How to write a Journal paper in engineering

how to write a journal/conference paper and how to write a journal paper engineering
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Published Date:04-07-2017
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How to Write a World-class Paper From title to references From submission to acceptation November 2010 Ingrid van de Stadt Regional Customer Development Manager Elsevier Agenda  Why do we publish?  What is important?  Citations/Impact Factor etc.  Role of Editors and Reviewers  Step-by-step publishing guide:  Preparation/Language tips/Build-up of article etc.  Copyright/Ethics  Questions 2Why Scientific Publishing ?Elsevier and Publishing • 7,000 editors • 9.8 million articles now available •70,000 editorial board members Solicit and • 7 million author/publisher manage communications / year • 40 – 90% of submissions articles rejected Manage Archive and peer review promote use • 500,000 reviewers • 30 Million • 600,000 authors Researchers Publish and Edit and publishing • 180+ countries disseminate prepare • 2,000 journals • 480 million+ • 19,000 books downloads per year • 2,000 new books Production per year • 450,000 new articles produced each year • 185 years of back issues scanned, processed and data-taggedPublishing speed For authors looking to publish their research, the time an article takes to go through the publishing process is one of the most important consideration in selecting a journal Submission to Submission to Submission to Acceptance first online Print (weeks) (weeks) (weeks) 22.6 31.4 47.3 Many journals have now introduced a „Fast Rejection“ process by the journal Editor 5Impact Factor: Established Journal Measure Impact Factor the average annual number of citations per article published  For example, the 2003 impact factor for a journal would be calculated as follows:  A = the number of times articles published in 2001 and 2002 were cited in indexed journals during 2003  B = the number of "citable items" (usually articles, reviews, proceedings or notes; not editorials and letters-to-the-Editor) published in 2001and 2002  2003 impact factor = A/B  e.g. 600 citations = 2 150 + 150 articles 6Even prestigious journals publishes many non cited articles Not all articles in high impact journals (e.g. about 20% in Nature, Impact Factor= 32.2) are cited 7Different measures may better suit different fields Researchers in life sciences tend to publish more often and sooner than those in mathematics 8SJR and SNIP new journal “metrics” • SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) , is a measure of the scientific prestige of scholarly sources: value of weighted citations per document. A source transfers its own 'prestige', or status, to another source through the act of citing it. • A citation from a source with a relatively high SJR is worth more than a citation from a source with a lower SJR. • Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) measures contextual citation impact by weighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. • The impact of a single citation is given higher value in subject areas where citations are less likely, and vice versa. 9Determine the level of your achievements: h index It is important to remember that current metrics such as the impact factor and immediacy index are based on journal evaluation, whereas the h-index accounts for a researcher’s body of work without the influence of other factors Dr. Jorge E. Hirsch, University of San Diego 10H-index A scholar with an index of h has published h papers each of which has been cited by others at least h times cited 20 times or more 20 papers 11Quick Guide to Metrics Year 1 Year 5 Year 10 Researcher has not Researcher has Researcher has published yet published peer- achieved research reviewed work independence Examination results With small number of Sufficient track and peer-review publications, metrics record to make h- comments based on averages (h- index meaningful. index) my not reflect Also use document reseachers and citation counts, performance. Look at benchmarking and reading activity, cited/uncited journal ranking documents ratio (Impact Factor, SJR or SNIP) or collaboration 12Review your research area: “pearl growing” •Ancestry Approach: aquiring a research paper and examining its references „backward searching“ •Descendency Approach: identify a paper‘s offspring: those recent publications that reference the earlier work „forward searching“ 13Review the development of your research area Check the phase in the life-cycle of your research topic. N.B. Decline may be caused by backlog in publication 14Find out what topics are “Hot” http/ 15 15Why publish? Publishing is one of the necessary steps embedded in the scientific research process. We should publish:  To present new and original results or methods  To rationalize (refine or reinterpret) published results  To review the field or to summarize a particular subject We should not publish:  Reports of no scientific interest  Work out of date  Duplications of previously published work  Incorrect/not acceptable conclusions You need a GOOD manuscript to present your contributions to the scientific community 16Your paper is worthless if no one reads, uses, or cites it A research study is meaningful only if…  it is clearly described, so  someone else can use it in his/her studies  it arouses other scientists’ interest and  allows others to reproduce the results. By submitting a manuscript you are basically trying to sell your work to your community… 17What makes a good manuscript?  Contains a scientific message that is clear, useful, and exciting.  Conveys the authors’ thoughts in a logical manner such that the reader arrives at the same conclusions as the author.  Is constructed in the format that best showcases the authors’ material, and written in a style that transmits the message clearly. Content is essential 18What makes a good manuscript? A good manuscript makes readers (especially reviewers and editors) grasp the scientific significance as EASILY as possible.  Writing a good manuscript is NOT easy. Be prepared to work hard on it.  Cherish your own work – if you do not take care, why should the journal?  There is no secret recipe for success – just some simple rules, dedication and hard work.  Editors and reviewers are all busy scientists, just like you – make things easy to save their time Presentation is critical 19Decide on the type of the manuscript  Full articles / Original articles: the most important papers. Often substantial completed pieces of research that are of significance.  Letters / Rapid Communications/ Short communications: quick and early communication of significant and original advances. Much shorter than full articles (usually strictly limited).  Review papers / perspectives: summarizing recent developments on a specific topic. Highlighting important points that have previously been reported and introduce no new information. Often submitted on invitation. Self-evaluate your work. Is it sufficient for a full article? Or are your results so thrilling that they should be shown as soon as possible? Ask your supervisor and your colleagues for advice on manuscript type. Sometimes outsiders can see things more clearly than you. 20

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