Top 30 Sites for Download Free eBooks and books 2019
A book is perhaps the best of a friend any man can ever make. Books teach you to learn, explore and adopt things in a new way. Books are the gateways of enlightenment, insights and broader perspectives.
When there’s no one by your side, you can always grab a book to read. You can always find a companion in it. If you already are a voracious reader and never get tired of reading and exploring new works of wonder and literary charm, then here is a list of top 30 websites that would allow you to download books legally for free.
(offers 33,000+ e-books for free)
If you are never done with books, then visit ManyBook and join the community to continue with reading, without shelling out a single penny. This particular site allows its visitors to read additional information regarding the genre of a book, name of the author and the word count as well.
The downloadable e-books support all formats of e-reading applications including Kindle reader compatibility, TXT files, PDF files, MOBI, EPUB and more.
It’s basically a community of more than 15,000 voracious readers, with the availability of discounted and free books. Talking of genres, well, ManyBook offers a plethora of category comprising:
Health and Cooking
Non-Fiction and more
Added to its wide array of genres as mentioned above, ManyBook publishes full interviews of featured authors every day. For ardent readers and lovers of literature, this could prove to be an amazing platform, offering valuable insights, references, and knowledge.
As the name already suggests “free e-Books”; keep no confusion in mind regarding its credibility and amazing perks that the readers get to avail and enjoy. Visiting this platform will help you to explore new writers, budding authors, and independent essay writer offerings works on both fiction and non-fictional genres.
The site has separate segments that categorize “Latest Arrivals”, “Best Books: Overall”, “Great Book Lists”, and “Latest Audio Books”. Free e-Books allows enthusiasts and aspirants to promote their books as well.
This means, apart from exploring some amazing genres of literary works, people get to promote their own works too. Talking of the wide array of genres, let’s take a look at some of the many remarkable categories that would intrigue the bookworm within you to delve into an ocean of interesting reads.
Self-teaching and more
In addition to the genres discussed above, another striking attribute of this portal is its resourceful collection of interesting audio books. From Leo Tolstoy’s Prisoner in the Caucasus to Joseph Conrad’s Anarchist; you will get to explore and listen to some of the greatest works by renowned authors in audio format.
(comprehensive digital libraries for book lovers)
Bookyards is one of the best digital libraries you can ever visit if reading good books is what you prefer the most. Visiting this site will allow you to explore some of the most brilliant works by renowned authors. You can browse this online platform with the author’s name in their directory arranged in an alphabetical order.
Moreover, this particular portal has some amazing collection of free books based on various genres and sub-categories. Readers willing to delve deep into an ocean of amazing reads and publications will find this website interesting.
Science and Technology
War and Military
Politics and Government
The platform is equally ideal for people looking for a perfect community that encourages independent book publications and the likes. You can post your work at the Bookyards’ library, and it will be published and made reachable to readers from all across the globe.
Baen Free Library (a community for science fiction book readers and publishers as well)
If you are fond of exploring books belonging to the sci-fi genre, then this online library is definitely for you. Visiting Baen will help you to read and explore works of some of the most talented authors like Mike Barron, Ellen Datlow, Guy De Marco, Brett Davis, Richard Cox, Tim Akers and many more.
Apart from some great works created by a community of enthusiastic authors, the Baen Free Library offers a distinctive list of categories to choose from. Here’s a brief overview of the available genres:
Monthly Baen Bundles
Jim Baen’s Universe
Not only a collection of interesting genres and categories of books; Baen offers a unique platform to the readers looking for enough options in terms of publishers and publications. Some of them mentionable names have been listed down below, take a look:
Yard Dog Press
Ring of Fire Press
MVMedia and more
You can simply read the books online or download the copies to read and enjoy, without shelling out an extra buck.
FeedBooks (for ample public domain books for free)
Feedbooks allows its visitor to read thousands of books made available on the public domain for free, and with no legal hassle attached. You can browse book by categories like “Popular Books”, “The Harvard Classic Shelf of Fiction” and “New Releases”. One can even get to enjoy reading books by distinguished genres.
Here is a sneak peek of what you will get to read and explore at FeedBooks. Take a look.
Occult and Supernatural
Mystery and Detective
Biography and autobiography
War and Military
Travel and more
Apart from such resourceful segments of various works and genres, the visitor will also get to find a separate Interviews section. This is entirely about a collection of interviews of various writers that are taken on several occasions.
If you are an ardent reader who loves to read books and explore author details as well with informative knowledge about their achievements and other insights, then this open website dedicated to the book lovers is certainly your cup of tea.
LibriVox (for free audiobooks)
If you’re fond of listening to audiobooks for free, then LibriVox is for you. There are volunteers from all across the globe to read out audiobooks covering various genres and sub-categories, which are:
Essays and Short Works
Craft and Hobbies
At LibriVox, you can browse the catalog according to your choice of authors, book title, and language. However, it is to be mentioned that users outside the United States of America should check and confirm their individual copyright statuses according to the countries, in order to stay away from any kind of legal hassle.
Hourwolf.com (for science fiction and mystery book lovers)
If you are fond of reading science fictions and books belonging to the genre of mystery and suspense, then visiting hourwolf.com will help you explore some of the best collections of all time.
The Egyptian Book of Dead to The Blue Fairy Book; or The Song of Roland to Beowulf; you will get to explore a plethora of interesting reads by visiting this site.
It’s almost an undeniable fact that we love to read and explore the fictional world of wonders. Thus, now that you are getting some truly amazing platforms to explore, read and re-discover the universe further, you shouldn’t give such opportunities a miss. This particular platform also has some amazing collection of the Tom Swift series.
Among other mentionable names, you can watch out for American Fairy Tales, The Life, and Adventure of Santa Claus, In the Blood and many more. And yes! These all can be downloaded for free, and totally legal.
Smashwords (more than 70,000 books available for free)
This free online book reading platform offers more than 70,000 books for free. This is a clear indication that you won’t ever run out of enough choice to read some interesting books.
Even though the website doesn’t keep books available entirely for free, it is has a separate “free” section, which can be visited in order to figure out some interesting reads, without shelling an extra chunk of money. Among the mentionable books that are available for free at Smashwords, here is a list that can come in handy.
The Chosen –The Winter King, by Ben. D.
Pac Man, by heysarki
Antique Mirror, by D.F. Jones
My Name is Blade, by Rowan Wolf
The Shadow Place, by Jesse Allen
The Carpool; Convergence, by Philip Bosshardt
The Horse, by James
An Unexpected Family, Joe Matthews
Apart from the books as mentioned above, you can also browse book by genres. Some of the most interesting and helpful genres of books available in Smashwords are listed below. Have a look.
Themes and Motifs
Thriller and Suspense
Mystery and Detectives
African American Fictions
Anthologies and more
With such vivid collection of books and varied genres, this site is likely to attract enthusiastic book lovers looking for fresh and interesting contents.
Classic Reader (online library comprising some of the best classic reads)
This online library of free e-books boasts some of the best books written by some of the most renowned writers of all time. From William Shakespeare to Charles Dickens, from Joseph Conrad to Jane Austen; you will get to read some amazing classics penned by some of the most notable names in the history of literature.
At Classic Reader, you will get to browse through the website covering a wide category and genre of interesting books. Check this list of amazing genres of good reads available at Classic Reader.
Apart from each of the genres available on the websites for all ardent fanatics, one would also get to read the following books as mentioned below:
End of the Tether, by Joseph Conrad
The Riverman, by Stewart Edward White
The Last Penny and Other Stories, T.S. Arthur
The Coming of Bill, by P.G. Wodehouse
Under the Sun, by Juliana Horatia Ewing
So, you can always take some time out and try reading through some of the amazing classics of all time, during hours of tranquility and leisure.
The Literature Network literary compilation of more than 200 authors
This is yet another resourceful and interesting online platform for book lovers. If you wish to read some good literary works, then visiting this website can solve that purpose for you. From T.S. Eliot to E.M. Forster and Charles Darwin to Frank Kafka; you will get to find some of the most celebrated works of all time written by such renowned writers.
The online library at present offers more than 3,500 full-length books and more than 4,400 short stories.
Well, that was all about some of the best and most amazingly resourceful websites offering online books for free, without any legal complexities attached. To wrap up, it is to be stated that reading books are perhaps one of the best habits developed by mankind.
One shouldn’t ever give up on it, and shall always put some sincere effort in encouraging the younger generation to read more books, irrespective of genres. There’s still no substitute for a good book and wisdom.
Scribd is a digital library that provides free and paid e-book and audiobook subscription service that includes 3 million titles. Scribd was called the YouTube for documents because allowing anyone to self-publish on the site using its document reader. Scribd consist of world largest collection of 80 million documents and free books.
It was Founded in 2007 by Trip Adler, Jared Friedman, and Tikhon Bernstam, and headquartered in San Francisco that was funded by Khosla Ventures. Scribd's e-book subscription service is Present on Android and iOS smartphones and tablets, as well as the Kindle Fire.
Subscribers can access three books a month from 1,200 publishers. According to 2018 Scribd has 120 million users it also called the Netflix for books. Digital editions of 5,000 titles available for purchase on Scribd, including books from bestselling authors like Stephen King, and Dan Brown.
In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies including The New York Times, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009.
In August 2010, many notable documents hosted on Scribd began to go viral, including the California Proposition 8 ruling, which received over 100,000 views in about 24 minutes.
The Main Feature of this platform is the document reader that turns PDFs, Word documents, and PowerPoints into Web documents that can be shared on any website that allows embeds.
Google Play Books
Google Play Books (formerly Google eBooks) is an e-book digital distribution service operated by Google. Users can purchase and download ebooks and audiobooks from Google Play, which offers over 8 million titles, with According to the Google "It is the largest ebooks collection in the world".
Books can be read on a dedicated Books section on the Google Play website, through the use of a mobile app available for Android and iOS, through the use of select e-readers that offer support for Adobe Digital Editions, Users may also upload up to 1,000 ebooks in the PDF or EPUB file formats. Google Play Books is available in 90 countries.
Google Play Books was launched in December 2010, with a reseller program letting independent booksellers sell Google ebooks. It also launched an affiliate program in June 2011, allowing website owners to earn a commission by referring sales to the then-named Google eBookstore
ProQuest is the publishing Platform that Publishes doctoral and master dissertations Thesis in 1939, has published more than 3 million dissertations Thesis and Journals. ProQuest is part of Cambridge Information Group.
It includes dissertations and thesis, ebooks, scholarly journals, newspapers and Journals, data sources, and Articles, Abstracts and Methods. In 2017 ProQuest Video Preservation and Discovery Service, allows libraries to preserve and provide access to audio and video collections.
It also provides tools for citation management that allow library users to discover, manage, use and share research. Total documents in the ProQuest database, including dissertations and theses, ebooks, newspapers, Journals, Magazines, periodicals, archives and methods is calculated over 140 billion digital pages in 2018.
Content is accessed most commonly through library Internet gateways. The current chief executive officer is Kurt P. Sanford.
Academia.edu is a social networking American website for lecturers and Scholars The platform may be used to distribute papers, monitor their effectiveness, and observe the studies in a specific discipline.
It was founded in September 2008 with 36 million unique traffic in keeping with the month as of December 2017 and over 20 million uploaded texts.
Academia.edu was founded By the Richard rate, who raised $600,000 from Spark Ventures, HOWZAT companions, Brent Hoberman, and others.
Academia.edu broadcasts it helps the open science or open access of entry to actions and, especially, immediately distribution of research, and a peer-evaluate system that happens along distribution, in preference to previous to it.
However, Academia.edu isn't always an open access repository and isn't always recommended as a manner to pursue inexperienced open get right of entry to by using Peter Suber and specialists, who rather invite researchers to use area-specific repositories or standard-motive repositories like Zenodo.
How to Download Free ebooks and Novels
Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that Providing indexing services of the full-text Journals or research papers with publishing formats and disciplines.
Google Scholar indexing consists of most peer-reviewed online journals and books, conference papers, Thesis and dissertations, technical reports, and other scholarly literature.
It contains 200 million documents as of 2018. Most of the documents are freely available on the web. Google Scholar has the same working as CiteSeerX. Google Scholar has been criticized for not vetting journals and including predatory journals in its index.
Google Scholar allows customers to look for virtual or physical copies of articles, whether online or in libraries It indexes "complete-textual content journal articles, technical reports, Dissertation Thesis, books, and other files, such as decided on WebPages which can be deemed to be 'scholarly.'"
Because lots of Google scholar's search effects hyperlink to commercial magazine articles, most of the people will be able to get entry to best an abstract and the citation information of an editorial, and must pay a price to get admission to the complete article.
The most applicable results for the searched keywords will be listed first, in order of the writer's rating, the number of references which might be linked to it and their relevance to different scholarly literature, and the rating of the e-book that the journal seems in. As of July 2013, Google Scholar is not yet available to the Google AJAX API
Microsoft Academic is a free search engine for academic publications like Research papers and Journals, developed by Microsoft Research that was launched in 2016.
The Microsoft Academic data structure based on semantic search technologies. It currently indexes over 700 million documents and eBooks in which 280 million Journals and papers.
The service replaces the earlier Microsoft research project, Microsoft Academic Search, which ended development in 2012. New Microsoft Academic Search is a competitor to Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus for academic research purposes as well as citation analysis.
CiteSeer is a digital library for scientific and academic Journals and Books the fields of computer and information science. It provides free eBooks and Journals and thesis.
It is the first academic paper search engine and the first automated citation indexing system. CiteSeer is same as the academic search tools such as Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search.
In the CiteSeer most of the documents are freely available and cited. CiteSeer main aim is to improve the dissemination and access to academic and scientific Journals and papers.
It is a non-profit organization that can be freely used by anyone; It has open access to academic and scientific publishing to allow greater access to scientific literature.
CiteSeer freely provided Open Archives Initiative metadata of all indexed Journals and Books and links indexed documents such as DBLP and the ACM Portal. CiteSeer shares its data for non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons license.
How to Create Free Study Guides
IEEE Xplore is the best scholarly research database that is used for indexes Journal abstracts and provides full-text for Journals and Publications on computer science, electrical engineering, and electronics.
The database mainly covers material from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the Institution of Engineering and Technology.
In 2018 The IEEE Xplore digital library provides Web access to more than 4.6-million Journals and Books. IEEE is the world's most highly cited publications in electrical engineering, computer science, and electronics.
The IEEE Xplore content in comprises over 190 Publication journals Types, over 1,500 conference proceedings, more than 3,900 technical standards, and Journals, over 2000 eBooks and over 400 educational courses. Approximately 22,345 new documents are added to IEEE Xplore each month.
ResearchGate is a social networking site for scientists, Scholars and researchers, mainly used for distributing papers Journals, Thesis, ask and answer questions.
According to an article in Times Higher Education, Research Gate is the largest academic social network in the world after the Thesis Scientist Platform in terms of active users.
While reading articles in the Research gate does not require any registration, Students, and Scholars that want to become site members need to have an email address at a recognized institution.
Members of the site each have a user profile and can upload research output including papers, Journals, Thesis, chapters, patents, Dissertations, Abstract, research proposals, presentations, and software source code. The New York Times described the site as a mashup of Twitter Facebook and LinkedIn.
Site members may "follow" a research interest. It has also a blogging feature for users to write short reviews on peer-reviewed articles. ResearchGate indexes self-published information on user profiles to suggest members connect with others who have similar interests.
It also has private chat rooms where users can discuss confidential topics, share data, edit shared documents.
Thesis Scientist is a Non-Profit E-Library for Scientists, Scholars, and researchers that was Founded by Dr. N.M. Mittal in Gurgaon, India. The main motto of this Organization is to provide free study resources and Books.
The user can distribute papers Journals, Download free books, Thesis, ask and answer questions via this Platform. According to Survey by Yahoo 2018, Thesis Scientist is the Third largest academic social network in the world in terms of active users and Documents with 2 Million Active Students and Scientist.
While reading any documents or books in Thesis Scientist does not require any registration and subscription, Students and Scholars that want to become site members need to have an email address at a recognized institution.
Members of the site each have a user profile and can upload papers, Journals, Thesis, chapters, patents, Dissertations, Abstract, research proposals, presentations, Creative writing, and Novels.
LinkedIn SlideShare is a Web 2.0 based Free books and slides hosting services, that provides 70 Million free ebooks and Slides and documents. It Provides the Platform by which Users can upload data privately or publicly in the PowerPoint, PDF.
It was Launched on October 4, 2006, the website is considered to be similar to YouTube, but for slideshows. The website was originally meant to be used for businesses to share slides among employees more easily, but it also supports documents, PDFs, videos, and webinars.
SlideShare Platform also provides their users the ability to rate, comment on, and share the uploaded content. The website gets an estimated 70 million unique visitors a month in 2018 and has about 80 million registered users in 2018.
SlideShare's biggest competitors include Scribd.com and ThesisScientist.com Many notable users of SlideShare include The White House, NASA, Hewlett Packard and IBM.
SlideShare was officially launched on October 4, 2006, by Rashmi Sinha. On May 3, 2012, SlideShare acquired by LinkedIn. It is reported that the deal was $119.85 million.
Stack Overflow and Stack Exchange Network, Founded in 2008 by Jeff Atwood and Joel Spolsky. It was created to be a more open alternative to an earlier question and answer sites.
It features questions and answers on a wide range of topics in computer programming. Stack Overflow is the best website for computer programming related questions and answers.
The website provides a platform for users to ask and answer questions, for the voting mechanism questions and answers up or down and edit questions and answers in a fashion similar to a wiki or Digg. Users unlock new privileges with an increase in reputation like the ability to vote, comment, and even edit other people's posts.
This platform user-generated content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribute-ShareAlike license. In 2017 Stack Overflow has over 12,000,000 registered users, and it exceeded 21,000,000 questions in late August 2018.
Stack Overflow also has a Jobs section to assist developers in finding their next opportunity. For employers, Stack Overflow also provides various tools to brand their business, advertise their business on this Platform.
Quora is the best site for question-and-answer, In Quora, questions are asked, answered, edited, and organized by its community of users. Its publisher, Quora Inc., is based in Mountain View, California.
Quora was co-founded by former Facebook employees Adam D'Angelo and Charlie Cheever, and the website was made available to the public on June 21, 2010. Users can collaborate by editing questions and suggesting edits to answers that have been submitted by other users.
It is a website where people can ask questions, find answers, and explore complex topics in depth.
In January 2013, Quora launched a blogging platform, allowing users to post non-answer content on their profiles Quora launched a full-text search of questions and answers on March 20, 2013, and extended the feature to mobile devices in late May 2013.
In November 2013, Quora introduced a new feature for all Quora users to see detailed statistics regarding how many people had viewed, upvoted, and shared their questions and answers.
Wikipedia Books is the best collection of Wikipedia articles that can be rendered electronically in PDF format, or ordered as a printed book. The book is compiled afresh each time it is downloaded or ordered, so will always reflect the latest versions of the articles.
Bookboon.com for free downloadable textbooks and e-books
Bookboon is currently the world's largest online publishing company for free and paid eBooks. In 2018 over 70 million free eBooks were downloaded from the site. It is focused on publishing engineering, IT, computer sciences and business students. As a global eBook publisher,
Bookboon offers a wide range of over 1200 textbooks for students and 800 eBooks for business professionals in many different languages. Bookboon's over 1000 academic textbooks freely available to students on their website are written by academics and are financed by employer branding ads. Students from all over the world highly benefit from Bookboon's textbooks.
Bookboon has become easy and best solution for easy access to quality free books and Notes, You can download any subject ebook form this platform. Bookboon database includes student textbooks include economics, engineering, natural sciences and IT and professional eBooks focus on personal development, marketing, management, and computer software skills.
Bookboon Premium was launched at the end of 2014 for the best corporate library, an internal learning solution for companies. Bookboon also offers a selection of 700 eBooks for business professionals that can be purchased directly or accessed via Bookboon Premium.
Students looking for free textbooks or passionate readers in search of good reads can visit this website to fulfill this purpose. Here is a list of genres of free textbooks that are made available on the website for its prospective visitors. Take a look:
Career and Study Advice
Marketing and Law
Strategy and Management
Statistics and Mathematics
Apart from exploring each of the aforementioned distinguished categories, one can find and read books, listed under segments like Editors’ picks, New Titles. Most Popular e-Books and Highest Rated.
iBooks is an e-book application by Apple Inc for its iOS and macOS operating systems and devices. It was conjunct with the iPad on 2010 and was released for the iPhone and iPod Touch in mid-2010, as part of the iOS 4 update.
Initially, iBooks was not pre-loaded onto iOS devices, but users could install it free of charge from the iTunes app Store With the release of iOS 8, it became an integrated app.
It primarily receives EPUB content from the iBooks Store, but users can also add their own EPUB and PDF files. Additionally, the files can be downloaded to iBooks through Safari or Apple Mail.
It is also capable of displaying e-books that incorporate multimedia. According to product information as of March 2010, iBooks will be able to "read the contents of any page using VoiceOver.
An archive is a huge database of EBooks, software’s, Journals, free Books, free text, Free Thesis, and Dissertations. Archives contain primary source documents that have accumulated over the course of an individual or organization's lifetime and are kept to show the function of that person or organization.
In 2018 Archive consist of 20 Million Journals and thesis, over 2 Million free eBooks, and 100,000 free software that is directly downloaded from this platform.
ScienceDirect is one of the best Journals Publication and Books Publication website for scientific and medical research. Which provides subscription-based access to a large database of Journals and papers? In 2018 It hosts over 20 million pieces of Documents from 3,675 academic journals and 37,890 e-books.
The journals are grouped into four main sections: Physical Sciences and Engineering, Life Sciences, Health Sciences, and Social Sciences and Humanities. Article abstracts are freely available, but access to their full texts in Form Of PDF generally require a subscription or pay-per-view purchase.
Project Gutenberg Choose from a collection of more than 57,000 books
Project Gutenberg is one resourceful and well-organized website for free e-book readers. It has been clearly stated in the site that there is no requirement for paying anything extra or a registration fee for instance.
However, they have a literary archive foundation in the name of Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. You may donate to the charitable organization, registered under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code.
Talking of the books and what amazing works this particular site has got in store for its visitors, it is to be mentioned that the portal offers a wide and resourceful collection of the following genres and sub-categories:
Medieval Town Series
Crafts and more
Apart from each of the aforementioned categories, the Gutenberg Project offers books on different languages, including Afrikaans, Arabic, Breton, Czech, Chinese, French, German, Latin, Spanish and more.
If we are to talk about other special categories that the visitors will get to avail and enjoy, then computer-generated Audio Books, science fictions, and recorded music certainly get a special mention.
Project Gutenberg is Digital archive used for creation and distribution of eBooks. It was founded in 1971 by Michael S. Hart and is the oldest digital library. Most of the items in its collection are the full texts of public domain books. The main aim of this project is to provide free data as possible, open formats that can be used on almost any computer.
In 2018, Project Gutenberg Consist of 90,000 documents and eBooks in its collection. All the documents and eBooks are available in HTML, PDF. Most releases are in the English language, but many non-English works are also available.
There are multiple affiliated projects that are providing additional content, including regional and language-specific works. Project Gutenberg is also provided affiliated programs for Proofreaders for proofreading books and documents.
Kindle Store is one of the largest online e-book e-commerce stores that run by Amazon as part of its retail website and can be accessed from any Amazon Kindle or Kindle mobile app.
In July 2018, there were over 7.9 million titles available at the U.S. store is purchased online and downloaded using either Wi-Fi or Amazon's 3G Whispernet to bring the content to the user's device. One of the innovations Amazon brought to the store was one-click purchasing that allowed users to quickly purchase an e-book.
The Lending Library was added in November 2011 for users with Kindle e-readers that had an Amazon Prime membership. In July 2014, Amazon added the Kindle Unlimited subscription service that offered unlimited access to over 744,000 titles and over 9,000 audiobooks for a $9.99 monthly fee.
As of June 2018, there were over 2 million titles of ebooks available on Kindle. In October 2016 it adds Prime Reading for the Amazon Prime members to read as much material form 2,000 free e-books, magazines, comic books, children's books, and more for no additional fee.
Adobe Digital Editions
Adobe Digital Editions is an e-book reader software program application from Adobe. It’s miles used for obtaining, managing, and analyzing eBooks, digital newspapers, and other virtual guides like Journals and Publications.
It Supports PDF, XHTML and Flash-based content. It implements a proprietary scheme of Digital Rights Management which, because the model 1.5 release in May 2008, permits document sharing among a couple of devices and person authentication through an Adobe identity.
ADE is a successor to Adobe eBook Reader. Adobe Digital Editions uses the proprietary ADEPT (Adobe Digital Experience Protection Technology) digital Rights control scheme, which is likewise applied on some e-book readers, consisting of iPads and plenty of Android devices, however now not Kindles.
The software program locks content material to up to 6 machines and permits the user to view the content material on each of them. Barnes & Noble (B&N) eBooks are included with a variant of ADEPT.
While viewing an eBook, Adobe virtual variants by way of default shops the eBook regionally as PDF documents on windows machines. These documents may be copied and handled like different documents, but they cannot be opened except with Adobe virtual variations.
NPTEL is an initiative with the aid of seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for growing direction contents in engineering and technology.
NPTEL as a mission originated from many deliberations between IITs, Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and Carnegie Mellon college (CMU) during the years 1999-2003.
A suggestion turned into together put forward by using 5 IITs (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, and Madras) and IISc for creating contents for a hundred courses as web primarily based supplements and a hundred entire video publications, for forty hours of the period in line with the path.
Contents for the above publications were based on the model curriculum counseled via All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and the syllabi of predominant affiliating Universities in India.
Scholarpedia is an English-language online wiki-based encyclopedia with features normally associated with, open-access online academic journals which ambitions to have very Decent quality content. Scholarpedia articles are written through invited professional authors and are subject to look assessment.
Scholarpedia lists the real names and affiliations of all authors, curators, and editors involved in an editorial: but, the peer evaluates technique is nameless. Scholarpedia articles are saved in a web repository and can be noted as traditional journal articles. Scholarpedia's quotation machine consists of assist for revision numbers.
It was created in February 2006 by Eugene M. Izhikevich, whilst he was a researcher at the Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California. He is also current encyclopedia's editor-in-chief.
Web of Science
Web of Science is an online subscription-based scientific citation indexing service that was created by Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) that provides a most comprehensive citation search.
It gives access to multiple databases that reference cross-disciplinary research, which allows for in-depth exploration of specialized sub-fields within an academic or scientific discipline.
Web of Science is a research tool that enables the user to acquire, analyze, and disseminate database information because of the creation of a common vocabulary, called ontology.
Scopus is Elsevier’s citation database that was launched in 2004. In 2009, the Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB) were developing a system of evaluation and validation of peer-reviewed journals in Scopus.
Scopus covers nearly 37,578 titles from approximately 11,700 publishers, of which 34,564 are peer-reviewed it covers three types of sources: Books, Journals, and Trade Journals. All journals covered in the Scopus database, regardless of who they are published under, are reviewed each year to ensure high-quality standards are maintained.
What is Google Scholar
“Stand on the shoulders of giants” is the text that appears below the search field on the home page of Google Scholar. (http://scholar.google.com) Where most Google searches focus on finding web-based content regardless of the source, Google Scholar takes a significantly different approach and mainly deals with “scholarly” and other reviewed content, such as journal articles, dissertations, book publications, and other professional articles.
If you’re looking for more “traditional” research sources or if a teacher insists that sources cited “may not be just another website,” this is the source for you.
One note before we get started: Google Scholar does allow you to cross-search both scholarly content and patents. Since Google has a separate patent search interface.
As soon as you open the Google Scholar search page (http://scholar.google.com) you’ll notice that there’s a bit more on the screen than on most of the other Google Search pages.
Up at the top right are links to My Citations (not covered in this book), Metrics, Alerts and Settings. We cover the latter three later in this blog. Below the search box, there are options to search Articles and/or patents (both selected by default) or Legal Documents.
To perform a basic search, enter your keywords in the search box, select whether you wish to search Articles or Legal Documents, and click the blue button with the magnifying glass. When we get to the results screen later in this blog, we’ll discuss how exactly what you’re searching differs between Articles and Legal Documents.
Similar to what is available on Google News, the advanced Scholar search has been integrated into the basic search interface instead of being presented on a page of its own.
To find the advanced search features, click on the down-pointing triangle in the far right of the search box. This will bring up the advanced search options immediately below the search box.
As with most other advanced searches in Google, you’re first presented with the standard advanced options: with all of the words, with the exact phrase, with at least one of the words, and without the words.
Next, you’ll see the Google Scholar–specific options:
• Where my words occur
Here you can choose to limit your keywords to appearing “anywhere in the article” (default) or only “in the title of the article.”
• Return articles by
Enter names here to specify that they must appear somewhere in the author field. Use quotes to tie together first and last names (example: “Michael sauers”) or just enter multiple names to have them all be searched for (example: burns saucers).
It is not recommended that you search in the last name, first name format, as most authors will not be listed that way.
• Return articles in entering the name of the publication you’re looking for here. This especially works well when searching for articles. Example: nature
• Return articles dated between Use these two fields to specify a starting and/or ending date range for your search. Only years are accepted here. Example: 1990–1999 Once you have filled in the appropriate fields, click the blue search button to initiate your search.
Once you have done a search, you can easily switch between the results of an article search or a legal document search through links in the Scholar toolbelt. The contents of the toolbelt will differ depending on the type of search results you are viewing.
However, the presentation of the search results is generally the same between the two types of results. We cover the similar information in this section and the differences in the next.
• The title of the article: This is the title of the article or legal document that is hyperlinked to the article’s web page from the source listed below. If an online version is not available, the title will not be hyperlinked.
Jobs possibly preceded by [CITATION] [BOOK] [HTML] [PDF] However, if the title is preceded by [CITATION] then the hyperlink goes only to a citation (and abstract if available) and not the article itself. Links off to the right.
• Author(s): The names of all authors associated with the article or legal document as they are listed on the article (e.g. some may have a full name, while others may have just a first initial and the last name).
• Publication and publication year: The year in which the article or legal document was published is almost always included. When available, the year is preceded by the name of the original journal in which the article or legal document was published.
• Source: The source is the domain name or publication name for the version of the article or legal document being linked to. In the case that Google may have additional sources for the result, those can be found via the Other Versions link, described below.
• Snippet: A brief excerpt of the article or legal document appears, typically three lines long, with the search keyword(s) highlighted.
• Cited by: Here you will see the number of other articles or legal documents that Google Scholar is aware of that cite this result. Clicking on this hyperlink will display a new page of results listing the articles that cite the initial result.
• Related Articles: Clicking this link presents you with a new page of results of articles related to the topic on the initial result.
• Cached version (this link does not appear for Legal Document results)
If Google has a cached version of the article, clicking this link will display that version. This is useful for instances when the hyperlink on the title no longer works or is no longer available.
• Library Search (this link does not appear for Legal Document results) Clicking this link will perform a The World's Largest Library Catalog search for the article in question.
• Versions: In many cases, article or legal documents may be published in multiple locations or be presented online in multiple versions such as an HTML page, a PDF, and a citation. To see all the versions that Google has indexed of a particular result, click this link.
There are also three gray buttons that you may find above and to the right of the search results. They are “My Citations,” “Create an email alert,” and “Settings.”
Scholar Toolbelt: As we mentioned earlier in this blog, the Scholar toolbelt is where you find the main differences between article searches and legal document searches. In this section, we take on each one of these separately.
Articles Toolbelt: When you do an article search in Google Scholar, the results page will present you with what is probably the smallest of all the Google toolbelts. Here you only have a few options to choose from:
• Search type: Here you can switch your search results from Articles to Legal Documents without having to re-enter your search terms.
Here you have five options: Any time (default), Since 2013, Since 2012, Since 2009, and Custom range . . . When it comes to the pre-listed years, come 2014 each of those years will increment accordingly.
Clicking “Custom range . . .” will display two additional fields allowing you to specify a start and/or end year to limit your results.
•Include: Here you can check or uncheck, as appropriate, the inclusion of patents or citations in your search results.
Legal Documents Toolbelt: When it comes to your toolbelt options for Legal Documents, the list is just as short but no less useful.
•Search type: Here you can switch your search results from Legal Documents to Articles without having to re-enter your search terms.
By default, here you’ll have the option to limit results to the Federal courts and the State court for which Google believes is currently relevant to you. Since we’re in Nebraska, we’re shown a limiter for Nebraska courts. Below that is a “Select courts” button, which when clicked will take you to the court selection page.
Here you can check or uncheck, as needed, which court’s documents you wish to have appeared in your results. If you need to uncheck whole groups, be aware of the “Select all” and “Clear selections” at the top of the page.
Also, try unchecking one of the options for a state and watch what happens to the checkboxes for the individual courts within that state.
When you’re finished, click the “Done” button to return to your results. Clicking “Cancel” will return you to your results without applying any court selection changes.
Here you have five options: Any time (default), Since 2012, Since 2011, Since 2008, and Custom range . . . When it comes to the pre-listed years, we assume that come 2013 each of those years will increment accordingly. Clicking “Custom range . . .” will display two additional fields, allowing you to specify a start and/or end year to limit your results.
• Include citations
Here you can check or uncheck this option, as appropriate, to show or not show citation results.
Additional Google Scholar Features
Lastly, there are a few additional links at the top of the Google Scholar home page that need to be discussed. They are My Citations, Metrics, Alerts, and Settings.
As we mentioned at the beginning of this blog, the My Citations feature of Google Scholar allows authors of content that is searched by Google Scholar to track that content. However, since this feature is a bit beyond the scope of this book, we won’t be covering this feature any further other than to include an example.
To best describe what Scholar Metrics is, we’re going to quote Google’s description of this service. Google Scholar Metrics provide an easy way for authors to quickly gauge the visibility and influence of recent articles in scholarly publications.
While most researchers are familiar with the well-established journals in their field, that is often not the case with newer publications or publications in related fields—there’re simply too many of them to keep track of! Scholar Metrics summarize recent citations to many publications, to help authors as they consider where to publish their new research.
To get started, you can browse the top 100 publications in several languages, ordered by their five-year h-index and h-median metrics. You can also search for publications by their titles, and then compare the publications that are of interest to you.
Finally, if you wish to see which articles in a publication were cited the most and who cited them, click on its h-index number to view the articles as well as the citations underlying the metrics.
For more details on just what is included in Scholar Metrics and how they’re calculated, please refer to the Scholar Metrics help page via the “Learn more” link at the top of the page.
Via both this link on the Google Scholar homepage and “Create an email alert” links on search results pages, you can quickly and easily create searches for which you are automatically notified of new results.
Taking advantage of this feature allows you to set up a search you would normally do on a regular basis and then just sit back and wait for the new results to be sent to you. (Logging in to a Google account is required for Alerts to work.)
The version of alerts that are created here are similar to, and somewhat less customizable than those available via the full Google Alerts system.
Settings: Google Scholar’s settings are broken down into three sections/screens. They are “Search results,” “Languages,” and “Library links.” Let’s take a look at what’s available in each one.
Search Results: In this section, you can control what you’re searching for and how those results are displayed. The options are:
• Collections: These are the same options that are available beneath the search box on the Google Scholar home page. By changing your options regarding search articles, patents, and legal documents, you change the default setting on the search home page.
• Results per page
Here you can change the number of search results returned per page to 10 (default), 20, 30, 50 or 100. Please note that Google does state “Google’s default (10 results) provides the fastest results.”
• Where results open
By default, clicking on a search result opens the article or document in the same window. Checking this option causes articles and documents to be opened in a new window instead. However, depending on your browser settings, links may open in a new tab instead of a new window.
• Bibliography manager
There’s a good chance that those doing regular scholarly research are using some sort of citation management software for organizing their research. If you’re one of those individuals, this feature is for you.
By default, Google Scholar does not provide links for automatically down-loading citations into citation management software; however, here you can choose the “Show links to import citations into” option and then choose BibTeX, EndNote, RefMan, or RefWorks (the four supported programs at the time of this writing).
Once you’ve done this, you’ll see an additional link at the end of each search result that, when clicked, will initiate an import of that citation into your selected program.
Languages: In this section, you control the language options of Google Scholar. They are:
• For Google text
This setting allows you to choose from forty different languages for displaying Google “tips and messages.” In other words, here you are changing the language used by Google to display Google Scholar’s interface. This does not affect the search results. That’s the next set.
• For search results
By default, Google Scholar searches for content in any language. However, if you are looking for results in one or more specific languages (from the 13 provided here), you can check any and all as appropriate.
For example, if you’re fluent in both English and German but not French or Chinese, you may wish to check the English and German options and leave the rest unchecked.
Lastly, in this section, you can give Google Scholar the ability to search World-Cat, as we’ve previously described, but also the contents of other libraries that participate in the “Library Links” program. Again, in this case, it is best to quote from Google’s own description of this feature.
For libraries that make their resources available via a link resolver, we are now offering the option to include a link for their patrons to these resources as a part of the Google Scholar search results.
How does it work?
On-campus users at participating schools will see additional links in Google Scholar search results which facilitate access to their library’s resources. These links lead to the library’s servers which, in turn, direct them to the full-text of the article.
Since we can’t assume that most of our readers are at one of the participating libraries or have the skills to set up a link resolver as needed to allow their library to participate, we’ll not be going into any additional detail about this feature here.
One last note: on each of the setting screens there is a “Save” button. Be sure to save your preferences before you leave the screen or else they will not keep.
Also, Google Scholar settings rely on cookies being enabled in your browser in order for your settings to be stored. So, if you find that setting changes are not being kept, check your browser’s cookie settings.
According to Dictionary.com - The world’s favorite online dictionary!, a patent is “the exclusive right granted by a government to an inventor to manufacture, use, or sell an invention for a certain number of years.” Since it is a right granted by the government, all records relating to patent applications and issuances are a matter of public record.
The US Patent and Trademark office does offer a way to search these documents (Search for patents), but to many, it is considered much harder to use and offers fewer options for searching when compared to the patent search system offered by Google.
Before we get into how to search patents via Google, both of us feel that we must stress to you that we have discovered that patent research is a very specific skill that takes a lot of experience to master— an experience that neither of us has.
As a result, we’d like to point out that that the skills you’ll learn from this blog are designed for librarians that do not need to do this on a regular basis or are just looking for some basic information.
If you have a patron looking for someone to do extensive patent research in preparation for a patent filing, we highly suggest you point them in the direction of a professional such as a patent attorney.
Google’s patent search can be accessed by going to Google Patents. As with most other Google search interfaces, you’ll be presented with the basic search interface. Enter your keywords and choose either the “Google Search” or “I’m Feeling Lucky” buttons.
Unfortunately, there is no link to the advanced patent search on the basic search screen. However, there are two ways to still access it. The first is to perform a basic search and on the results page, scroll to the bottom and click the “Advanced Search” link there.
If you do it this way, you will be presented with the advanced patent search interface with the keywords from your basic search already filled in.
The other option is to enter the URL directly: Google advanced_patent_search. If you access it this way.
At the top of the advanced search form, you will see the standard set of “Find results” options.
With all of the words
With the exact phrase
With at least one of the words
Without the words
Results per page
After the standard options, you’ll be presented with the patent specific options. They are:
• Patent number: If you have a specific patent number you wish to find, enter it here. Example: D483817
• Title: If you know the specific title of a patent, or you just wish to search for patents in which a certain keyword appears in the title, enter it here. Example: techniques for displaying emails listed in an email inbox
• Inventor: If you are searching for patents by a certain individual you may enter it here. You may include the first name, last name, or both. Example: Linus Torvalds
• Original Assignee
Patents created by one person or group of people may be assigned to another, such as their employer for example. To find patents that were originally assigned to an individual or company, enter that name here. You may include the first name, last name, or both. Example: Microsoft
• Current U.S. classification
US patents are each classified under one or more categories for organizational purposes. The number of classifications is too many to be listed here. A full list can be found at http://www.uspto.gov/web/ patents/classification/uspcindex/indext To search for patents in one or more classifications, enter a comma-delimited list in this field.
• International classification
Similar to the US classification system, there is also an international classification system. To search for patents in one or more classifications, enter a comma-delimited list in this field.
• Patent type/status
When it comes to patent type, most US patents are “Utility” patents. Patents of other types, such as design and plant patents, have letters designating their type preceding their patent numbers.
More details on patent types can be found at Full-Text Database Help contents.htm. Because Google infers the patent type from the grant number, they only search granted patents when you specify a type.
For status, Google indexes both patent applications and granted patents. Here you have the option to limit your search to the following types and statuses: Any type/status (default), Applications, Issued patents, Utility, Design (DD), Plant (P), Defensive publication (T), Additional Improvements (AI), and Statutory invention registration (H).
• Date: Here you may restrict your results to patents from any time (default), or a date range specified by year and month.
• Restrict date by If you do limit your results by date, you should then specify whether you wish that date to indicate the filing date of the patent (default) or the issue date.
As with the other Google search interfaces, each of the above-listed limiting fields have a matching “command line” search that you can use to initiate such a search from the search box.
For example, entering D483817 into the patent number field is the same as typing patent: D483817 into the search box. The best way to find all the command-line options is to perform some sample advanced searches and note what appears in the search box on the results screen.
In order to demonstrate the results of a patent search and to show you the items available in the patent search results options and tools, we’ll be using a very simple yet broad search that gives us a good number of interesting results to manipulate.
For each result presented you’ll be shown the following information:
The title of the patent, which is a hyperlink to the “About This Patent” page
An associated image of the first page of the patent, which is also hyperlinked to the “About This Patent” page
The URL of the full record.
The US Patent Number
Filing date and/or issuing date as appropriate
The assignee name
A “patent snippet” to give some context to the result
Links to the patent’s Overview, a Related link to the Prior Art Finder, and a Discuss link to the Ask Patents website
About This Patent
As interesting as patent number 296829, issued in 1884, maybe, we’re going to go ahead and look at the About This Patent page for patent number D278433 from 1982, as this patent has more information available and is, therefore, a better example to work with.
To get to the About This Patent page, click on either the image or title of the patent on the results page. which shows the patent overview.
As with most other Google pages, you’ll first have the black Google toolbar across the top of the screen, followed by the gray search bar. Below that you’re reminded that you are currently working with “Patents” off to the left, and off to the right you’ll see buttons to “Find prior art,” “Discuss this patent.” “View PDF” and “Download PDF.” Lastly, the gear icon will give you access to the Advanced Patent Search and your Web History if you’re logged into Google.
Another important feature of this page is the search box on the left. Entering keywords here allows you to perform a search of the text of this patent. Again, notice that the display of these results is similar to that in Google Books.
Prior Art Finder
Patents are typically granted only if the invention is new, meaning no one else has come up with the same idea and patented it themselves. To prove this, applicants must search previous patents and include the results in their own patent application. With the Prior Art Finder, Google has made this much easier for applicants and researchers.
When you click the “Find prior art” button, Google pulls terms from the patent document you are viewing and automatically runs a new search. The results are pulled from Google Patents, Google Scholar, Google Books, and the web in general.
It defaults to showing you the Top 10 results, but you can choose to limit the list to results from each of the sources, using the buttons above the results. From the “People” button, you can search by the inventor. Using the green “Export” button, the results can also be exported to a spreadsheet file.
On the left side of the screen, there is an additional search box to add more terms to narrow your prior art results. In the Custom Date Range field, the end date automatically defaults to the date of the original patent filing.
You can change this if you like and add a Start date. On the right is basic information about the original patent, with a link back to it and a button to “Discuss this patent,”
Ask Patents Website
Clicking on the “Discuss this patent” button will bring you to the Ask Patents website. Ask Patents is part of the Stack Exchange group of question-and-answer sites.
These are sites on specific topics where one can publicly ask questions and other people can answer them. Through this collaborative process, Ask Patents is attempting to create databases of information that people really want and need.
You can ask a question about this patent or see what questions others have asked. It’s a good place to learn more about the patent process and how others are using it.
Read the Patent
Clicking “View PDF” will open a PDF with the complete text of the patent displayed. While viewing the PDF, above the document you’ll find buttons to zoom in and out, view single or multiple pages, view full screen, search the document, Download the original, add to Google Drive or Print the PDF.
For easy saving, printing, and offline reading, click the “Download PDF” button to download a PDF file of the patent.
Each patent generally has five different views: Overview (default), Abstract, Drawings, Descriptions, and Claims. Each of these are parts of the document filed with the patent office.
Depending on the length of the patent, there may be more or less of each of these areas. Clicking on any of the views (other than Overview) will open the patent in a new frame, presenting that section of the patent at the top of the screen.
Above the document you’ll find buttons to zoom in and out, view single or multiple pages, view full screen, highlight and share a clip, and get a URL for this patent to share with others.
Because our current example is a patent of only a few pages in length, clicking on each of these options will not present substantially different results.
Along with these links on the left are the title and author of the patent, an image of the first page of the patent, a Google+ button, a “Search within this patent” field and “Go” button, the patent number, filing date, and issue date (as appropriate).
The majority of this page contains an overview of the patent as a whole. Here you will find the name(s) of the inventor(s), the original assignee, the name of the primary examiner, and the current US classification(s) of the patent—each of which include hyperlinks to searches for those names and numbers in their relevant fields.
Also, not all of this information may appear on each patent overview. If the information is not available, it will not be displayed.
Next, you’ll find links to “View patent at USPTO,” website to see the information at the patent office and to “Search USPTO Assignment Database” to see if this patent has been assigned to someone else.
Below this, you’ll find both citations and references as available. In our current example, the patent cites six other patents. For each, there is the Cited
Patent’s number (hyperlinked to that patent), Filing Date, Issue Date, Original Assignee, and Title. Similarly, nine other patents reference this patent and are listed next with the same information and hyperlinks as the cited patents. If there are no other patents that either cite or are cited by the current pat-ent, no information will appear in the patent’s overview.
Next, you’re presented with the Claims of the patent. Typically these are very brief but in some cases can be much longer. If you’re looking for a brief summary of the patent, this is the place to look.
Lastly, thumbnail versions of any and all drawings associated with the patent are displayed. Each of these is hyperlinked to the matching page in the patent and will be displayed in the reading view.
Patent Search Results Options and Tools
As with all Google search types, you can further refine your search using the filtering options in the panel above your search results.. If you would like to expand your search to other types of content besides Patents, you can switch to see results such as Images or News. To see all types of content, choose “Web.”
Click “Search tools” for the patient-specific filters. The following pull-down menus will appear below the content options:
• Which date
Here you can choose to show results from “Any date” (default), “Restrict by filing date” or “Restrict by publication date.” These options make the most sense if you have previously limited your search results by date via the advanced search and now wish to change those results.
• Patent office
Google offers results from “Any Patent Office,” date (default), the United States Patent and Trademark Office, or the European Patent Office.
• Filing status
By default, you will receive results in the category of “Any filing status,” meaning you can see patents that are both applications and issued patents. Here you can choose to limit your results to just “Applications” or “Issued patents.”
• Patent type
As previously discussed in the advanced search section, patents come in different types. Here you can limit your results to Any patent type (default), Utility, Design, Plant, Defensive Publication, Additional Improvement, or Statutory Invention Registration.
You can choose to re-sort your results by relevance (default), filing date: latest, or filing date: oldest. Finally, you can choose to “Clear,” which returns all limits and sorts back to their default settings and redisplays your results.
USPTO Bulk Downloads
Lastly, if you’re someone looking for the ability to download the whole lot all at once and search for it via other means, Google does give you that ability. Just head over to USPTO Bulk Downloads for links to bulk downloads of both US Patents and US Trademark filings. At the time of this writing, the following patent files were available for bulk download:
• Patent Grants
Jobs Patent Grant Multi-Page Images (1790–present)
Jobs Patent Grant Full Text with Embedded Images (2001–present)
Jobs Patent Grant Full Text (1976–present)
Jobs Patent Grant Bibliographic Data (1976–present)
Jobs Patent Grant OCR Text (1920–1979)
Jobs Patent Grant Single-Page Images (Oct 2010–present)
• Patent Application Publications
Jobs PAIR (Patent Application Information Retrieval) Data
Jobs Patent Application Publication Multi-Page Images (2001–present)
Jobs Patent Application Publication Full Text with Embedded Images (2001–present)
Jobs Patent Application Publication Full Text (2001–present) Jobs Patent Application Publication Bibliographic Data (2001–present)
Jobs Patent Application Single-Page Images (Oct 2010–present)
• Additional Patent Data
Jobs Patent Assignment Text (1980–present)
Jobs Patent Maintenance Fee Events (1981–present)
Jobs Patent Classification Information (current)
Jobs Patent IFW Petition Decisions
Using web-based tools to search for print materials is now considered commonplace. However, when it comes to searching for content within the print material, many of us are still not all that comfortable. Granted, librarians constantly use online databases that contain digital versions of existing print content, but this isn’t exactly what we mean.
What we’re talking about is the ability to do full-text searches of traditionally print-only books, to find particular words or phrases within a book, so that once you’ve confirmed that the book has what you’re looking for, you can find the physical book in your collection or from another source.
Think of it as an online full-text index that goes well beyond the one found in the back of the book itself. This is the essence of Google Books.
Google is currently indexing books that are both in the public domain and copyrighted works. Ian-copyright works are sourced both from publishers from whom Google has permission—Google’s Partner Program (Books Publish your book on Google Play today) and from the collections of nearly 20 libraries around the world, Google’s Library Project (http://books.google.com/googlebooks/ partners.html).
Books may be searched for from within the standard simple Google search interface. You can also browse for books by subject and genre via the Google Book Search homepage at Google Books. As in the rest of this book, we focus on searching as opposed to browsing.
The book search is located on the Google Books Search home page, under “Researching a topic?” In this case, just type in the key-word(s) you’re searching for (title, author, subject, etc.) and click the “Search Books” button. This interface supports all the same functionality as the search box for Google’s web search.
As with most other Google search services, there is an advanced search option. However, finding it is a bit difficult, as a link to it is presented to you only at the bottom of a results page.
Otherwise, you can access it directly via the URL Advanced Book Search. With the advanced book search interface you will be presented with the following options for searching: find results (with four sub-options), search, language, title, author, publisher, subject, publication date, ISBN, and ISSN.
The “Find results” area allows you to build a Boolean-based query without knowing the specifics of Boolean operators.
• With all the words: Any keywords entered into this field will be present in the search results (Boolean AND).
• With the exact phrase: Multiple words entered into this field will be treated as a phrase (as if enclosed in quotation marks).
• With at least one of the words: At least one of the words entered into this field must be present in the search results (Boolean OR).
• Without the words: Results will not include any of the words entered into this field (Boolean NOT). Additionally, you can specify 10, 20, 30, 50, or 100 results per page in this area.
You can specify whether you wish to search “all books” in the collection, only books with a “Limited preview and full view” or “Full view only” results in display, or “Google eBooks only”.
Which actually performs a search of only books available for purchase (or completely available for free) from the commercial side of Google Books. We generally recommend that you keep your searches to all books to retrieve the most results.
• Content: Here you can limit your search to “All content,” “Books,” or “Magazines.”
Google allows you to limit your results to one of more than 40 different languages, ranging from Arabic to Vietnamese. Of course, the number of results will vary; be sure to search for keywords in the appropriate language. Chances are, searching for English keywords within Arabic texts will not retrieve many results regardless of the size of the Arabic collection.
• Title: Keywords entered here will appear within the title of the search results.
• Author: Keywords entered here will appear in the author name of the search results. Single names (Jobs), first last (dean Jobs), last first (Jobs, dean), and phrases (“dean Jobs”) are all accepted but may yield different results. For example, a search for Jobs will retrieve the authors
Dean Jobs, Linda D. Jobs, and Louis Knott Jobs. Searches for “dean Jobs” and Jobs, the dean will retrieve only Dean Jobs, while searches for dean Jobs will retrieve Dean Jobs, Dean R. Jobs, and Dean Ray Jobs (who are all the same person). This last search retrieves the most results due to the different listings of his name over his publishing career.
You can limit the search results by entering the name of a publisher in this field. We recommend using quotation marks on multiword publisher names (“cemetery dance” vs. cemetery dance) for a higher degree of accuracy.
This field searches the subject headings associated with each book. The source of these subjects is unspecified within the Google system, so we suggest you keep this type of search limited until you become more familiar with the results. This field can also be considered a genre search when searching for fiction.
• Publication date
Here you can choose between “Return content published anytime” and “Return content published between.” If you choose the latter you can then fill in either or both start and end date range information. Filling in both allows you to limit your results to books published within that inclusive date range. In other words, “Return books published between
Jan 2005 and Dec 2007” will return results published in 2005, 2006, and 2007. It is also important to note that this is the publication date, not the copyright date; if a book was first published in 1969 but was reprinted in 2006, the previously described search will return it as a result.
If you’ve got an ISBN and want to see if the book is in the system, just enter it here. Since ISBN uniquely identify a particular edition of a title, you should receive only a single result.
As with ISBN, you can specify an ISSN if you’re searching for a periodical. We stick with books for the examples in this blog. Once you’ve filled in the appropriate fields, click the “Google Search” button to perform your search and retrieve the results.
Book Search Results
Say you’re looking for some information about Alexander Hamilton. (We’ll worry about what you’re looking for specifically a little later.) Let’s perform a simple search for Alexander Hamilton to see what results in we find.
The Google Books search results page is arranged like most of the other search results pages. The search box, with your search terms included, is at the top, along with links related to Google accounts and Google+ services. Just below this, the links to other types of searches are presented, followed by the Search tools link, which provides more search limiters.
Next, you will find the number of results and the length of time it took Google to perform the search—and all the way to the right is the gear icon to access your general search settings, web history, and search help.
If there are any Ads or Sponsored links, they will appear either at the top of your results and/or off to the right. At the bottom of the page are the standard next/previous page of results links and some suggested searches related to your search term(s).
Next, we come to the individual search results themselves. In most cases, either the cover or first page of the book will be displayed to the left of the record. The text portion of the record will start with the title of the book.
Clicking on either the image or the title will take you to either the preview of the book (if available) or the “About this book” page.
The next line contains the name of the author (hyperlinked for an author search), the publication year, number of pages, and preview link if available. This is then followed by a brief two- to three-line description or excerpt from the book.
With newer books, this is typically taken from the dust jacket copy. Please note that not all of this information will be available for all records. The final line of a result provides us with a “More editions” link (if available), and an “Add to my library” link, which we discuss further later in this blog.
The “More editions” link will take you to a page that presents you with other editions of the same title. For example, you might receive listings for hardcover and paperback editions of the same title.
More historical items might provide you with listings for editions from many different publishers, containing not only the same basic text but also additional writings by the same author and/or forewords or afterward by other authors.
The Book Search Results Options and Tools
As with most other Google search results screens, you have access to context-sensitive filtering options in the panel above your search results. If you would like to expand your search to other types of content besides Books, you can switch to see results such as Images or News. To see all types of content, choose “Web.”
Click “Search tools” for the book-specific filters. The following pull-down menus will appear below the content options.
The first section limits the source of content returned.
Any books: This default option shows you all results.
Preview available: Limits your results to only books with available preview content.
Google eBooks: Limits your results to only content available through the commercial side of Google Books (pay or free).
Free Google eBooks: Limits your results to only books available for free through the commercial side of Google Books.
The next section limits the type of content returned.
Any document: Returns both books and magazines (default).
Books: Returns only books.
Magazines: Returns only magazines.
The next section allows you to limit your results by date.
Returns result from any time period (default).
21st century: Returns only result from the 21st century.
20th century: Returns only result from the 20th century.
19th-century Returns only result from the 19th century.
Custom range . . .
Allows you to enter a start and/or end date range for your results. As with this option in the advanced search, the dates given are inclusive. The one benefit of doing it here is that you can specify to the day, unlike only month and year in the advanced search interface. Lastly, you can choose from the following two sorting options:
• Sorted by relevance Displays results as determined by Google’s relevancy ranking algorithm (default).
• Sorted by date Sorts the results by publication date in reverse chronological order (newest first).
Selecting a particular book will take you to the book’s page. What information is provided here, and how much of the actual content of the book is shown, depends on such factors as the age of the book, the copyright status of the book, and the availability of the book for purchase through the commercial side of Google Books.
For the rest of this blog, we use Pops: A Life of Louis Armstrong by Terry Teachout as our example. This book is not available as full text but does have some preview content.
It is also available for purchase through Google Books. A lot of information is presented in this example, and with the web’s hyper-linking technology, what you find here is just a starting point to much more.
Let’s take a moment to walk through all the information provided.
Across the top of the page, you’ll see the standard black Google toolbar with the search bar just below it. Just above the book itself, you will find “Front Cover” with two blue arrow buttons.
These buttons can be used to go to the next and previous available page in the book. The pages that are available are determined by the Preview version of the book, which is covered later in this blog.
In the cream bar below that, you have <Previous and Next> links, which will bring you through the instances of your search term(s) in the book text. “View all” will bring up the parts of every page where your search term(s) appear. “Clear search X” will close the cream bar. Clicking on either of the blue arrow buttons will bring the cream bar back.
To the left of the book you’ll find (as available) a link to purchase the book electronically from Google Books, a link to “Get this book in print,” which will link to various online bookstores and WorldCat to find the book in a library, a thumbnail of the cover along with a “Google+ +1” button, a five-star rating system, and links to online reviews and to write a review yourself.
Below this, you’ll find the title and the author of the current book and a search box that allows you to search the content of this book.
You then have a series of links for “About this book,” “My Library,” “My History,” and “Books on Google Play.” Lastly, you have a link to the Google Books Terms of Service, and copyright information about the book as it relates to Google Books.
• General information: Here you will find an image of the book’s cover or first page, along with the title, author, publication year, publisher, subject (search hyperlinked), page count, and descriptive text. If the book has content available for review, a link to “Preview this book” appears beneath the description.
• Search inside: At first, this section of the page contains just a search box allowing you to search the contents of the book itself. We cover content searching in depth in the next section, but it is worth mentioning here solely for how it presents the results.
• Reviews: This section presents titles, brief excerpts, sources, and links to online reviews of this book. Reviews from professional literature and major newspapers are weighted heavily here, but others are available with a little digging.
• Related books: Google offers titles for books related to the topic of the book you’re viewing. These, of course, are hyperlinked to their pages in Google Books.
• Contents: Here you will find a basic table of contents for the book with links to each of those blogs within the book when available.
• Other editions: This area lists the other editions of this book available via Google Book Search.
• Common terms and phrases
This section lists hyperlinks of terms commonly used within the text. Think of this as if the book’s index had a “most popular” category. Selecting any of these terms will perform a search for that term in the text and present the results in the previously mentioned “Search in this book” section of this page
• About the author
This section presents a brief biography of the author(s) of the book. The date associated with this biography is also presented.
• Bibliographic information
Google’s bibliographical record for a book typically contains the title, author, edition, publisher, ISBN, length, and subjects (hyperlinked for easy cross-searching). Buttons for exporting these records in BibTeX, EndNote, and RefMan formats are also made available.
Preview This Book
As with the previous section, not all the items described here will be available with all books. Before we proceed, we want to explain the three different versions of availability that Google offers: full view, limited preview, and snippet view.
Full view means that the complete contents of the book are available for reading within Google Books Search. This option is generally available only on books that are clearly out of copyright (pre-1923).
A limited preview is generally available for books that have been contributed to Google Books Search through its publisher Partner Program. In this case,
you’re able to see a limited number of complete pages from the book. In some cases, these are specific pages or a certain number of pages of your choosing. The method and number are not determined by Google and therefore vary from book to book and publisher to publisher, so more specific information is unavailable.
The snippet view is generally reserved for books that are in-copyright but have been added to the collection via Google’s Library Project and without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.
The snippet view shows only small sections of a page of text surrounding the particular terms that have been searched for. Additionally, the number of viewable snippets is limited, but that number is not explicitly stated by Google.
In some cases, a book will have no content available online at all. When looking at a search results list, books will be labeled “Read this book,” “Preview,” “Snipped view,” or “No preview” depending on the amount available.
We use books with available previews for the rest of this section since our example book is not completely available. In all these views, any of your search keywords will be highlighted in yellow.
Book Content Navigation
To access the book navigation options, first, choose “About this book” to the left of the book. Then choose “Preview this book” just below the general information about the book.
Despite the amount of actual content available, the book’s page will still generally show a good bit of detail about the boo, but the main focus is on the content of the book itself. So, in this section, we focus on the buttons above the book’s content and in the content windows itself.
Keeping in mind that the actual amount of a particular book will vary, let us now take you through the basic options of book navigation. Most of the navigation options are available in the bar near the top of the window, just above the book.
Here you’ll find buttons for zooming, expanded view, linking/embedding, Add to my library, Write a review, Contents, page forward, page back, and the Settings.
We’ll be focusing on the navigation-related buttons first and then mention the others. Additionally, you can navigate via scrolling and dragging. Let’s take a look at each of these in a little more detail.
• Scrolling and dragging
Located on the right of the screen is a scrollbar. By using this scrollbar, you can quickly scroll through the available contents of the book. Additionally, you can move your mouse pointer over the image to change it into a hand.
Clicking and holding your left mouse button will “grab” the page and allow you to move the image up, down, left, or right with your mouse. This is especially handy when you’re zoomed in on a page.
The zoom buttons are located in the navigation bar, centered over the book image. Clicking on the minus magnifying glass icon will zoom out, while the plus magnifying glass icon will zoom in.
There are a total of five zoom levels.
• Expanded view
The expanded view button removes most of the extraneous Google content from the screen and makes larger the view (single- or dual-page) that you are currently viewing. Scrolling within the book continues to work or not based on the view you’re in. To turn off expanded view, click the button again.
Clicking this button will open a small window containing the URL for linking directly to this book and the HTML necessary to embed this book into another web page. Copy the URL or HTML as needed and paste it into the appropriate location.
• Add to my library
If you are logged into a Google account, hovering over this button will present you with “My Google eBooks” and (if available) a list of your previously created “shelves” in your personalized Google library.
Otherwise, it will prompt you to log in to your Google account before you can proceed. Because this option is available only when you are logged into your Google account, it is not covered in this book.
• Write review
If you are logged into a Google account, clicking this button takes you to another page into which you can enter and save your review of this book and provide your rating on a scale of one to five stars.
If you are not logged in to a Google account, you will be prompted to log in before you can write a review. Since this option is available only when you are logged into your Google account, it is not covered in this book.
• Contents (front cover)
This button will provide (if available) a list of locations within the book that when clicked will jump you to that location. Typically these are blogs, but not always. The locations available are dependent on the source material, and not all books may have this option.
• Previous/Next page
These icons are in the shape of left- and right-pointing triangles similar to the back and forward buttons in web browsers. Click the left-pointing triangle to go to the previous page and click the right-pointing triangle to go to the next page.
Now that we’ve covered the navigation buttons, there are just a few lefts to mention:
• Clicking “Settings” (the gear icon) provides you with links to My library, Help, Advanced Book Search (covered previously), and Web History.
Searching for Book Content
Searching for keywords within the text of a book is simple and can be done from any of the “Search in this book” fields previously mentioned. For simplicity’s sake, let’s use the one from the book’s page.
Say you’re previewing the book Pops: A Life of Louis Armstrong by Terry Teachout, interested in knowing about Louis Armstrong’s thoughts on Miles Davis, and you believe that’s something that would be covered in this blog.
So let’s search in this book for Miles Davis. You’re presented with 14 results in relevance order. To switch the results to page order, click the “pages” link on the new cream-colored bar at the top of the content window.
Each result presents a link (Page ») that takes you to the complete page (if available) and a brief contextual preview of that page’s content, for some pages we’re being told “No preview available for this page. Buy this book” because this book is available only under limited preview. To view a result in context, click on the page link.
Moving to the next or previous result is done through the “< Previous” and “Next >” links in the cream-colored bar above the book’s content. A “View all” link is also available to take you back to the results list.
Lastly, off to the right is a “Clear search X” link, which will clear your results and return you to the book as you were prior to the search.
One last thing that you may not have noticed is that once you’ve searched within a book, you’ll have two additional navigation buttons above the preview. These are for Single-page and Dual-page views of the content. All of our previous examples have been in single-page mode.