultimate solution ….is to keep cars from explained. smashing into one another" p.40 Jones' main claim The technology exists for sensors and processors I agree as it that can respond instantly to the distance and would be a very movement of other vehicles- cars speed & smart car to do this. paraphrase Your thoughts distance from other objects can be controlled, very expensive –installed in luxury cars(p44) Essay Plans Diagrammatic Linear plans Mind-maps plans • a list of • diagrams to • a more creative headings and illustrate ‘birds-eye-view’ subheadings connections of your ideas between your points Writing your essay Don’t write the Write the Keep the Start writing essay from introduction essay’s early – the beginning to and conclusion purpose in earlier the end, start after the body mind better with the body is completed constantly Introduction Orientate to the topic: gives a general background to your essay topic State thesis or argument: the essay’s main point which is usually the answer to the question State outline of the essay: the stages the essay will go through State scope: the limits of the essay Sample introduction  Can you identify which stages the writer has included?  Traditional Australian history was monolithic in its perception and neglected the multiplicity of Australian identity. This essay argues that in recognising and legitimising the multiplicity of Australian identity we gain a more complete understanding of the collective Australian achievement. Within the scope of Aboriginality and gender, this essay initially looks at the recognition of history. Secondly, the essay discusses the re-examination of history and its relation to uncovering multiple identities within Australia. Thirdly, the essay moves on to explore the reclamation and legitimisation of the diverse identities that arise from the re-examination of history. Finally, the essay will discuss how the reconstruction and legitimisation of identities is necessary to develop a more complete view of Australian achievement. Sample introduction  Traditional Australian history was monolithic in its perception and neglected the multiplicity of Australian identity. This essay argues that in recognising and legitimising the multiplicity of Australian identity we gain a more complete understanding of the collective Australian achievement. Within the scope of Aboriginality and gender, this essay initially looks at the recognition of history. Secondly, the essay discusses the re-examination of history and its relation to uncovering multiple identities within Australia. Thirdly, the essay moves on to explore the reclamation and legitimisation of the diverse identities that arise from the re-examination of history. Finally, the essay will discuss how the reconstruction and legitimisation of identities is necessary to develop a more complete view of Australian achievement. In the body … Answer the essay question by developing your arguments sequentially. Support your assertions with evidence. Deal with only one main idea in each paragraph. Have a logical progression towards your conclusion. An academic argument Should be developed in a systematic way that leads to a clear conclusion. Must be supported by evidence which comes from your understanding of other authors. Should answer a question, not tell a story. An academic argument Question Thesis Reason 1 Reason 2 Reason 3 evidence evidence evidence evidence evidence evidence evidence evidence evidence A conclusion… Summarises outline State what stages the essay developed through Confirms thesis Restate your main argument Qualifies thesis Identify an important focus that the thesis refers to A conclusion: Should bring together the main points of your essay and reiterate your answer to the question. Should add strength to your essay by clearly summing up your arguments and making a final comment. Should not include any new information. The paragraph • indicates the main idea of the paragraph. It also limits the topic to one or two areas The topic sentence that can be discussed completely in the space of a single paragraph. • develop the topic. They explain the topic Supporting sentence by giving reasons, interpretations, sentences examples, facts, statistics and quotations. • signals the end of the paragraph. The concluding sentence