Horizon 2020 innovation actions

innovation 2020 the future of business travel and innovation action horizon 2020 funding
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DrKateBesant,United States,Researcher
Published Date:06-07-2017
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INTRODUCTION Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation, Richard Bruton, T.D., and Minister for Skills, Research and Minister for Jobs, Minister for Skills, Innovation, Damien English, T.D. Enterprise and Research and Innovation, Innovation, Richard Bruton, T.D. Damien English, T.D. This strategy is based on a shared vision of Ireland becoming a Global Innovation Leader, driving a strong, sustainable, high employment economy and a better society enjoying a good quality of life. We have made significant progress in our national innovation system which started from a very low base by international comparisons. We have successfully built up research capacity and now we have a significant reputation for research excellence along with an increasing base of R&D active enterprises. This strategy will build on this progress. Innovation plays a central role in driving productivity growth and fostering competitiveness in a global world where knowledge and innovation are critical factors for the advanced economies. Innovation contributes significantly to employment, export and investment growth; the competitiveness of indigenous enterprise; embedding the Foreign Direct Investment base in Ireland; and the creation and application of new knowledge and technology spillovers. Our enterprise base must be resilient and internationally competitive, and innovation is central to ensuring that that these aims are achieved. We are putting in place the supports to encourage greater engagement in R&D by both Irish and foreign owned enterprises and by both SMEs and large scale enterprises. We will continue to target our investment at strategically important areas of commercial opportunity for enterprise and achieve innovation leadership in key sectors where we can sustain a competitive edge. Manufacturing and Innovation in Services, of particular importance to the Irish economy, are given special attention in this strategy. The transfer of knowledge from our public research system to enterprise continues to be central to our strategy. That means a keen focus on delivering research outputs with commercial potential through licenses and spinouts and delivering talent. Innovation is also crucial for social development. This strategy aims also to promote quality research in national and global challenges and to support rapid absorption of innovation into public policy and public service delivery. Developing the talent of our population is an underlying aim of this strategy and will be critical to the successful realisation of our national vision, giving Ireland the capacity to exploit opportunities both established and emerging. Our success in delivering on the ambition in this strategy will depend on our people - undertaking the research, working in and creating successful enterprises, and contributing to the society in which we live. We will support the full continuum of talent development from primary level through to Postdoctoral research and from frontier research across all disciplines to the practical application and the successful deployment of that talent and research in driving innovation in enterprises and public services. PAGE 7EXECUTIVE SUMMARY VISION Ireland – a Global Innovation Leader driving a strong sustainable economy and a better society underpinned by: • Excellent research in strategically important areas that has relevance and impact for the economy and society • A strong innovative and internationally competitive enterprise base, growing employment, sales and exports • A renowned pool of talent both in Ireland’s public research system and in industry that maximises exchange of talent and knowledge • A coherent joined-up innovation ecosystem, responsive to emerging opportunities, delivering enhanced impact through the creation and application of knowledge • An internationally competitive research system that acts as a magnet and catalyst for talent and industry We have built a strong research and innovation base in Ireland Over recent years, Ireland has built an innovation-driven culture and is now firmly on the global map in terms of the excellence of our research. We are now among the leaders in generating and using new knowledge for economic and social progress. Ireland has succeeded in building a strong research capacity that has earned an international reputation. The base of enterprises engaging in research, development and innovation (RDI) activity is steadily increasing. Our investment in research and innovation has been instrumental in securing, diversifying and growing foreign direct investment, in licensing new technologies, in creating new companies, and in providing the highly educated workforce needed to grow the economy and contribute to society. Since 2012, a more focused approach has been adopted in the public funding of research and innovation activity. Research prioritisation has concentrated the majority of competitive funding on areas deemed likely to yield greatest economic and societal impact. In the strategy set out in this document, we aim to build on the significant progress of the past decade in developing Ireland’s research and innovation system, by continuing to support excellent research across the full continuum and across all disciplines. We will become a Global Innovation Leader This strategy reflects a whole-of-Government approach to innovation – it does not, however, stand alone. A number of related policies and strategies will have an important role in driving innovation. The Government’s Spring Statement and the annual Action Plan for Jobs (APJ) are the key instruments to support job creation, while the APJ has now been rolled out at regional level. This aims to see full employment of 2.1m people by 2020. The recently launched Enterprise 2025 sets out a vision for Ireland to be the best place to succeed in business, delivering sustainable employment and higher standards of living for all. Full implementation of the National Strategy for Higher Education to 2030 will encourage the best quality outcomes for students, the economy and society. The national Policy Statement on Entrepreneurship sets an ambition for Ireland to be among the most entrepreneurial nations in the world and to be acknowledged as a world-class environment in which to start and grow a business. PAGE 8The forthcoming National Skills Strategy will determine the volume, type and mix of skills required to meet the Government’s goal of full employment by 2020 and the challenges to be addressed in achieving this. Furthermore, a range of strategies across the broad spectrum of Government policy act as drivers in setting priorities for sectoral research and innovation agendas. The common thread running through all of these strategies is innovation, and this strategy has adopted a coherent systems approach to support our vision of becoming a Global Innovation Leader. This will mean: • More enterprises engaged in RDI, including enterprises in the locally traded sectors, to drive productivity performance • More enterprises progressing from early engagement with RDI to embedding innovation as a key part of their business model in a self-sustaining way • Businesses across the enterprise base embracing new technologies to build successful business models • Achieving innovation leadership in key sectors where we can sustain a competitive edge • Greater utilisation by enterprises of the research assets of our Higher Education Institutes, by engaging with Research Centres and Technology Centres • Greater success in translating intellectual property or new thinking into commercial products and services – by providing better supports for knowledge transfer and entrepreneurship, infrastructure for test-bedding, and access to funding • Greater use of RDI to find solutions to pressing societal challenges in areas such as public health and energy • Government departments using research to inform evidence-based policy and regulation, e.g. relating to the environment and • Public services embracing an increased investment in RDI as a way of delivering higher productivity and service-user experience, including a greater openness to partnering with enterprise to fund solutions for difficult challenges. We will increase public and private investment in research and development Key to delivering our vision is a commitment to increasing public and private investment in research. Between 2008 and 2013, business investment in R&D grew by 31%, while public spending fell 22%. Over this difficult period, public funding was redesigned to improve its impact and incremental improvements to the R&D tax credit were introduced to support growth in business expenditure on R&D. In order to ensure that we are best placed to build on what we have already achieved, we present a path to obtaining an increase in public research investment and to thereby leverage greater private investment in order to bring Ireland’s research and development intensity to 2.5% of GNP by 2020. Increased investment will be targeted at: • Increasing the number of research personnel in enterprise to 40,000. • Researchers: increase annual research masters and PhD enrolments by 500 to 2,250. • Supports for enterprise: Doubling private investment in R&D within the public research system. • Research Centres: Further developing the network of Centres, building critical mass and addressing enterprise needs. • Infrastructure: Introducing a successor to the Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions to provide investment in new facilities and equipment, and the maintenance and upgrading of existing ones. • Expanding Ireland’s participation in International Research Organisations, including CERN. PAGE 9The impacts of innovation and research include: • Increased competitiveness • Maintaining high-value jobs • Attracting foreign direct investment • Developing human capital • Ensuring a culture of evidence-based policy, processes and practices in both public and private sectors. We are committed to maintaining a focus on the impact and relevance of research. We will enhance the impact of research and innovation for enterprise Research is fundamental to a strong, developed economy. In order for our enterprise base to thrive, it must be both resilient and internationally competitive. Innovation is central to ensuring that our enterprise base achieves these aims and a key goal is to increase enterprise engagement in R&D. Investment in research yields new, higher value-added products and services, and more efficient processes. This leads to growth in productivity, which is a determinant of long-term growth. We will support greater engagement in R&D in both indigenous and foreign-owned enterprises and in both SMEs and large-scale enterprises. Enterprises that are currently research performers will be supported including through direct supports, R&D tax credits, and the new Knowledge Development Box. We will also increase enterprise engagement in RDI throughout the economy. We will simplify and streamline supports and make them more easily accessible to industry. We will also continue to focus the majority of competitive funding on the 14 priority areas positioned within six broad enterprise themes • ICT • Manufacturing & materials • Health & medical • Food • Energy • Services & business processes Of these, manufacturing & materials, and services & business processes, which cut across all sectors, are particularly important for the Irish economy and therefore receive special attention. Prior to the adoption of research prioritisation, public research activity in these areas was limited; we will introduce measures to boost national capacity further in these areas. We will ensure that education drives innovation One of Ireland’s greatest strengths is its people. Future growth depends on innovation and future innovation depends on people. Ireland’s high proportion of young people, relative to other EU countries, presents us with a unique opportunity. In order to take advantage of this opportunity, the full continuum of talent development must be supported. This requires action at all levels, from encouraging greater engagement with science, technology, engineering and mathematics at primary level to ensuring the necessary supports for researchers at postdoctoral and Principal Investigator levels. As well as supporting the full continuum of talent development in order to ensure that the quantity and quality of trained people is sufficient, we also must support the full continuum of research, from frontier research at and beyond the frontiers of current understanding, to the creation and development of research-informed innovative products, processes and services. Support for excellent research across all disciplines (including arts, humanities and the social sciences as well as science, technology, engineering and maths) is essential, as is the provision of adequate research infrastructure to ensure that our researchers have access to the best possible equipment and facilities. PAGE 10We will focus research and innovation activity on social and economic development The full range of research activity includes research for both economic and societal benefit, and research in either of these often benefits both. Research in the public sector is crucial for underpinning a strong, developed economy and developing a progressive, sustainable society delivering modern public services efficiently to meet growing needs and expectations. We will adopt a challenge-centric approach by focusing on research that has the potential to address national and global challenges. It is also vital that Government policy should have a sound scientific basis. As well as ensuring that public sector policy is informed by research, research can also ensure that the public sector embraces the most efficient systems for service delivery. This is a whole-of-Government strategy, and we will ensure that the public sector research system is coherent and that the benefits of collaboration in research across sectors, both public and private, are fully realised. We will support Innovation through the protection and transfer of knowledge A key to supporting an innovative enterprise sector is an eec ff tive regulatory framework for protecting intellectual property. This framework will encourage a competitive business environment, promote the commercialisation of products from publicly funded research and help ensure competitive advantage by assisting enterprises to use IP to increase their levels of innovation. We will also seek to maximise the transfer of knowledge between Research Performing Organisations and enterprise to promote greater application of research results. We will engage with the rest of the world in becoming a Global Innovation Leader As well as encouraging research at a national level, both in the public and private sectors, it is crucial for Ireland to participate in international collaborative research. The benefits of international and EU collaboration in research and innovation accrue not only to our researchers but also to our enterprise base and public policy makers. The benefits include access to shared infrastructure and facilities, and collaboration in addressing global societal challenges. By collaborating with international partners, we aim to secure €1.25bn from the current Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon 2020. We are committed to leveraging international and EU engagement to Ireland’s advantage including through our membership of IROs and boosting our returns from EU programmes. We will effectively implement this strategy to become a Global Innovation Leader In order to maximise efficient use of State resources in driving and overseeing implementation of this strategy, a streamlined governance structure will underpin a whole of Government approach to its delivery. PAGE 11IRELAND AS A GLOBAL INNOVATION 1 LEADER We will become a Global Innovation Leader Innovation – whether it is the generation and introduction of a new idea, the invention of a new technology, the development of new or better products, processes and services – is about the constant drive for improvement. Innovation, whether it comes from advances in research and development, or science and technology, is about finding solutions that are original, more effective and, most importantly, deliver positive change. In Enterprise 2025, Ireland’s National 1 Enterprise Policy , innovation has been identified as a core focus and one of Ireland’s key differentiators. In the drive for constant improvement and positive change, the vision in this strategy is for Ireland to be a Global Innovation Leader driving a strong sustainable economy and a better society. To enable Ireland to transition successfully from today’s baseline to our future vision, we will innovate across the full spectrum – in the economy, in society and in delivery of our public services. We will focus directly on areas where we need to improve in order to stretch our performance. Meeting our ambition means we will: • grow our research capability so that we become competitive, dynamic and knowledge-driven; • maintain and enhance the capacity and capability of our people; • support and build our talent pool to maximise the flow of skilled individuals into companies, creating new companies and working in the public research system; • increase the number of innovative enterprises exporting to global markets and employing more people in our key areas of strength, namely ICT, manufacturing & materials, health & medical, food, energy, and services & business processes; • address societal challenges and improve the quality of life of citizens; and • design and deliver new and improved public services. As a Global Innovation Leader Ireland will have: • Excellent research performed in strategically important areas with relevance and impact for the economy and society • A strong, innovative and internationally competitive enterprise base, growing employment, sales and exports • A renowned pool of talent in Ireland’s public research system and in industry, which maximises exchange of talent and knowledge between the two 1 Enterprise 2025 – Ireland’s National Enterprise Policy 2015-2025 Dept. Jobs, Enterprise & Innovation, 2015 PAGE 12• A coherent, joined-up innovation ecosystem, responsive to emerging opportunities, delivering enhanced impact through the creation and application of knowledge • An internationally competitive research system that acts as a magnet and catalyst for talent and industry. Ireland is firmly on the global map in terms of the excellence of our research, and is already generating and using new knowledge for economic and social progress within an innovation- driven culture. We have successfully built a strong research capacity, a significant reputation for research excellence, a maturing national knowledge transfer system with European recognition, an increasing base of enterprises engaging in innovation activity, and a cohort of spinout companies from the research system that have won significant commercial success. Building on this significant progress, this whole-of-Government strategy sets out the roadmap for the next five years to set Ireland firmly on the path to becoming a Global Innovation Leader. Ireland 2 has steadily improved its ranking in the Innovation Union Scoreboard , having moved from 10th place in 2013 to 8th place in 2015, and is currently in the group of ‘strong innovators’. Since 2009, Ireland has been listed among the top 20 countries in global rankings for the quality of our scientific 3 research in terms of citations, moving up to 16th place in 2014 . These successes demonstrate that the strategy to date of accelerating the economic and societal return on our investment in innovation and science is paying off. Many of the components of a complete innovation ecosystem are in place, and it is now timely for us to build on this foundation Figure 1.1 - Option 1 so that Ireland progresses from being a ‘strong innovator’ to a ‘Global Innovation Leader’. Countries that are innovation leaders operate within a balanced innovation ecosystem, delivering high overall economic impact. This is illustrated in Figure 1.1 below, which compares Ireland’s performance in the EU Innovation Union Scoreboard to that of Sweden, which holds first place. The annual Scoreboard defines ‘innovation leaders’ as those that have an innovation performance of more than 20 percent above the EU average. Ireland scores strongly in terms of talent and impact of innovation, but lags behind in terms of the level of investment (both public and private), the linkages of research to enterprise, and the creation of patented intellectual assets. Figure 1.1: Ireland’s innovation performance compared to Sweden in Innovation Union Scoreboard 2015: Sweden Ireland Economic output effects 1 Human Resources 0.8 0.6 0.4 Open, excellent Research Systems Innovator outputs 0.2 0 Intellectual Assets Finance & Support Linkages & Entreprenuership Innovation investments by firms Innovation leaders, such as Denmark and Finland, have public investment in science, technology and innovation that (as a percentage of GDP) is twice that of Ireland. 2 Innovation Union Scoreboard is an instrument of the European Commission to provide a comparative assessment of the innovation performance of EU Member States 3 Thomson Reuters: Essential Science Indicators Figure 1.1 - Option 2 PAGE 13 Sweden Ireland 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Human Open, excellent Finance Innovation Linkages & Intellectual Innovator Economic Resources Research & Support investments Entreprenuership Assets outputs output Systems by firms effectsAs shown in Figure 1.2 below, direct public spending on R&D in Ireland fell from a peak of €930m in 2008 to €722m in 2013 (a reduction of 22%), and although it is now slowly recovering, we are still behind leading international comparator countries. Figure 1.2: Public investment trends (€m.) (current prices) 2004-2015 1000 €890 €894 €930 900 €787 €825 €752 €722 €727 800 €719 €763 €735 700 €607 600 500 400 300 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 (est) Private expenditure also fell by 6% from its peak of €1.86bn in 2009, but has since recovered – see Figure 1.3 on page 15. Between 2006 and 2013, the cost of the R&D tax credit grew from €75m to €420m and in fact supported 70% of business expenditure on R&D. The rate of growth in expenditure on R&D by the indigenous sector has been greater than that of the foreign-owned sector, albeit from a lower base. Figure 1.3: Business Expenditure on R&D 2009 to 2013 2500 2021 1962 1868 2000 1834 1757 1500 1305 1205 1384 1318 1323 1000 578 563 583 537 703 500 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total Foreign Owned Irish Owned A key metric for the assessment of innovative activity is R&D intensity (R&D expenditure as a percentage of GNP) which reflects the extent of research and innovation activities undertaken in a country in terms of resources input and includes both private and public investment in R&D. Ireland’s intensity rate in 2013 was 1.81% of GNP (1.54% of GDP). Israel – considered a world leader in innovation – has an intensity rate of 4.2% of GDP. The Europe 2020 strategy sets a 3% objective for R&D intensity. In the context of our National Reform Programme, Government adopted an R&D intensity target for Ireland of 2.5% of GNP (2.0% of GDP), to be achieved by 2020. Within this was a commitment to renewing the pattern of annually increasing public investment in R&D from 2014 onwards. To become an innovation leader we will increase public investment in R&D, which will in turn leverage increased private investment in order to reach our target of 2.5% of GNP by 2020. PAGE 14Innovation is critical…. The primary rationale for Government investment in innovation is to develop a competitive knowledge-based economy and society and to drive innovation in enterprise, develop talent, and maximise the return on our investment for economic and social progress. Government intervenes to address market failures that hold back innovation. Investment in research and development increases economic productivity and competitiveness, and improves quality of life, health, and social and environmental outcomes. An essential component of supporting an innovative and enterprising economy, innovation investment is crucial to creating and maintaining high-value jobs and attracting, developing and nurturing business, scientists and talented people, ensuring Ireland is connected and respected internationally. Research is of vital importance to underpinning a strong, developed economy and a progressive, sustainable society. The OECD’s view is supportive of public investment in science and innovation: ‘Governments must continue to invest in future sources of growth, such as education, infrastructure and research. Cutting back public investment in support of 4 innovation may provide short-term fiscal relief, but will damage the foundations of long-term growth.’ To our economic development and jobs…. The economic case for investing in research is that it supports and grows the enterprise base through, for example, the development of new or improved products, processes or services. Such research benefits business, enterprise and their customers, in the first instance. Innovation underpins the growth and dynamism of all economies. In many OECD countries, firms now invest as much in the knowledge-based assets that drive innovation – such as software, databases, research and development, firm-specific skills and organisational capital – as they do in physical capital, such as machinery, equipment or buildings. Innovation, in its various forms, contributes to growth – for example: • The latest OECD figures show that about 0.25 percentage points of Ireland’s annual average GDP growth between 1995 and 2013 can be attributed to investment in information and communications technology capital alone. • Multi-factor productivity (reflecting increased efficiency in the use of labour and capital, a substantial part of which can be attributed to innovation, including process and organisational innovations) accounted for over 1.55 percentage points of Ireland’s annual average GDP growth between 1995 and 2013. Strategic investments have contributed significantly to: • employment, export and investment growth; • the competitiveness of indigenous enterprise; • embedding the foreign direct investment base in Ireland; • the creation and application of new knowledge and technology spillovers. 4 OECD Innovation Strategy: Getting a Head Start on Tomorrow PAGE 15IRELAND IS HOME TO Figure 1.4 3 of the world’s top infant 3 formula of the top 5 manufacturers games companies 9 of the Top 10 Global ICT Companies 10 top ‘Born on the Internet’ companies 9 of the top 10 global pharmaceutical More than companies 50% 17 of the world’s leading financial of the top 25 services firms global medical devices companies Innovation investment plays a central role in driving productivity growth and fostering competitiveness in a global world where knowledge and innovation are critical factors for the advanced economies. A knowledge-based economy requires sustained investment in innovation to continue to maintain and attract high-quality foreign direct investment (FDI). Competition for FDI is intense: research, development and innovation (RDI) investments not only embed existing FDI operations and employment but pave the way for future investment, job creation and export growth. As the global battle for FDI intensifies, our investment in research and development will become even more critical to attracting and retaining FDI companies. The increase in RDI investment since 2000 has improved our attractiveness as an FDI location. 60% (just under €60m) of IDA’s total grant-aid budget is allocated to RDI projects each year. This investment leverages RDI expenditure of €500m by IDA clients for these approved projects and an overall annual spend by MNCs of €1.4bn per annum on R&D. This has the effect of anchoring FDI clients and securing sustainable employment and related benefits to the Irish economy. A Forfás evaluation of IDA’s RDI fund carried out in 2013 showed significant positive returns from the fund by 2009, with a 5:1 return to the economy on grants approved. Taking into account the time lag before the full economic impact of an RDI programme is felt, an eventual return of 25:1 was estimated. PAGE 16IDA client companies are also key contributors to business expenditure on R&D (BERD), spending €1.4bn on R&D in 2013 (accounting for circa 70% of national spend by business on R&D). Over 11,500 people are engaged in R&D in IDA client companies. The challenge is to deepen the engagement of multinational companies in Ireland so that their activities move them up the value chain. IDA’s strategy Winning FDI 2015-2019 outlines a plan to support clients in creating 80,000 new jobs and to increase employment in the client portfolio to 209,000 by 2019 – within that, the aim is to win €3bn in new RDI investment projects, including in-house and collaborative RDI projects with companies and universities, and to encourage 120 additional companies across the FDI portfolio to engage in R&D. The availability of talent will be the key differentiator for winning FDI in the future. The quality of our education system is therefore critical. International industry’s view of Ireland’s research capability and its linkages to the education system is an important determinant of our ability to attract FDI. In 2013, Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) had engagement with 41% of all IDA companies who announced new jobs. Ireland’s economic renewal and development depends on our capacity to develop human capital, with the right mix of skills and expertise for the evolving labour market. Indigenous companies contributed some €700m to BERD in 2013, accounting for circa 30% of national spend, with over 13,000 people engaged in R&D activity. For indigenous firms, innovation is at the heart of gaining competitive advantage and is central to their ability to compete and win in international markets. Enterprise Ireland’s Strategy to 2016 outlines a plan to support the creation of a further 40,000 new jobs in Irish companies by 2016. To deliver this, Enterprise Ireland provides supports both for companies and for researchers in Higher Education Institutes to develop new technologies and processes that lead to job creation and increased exports. 5 A comprehensive evaluation of the suite of enterprise support programmes provided by the enterprise development agencies points to: • increased academic-industry links • an increase in the industry relevance of the research conducted in research groups • increased mobility of research staff into industry • enhanced in-firm capabilities Tangible evidence of commercial impact is the defining criterion underpinning the RDI instruments deployed by Enterprise Ireland. For example, commercialisation and technology transfer supports are directed at generating spinout companies and licensing into industry. A direct correlation has been found between collaboration activities (ranging from Innovation Vouchers and Innovation Partnerships to Technology Centres) and quantifiable increases in company turnover – these can be as much as seven times the investment in these instruments, as shown in the table below. Figure 1.5: Enterprise Ireland Programmes stimulating additional growth in turnover Enterprise Ireland Programmes stimulating additional growth in turnover • For every €1 invested in Innovation Vouchers, company turnover increased by €7 • For every €1 invested in Innovation Partnerships, company turnover increased by €6.70 • For every €1 invested in Technology Gateways, company turnover increased by €5.85 • For every €1 invested in Campus Incubators, company turnover increased by €3.61 Innovation-active companies provide high-quality employment and generate exports and tax receipts. RDI performers are gaining an increasing share of overall sales and export sales, and are accounting for increasing shares of employment. In addition, RDI performing firms better maintained employment during the challenging economic period. This can be seen in the direct correlation with exports from R&D performing companies increasing from €44bn in 2003 to €117bn in 2013, while for 6 non-R&D performing companies, exports decreased from €48bn to €26bn over the same period . 5 Forfás: Evaluation of Enterprise Supports for Research Development and Innovation 6 Source: Forfás analysis of ABSEI (Annual Business) survey PAGE 17Figure 1.6: Export Sales of RDI and non RDI performers (€bn) 2003 – 2013: 140 119 113 120 117 102 100 94 93 100 79 75 80 64 60 48 40 44 26 33 20 30 30 26 21 20 20 18 19 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 non RD&I firms RD&I firms Investment in RDI plays a crucial role in job creation- the evidence indicates that without continued investment by the enterprise development agencies in RDI, Science Foundation Ireland, Enterprise Ireland and IDA risk not fulfilling their contribution to the target of full employment as set out in the Action Plan for Jobs. EI-supported Dairymaster – delivering sustainable jobs Dairymaster, based in Kerry, is a leading manufacturer of milking equipment, with customers in 40 countries. It has pioneered advances in such areas as milking parlour equipment, automatic scrapers, automatic cow feeding systems and farm management software. Dairymaster makes 95% of its parts in its highly automated site in Kerry, supporting 370 jobs and an average growth in sales of 20% per annum for over ten years. In order to sustain its global leadership and grow its markets, Dairymaster has consistently invested in R&D. This investment is at a multi-million euro level, both in-house, and through collaboration with higher education institutes. Through this collaboration, the company has accessed additional expertise and capability and has widened its product portfolio to improve market penetration to 10,000 farms worldwide. Dairymaster has collaborated with a number of higher education institutions on four Enterprise Ireland-funded Innovation Partnership projects, worth more than €1m over the past five years, and has also collaborated with Technology Gateways and Technology Centres. Dairymaster is also collaborating at a European level through a pan-EU research consortium dealing with robotics. This sustained investment in R&D, both in-house and through collaboration, has resulted in significant sales growth and in a 100% increase in sustainable and high added-value employment over the past six years. PAGE 18 Export Sales (€bn)IDA-supported company Boston Scientific INFANT, an SFI Research Centre, and Metabolomics Boston Scientific first established in Ireland in 1994, Diagnostics with the support of IDA Ireland, and has grown to be the largest medical device employer in Ireland, The SFI Research Centre, INFANT, employing 4,500 people. Through its three Irish sites developed a diagnostic test – located in Clonmel, Cork and Galway – the company for the early detection of pre- exports around 10 million medical devices worldwide eclampsia - a significant health each year, valued at 4.3bn, including stents, balloon problems for mothers and catheters, platinum coils, inflation devices and their babies. IP was developed pacemakers. IDA has worked closely with the company and licenced to a UCC spinout to identify areas for research in Ireland and provided company, Metabolomics R&D grant assistance towards several key projects Diagnostics. which the company undertook in Ireland. These The discovery will lead to projects allowed the company to drive productivity significant improvements in the improvement through process development and health of mothers and babies. helped to diversify the site by bringing in new and Metabolomics Diagnostics has improved products. In all this activity helped the site grown significantly, providing hi- compete with sister sites within the Boston network tech employment opportunities. and competitor sites on the global stage. Founded It has done so primarily through in 1979 and headquartered in Massachusetts in its close association with the the US, Boston Scientific employs 25,000 people INFANT Research Centre. worldwide and is a global leader in the development and marketing of less invasive medical devices. The company is committed to continued investment in research, development and innovation, investing US1bn annually in new products and technologies. SFI Research Centre, the Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre (APC) The APC Microbiome Institute, hosted in University College Cork, was originally funded by SFI in 2003 and was recently designated an SFI Research Centre. In August 2015, it announced the creation of 50 additional hi-tech jobs. The new jobs have arisen largely from the ability of APC to attract new industrial partnerships. The APC Microbiome Institute currently partners with eight global corporations with a broad footprint in Ireland accounting for over 7,000 jobs. In addition, APC has established partnerships with nine other international companies that had no prior relationship with Ireland. PAGE 19Innovation is critical to our social development... The societal benefits of research are wide-ranging. Research has long played a role in addressing global and national challenges, and improving the quality of life through innovation in many areas. The outputs from the science base – which include new knowledge, skilled people, new methodologies and new networks – have contributed to improvements in areas as diverse as education, health, housing, environment, mobility, connectivity, culture, and policy formulation. For example: • Improving Health and Wellbeing: Innovation is vital to address the sustainability of Ireland’s health system, and to address health challenges, including the development of more effective treatments and strategies for disease prevention through behavioural and lifestyle change. • Meeting the forecast increase in global food demand: Research into the complex relationship between the environment, both on land and at sea, and agricultural production is crucial to ensure sustainability and to improve yields without compromising environmental integrity or public health. • Climate change: Addressing climate change and linked challenges, such as ocean acidification, will require major transitions in technologies, systems and practices across key sectors in Ireland and at global level, including in energy, agriculture, transport and the built environment. Achieving Ireland’s 2020 greenhouse gas emissions reductions target and the longer-term goals to 2050 will require radical change, including radical technological, societal and organisational innovations. Adaption to future climate conditions will also be required. Deeper understanding of terrestrial, atmospheric and oceanic systems, the relationships between them, and human impacts on them is essential. • Reducing Ireland’s energy dependency: To reduce Ireland’s energy dependency, we need to transition to a clean energy system built on wind and other renewables, using a smart grid that is integrated into an EU clean energy system. • Efficient and eec ff tive delivery of public services: A national capacity for world-class research in support of policy and practice is a prerequisite for effective and sophisticated government. We need robust evidence to support policymaking and strategic investment decisions, to inform Ireland’s position and engagement with EU and international processes, and to improve the administration and delivery of public services and practices. While the initial consumers of this research will be Government departments and State agencies, the ultimate beneficiaries will be those impacted by better policy and regulation. Similarly, we need capacity for research in support of practice and delivery of public services for efficient administration of high-quality public services. The benefits of research can be felt across the socio-economic continuum, irrespective of the initial motivation. Research undertaken for economic motives yields societal benefits, and research undertaken to address societal issues can lead to commercial opportunities – for example, research in support of environmental policy may influence regulations (discharge of effluents, CO emissions, 2 oceanic carbon absorption) and present opportunities for enterprise to respond in innovative ways with new technologies and methods to address the environmental challenges. Similarly, research aimed at answering questions about, for example, the safety for human health and the environment of novel materials and technologies may provoke innovation in industry. PAGE 20Actions ACTION DESCRIPTION LEAD TIMELINE RESPONSIBILITY Move Ireland Commit to continued and Government 2020 1.1 upwards in EU and increased investment in global rankings people, infrastructure, towards becoming and associated facilities a Global Innovation to build the education Leader and research base; and support the enterprise and public sectors to build their capacity for research and development. Reach R&D intensity a. Increase Gross Industry and 2020 1.2 target of 2.5% of Expenditure on R&D Government GNP (GERD) to 2.5% of GNP: • Increasing public investment in our research base • Increasing investment in programmes that support enterprise RDI and improve leverage of private investment • Promoting tax- based initiatives to conduct research in Ireland and embed its commercialisation in Ireland b. Increase the number All research of significant funders and enterprise R&D industry performers by 15% to 1,200 and the number of large performers from 170 to 200 c. Double private funding SFI, EI, IDA, HEIs of publicly performed and all relevant R&D to €48m per research funders, annum Government d. Secure €1.25bn from Horizon 2020 Horizon 2020 National Support Network, HEIs and industry PAGE 21INNOVATION IN ENTERPRISE 2 Innovation is critical for enterprise… A vibrant enterprise sector is a prerequisite for a strong, advanced economy, and a strong economy in turn provides the foundation for a progressive, sustainable and inclusive society. The enterprise sector provides quality employment which is important for our standard of living and inclusivity. The national vision for the enterprise sector and the plan for realising this vision 7 are set out in Enterprise 2025 . Innovation is central to this vision: ‘We will be internationally renowned as being innovative in what we do and in how we do it, across all aspects of the business, including for example, business models, consumer engagement, channels to market, organisation structures, and modes of collaboration. We will strengthen our innovation system and will leverage our investments in Research, Development & Innovation to deliver impact. Our ambition is that our companies will derive competitive advantage from innovation.’ Productivity is the primary determinant of long-term growth. Investment in 8 knowledge-based capital , and innovation in particular, drives productivity through new, higher value-added products and services, and more efficient business processes. The value of services in the Irish economy exceeds that of manufacturing, and consequently investment in knowledge-based capital is increasingly important for driving future economic growth. This economic reality means that Ireland must be among the top-ranked nations for innovation if it is to realise its potential. For individual firms, the key to market success and growth, particularly in international markets, is competitiveness. One element of competitiveness that can be directly influenced by a firm is its productivity. Recent work by the 9 OECD has found that, since 2001, the most productive firms – that is, firms at the global productivity frontier have exhibited greater and more consistent growth in their productivity than non-frontier firms. In Ireland multinationals 10 have demonstrated stronger productivity growth than indigenous SMEs . The OECD identifies the fostering of innovation as one of the key policies to sustain productivity growth. 7 Enterprise 2025 – Innovative Agile Connected, Ireland’s National Enterprise Policy 2015-2025 Dept. Jobs, Enterprise & Innovation, 2015. 8 ‘Computerised information (software and databases); intellectual property (patents, copyrights, - de signs, trade marks); and economic competencies (including brand equity, firm-specific human cap- ital, networks joining people and institutions, organisational know-how that increases enterprise efficiency, and aspects of advertising and marketing).’ Ne w Sources of Growth – Knowledge-Based Capital Driving Investment and Productivity in the 21st Century, OECD, 2013. 9 The Future of Productivity, OECD, 2015. 10 Ireland Policy Brief, OECD, 2015. PAGE 22The OECD has also highlighted the important connection between innovation and creative destruction in driving competitiveness. At the heart of this process is the redeployment of creative and skilled people and resources from less competitive firms into firms that can be more successful in international markets, thereby providing more sustainable employment. Despite the importance of research and innovation for firms, firms under-invest in research. At 11 the lower Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) firms are concerned that they will not be the sole beneficiary of the research due to spill-over effects – that is, other firms can share in the rewards without bearing any of the cost. At the higher TRLs, firms can be reluctant to invest because such research must be conducted at scale in near real-world conditions and is consequently expensive. There is therefore a strong case for the State to co-invest in order to address these market failures. Figure 2.1 provides an informal summary of the manifold ways in which public investment in R&D impacts on enterprise. Figure 2.1: Flow of Enterprise Impacts over time from Public Investment in R&D JOBS MARKET SUCCESS NEW MARKETS COMPETITIVE FDI ADVANTAGE INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY PARADIGM-SHIFTING INCREMENTAL (DISRUPTIVE) IMPROVEMENTS PRODUCTS & SERVICES TO PRODUCTS SKILLS MORE EFFICIENT & SERVICES PROCESSES R&D € 10+ yrs t=0 Given the importance of innovation for Ireland’s economic prosperity, we are committed to fostering innovation-led growth in the enterprise sector. Innovation must become a mainstream and essential business development activity for all firms, large and small, both indigenous and foreign-owned. We will align innovation investment with enterprise opportunities As a small country, Ireland cannot be a leader in all areas of enterprise research and innovation. We must therefore target our investment at areas of commercial opportunity that are strategically important. This is the underpinning rationale for Research Prioritisation (RP), Ireland’s Smart Specialisation Strategy, which was adopted by Government in 2012 as the guiding principle for competitive public investment in research in support of the enterprise sector. Government, in partnership with enterprise, identified 14 Priority Areas (see Fig 2.2) that presented particular market opportunities for Ireland. RP also identified the need to support relevant key enabling technologies to underpin the priority areas and, equally importantly, provide the foundation on which to develop capacity in new, emerging areas of opportunity. Examples of key enabling technologies include: • Basic biomedical science • Nanotechnology • Advanced materials • Microelectronics • Photonics • Software engineering 11 The nine level TRL scale indicates the maturity of a technology, ranging from basic principles observed (level 1), to proven in operational environment (level 9). PAGE 23These, along with the 14 priority areas, form the basis for the current cycle of RP, which spans the period 2013 to 2017. 12 13 The rationale for adopting Research Prioritisation in 2012 remains valid today . Government is committed to maintaining this approach as the central pillar of this strategy to support the enterprise sector and to reap the full benefits of the investment made to date. In this strategy, the 14 priority areas are positioned within six broad enterprise themes, as illustrated in Figure 2.2: • ICT • Manufacturing & Materials • Health and Medical • Food • Energy • Services & Business Processes This thematic presentation provides a more unified and accessible view of Ireland’s national strategy for public research in support of enterprise innovation. Figure 2.2: Positioning of priority areas ICT Future Networks & Communications Data Analytics, Management, Security & Privacy Digital Platforms, Content & Applications HEALTH AND MEDICAL Connected Health & Independent Living Medical Devices FOOD Diagnostics Therapeutics - Synthesis, Formulation, Processing & Drug Delivery Food for Health ENERGY Sustainable Food Production & Processing Marine Renewable Energy MANUFACTURING Smart Grids & Smart Cities AND MATERIALS Manufacturing Competitiveness Processing Technologies & Novel Materials SERVICES AND BUSINESS PROCESSES Innovation in Services and Business Processes 12 Report of the Research Prioritisation Steering Group. DJEI, 2012. 13 Review of Progress in Implementing Research Prioritisation – Report of the Independent Panel. DJEI, 2015. PAGE 24ACTION DESCRIPTION LEAD TIMELINE RESPONSIBILITY Research a. Continue to target DJEI, EI, IDA, SFI, 2.1 Prioritisation competitively- DAFM, MI, Teagasc, (RP) as basis for awarded research IRC, HRB, DCENR, research investment investment in support SEAI and other in support of of enterprise towards research funders enterprise the priority areas. 2016 - 2020 b. Building on the accomplishments to date under RP, the 14 priority areas will be positioned within six themes: ICT, Manufacturing & Materials, Health and Medical, Food, Energy, and Services & Business Processes (Fig. 2.2). The priority areas of Manufacturing Competitiveness and Innovation in Services and Business Processes are particularly important for the Irish economy. In common with most OECD countries, Ireland is a highly services-intensive economy and competes for business in a growing global market. Services are increasingly delivered remotely and often digitally; business models are complex and centred on customer engagement. Remaining competitive in this market requires investment in research into new cutting-edge business concepts, models and platforms. Firms are also under competitive pressure to innovate continuously in their internal business processes in order to maintain productivity growth. Such research is likely to be conducted at the intersection of economics, business, technology and design / user experience, and will be highly collaborative and applied in nature, generating know-how that can be used and adapted by both Irish and foreign-owned businesses. Ireland’s manufacturing base is a key pillar of the economy. Manufacturing firms supported by 14 the development agencies directly employed 158,300 people and generated exports of €72bn 15 in 2013 . These manufacturing operations are geographically distributed, providing employment across all regions of Ireland. In addition, manufacturing is a key driver of business R&D, with firms 16 investing €863m in manufacturing R&D in 2013 . However, prior to the adoption of RP, public research activity in these areas was limited, and they therefore warrant special measures to boost national capacity. 14 Enterprise Ireland, IDA Ireland and Údarás na Gaeltachta. 15 Annual Business Survey of Economic Impact 2013, DJEI, 2015. 16 Business Expenditure on Research and Development 2013-2014, CSO, 2015. PAGE 25