APA formatting and style guide pdf

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IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Updated August 10, 2016 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Formatting a Research Paper in APA Style The International Institute for Restorative Practices Graduate School uses the most recent version of APA writing and citation style, the most widely-used scholarly writing format in the social sciences for coursework and research. American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of th the American Psychological Association (6 ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. We highly recommend that you obtain a copy of this manual; visit www.apastyle.org for details and purchase information. It is available in both print and Kindle versions. ___________________________________________________________ • Font: Times New Roman, 12 point. • Page margins: One inch from top, bottom, left and right side of each page. • Body text line spacing: Double-spaced. • Paragraph indentation: Indent the first line of each paragraph by one-half inch from the left margin. (Use your word processor’s Help feature for instructions on formatting paragraph indentation.) • Use two spaces after the period at the end of a sentence. • All text is left-justified, with an unjustified (ragged) right margin. • Do not hyphenate words at the ends of lines. • Use a running head throughout the paper (see examples on pages 5 and 6). (If possible, use your word processor’s Header function to place it automatically on every page.) The header should appear one-half inch below the top of the page, flush left, in all capital letters; it is a shortened version of the paper’s title (up to 50 characters, including spaces). The page number appears in the upper right corner. International Institute for Restorative Practices 3 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 • On the cover sheet (first page), the words “Running head:” (in caps/lower case) precede the running head title (in upper case). On subsequent pages, the words “Running head:” are not used; only the actual running head title appears (in upper case). (Consult your word processor’s Help feature for instructions on setting up different headers on the first and subsequent pages of your document.) • The title of your paper is typed in caps/lowercase letters (also known as title case), centered on the page. If the title requires more than one line, double-space between lines. • Cover sheet: Other than the running head, only three things should appear: Title of the paper Your name Institution name International Institute for Restorative Practices 4 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Sample title page International Institute for Restorative Practices 5 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Sample abstract page (Note: Only include an abstract for research-based papers, or it your instructor requests it. Place it on its own page between the title page and the first page of the paper.) International Institute for Restorative Practices 6 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Sample title page International Institute for Restorative Practices 7 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Sample reference page International Institute for Restorative Practices 8 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Formatting a Reference Page The reference page is an alphabetical list of works cited. Here are some general tips: • The reference list begins on a separate page. • Center the word “References” at the top of the page. Do not use underlining, boldface or italics. • Double-space all reference entries with one double space separating each entry. • The first line of each entry is typed flush with the left-hand margin. Any subsequent lines are indented one-half inch. Use the “hanging indent” formatting tool in your word processor to ensure proper formatting . Listing works on a References page (see References on pp. 12-24 for examples) • Begin with the author’s last name and first initial(s), if the author is identified. In the case of multiple authors, list them in the order indicated in the source document. • Alphabetize the reference list by the last name of the author or editor. If there is no author or editor, alphabetize by the first significant word of the title (omitting the initial articles A, An and The). • Place date of publication in parentheses immediately after the author’s name, followed by a period. • Italicize titles and subtitles of books, and periodical titles. Do not italicize titles of articles. • Capitalize only the first word of the title (as well as all proper nouns), plus the first word of a subtitle. • Do not place titles of articles in quotation marks. • Use the abbreviations “p.” or “pp.” before page numbers of newspaper articles and works in anthologies; do not use them before page numbers of articles appearing in magazines and scholarly journals. International Institute for Restorative Practices 9 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 References and in-text citations: General guidelines For details and additional examples, please consult: th American Psychological Association. (2012). APA style guide to electronic references (6 ed.) Kindle version. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Retrieved from Amazon.com. American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American th Psychological Association (6 ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. American Psychological Association. (n.d.). APA Style Blog. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/ American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Learning APA Style. Retrieved from http://www.apastyle.org/learn/index.aspx nd Houghton, P. M., & Houghton, T. J. (2009). APA: The easy way (2 ed.). Flint, MI: Baker College. Notes: • All references must be formatted with a hanging indent of one-half inch from the left for the second and all subsequent lines of the reference. • For author names, separate initials with a single space: Smith, A. B. not Smith A.B. For multiple authors, separate each name with a comma: Worthing, E. J., & Moncrieff, A. • For books with subtitles, capitalized only the first word of the title, the first word of the subtitle following the colon, and proper nouns. Real justice: How we can revolutionize our response to wrongdoing. • For publisher locations, include city and state/province (abbreviated if in United States of America or Canada); otherwise, include city and country (spelled out). New York, NY; Toronto, ON ; Johannesburg, South Africa. For items published in England, do not abbreviate the country (London, England or London, United Kingdom; not London, UK). International Institute for Restorative Practices 10 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 • If publication elements are omitted from the original document (publisher location, etc.), include missing information (as much as possible) in brackets: Piper’s Press Pipersville, PA. In some cases, other publication elements (author name, date, etc.) may be missing altogether. See “How to write an APA style reference when information is missing” on page 26, or contact the IIRP Library for assistance. • The EBSCOhost research databases (available via the IIRP Student and Faculty Portals) provide a tool for formatting bibliographic references in APA style. If you choose to use this feature, be sure to examine your references for stylistic accuracy prior to submitting your writing assignment to your instructor, since errors can occur occasionally. It is your responsibility to ensure that your work is formatted correctly. International Institute for Restorative Practices 11 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Reference Examples In this section, numbers following each heading refer to corresponding sections in the APA th Publication Manual, 6 edition. Please see these sections for additional guidance. Books APA Publication Manual section 7.02 Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Title of publication. City and state or country of publication: Publisher. Nathanson, D. L. (1992). Shame and pride: Affect, sex and the birth of the self. New York, NY: W.W. Norton. Book by a single author In-text citation: (Nathanson, 1992). Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school. Oxford, England: Blackwell. In-text citation: (Olweus, 1993). Authors’ names in order of appearance. (Year). Title of publication. City and state or country of publication: Publisher. (Note: Separate authors’ names with commas; preface final author’s name with an ampersand (&). Safran, J. D., & Muran, J. C. (2000). Negotiating the therapeutic alliance: A relational treatment guide. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Book by 2 to 7 In text citation: (Safran & Muran, 2000). authors Costello, B., Wachtel, J., & Wachtel, T. (2010). Restorative circles in schools: Building community and enhancing learning. Bethlehem, PA: International Institute for Restorative Practices. In-text citation – first: (Costello, Wachtel, & Wachtel, 2010). In-text citation – subsequent: (Costello et al., 2010). International Institute for Restorative Practices 12 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 (Note: For works with three to five authors; for six or more, use only the first author’s name with “et al.” for all citations.) List first six authors, then three ellipsis points, then the final author’s name. Engberg, M., Dugan, J. P., Haworth, J., Williams, T., Kelly, B., Johnson, W., . . . Book by Stewart, S. (2009). Navigating the complexity of higher education in 8 or more preparation program administration. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. authors In-text citation: (Engberg et al., 2009). (Note: Give only the first author’s name, followed by “et al.” in in-text citation.) Author’s last name, initial(s). (Ed.) (Year). Title of publication. City and state or country of publication: Publisher. Sori, C. F. (Ed.). (2006). Engaging children in family therapy: Creative approaches to integrating theory and research in clinical practice. New York, NY: Routledge. Book with In-text citation: (Sori, 2006). editor(s) Clarijs, R., & Malmberg, T. (Eds.). (2012). The quiet revolution: Aggrandising people power by family group conferences. Amsterdam, Netherlands: SWP Publishers. In-text citation: (Clarijs & Malberg, 2012). Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Chapter title. In Editor’s initial(s) Book with & last name(s) (Eds.), Title of publication (pp. page range). City and chapter state or country of publication: Publisher. written by one Andersen, P. (2013). Development of restorative justice practices in Norway. In person but D. J. Cornwell, J. Blad, & M. Wright (Eds.), Civilising criminal justice: edited by An international restorative agenda for penal reform (pp. 479-500). another Sherfield-on-Loddon, United Kingdom: Waterside Press. In-text citation: (Andersen, 2013). International Institute for Restorative Practices 13 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Title (Number of ed.). City and state or country of publication: Publisher. Nelson, J., Lott, L., & Glenn, H. S. (2000). Positive discipline in the classroom: Developing mutual respect, cooperation and responsibility in your classroom nd (2 ed.). New York, NY: Three Rivers Press. Book – specific edition In-text citation: (Nelson, Lott, & Glenn, 2000). Brendtro, L. K., Brokenleg, M., & Van Bockern, S. (2002). Reclaiming youth at risk: Our hope for the future (Rev. ed.). Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree. In-text citation: (Brendtro, Brokenleg, & Van Bockern, 2002). Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Translated title Last name with initial, Trans.. City and state or country of publication Publisher. Non-English book - Piaget, J. (1954). The construction of reality in the child M. Cook, Trans.. New York, NY: Basic Books. translated In-text citation: (Piaget, 1954). Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Original title English translation of title. City and state or country of publication: Publisher. Non-English Oostrik, H. (2010). Een basis van respect: Herstelrecht in het primair onderwijs book – not A basis of respect: Restorative justice in primary education. translated ‘s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands: KCP Groep. In-text citation: (Oostrik, 2010). Alphabetize group authors by the first significant word of the name Book with (ignore the initial articles A, An and The). (Year). Title. City and state group, or country of publication: Publisher. institutional or corporate Chicago Community Policing Evaluation Consortium. (2000). Community author policing in Chicago, year seven: An interim report. Chicago, IL: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. International Institute for Restorative Practices 14 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 In-text citation: (Chicago Community Policing Evaluation Consortium, 2000). When the author and publisher are the same, use the word “Author” as the publisher’s name. Springhouse Corporation. (2002). Assessment made incredibly easy. Springhouse, PA: Author. In-text citation: (Springhouse Corporation, 2002). Author(s). (Year). Title. E-reader version, if applicable. City and state or country of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from http://xxxxxx or doi:xx.xxxxxxxxx Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, shame and reintegration Kindle version. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com In-text citation: (Braithwaite, 1989). Ireland. Department of Education and Skills. (2013). Action plan on bullying: Report of the Anti-Bullying Working Group to the Minister for Education and Skills. EPUB version. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/563016-action-plan-on-bullying-2013 E-books In-text citation: (Ireland. Department of Education and Skills, 2013). Note: Some e-books have location, section and/or paragraph numbers rather than traditional pagination. In such cases, include as much information as needed for the reader to locate the material. Some older e-books may lack publication dates; use (n.d.) Nathanson, D. L. (n.d.). Shame and pride: Affect, sex and the birth of self Kindle version. New York, NY: W. W. Norton. Retrieved from Amazon.com In-text citation: (Nathanson, n.d., Chapter 2, location 5532). International Institute for Restorative Practices 15 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Presenter’s last name(s) and initial(s). (Year, Month). Title of paper. In Editor’s name, (Ed.), Title of Meeting, (pp-pp). City and state or country of publication: Publisher. (Note: Use information provided as much as possible. If no proceedings editor is given, use the meeting name. If no location is given but is known nonetheless, include it in brackets.) Paper from published proceedings; no editor(s): Macdonald, E. (2010, October). My restorative journey and the story of Hull, UK. In Restorative Practices Across Disciplines featuring Hull, UK, The th World’s First Restorative City. 13 World Conference of International Institute for Restorative Practices, Hull, England, United Kingdom (pp. 125-132). Bethlehem, PA: International Institute for Restorative Practices. In-text citation: (Macdonald, 2010). Paper from published proceedings; with editor(s): Maxwell, G. (1992, September). Family decision-making in youth justice: The New Zealand model. In L. Atkinson, & S-A. Gerull, (Eds.), National Conference Conference on Juvenile Justice (pp. 113-126). Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Criminology. papers & presentations In-text citation: (Maxwell, 1992). Conference paper, unpublished: Nguyen, C. A. (2012, August). Humor and deception in advertising: When laughter may not be the best medicine. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL. In-text citation: (Nguyen, 2012). Conference poster session: Adams-Labonte, S. K. (2012, August). Daytime impairment due to college students’ technology use during sleep: Similarities to sleep apnea. Poster session presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL. International Institute for Restorative Practices 16 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 In-text citation: (Adams-Labonte, 2012). Author(s). (Year). Title of report. City and state or country of publication: Publisher. Molnar-Main, S., Bisbing, K., Blackburn, S., Gaikowski, L., Garrity, R. Morris, Report/white C., . . . Singer, J. (2014). Integrative bullying prevention and restorative paper – print practices in schools: Considerations for practitioners and policymakers. Camp Hill, PA: Center for Safe Schools. In-text citation: (Molnar-Main, et al., 2014). Author(s). (Year). Title of report. City and state or country of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx Zinsser, K. M., Weissbert, R. P., & Dusenbury, L. (2013). Aligning preschool through high school social and emotional learning standards: A critical Report/white and doable next step. Chicago, IL: Collaborative for Academic, Social paper – online and Emotion Learning. Retrieved from https://static1.squarespace.com/static/Zinsser+et+al++brief+on+state+stan dards20131214.pdf In-text citation: (Zinser, Weissbert, & Dusenbury, 2013). International Institute for Restorative Practices 17 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Journal articles APA Publication Manual section 7.01 Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), pp.-pp. Journal article – print Grant, C. A. (2012). Cultivating flourishing lives: A robust social justice vision of education. American Educational Research Journal, 49(5), 910-934. In-text citation: (Grant, 2012). Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), pp.-pp. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxxxx Note: Whenever available, include the article’s DOI (Digital Object Identifier). APA prefers http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxxxx; use this format whenever possible. Otherwise, doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxxx is permissible. Rosenblatt, F. F. (2014). Community involvement in restorative justice: lessons from an English and Welsh case study on youth offender panels. Restorative Justice: An International Journal 2(3), 280-301. Journal article http://dx.doi.org/10.5235/20504721.2.3.280 (Preferred format) – online Rosenblatt, F. F. (2014). Community involvement in restorative justice: lessons from an English and Welsh case study on youth offender panels. DOI & URL Restorative Justice: An International Journal 2(3), 280-301. doi/10.5235/20504721.2.3.280 (Also acceptable) In-text citation: (Rosenblatt, 2014). If no DOI is available for an article published online, include its URL preceded by Retrieved from Sepper, C. (2015.) Engendering corporate conscience. Harvard Journal of Law & Gender, 38, 193-233. Retrieved from http://harvardjlg.com/wp- content/uploads/2015/01/Gendering-Corporate-Conscience-.pdf In-text citation: (Sepper, 2015) International Institute for Restorative Practices 18 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Theses & dissertations APA Publication Manual section 7.05 Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Title (Doctoral dissertation or Doctoral Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or dissertation or Order No.) master’s thesis from a Del Principio, A. (2012). The effects of bullying on student academic performance (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Proquest Dissertations & Theses database Database (Accession No. 937166286) service In-text citation: (Del Principio, 2012). Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Title (Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Name of Institution, Location. Unpublished dissertation or Hinton, A. L. (2008). Integrating victims’ voices into circles of support and thesis accountability (Unpublished master’s thesis). Fresno Pacific University, Fresno, CA. In-text citation: (Hinton, 2008). Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year). Title (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx Dissertation or thesis Lobb, P. (2010). The art of caring: Woman and restorative justice (Doctoral retrieved dissertation). Retrieved from online https://etd.ohiolink.edu/etd.send_file?accession=antioch1281016936 In-text citation: (Lobb, 2010). International Institute for Restorative Practices 19 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Digital media & online content APA Publication Manual section 7.11 Producer name(s) (Producer(s)). (Year). Title DVD. Available from http://xxxxxxxx International Institute for Restorative Practices, & Real Justice® (Producers). (2007). Burning bridges DVD. Available from http://store.iirp.edu/burning-bridges DVD video In-text citation: (International Institute for Restorative Practices & Real Justice, 2007). Douglas, C., & Moore, M. (Producers). (2004). A healing river: An invitation to explore restorative justice values & principles DVD. Available from http://heartspeakproductions.ca/a-healingriver/ In-text citation: (Douglas & Moore, 2004). Author/Producer/Screen name. (Year, Month day). Title Video file. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx PBS Newshour. (2014, February 20). Colorado high school replaces punishment with ‘talking circles’ Video file. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8_94O4ExSA Online video In-text citation: (PBS Newshour, 2014). Note: Use (n.d.) if no date is available: Wethepeacemakers. (n.d.) Conflict resolution at Parkview Video file. Retrieved from https://vimeo.com/27583835 In-text citation: (Wethepeacemakers, n.d.). Podcast – Producer/Writer/Speaker (Position). (Year, Month day). Title Audio audio podcast. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx International Institute for Restorative Practices 20 IIRP Graduate School Writing & APA Style Guidelines Rev. 8/10/16 Mann, S. (Speaker). (2014, August 27). Restorative justice with Melanie G. Snyder Audio podcast. Retrieved from http://www.thepermaculturepodcast.com/2014/melanie/ In-text citation: (Mann, 2014). Producer/Writer/Speaker (Position). (Year, Month day). Title Video podcast. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx Podcast – TED Talks (Producer). (2014, March 18). Daniel Riesel: The neuroscience of video restorative justice Video podcast. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tzJYY2p0QIc In-text citation: (TED Talks, 2014). Author(s). (Year, Month day). Title. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx Stevens, J. E. (2014, January 23). The Restorative Justice League of Le Grand High School saves the day. Retrieved from Website http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jane-ellen-stevens/the-restorative-justice- l_b_4160993.html In-text citation: (Stevens, 2014). Author (or screen name). (Year, Month day). Title. Web log post. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx Davis, F. E. (2014, September 26). 8 tips for schools interested in restorative justice. Web log post. Retrieved from http://www.edutopia.org/blog/restorative-justice-tips-for-schools-fania- davis Blog post In-text citation: (Davis, 2014). Teacher Tom. (2013, January 26). Arguing from friendship and integrity Web log post. Retrieved from http://teachertomsblog.blogspot.com/2013/01/arguing-from-friendship- and-integrity.html In-text citation: (Teacher Tom, 2013). 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