Take Advantage of iOS 13 Features for the iPad
The way you can interact with an iPad or iPad Pro has greatly improved with iOS 13, regardless of which apps you typically use. Some of the new or improved iOS 13 features that make an iPad more efficient to work with include
A redesigned Dock and Control Center Better multitasking capabilities
Easier ways to transfer content between apps using drag and drop (or copy and paste)
The ability to mark up or annotate content using the Apple Pencil (on an iPad Pro)
Keyboard shortcuts when using an iPad Pro with an optional Smart Keyboard
When you combine these features with the apps you’re already using (or soon will be using) on your tablet, you’ll quickly discover that the experience of using an iPad is closer than ever to working with a notebook computer without losing the convenience of the touchscreen display.
This blog covers some of iOS 13’s newest features that are specific to iPads—and in some cases, exclusively to the latest iPad Pro models.
The iPad offers a 9.7-inch Retina Display, whereas the iPad mini 4 features a 7.9-inch LED-backlit Multi-Touch display. On the upside, these models are less expensive than higher-end models, but they also lack some of the newer technologies built into the latest iPad Pro models.
The latest iPad Pro models offer a 10.5-inch or 12.9-inch Retina Display, a faster processor, multiple built-in speakers, as well as other technologies that make these models considerably more advanced.
As a result, iPad Pro models can function more like laptop computers when handling common computing tasks, such as word processing, spreadsheet management, working with PDF documents, or managing emails.
iPad Pro models also work with the optional Apple Pencil ($99.00) stylus and optional Smart Keyboard ($149 to $169, depending which iPad Pro the keyboard will be used with). If you want to be able to handwrite, draw, or annotate content on your tablet’s screen an iPad Pro model is worth checking out.
All iPad and iPad Pro models come in several case colors and system configurations. For example, you have options in terms of the amount of internal storage the tablet contains, as well as whether the iPad (or iPad Pro) can connect to the Internet via only Wi-Fi or also via a 4G (LTE) cellular data connection.
To quickly compare current iPad and iPad Pro models before making a purchase, visit www.apple.com/ipad/compare. After you purchase an iPad (or iPad Pro), you can’t add features to upgrade it, so make a decision based on what you anticipate your future needs will be.
For example, if you plan to store a massive number of high-resolution digital photos, large document and data files, as well as a library of HD video content on your tablet (including television shows and movies), choose a model with plenty of internal storage space.
Getting to Know the Customizable Dock
In addition to the Dock changes, the Control Center is more powerful and versatile than ever.
For example, you can place your finger on any app icon on the iPad’s Home screen and drag it onto the Dock so it becomes more easily accessible, especially if you’re working with multiple Home screen pages.
To see a list of recently accessed files that an app in the Dock has used, press and hold your finger on that app icon. For apps that are compatible with this feature, you see a list of recently accessed files. Tap any of the file listings or image thumbnails to launch the app and continue working with that file.
If you’re working with a photo in the Photos app, and you want to quickly send the image to someone else using the Messages app, place and hold your pointer finger from your right hand on the image thumbnail.
Using your left hand’s pointer finger, simultaneously swipe upward from the bottom of the iPad’s screen to make the Dock appear.
Next, use the finger on your right hand to drag the selected image thumbnail directly over the Messages app icon. Select which message conversation the image should go in, and place the image thumbnail into the Send field for that conversation. Tap the Send icon to complete the process.
The redesigned Dock, which is consistent no matter which Home screen you’re on, holds more apps than previous versions.
The right side of the Dock includes icons for recently used apps and, if applicable, icons representing apps you were just using on another iOS mobile device or Mac (which means you can use the device you’re using now to quickly pick up where you left off on some other device).
To manually add an app icon to the Dock, locate it on the Home screen, place your finger on it, and then drag it to the desired location on the left side of the Dock.
To remove an app icon from the Dock and return it to the Home screen, place and hold your finger on the app icon and drag it up and out of the Dock.
To delete an app from the Dock (or the Home screen), place and hold your finger on the app icon until all of the compatible app icons start to shake. The apps you can delete from your tablet altogether have an X in the top-left corner.
Tap the X on an app to delete that app from your tablet. (You can always reinstall it at a later time, for free, from the App Store.) Keep in mind that not all apps that come preinstalled with iOS 13 can be deleted.
Using an iPad, to access the redesigned Control Center and App Switcher while using any app, place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up. Instead of a quick swipe to access the Dock, keep moving your finger up in one steady motion until the App Switcher and Control Center appear.
Alternatively, press the Home button twice in quick succession to access the App Switcher and Control Center screen.
If you’re using an iPhone, press the Home button twice in quick succession to access the App Switcher.
To access the Control Center, place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up. Remember, if you’re using an iPhone X, the finger gestures to access the Home screen, App Switcher, Control Center, as well as other iOS 13 features are different.
From the App Switcher, you can instantly switch between apps that are currently running on your tablet; just tap the enlarged app thumbnail for the app you want to use. Scroll left or right to view all apps that are running.
To close an app altogether (but not delete it from your iPad), place your finger on an app thumbnail in the App Switcher and swipe up.
Introducing the Redesigned Control Center
If you have swiped up to access the App Switcher and Control Center, but you don’t see the Control Center, swipe to the left to access the Control Center. Here, you’ll see a handful of icons and sliders you can use to access or work with some of iOS 13’s most popular features.
For example, you can turn on and off Airplane Mode, AirPlay, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth. You can also control the Music app, adjust the iPad screen’s brightness, adjust the master volume control for the tablet, and turn on or off Screen Mirroring.
The icons displayed on the Control Center control the screen’s rotation lock, Silent mode, Do Not Disturb mode, and flashlight; access the Timer features of iOS 13; allow you to launch the Camera app; or access the Home app’s Favorites buttons (used to control smart appliances and lighting in your home).
Regardless of what you’re doing on your iPad or iPad Pro, if you want to quickly return to the Home screen, either press the Home button or do a five-finger pinch gesture on the tablet’s screen.
Start by separating your fingers on your right hand and placing them on the tablet’s screen.
Next, quickly draw your fingers together as if you’re grabbing something. The app you were using continues running in the background, but you instantly jump to the Home screen.
Accessing and Managing Files
People use cloud computing and online-based file storage/sharing services for a wide range of purposes. You already know that iCloud integration is built directly into iOS, however, not everyone uses iCloud for all of their file storage/sharing needs.
In iOS 13, the iCloud Drive app, which was previously used to access and manage files stored within your iCloud account, has been replaced by the new Files app.
The Files app does more than integrate with iCloud; it also offers a centralized place to access and share files stored on other supported cloud-based services, including Dropbox (www.dropbox.com) and Box (www.box.com).
The new Files app grants you access to your iCloud Drive, Dropbox, and/or Box account(s), so you can easily access and share files stored in the cloud and transfer files between cloud-based services with ease.
Other third-party apps that allow files to be stored in the cloud, can easily be set up to work with the new Files app. The list of cloud-based services and third-party apps that the Files app works with is continuously expanding.
To work with the Files app and access cloud-based content, your iPad or iPhone must have Internet access via a Wi-Fi or cellular data connection. If you know you’ll be in an area with no Internet access, make sure to download the content while you still have Internet access.
Finding Your Files Stored in the Cloud
There are several ways to locate files stored within cloud-based services that are compatible with the Files app.
You can set up your iPad’s Spotlight Search feature to help you find files stored in the cloud via the Files app.
Launch Settings, select the Siri & Search option, tap the Files app, and then turn on the virtual switch associated with Search & Siri Suggestions. (Like many features built into iOS 13, this also works on the iPhone.)
To manually find a file, launch the Files app from the Dock and then follow these steps:
1. On the left side of the screen, below the Browse heading, tap the cloud service you want to access, such as iCloud Drive.
2. At the bottom of the screen, tap the Recent option to see your most recently accessed files, or tap on the Browse option to view a directory of files, folders, and subfolders.
3. Open the appropriate folder or subfolder by tapping its thumbnail or listing, and then locate the file(s) you want to open, view, share, or work with.
Displayed near the top center of the screen are command tabs that allow you to configure how the files are displayed. If you access iCloud Drive, for example, your sort options include Name, Date, Size, or Tags.
4.A preview of the selected file displays within the viewer. You’re now able to manage or work with the selected content. See the next section, “Managing Files and Folders from the Files App” for details.
As you’re looking at the file directory for the cloud-based service you’ve selected, tap the Add Folder icon in iCloud Drive to create a new folder or subfolder. You can then add files to and rearrange files in the folder by dragging and dropping, using the Copy and Paste commands, or using the Duplicate and Move commands.
To use the File app’s Search tool to find a file stored in the cloud, follow these steps:
1. On the left side of the screen, below the Browse heading, tap the service you want to access.
2. Displayed along the top of the screen is a Search field. Within this field, type what you’re looking for, such as a filename, keyword, date, or tag.
3. Tap the Search key on the virtual keyboard to display search results.
4. Tap the icon or listing that represents the search result you want to open, preview, share, or work with.
5. Tap the Markup/Annotate icon (if applicable) to write or draw on the file, or tap the Share icon to open the Share menu.
Managing Files and Folders from the Files App
Using the Files app, once you select any file, photo, or document that’s stored within the cloud, you see a preview of the selected content. At this point, you have two or three options, depending on the file type.
If the file type you selected is a graphics file (such as a photo) or a PDF, you can mark up or annotate the file by tapping the Markup/Annotate icon.
Tap the Share icon to share the file with other people via the Internet (using Messages, Mail, Facebook Messenger, or another compatible app) or AirDrop.
You can also use the Share menu to import the file into a compatible app that’s installed on your tablet.
For example, if the file is a Word document, tap the Copy to Word icon. If it’s a PDF, select the Copy to PDF Expert icon, if you have this optional app installed.
The Copy and Print command icons are in the bottom row of the Share menu. The Print command works if you have an AirPrint-compatible (wireless) printer linked with your iPad.
The Copy command enables you to place the selected content into the tablet’s clipboard and then paste (import) it into another compatible app.
When you’re previewing a file, the command icons along the top of the screen disappear after a few seconds. To make them re-appear, tap anywhere on the screen.
To simultaneously manage multiple files from the Files app, launch the app, and select the cloud service you want to access. Tap the Select option in the top-right corner of the screen, and then tap the appropriate files or folders.
A circle icon appears within each selected file and folder thumbnail. One at a time, tap on the folder(s) or file(s) you want to select.
As soon as at least one file or folder is selected, the Duplicate, Move and Delete options become active along the bottom of the screen, as does the Share option, when applicable.
Use the Share command to access the Share menu
Tap Duplicate to make a copy of the selected file (or files) and folder, and then place them in another directory or move them to another service that’s accessible from the Files app.
The original files and folders stay in their original location, while copies of the selected files and folders are placed in the newly selected location.
With the Move option, you can move the location of the selected files or folders somewhere else. The files aren’t copied, and they do not remain in their original location.
Use the Delete option to delete the selected files or folders. Deleted files and folders are removed from the tablet and the cloud-based service, so they’re no longer available to you from anywhere.
If you delete content accidentally and want to retrieve it, tap the Recently Deleted option, which is under the Browse heading. Tap the Select option, and then choose the files you want to restore.
Tap the Recover option to restore the selected files and place each of them back in their original folders. Keep in mind, though, that files moved to the Recently Deleted folder do not stay there forever.
Adding Tags to Files and Folders
The Tags option, which is listed under the Browse heading, enables you to color-code files and folders and then sort and display content by color. You can also add one or more text-based tags to a file or folder.
To add a tag to a file or folder, select it by tapping its thumbnail icon to preview it, and then tap the Share menu. Tap the +Tag option, which is at the top of the Share menu to the right of the filename and then choose the tag you want to associate with the file or folder.
You can create your own text-based tags, which you can then use to search for files.
To create a new tag from scratch, open any file that you want to assign a tag to, and then tap the Share menu. Next, tap on the +Tag option. From the Tags menu, tap the Add New Tag option and type a title for the tag. (You can also associate a color with it.)
Tap the Add Tag button to save the tag and begin using it. This newly created tag is added to the Tag menu, which means you can just tap it in the list to add it to other files.
Annotating and Marking Up Files
When you select a PDF or a graphics file to preview in the Files app, the Markup/Annotate icon is displayed near the top-right corner of the screen.
If you’re using a regular iPad, use your finger as a stylus to write or draw on the screen. However, if you’re using an iPad Pro, the Apple Pencil works extremely well with these tools for added precision.
After you tap the Markup/Annotate icon a collection of annotation and markup virtual writing and drawing tools are displayed along the bottom of the screen.
Undo—Tap to erase the last thing you did.
Redo—Tap to restore what was removed when you tapped the Undo command.
Pen —Select this tool and then choose your virtual ink color by tapping one of the color icons, which are also along the bottom of the screen.
Highlighter—Just like a real highlighter, this virtual tool is ideal for drawing attention to text within a PDF. Select the Highlighter tool and ink color, and then use your finger or Apple Pencil to draw over text.
Pencil—This is the thinnest and most precise writing tool. Select it and then choose your virtual ink color.
Eraser—Tap anything you’ve already drawn or written to erase it.
Dotted-Line—Select this option to draw using a dotted line.
Tap the + icon in the bottom-right corner of the annotation screen to access a menu for adding additional content.
Options include Text (to add typed text), Signature (to create and then paste your virtual signature into the file), Magnifier (used to zoom in on one area of the image or file you’re previewing), and Shapes/Arrows (add, resize, and position a square, circle, dialog box, or arrow).
When working with the Apple Pencil on an iPad Pro, after selecting a virtual writing or drawing tool, the harder you press down on the screen with the stylus, the darker and thicker the virtual ink will be.
Keep in mind that these markup and annotation tools are available to you while previewing a file directly from the Files app.
If you select a file, tap the Share button, and then open it within the Notes app (or another compatible editing app or a PDF editor app), you have access to a much broader selection of powerful markup, annotation, and drawing tools.
One use for the markup and annotation tools built into the Files app is to compose and store your virtual signature, and then paste that signature into documents or files as you’re previewing them.
This is extremely useful if you need to sign a PDF of a contractor if you want to add a digital signature to a letter you’ve composed before sending it out.
To create and place a digital signature, follow these steps:
1. Launch the Files app and open any graphic or PDF.
2. Tap the Markup/Annotation icon.
3. Tap the + icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen.
4. Select the Signature option from the menu.
5. In the New, Signature window use your finger or the Apple Pencil to write your signature on the designated signature line. If you’ve previously saved a signature, you have the option to select it.
6. If you like the appearance of the signature, tap the Done option to save it. To redo the signature, tap the Clear option and then rewrite the signature.
7. Your signature appears within a box in the center of the tablet’s screen. Place your finger in the center of this box and drag it to the location where you ultimately want the signature to appear.
8. Place your finger on one of the blue dots at the corners of the box to resize the signature by dragging it in or out at a diagonal.
9. Tap Done in the upper-right corner to save changes you’ve made to the file. The file is uploaded to the cloud-based service it came from. From within the Files app, tap on the Share icon to share the now signed file with others via text message, email, or AirDrop, for example, or to export the file into another app.
After you create a signature once, it is stored within the Files app. Later, when you access the Signature feature, you can select the saved signature or create a new one.
Multitasking with the iPad
iOS 13 has dramatically improved the multitasking capabilities of the iPad (particularly the iPad Pro models); you can run two apps simultaneously on the screen. It’s now easier than ever to drag and drop, copy and paste, or move content quickly between compatible apps.
To launch and use two apps at once from the Home screen (or App Switcher), launch the first app you want to use, such as the Photos app. Place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up to see the Dock.
Place your finger on the icon for the second app you want to use (Safari, on the left in the figure), and drag it up and toward one side of the screen. The second app launches.
At this point, the window for the second app is floating on the screen. You can drag this app window right or left. To hide this second app window, drag it off the side of the screen.
To make it reappear, drag it back onto the screen by placing your finder near the right or left edge and swiping inward, toward the center of the screen.
While the second app window is floating, place your finger on the horizontal bar near the top of the window and drag it down slightly to activate the split-screen mode, where the two apps are running in fixed windows.
It’s then possible to move the divider bar between the two apps left or right, depending on how much of the screen you want each app to occupy.
Notice that a horizontal app divider bar appears between the two apps. Place your finger on the gray bar located in the center of this divider line and drag it left or right to increase or decrease the size of the second app window.
To replace one of the two apps with another, access the Dock, and drag a new app icon into one of the two app windows.
When you have two apps running simultaneously, you can access the App Launcher and then access two different apps that you want to use simultaneously. From the App Switcher, you can switch between different screens, each with two apps running simultaneously.
Not all iPad apps are compatible with multitasking (split-screen) mode, although more and more app developers are incorporating this functionality into their respective apps.
Of the apps that support this feature, not all allow you to drag and drop content across the screen, from one app to the other. Again, this is functionality that is being added to more and more apps over time.
Multitasking with the Files App
As you’re working with one app, such as the Notes app, you can simultaneously open the Files app, acquire a photo or another type of file from the cloud, and then drag and drop it into the Notes app in a matter of seconds. Here’s how to do this:
1. Launch an app, such as Notes. Open or create a document.
2. Place your finger near the bottom of the iPad’s screen and swipe up to make the Dock appear.
3. Place your finger on the Files app icon and drag it up and to the right (or left) to launch the app in multitasking (split-screen) mode. Two app windows are displayed on the screen simultaneously.
4. Within the Files window, locate the file (a graphic, for example) you want to import into the Notes document. Place your finger on the file’s icon and drag it to the location within the Notes app (on the opposite side of the screen) where you want the image to be.
5. The original file remains stored in the cloud, but a copy is downloaded and transferred to the document you’re working with.
6. To close the Files window, place your finger on the divider bar between the app windows, and drag it to the side where the Files app is situated.
This drag-and-drop feature works with many other apps—for example, you can drag pictures from Photos into an email that you’re composing. However, not all apps support this feature.
When you place your finger on the selected content and attempt to move it to the other app window, a green and white plus-sign icon will appear in the top-right corner of the thumbnail of the file you’re moving.
If this plus-sign icon does not appear, the two apps are not currently able to support the drag-and-drop feature, or you’re attempting to drag and drop an unsupported file type.
Using the Apple Pencil with the iPad Pro
For iPad Pro users, the Apple Pencil, which looks and feels just like a traditional pencil, has become a “must have” accessory if you want to be able to write, draw, annotate, markup, or sign content within documents, files, or photos.
The Notes app, for example, allows you to handwrite notes or draw directly on the screen, and a handful of third-party note-taking apps also transform your tablet into a digital notebook or sketchbook.
When it comes to photo editing or marking up photos, the Apple Pencil allows many editing and image enhancement tools to be utilized with greater precision than using your finger.
For iOS 13, Apple Pencil support has been added to a wide range of apps, including Microsoft Word and Excel.
Apple Pencil is pressure sensitive. When you use a regular writing instrument, if you press harder, you draw thicker or darker lines; the same is true of Apple Pencil. This accessory is extremely precise and works with virtually zero lag time.
The first time you attempt to use the Apple Pencil with your iPad Pro, you need to pair it with your tablet. This process takes less than one minute. Follow these steps:
1. From the Home screen, launch Settings.
2.Tap Bluetooth within the main Settings menu.
3. When the Bluetooth submenu is displayed, remove the top of the Apple Pencil to reveal its Lightning connector and place it into the Lightning port located at the bottom of your iPad Pro.
4. Tap the Pair button in the Bluetooth Pairing Request window that appears.
5. The Apple Pencil is displayed below the My Devices heading within the Bluetooth menu. To the right of the listing, it should say Connected.
6. If you haven’t already done so, leave the Apple Pencil connected to the iPad Pro for five to six minutes to fully charge the internal battery for the stylus.
7.When you’re ready to use the Apple Pencil, remove it from the iPad Pro’s Lightning port and replace the white cap. The Apple Pencil now works with all compatible apps.
The Apple Pencil works for approximately 12 hours per charge (which takes about six minutes). However, a 15-second charge keeps the Apple Pencil operational for about 30 minutes.
To discover third-party apps that work with Apple Pencil (in conjunction with your iPad Pro), launch the App Store app. Tap the Search option and then type Apple Pencil Apps in the Search field.
Scroll through the app preview listings to discover hundreds of compatible apps for writing, taking notes, drawing, editing photos, signing documents, handwriting musical scores, completing crossword and Sudoku puzzles, and more.
Understanding Keyboard Shortcuts
For the 10.5-inch and 12.9-inch iPad Pro models, Apple offers an optional, full-size Smart Keyboard that doubles as a protective screen cover for your tablet.
The Smart Keyboard uses an innovative Smart Connector to link directly with the tablet using magnets, and it’s powered by the iPad, so there’s no pairing, battery charging, or setup involved.
When the Smart Keyboard is connected to the iPad Pro, it works just like a traditional computer keyboard, and it helps the tablet function more like a laptop computer. Any app that works with the virtual (on-screen) iPad keyboard also works with the Smart Keyboard.
In addition to being thin and lightweight, which makes it easy to transport, the Smart Keyboard uses iOS 13 and app-specific keyboard shortcuts. These shortcuts allow you to work faster and more accurately.
Most of these shortcuts make use of the Command key, followed by a number or letter. Many are identical to what you might already be accustomed to using on a Mac.
To access the iPad Pro’s emoji keyboard and menu, press the globe-shaped emoji key on the bottom-left side of the Smart Keyboard (to the left of the Control key).
The collection of preinstalled apps that comes with iOS 13 enables you to use your iPhone or iPad for a wide range of popular tasks without first having to find and install additional apps.
However, one of the things that have set the iPhone and iPad apart from the competition, and made these devices among the most sought-after and popular throughout much of the world, is the vast library of optional apps.
You can obtain all the apps currently available for your iOS device from Apple’s online App Store. Then, as needed, iOS 13 can automatically update your apps to ensure you’re always working with the most recently released version of each.
Although some apps are tweaked to work exceptionally well on the most recent iPhone or iPad models, all iPhone-specific apps can scale themselves automatically to accommodate the screen size of the iPhone model you’re using.
Likewise, apps for the iPad (as well as universal iPhone/iPad apps) automatically adapt to the screen size of the tablet you’re using.
Working with the App Store
The iOS 13 edition of the App Store app not only features a redesigned app icon on the Home screen, but the entire layout and design of the app itself have been revamped.
The purpose of the App Store app remains the same—to help you find, download, install, and update apps on your iPhone or iPad that doesn’t come preinstalled with iOS 13.
There are two ways to access the App Store: directly from your iPhone or iPad (using the App Store app that comes preinstalled on your device) or using the iTunes software on your primary computer.
The App Store app is where you get apps for your iOS device. To get other things for your device—music, movies, TV show episodes, and ringtones— you use the iTunes Store app. Both require that your device have an Internet connection.
You can use the iTunes software on your primary computer to access the App Store, as well as many types of content. Anything you acquire is then transferred to your mobile device either using the iTunes Sync process or by downloading the apps or content from your online-based iCloud account.
[Note: You can free download the complete Office 365 and Office 2019 com setup Guide.]
The main focus of this blog is on using the App Store app to find, install, and update optional apps. For information on how to use the iTunes software on your PC or Mac in order to access the App Store, visit www.apple.com/itunes.
Installing New Apps
If you’re shopping for apps directly from your iPhone or iPad, tap the Price icon, followed by the Buy icon, to make a purchase. (Free apps display a Get icon in place of the Price icon.)
You are asked to supply your Apple ID password (or place your finger on your device’s Touch ID sensor—the Home button—to confirm and potentially pay for the transaction). iPhone X users can use Face ID to confirm purchases.
The acquired app automatically downloads and installs itself on your device. After it is installed, its app icon appears on your iPhone or iPad’s Home screen and is ready to use.
Instead of manually entering your Apple ID password to confirm an app purchase (or acquire a free app), if your iOS mobile device is equipped with a Touch ID sensor as part of its Home button, simply scan your fingerprint to approve the transaction.
For this to work, the feature must be turned on once from within Settings. To do this, launch Settings, tap the Touch ID & Passcode option, enter your device’s passcode and then turn on the virtual switch associated with the iTunes & App Store option.
Restoring or Reinstalling Apps You’ve Already Downloaded
If you have Family Sharing set up via iCloud it’s possible to share apps you acquire with up to five other family members, without having to repurchase that app.
With or without Family Sharing, you’re able to install an app you acquire from the App Store on all of your own iOS mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account, as long as the app is compatible with each device.
Apps you’ve already acquired are indicated by an iCloud icon rather than a Get or Price icon. To download an app that you’ve already acquired or purchased (without having to pay for it again), make sure the iPhone or iPad you’re currently using is linked to your iCloud account, and follow these steps:
1. Launch the App Store app.
2. Tap the Today, Games, Apps, or Update icon along the bottom of the screen.
3. Tap your iCloud/Apple ID account profile photo in the top-right corner of the screen.
4. When the Account screen appears, tap the Purchased option.
5. Scroll down the list of all apps you’ve previously acquired (or purchased). To install (or reinstall) any of these apps on the device you’re using, tap the iCloud icon associated with the app’s listing.
At the top of the Purchased screen, tap the All tab to view all the apps you’ve purchased to date that are compatible with the device you’re using.
You also have the option to tap the Not On This iPhone/Not on This iPad tab to view only apps you’ve acquired in the past that are not currently installed on the device you’re using.
From Settings, you have the option of having your iOS device automatically download and install any new (and compatible) apps, music, or eBooks purchases made using your Apple ID on any other computer or device.
To set this up, launch Settings, select the iTunes & App Store option and then adjust the Automatic Downloads options, which include Music, Apps, Books & Audiobooks, and Updates.
To conserve internal storage space within your iPhone or iPad, a new feature automatically deletes apps from your device that you don’t use. You can later reinstall them from the App Store for free.
To turn on this feature, which also removes clutter from your Home screen, launch Settings, tap the iTunes & App Store option, and then from the iTunes & App Store submenu, turn the virtual switch for the Offload Unused Apps option.
When an app is automatically removed, any app-specific data remains stored on your mobile device and/or on iCloud. When you reinstall the app later, that data becomes fully accessible.
To delete an app and its related files, data, or content, launch Settings, tap the General option, tap the iPad/iPhone Storage option, and then tap any in the list app.
You can see the file size of each installed app, plus how much internal storage space is being used by the content associated with the app.
Tap the Offload App option to remove the app while preserving your content or data in the cloud. Tap the Delete option to erase the app and all related data or content.
Another way to delete an app (and all of its related data and content), is via the Home screen. Press and hold down any app icon until they all start to shake, and then tap the X icon in the top-left corner of the app icon for the app you want to delete.
Finding Apps, Music, and More
If you’re shopping for apps, music, movies, TV shows, podcasts, audiobooks, eBooks, ringtones, or other content from your primary computer, with the goal of transferring what you acquire to your iPhone or iPad later via the iTunes Sync processor via iCloud, use the latest version of the iTunes software on your Mac or PC computer.
Apple has teamed up with hundreds of the world’s leading educational institutions to offer courses and workshops through a free service, called iTunes U.
Everything You Need to Know About Apps
Apps are individual programs that you install onto your iPhone or iPad to give it additional functionality, just as you utilize different programs on your primary computer. For the iPhone or iPad, all apps are available from one central (online) location, called the App Store.
When you begin exploring the App Store, you’ll discover right away that there are in excess of two million apps to choose from. They are divided into different categories to help make it easier and faster to find what you’re looking for.
The Games app category now has its own section within the App Store. To access it, launch the App Store and tap the Games icon at the bottom of the screen.
To access all other app categories, launch the App Store app, tap the Apps icon at the bottom of the screen, and then scroll down to the Top Categories heading. Tap the See All option displayed to the right of the Top Categories heading.
Tap a category that interests you, such as Health and Fitness, and then scroll down to see subheadings, including Apps We Love, Top Paid, and Top Free. To the right of these headings is a See All option you can tap to view all related app listings in that category.
After you tap the Apps icon at the bottom of the screen, you see a series of app listings under featured headings, like New Apps We Love or Our Favorites from Last Month. There are also special interest app categories, like Time for School or Plan a Dinner Party.
These categories change regularly and give you an opportunity to browse apps with a special theme or focus.
Understanding Device Compatibility
In terms of compatibility, all iOS apps fall into one of these three categories:
iPhone-specific—These are apps designed exclusively for the various iPhone models that might not function properly on the iPad. Most iPhone-specific apps run on an iPad but may not take advantage of the tablet’s larger screen.
iPad-specific—These are apps designed exclusively for the iPad. Some work exclusively with the iPad Pro models. They fully utilize the tablet’s larger display and do not function on an iPhone or on other iOS devices.
Universal—These are apps designed to work on all iOS mobile devices, including any model iPhone or iPad. These apps detect which device they’re running on and automatically adapt.
When reading the App Store description of any app, you can find the app’s compatibility underneath the Information heading.
If you own two or more iOS devices, such as an iPhone and iPad, and the devices are linked to the same Apple ID (iCloud) account, you can purchase a universal (or iPhone-specific) app once, but then install it on all your iOS devices.
When you’re browsing the App Store from your iPhone, by default it displays all iPhone-specific apps followed by universal apps, but it does not display iPad-specific apps. When you’re browsing the App Store from your iPad, iPad-specific, universal, and iPhone-specific apps are all listed.
Because some app developers release the same app in both an iPhone-specific and an iPad-specific format, many iPad-specific apps have “HD” for High-Definition in their title, to help differentiate them from iPhone or universal apps. Some iPad-specific apps include the words “for iPad” in their title.
Regardless of whether you use the App Store app from your mobile device or visit the App Store using the iTunes software on your primary computer, you must set up an Apple ID account and have a major credit card or debit card linked to the account to make purchases.
If you don’t have a major credit card or debit card that you want to link with your Apple ID account, it’s possible to purchase prepaid iTunes gift cards from Apple or most places that sell prepaid gift cards.
iTunes gift cards are available in a variety of denominations and can be used to make an app and other content purchases. They are distinct from Apple gift cards, which are only redeemable at Apple Stores or Apple.com.
The first time you access the App Store and attempt to make a purchase, you are prompted to enter your Apple ID account username and password, or set up a new Apple ID account, which requires you to supply your name, address, email, and credit card information.
For all subsequent online app purchases, you simply need to enter your Apple ID password (or place your finger on your device’s Touch ID sensor), and the purchase is automatically billed to your credit or debit card or deducted from your iTunes gift card balance.
To set up electronic payment options for your Apple ID/iCloud account, another option is to launch Settings, tap the Wallet & Apple Pay option, select the Add Credit or Debit Card option, and then follow the on-screen prompts.
An Apple ID account is also referred to as an iTunes Store account. To learn more about how an Apple ID account works or to manage your account, visit https://support.apple.com/apple-id.
The same Apple ID you use to make purchases can also be used as your username when you’re using FaceTime for video calling or Messages to access the iMessage service, as well as to access your iCloud account.
If you’ve forgotten your Apple ID username or password, using any Internet web browser, visit https://appleid.apple.com. Click the Forgot Apple ID or Password? option. Remember, even if you have multiple Apple computers and mobile devices, you need only one Apple ID account.
Some apps are free, but others need to be purchased or require you to make in-app purchases to fully utilize them. The following is an overview of how app pricing works.
Free apps cost nothing to download and install on your phone or tablet. In some cases, these are fully functional apps.
Other free apps are demo versions of paid apps. Certain features or functions of the app are locked in the free version but are later made available if you upgrade to the paid or premium version of the app.
The third category of free apps comprises fully functional apps that display ads as part of their content. In exchange for using the app, you must view ads. These ads typically offer the option to click special offers from within the app or learn more about a product or service being advertised.
Many free apps that contain ads also have a paid app counterpart that’s ad-free. Another type of free app enables the user to make in-app purchases to add features or functionality to the app or unlock premium content. The core app, without the extra content, is free, however.
Some fully functional apps are free because they’re designed to promote a specific company or work with a specific service. For example, to use the free HBO GO app, you must be a paid subscriber of the HBO premium cable channel.
Likewise, to use the free Netflix app, you must be a paid subscriber to this streaming movie service. The AmEx app is useful only to people with an American Express card, but the free Target app is useful to anyone who shops at Target stores.
The Southwest Airlines app (or the app for any major airline) is also free. It can be used to make and manage airline reservations with that airline, check in for a flight, create and store digital boarding passes, and manage a frequent flier account.
After you purchase an app, you own it and can use it as often as you’d like, usually without incurring additional fees (although in-app purchases might be possible). You simply pay a fee for the app upfront, which is often between $.99 and $9.99. Typically, future upgrades of the app are free of charge.
Each full-length digital edition of a magazine or newspaper requires its own proprietary app (also available from the App Store) to access and read that publication’s content.
These apps are typically free, and then you pay a recurring subscription fee for content, which automatically gets downloaded into the app.
Many digital editions of newspapers, such as the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal, utilize a subscription app model, as do hundreds of different magazines.
Usually, the main content of the digital and printed version of a publication are identical; however, you can view the digital edition on your iPhone or iPad, plus take advantage of added interactive elements built into the app.
If you’re already a subscriber to the print version of a newspaper or magazine, some publishers offer the digital edition free, whereas others charge an extra fee to subscribe to the digital edition as well. Or you can subscribe to just the digital edition of a publication.
With some publications, you can download the free app for a specific newspaper or magazine and then purchase one issue at a time (including past issues) from within the app.
There is no long-term subscription commitment, but individual issues of the publication still must be purchased and downloaded. Or you can purchase an ongoing (recurring) subscription, and new issues of that publication will automatically be downloaded to your iPhone or iPad as they become available.
Through the News app, many leading publications and media services offer content for free.
You can fully customize what topics or publications you’re interested in reading, and the News app presents all related content (potentially acquired from many sources) to you in an easy-to-read way.
Some apps enable you to purchase additional content or add new features and functionality by making in-app purchases. The capability to make in-app purchases has become very popular and is being used by app developers in a variety of ways.
If an app offers in-app purchases, they are listed within the In-App Purchases section, which is below the Information heading of an app’s description.
The price you pay for an app does not translate directly to the quality or usefulness of that app. Some free or very inexpensive apps are extremely useful, are packed with features, and can really enhance your experience using your iPhone or iPad.
However, there are also costly apps that are poorly designed, filled with bugs, or don’t live up to expectations or to the description of the app offered by the app’s developer or publisher. The price of an app is set by its developer.
Instead of using the price as the only determining factor if you’re evaluating several apps that appear to offer similar functionality, be sure to read the app’s customer reviews carefully, and pay attention to the average star-based rating the app has earned.
These user reviews and ratings are much better indicators of an app’s quality and usefulness than its price.
Before committing to an app purchase, tap its title or graphic icon to view the app’s description screen which displays the app’s title and logo near the top of the screen, along with its price icon (or Get icon if it’s a free app), average star rating, and the total number of ratings it has received.
Immediately below this information are sample screenshots or video clips from the app itself. Keep scrolling down to view a text-based description of the app. This description is written by the app’s developer and is designed to entice you to acquire the app.
Further down the page are the app’s ratings and reviews. Tap the See All option to view all of the app’s ratings and text-based reviews. Tap any review to read it in its entirety. Use this information to determine what your fellow iPhone and iPad users really think of the app.
The Ratings and Reviews chart graphically shows how many ratings the app has received, it's overall average rating and the total number of ratings. A top rating is five stars.
The Information section includes details about the app’s seller/developer, the file size of the app, the app’s category, which iPhone/iPad models the app is compatible with, the languages the app supports, and the age appropriateness rating for the app.
Managing Your Account and Redeeming iTunes Gift Cards
When you scroll to the very bottom of the Today, Games, or Apps screen within the App Store, you see two command buttons: Redeem and Send Gift.
Tap the Redeem button to redeem a prepaid iTunes gift card. Tap the Send Gift option to send an iTunes gift card to someone else. The gift card is sent via email, and the recipient can redeem it almost instantly from the App Store, iTunes Store, or iBook Store.
Managing Your iTunes Account
Tap your profile photo in the top-right corner of the screen in order to access and manage your Apple ID account, access previous App Store purchases, redeem a Gift Card or Code, Send a Gift by Email, or Sign Out from your Apple ID account.
If you haven’t already done so, you need to sign into your account by typing your Apple ID password, using Touch ID, or using Face ID (if you’re an iPhone X user).
From the Account window, tap your username (or profile photo) to access the Account Settings window.
From here, you can further manage Apple ID features, update payment information, change your country/region, manage App Store–related alerts, manage app-related subscriptions, and customize other account-related functions.
As you explore the App Store, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by the sheer number of apps that are available for your iOS device.
If you’re a new iPhone or iPad user, spending time browsing the App Store introduces you to the many types of apps that are available and provides you with ideas about how your phone or tablet can be utilized in your personal or professional life.
However, you can save a lot of time searching for apps if you already know the app’s exact title, or you know what type of app you’re looking for. In this case, enter either the app’s exact title or a keyword description of the app in the App Store’s Search field to see a list of relevant matches.
If you’re looking for a word processing app, either enter the search phrase “Microsoft Word” into the App Store’s Search field or enter the search phrase “word processor” to see a selection of word-processing apps.
To find specific iPad Pro apps that support the Apple Pencil, for example, within the Search field, enter “Apple Pencil Apps.”
If you’re looking for vertical market apps with specialized functionality that caters to your industry or profession, enter that industry or profession (or keywords associated with it) in the Search field.
Using the Search field, find apps designed to handle the tasks you have in mind. Chances are, you can easily find a handful of apps created by different developers that are designed to perform the same basic functionality.
Check the customer reviews and ratings for the app. This useful tool enables you to quickly determine whether the app actually works as described in its description. The customer reviews and star-based ratings are created by fellow iPhone or iPad users who have tried out the app firsthand.
If an app has only a few ratings or reviews and they’re mixed, you might need to try out the app for yourself to determine whether it will be useful to you.
If an app offers a free version, download, and test that first before purchasing the premium version. You can always delete any app that you try out but don’t wind up liking or needs.
Keeping Your Apps Up to Date
Periodically, app developers release new versions of their apps. iOS 13 can automatically update your installed apps as long as your iPhone or iPad has access to the Internet.
To customize this auto-update option, launch Settings and tap the iTunes & App Store option. From the iTunes & App Stores submenu, make sure the virtual switch associated with the Updates option is turned on.
Keep in mind that some apps that have a large file size associated with them require a Wi-Fi Internet connection to initially download or later update.
At any time, you can see which apps have been updated, and read a summary of what functionality or features have been added to the app update (as well as which bugs have been fixed) by launching the App Store app and tapping the Updates icon.
If an app listed on the Updates screen has an Open button associated with it, the app has been recently updated. The date of the update is listed in the heading. Tap the app icon or its title to read about the update. Tap the Open button to launch the app and use it on your iPhone or iPad.
From the Updates screen, if an Open button is not displayed, you might see a progress meter indicating the app is currently being updated and downloaded to your device. If an update is available but has not yet been downloaded and installed, an Update button, instead of an Open button, is displayed with that app.
As you’re viewing the Updates screen, apps are listed in chronological order, based on when they were updated. Pending updates, if any, are displayed near the top of the screen.
Managing Your Kids’ App Acquisitions
As a parent, you’re able to control what apps your child is allowed to purchase, install, and ultimately use on their iOS mobile device (or yours). It’s also possible to control their online spending when it comes to apps and in-app purchases in several different ways.
To determine which apps and content your child is allowed to use on an iOS mobile device, activate the Restrictions options. To do this, launch Settings on the device, tap the General option and then tap the Restrictions option.
Under the Allowed Content heading, tap the Apps option, and determine what apps your child is allowed to access, based on an app’s age appropriateness rating.
When you set up iCloud’s Family Sharing, it’s possible to set up your child’s iOS mobile device so he or she needs to ask you for permission (via a text message to your iPhone or iPad) before acquiring any new apps or content. This feature also gives parents greater control over apps installed on a child’s device.
In addition to the apps that come preinstalled with iOS 13, Apple offers a handful of optional Made By Apple apps, such as Pages (similar to Microsoft Word), Numbers (similar to Microsoft Excel), Keynote (similar to Microsoft PowerPoint), iMovie (video editing), Apple Store, GarageBand, and Podcasts.
If you have an Apple TV device connected to your HD television set, consider downloading the free Apple TV Remote app to use your iPhone or iPad as a TV remote control. These and other Apple apps are available for free from the App Store.
The iOS 13 edition of the App Store includes several new and permanent app categories you can browse through. For example, check out the AR Apps category to see information about the fast-growing collection of augmented reality apps.
Additional specialty app categories are continuously being created, but they are featured only temporarily within the App Store.
When you access the App Store, tap the Apps icon to view graphic banners that promote new, temporary, or seasonal app categories.