Top 10 Space Research Organizations in the World 2019

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 Top Space Research Organizations in the World

 

10. Canadian Space Agency (Canada)

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CSA was formed under Canadian Space Agency Actand got Royal Ascent on 10th May, 1990. The agency is liable to report to Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development. The space programs in Canada started towards the end of World War II. Presently, Sylvain Laporte is the president of the agency since 27th February, 2015.

 

It has its headquarters in Quebec and an annual budget of $483 million. In 1962, Canada launched Alouette 1 and became the 3rd country to have artificial satellite in space. After the success of Alouette1, it initiated further research and with launch of Anik A-1, Canada became the 1st country to have its own satellite for geostationary communication. Some of its satellites include MOST, Sapphire, ISIS 1 & 2, Hermes, RADARSAT-1 etc.

 

Indian Space Research Organization (India)

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Often called as ISRO, it is a space agency of government of India and headquarters are situated in Bangalore. Formed in 1969, ISRO superseded the erstwhile Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR)established in 1962 by the efforts of independent India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and scientist Vikram Sarabhai.

 

ISRO built India's first satellite, Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975. In 1980. Mars Orbiter Mission , which successfully entered Mars orbit on 24 September 2014, making India the first nation to succeed on its first attempt, and ISRO the fourth space agency in the world as well as the first space agency in Asia to successfully reach Mars orbit.

 

On 18 June 2016 ISRO successfully set a record with a launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, one being a satellite from Google. On 15 February 2017, ISRO launched 104 satellites in a single rocket PSLV-C37 and created a world record.

 

ISRO launched its heaviest rocket, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III), on 5 June 2017 and placed a communications satellite GSAT-19 in orbit. With this launch, ISRO became capable of launching 4 ton heavy satellites.

 

China National Space Administration (China)

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The China National Space Administration (CNSA) is the national space agency of the People's Republic of China. It is responsible for the national space program and for planning and development of space activities. CNSA and China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) assumed the authority over space development efforts previously held by the Ministry of Aerospace Industry.

 

It is a subordinate agency of the State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence (SASTIND), itself a subordinate agency of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). The headquarters are in Haidian District, Beijing.

 

The agency was formed in 1993 after the Ministry of Aerospace Industry was divided into China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) and CNSA. The policies were formulated by CNSA and were executed by CASC. CNSA has 4 departments under it which include Dept. of General Planning, Department of System Engineering, Dept. of Science, Technology and Quality Control and Dept. of Foreign Affairs. Its headquarters are in Beijing and has a budget of US$500 million.

 

Italian Space Agency (Italy)

The Italian Space Agency is a government agency established in 1988 to fund, regulate and coordinate space exploration activities in Italy. Operating under the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR).

 

The major programs of the agency include Robotic Exploration, development of Launchers Observation of the Earth and Human spaceflight. it has a total of 200 workers and a budget of $1.8 billion.

 

The agency is responsible for blueprinting National Aerospace Plan and its execution. The headquarters of the agency are in Rome and 3 operational centers which are under its control. Presently, Aldo Sandulli is the present and Fabrizio Tuzi its general manager.

 

German Aerospace Center (Germany)

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Often called as DLR, The full form of DLR- Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt means “German Center for Aviation and Space Flight”. DLR was formed in 1997 after culmination of more than 6 aerospace, research and space institutes.DLR is a center for energy, transportation and aerospace research of Federal Republic of Germany.

 

The headquarters are in Cologne and has multiple locations all over Germany. The mission of the center consists of exploration of solar system and earth and aims to protect environment and develop environment friendly technologies and promote communication, security and mobility. It has several projects under national and international partnership for research and development.

 

Its past and current missions include AZUR, AEROS, Prisma, Columbus, Automated Transfer Vehicle, HELIOS etc. The budget of the agency is estimated to be US$2 billion

 

French Space Agency (France)

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Center National d’études spatiales (CNES) or National Center for Space Studies is a space agency of French Government. It was founded in 1961 under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle. They were responsible to train the French astronauts until every single one was transferred to European Space Agency in the year 2001.

 

It has to report to the French Ministries of Defense and Research and has its headquarters in Paris. It mainly operates from Guiana Space Center and Toulouse Space Center but it also launched payloads from centers of other countries.

 

The president of CNES is Jean-Yves Le Gall. CNES is member of Institute of Space, its Applications and Technologies . It operates from the Toulouse Space Center and Guiana Space Centre,but also has payloads launched from space centers operated by other countries.

 

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)

JAXA

 

Commonly known as JAXA, is an aerospace agency of Japan. It was formed after the merger of 3 independent organizations on 1st October, 2003. JAXA undertakes responsibilities like technology development, research and satellite launching and also some advanced missions like moon’s manned exploration and asteroid exploration.

 

The rockets used by the organization include H-IIA form the NASDA body and H-IIB, which was used in launching of satellite for engineering test, weather satellite etc. Another rocket, Epsilon is used for X-ray astronomy. In its earth observation project, it involves land observation, rainfall observation, Carbon Dioxide monitoring, observation of any Global change.

 

The satellites currently used include EXOS-D- Aurora observation and GEOTAIL- magnetosphere observation satellite . It also has several ongoing joint projects with NASA like Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, Global Precipitation Measurement core satellite and the Aqua Earth observation satellite. It has list of future mission for coming years. the budget is estimated to be $2.17 billion.

 

European Space Agency

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European Space Agency is dedicated to the work of exploration of space and has 22 states as its members. It is an organization which is intergovernmental and has its headquarters in Paris with 2000 employees all over the world with an estimated budget of US$5.51 billion. It has 10 states as its founding members including: United Kingdom, Belgium, France, Denmark, Italy, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, Switzerland and Sweden.

 

The work of the organization is described in 2 overlapping ways: Activities and Programs. Activities include earth observation, Launchers, Navigation, operations, Space for climate etc and programs include Science core Technology Program, General Study Program, European Component Initiative etc.

 

Russian Federal Space Agency (Russia)

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Also known as Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities or just Roscosmos is a responsible for aerospace research and space programs to be carried out for Russia. It is a governmental body and had a budget of $5.9 billion. It was founded on 25th February, 1992 and was earlier known as Russian Aviation and Space Agency.

 

The headquarters are situated in Moscow and its main research center is near Korolev city. The current programs of the corporation include earth science, scientific research and communication with satellite like Luna-Glob- Moon orbiters, Venera-D – Venus Lander and Fobos- Grunt- Mars mission. Presently, Igor Komarov is the Director since 2015 January.

 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (United States)

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It is abbreviated as NASA, is an executive part of United States Federal Government but is independent and responsibility to carry out research on aerospace and aeronautics and space programs. NASA was founded by Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1958 with civilian orientation. The National Aeronautics and Space Act was passed on July 29, 1958, deformed NASA's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) .

 

The new agency became operational on October 1, 1958 NASA mainly focuses on exploring bodies in solar system, Earth Observing System, research on astrophysics topics, heliophysics etc. It also shares data with other international and national organizations like from Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite. The estimated budget of NASA is US$19.8 billion.

 

List of Top Specialized agencies In the World

  1. International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  2. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  3. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
  4. Committee on International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE)
  5. General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO)
  6. Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology
  7. Coordinating Committee for Geoscience Programmes in East and Southeast Asia (CCOP)
  8. International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU)
  9. International Geographical Union (IGU)
  10. Commission on Marine Geography
  11. International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG)
  12. International Association of Geodesy (IAG)
  13. International Association of Physical Sciences of the Oceans (IAPSO)
  14. International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS)
  15. Fédération International des Géometres (FIG)
  16. Commission 4 Hydrography
  17. International Cartographic Association (ICA)
  18. Commission on Marine Cartography
  19. Commission on Generalization and Multiple Representation
  20. International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
  21. International Data Center for Digital Bathymetry (IHO DCDB)
  22. Advisory Board on Hydrographic and Geodetic Aspects of the Law of the Sea (ABLOS)
  23. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS)
  24. International Arctic Science Committee (IASC)
  25. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)
  26. Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR)
  27. Federation of Astronomical and Geophysical Data Analysis Services (FAGS)
  28. Bureau Gravimétrique International (BGI)
  29. International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Service
  30. World Data Center System (WDC)
  31. World Data Center for Geophysics & Marine Geology (WDC-GMG)
  32. International Geological Correlation Program
  33. International Lithosphere Programme
  34. Ocean Drilling Program (ODP)
  35. South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission
  36. Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency
  37. Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
  38. Grid Arendal UNEP Shelf Programme
  39. Hawaii Mapping Research Group
  40. Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer(IFREMER)
  41. Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
  42. L'Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg
  43. National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
  44. Naval Research Laboratory
  45. Scientific Ice Expeditions (SCICEX)
  46. Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO)
  47. University of Texas
  48. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Multibeam Bathymetry Data Archive

 

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