New IOS 11 (70+ New IOS Hacks 2019)

New in iOS 11

Discovering What’s New in iOS 11

Let’s take a quick look at just a few of the major new features and enhancements made to iOS 11. You’ll learn strategies for the best way to use the majority of these features later in the blog. But first, here’s a rundown of what’s new and noteworthy about iOS 11:


App Store—The App Store app, which grants you online access to more than two million apps for your iPhone or iPad, has been redesigned. It’s now easier to browse through the App Store to find, learn about, and acquire new apps for your mobile device.


Apple Pay—In addition to using Apple Pay to make online and retail store purchases, starting in early 2018, you’ll be able to use the Messages app to instantly and securely send cash to other people (or receive cash that gets transferred and deposited into the bank account of your choice). This functionality is also available using the optional PayPal or Cash app, for example.


Augmented reality—The ability to use the iPhone or iPad’s camera to capture your real-life surroundings in real-time, and then superimpose computer-generated content over what you see on the screen uses new technology that iOS 11 can now take advantage of in games.


As well as a new category of productivity and lifestyle apps. App developers are first coming up with interesting new ways to use this technology.



Be sure to check out the new app category within the App Store, called AR Apps, to discover ways augmented reality technology is currently available to you.


Automatic Setup—When upgrading to a new iPhone or iPad, in addition to retrieving and moving content to the new device from an iCloud Backup that was created by your older device,


This feature wirelessly gathers information (like personal settings, iCloud Keychain data, and Apple ID-related information) from your other device, to dramatically streamline the activation and setup process for the new device.




On the iPhone 8 Plus and iPhone X, the Camera app supports a new Portrait Lighting mode. It also offers improved image stabilization and a selection of new filters. Most iPhone and iPad Pro models have an improved True Tone flash.


Control Center—Available anytime, the Control Center continues to offer quick access to iOS 11’s commonly used features and functions, such as the ability to turn on/off Airplane mode, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth.


From here, you can also adjust the screen’s brightness, control the Music app, and adjust the speaker’s volume. For the first time, however, the layout of the Control Center is customizable, so you can add icons for the features, apps, and functions you use the most often.


Do Not Disturb While Driving

Do Not Disturb

When turned on (either manually or automatically, depending on how you set up this feature), certain functions of your iPhone will be deactivated while you’re driving so you’re not distracted and tempted to engage in the unsafe use of the smartphone.


If you’re the parent of a teen driver, insist that he or she turns on this feature on their phone whenever they’re driving.


Dock—The redesigned Dock on the iPad is now accessible from the Home screen or while using any app.


In addition to being able to customize which app icons appear, iOS 11 predicts which apps you’ll want to use next, shows icons for recently used apps, and displays the app icon for the app most recently used on another iOS mobile device or Mac that’s compatible with the Handoff feature.


Drag-and-Drop—On the iPad, it’s now easier than ever to use the Multitasking feature to open and use two apps on the screen simultaneously, and then drag and drop content between apps.


File Preview—When you press your finger on the thumbnail for a file within the Files app, or that you’ve received from someone else via email (as a file attachment), you can now see a preview of it, and immediately mark up or annotate that preview, before saving, printing, or sharing it with others. You also can open it within a compatible app installed on your iPhone or iPad.


Files—This new app replaced the iCloud Drive app, and makes it much easier to preview, add, manage, retrieve, and share data, documents, files, folders, and photos, that are stored online, within a compatible cloud-based service, such as iCloud Drive, Dropbox, Google Drive, or Box.


Being able to store files in the cloud allows you to free up internal storage space within your mobile device. However, to use the Files app and interact with cloud-based services, an Internet connection is required.



When using this app for turn-by-turn navigation directions, it now displays the posted speed limit on your screen and indicates which lane you should travel is based on upcoming turns or lane merges.


In addition to offering improved navigation information in more cities around the world and just about the entire United States, the Maps app now offers indoor maps for major airports and shopping centers.


News—Along with providing you with up-to-the-minute news about topics you’re personally interested in, from sources and content creators you select, the iOS 11 edition of the News app provides curated Top Stories in a personalized format.


QuickType Keyboard—On the iPad, the QuickType virtual keyboard now displays two letters, numbers, or symbols per key, and allows you to switch between them with an easy downward flick of the finger.


On an iPhone, a new function makes it easier to hold the phone and use the virtual keyboard with just one hand.




Siri has been around for several years now, and the feature continues to improve with each new version. Siri’s voice sounds more natural, the feature can be used as a language translator, and Siri responds to many more types of app-specific commands and requests while being able to obtain information from a broader range of online-based sources.


What you’ll soon discover is that with iOS 11, Apple has worked hard to make it easier to truly personalize and customize your iPhone or iPad, while giving you faster and more secure access to content that’s stored in your mobile device, or that’s available via the Internet.


In addition, apps integrate better with one another, as well as with iCloud and other popular online (cloud-based) services.


Thus, your most important data, documents, photos, files, content, and information are more readily available to you, and can seamlessly sync between all of your iOS mobile devices and computers that are linked to the same online account(s).


Wait, What? the iPhone X Has No Home Button

Home Button

For 10 years, iPhone users (and later iPad users) have been trained to press the Home button built into the front of their mobile device to handle a wide range of tasks.


As part of the complete redesign of the iPhone X (released in conjunction with the tenth anniversary of the iPhone), the Home button has been removed.


Instead, the 5.8-inch Super Retina display takes up almost the entire front of the smartphone. The iPhone X is the first to feature an OLED Multi-Touch display, with a 2,436 by 1,125-pixel resolution. In non-tech-speak, it’s more vivid and displays more detailed content than any other iPhone or iPad screen to date.


The iPhone X still works seamlessly with iOS 11, but as you’ll discover, some of the ways you interact with this new smartphone are different, compared to all other iPhone models.


Instead of the Home button, you often need to perform a specific type of on-screen finger swipe or press the Side button on the device to handle tasks that the Home button was formally responsible for.



Throughout this book, if you’re using an iPhone X and see an instruction that includes pressing or tapping the Home button, instead take advantage of the appropriate finger gesture or press the Side button to handle the same task.


Because there’s no Home button on the iPhone X, instead of using a fingerprint scan to verify your identity when unlocking the phone or authorizing a purchase, the phone relies on cutting-edge face recognition, so you simply need to look at the screen.


In addition, the iPhone X, iPhone 8, and the iPhone 8 Plus can take advantage of Qi-compatible wireless charging mats; instead of plugging your phone into an external power source, you can simply place the smartphone on a specially designed power mat. Eventually, you’ll be able to use Apple’s AirPower accessory, which will be released in 2018.


Charging mats for use at home or work are now available from a wide range of third-party companies. Apple also is working with cafes, restaurants, airports, and hotels around the world to have these mats installed into tables within public places, so you can more easily recharge your phone when you’re out and about.


What This blog Offers

iPad and iPhone Tips

This all-new, seventh edition of iPad and iPhone Tips and Tricks helps you quickly discover all of the important new features and functions of iOS 11, and shows you how to begin taking full advantage of this operating system and its bundled apps, so that you can transform your smartphone or tablet into the most versatile, useful, and fun-to-use tool possible.


Using easy-to-understand, non-technical language, along with full-color screenshots, each blog of this blog focuses on using various aspects of iOS 11 and the apps that come preinstalled with it.


Throughout the blog, look for What’s New, Tip, Note, Caution, and More Infoboxes that convey useful tidbits of information relevant to the topic.


The What’s New boxes highlight new features or functionality that is being introduced in iOS 11, while the More Infoboxes provide website URLs or list additional resources that you can use to obtain more information about a particular topic.


1. Discover iOS 11 and the Newest iPads and iPhones

In this blog

  • Learning about the latest iPhone and iPad models and what each offers
  • Discovering how to use some basic iPhone and iPad functions
  • Interacting with your iOS mobile device


As of late 2017, Apple’s lineup of iOS mobile devices included a handful of new iPhone and iPad models, all of which run iOS 11. The operating system includes many useful new features, built-in functions, and preinstalled apps that allow the mobile devices to work more seamlessly with cloud-based services, including iCloud.


iPad Pro users will see the biggest advancements when upgrading from iOS 10 (or an older version) to iOS 11. Thanks to the improved Multitasking mode, App Switcher, and Dock, working with two apps simultaneously on the same screen and dragging and dropping content between apps is easier than ever.


In a nutshell, the latest iPad Pro models (with a 10.5-inch or 12.9-inch Retina display) has taken a giant step closer to functioning like a full-featured notebook computer, especially when you use them with the optional Apple Pencil and Apple Smart Keyboard.


More Info

Apple’s current

To compare the technical specifications and features offered by Apple’s current lineup of iPad, iPad mini, and iPad Pro models, visit


Meanwhile, the current lineup of iPhone models includes the iPhone 8 (which has a 4.7-inch Retina HD display), the iPhone 8 Plus (which has a 5.5-inch Retina HD display), and the completely redesigned iPhone X (which has a


5.8-inch Retina HD display). These new iPhones feature wireless charging, along with other new built-in technologies that broaden the capabilities of these smartphones, making them more powerful and convenient to use.


 Older iPhone models, including the iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus, iPhone 6s Plus, iPhone 6s, and iPhone SE continue to be available, and all run iOS 11.


More Info

To see a technological comparison between the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone X, visit


Click the See All Models option near the top-center of the browser window to include a summary of technical specifications for the older, but still available, iPhone models.


Discovering What’s New with the iPhone X

iPhone X

For the tenth anniversary of the iPhone, Apple’s iPhone X offers a complete redesign of the smartphone. It includes the fastest processors and most advanced technologies included within an iPhone to date.


As you can see from Figure, the Home button (with its Touch ID sensor) has been removed, and the front-facing camera has been improved, allowing for secure and accurate face recognition as a way to unlock the phone and confirm online and Apple Pay purchases.



If you’re a veteran iPhone user, you’ll have to get used to not having a Home button when using the iPhone X. Instead, you’ll need to become accustomed to a selection of new on-screen finger gestures for navigating the phone and working with apps. For other features and functions, you need to use the iPhone X’s Side button.


On most iPhones, a user can swipe up from the bottom of the screen, or swipe down from the top of the screen, to access certain features, such as Notification Center or Command Center, and use the Home button to handle a variety of tasks.


On an iPhone X, however, when placing your finger near the top or bottom of the screen, it now matters where on the screen you start the motion when you initiate a swipe.


Getting Ready to use Your New iPhone or iPad

iPhone or iPad

If you’re upgrading your iPhone or iPad from an older model to a newer one, the initial setup and activation process for the new device has been streamlined, thanks to iOS 11.


You can take advantage of the Automatic Setup option, which combines retrieving your content from your iCloud account and wirelessly transferring information (including your personal settings and preferences, along with your iCloud Keychain data) between your older iPhone or iPad and your new one.


Be prepared to place your old device next to the new one during the Automatic Setup process.



Attention Android phone users! If you’re switching to an iPhone from an Android-based smartphone (running the Android 4.0 or later operating the system), first of all, what took you so long?


Second, Apple provides an app-based tool to seamlessly and wirelessly migrate your data and content to the iPhone.


On your Android device, download and install the free Move to iOS app from the Google Play Store and follow the on-screen prompts to transfer your contacts, message history, camera photos and videos, web bookmarks, email account information, and calendar/scheduling information.



Need help migrating to a new iPhone or iPad? Within 90 days of purchasing the new device (or within two years, if you acquired AppleCare+), visit the Apple Store and be sure to bring along both your new and old smartphones or tablets to receive free assistance.


If you go on a different day than the day when you purchase the new iPhone or iPad, you need to make a free appointment with an Apple Genius. Visit


Charging Up and Getting Ready to go


Your iPhone or iPad comes with a built-in battery that has up 12 hours of battery life; battery life depends on the iPhone or iPad model, and how you use it throughout the day.


To ensure your smartphone or tablet will be ready to use whenever you need it, get into the habit of keeping its battery charged.


On older iPhone or iPad models, you have several options for charging the iPhone or iPad’s battery:

Use the white USB cable that came with your iOS mobile device to connect your iPhone or iPad to your computer. 


Connect a power adapter to the USB end of the white cable that came with your device, and then plug in the power adapter into an electrical outlet. Plug in the Lightning connector end of the cable to the bottom of your iPhone or iPad.


Connect an optional external battery pack to your iPhone or iPad, either directly to its Lightning port or with the white USB cable that came with the device.

Invest in an optional car charger that’s compatible with your iPhone or iPad, so you can recharge the battery and use the mobile device while you’re driving, without consuming battery power.


What’s New

When using an iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, or iPhone X, you’re also able to take advantage of its wireless charging capabilities, which means you’ll need to acquire a Qi-compatible charging pad.


Apple will introduce the optional AirPower wireless charging mat sometime in 2018 (which will work with the latest iPhones, AirPods, and Apple Watch series 3).


To learn about third-party companies, like Belkin ($59.99, and Mophie ($59.95,, that make Qi wireless charging products that are currently available, visit


Apple is also currently working with cafes (like Starbucks), airports, hotels, and restaurants to have charging pads installed into tables and publically accessible locations, which will make it very convenient to recharge the battery of your compatible iPhone.


The battery-life indicator is displayed in the top-right corner of the screen. When this icon is solid green, the battery is fully charged. As the battery depletes, the battery icon becomes white.



When a lightning bolt icon appears to the right of the battery life indicator, the device is connected to an external power source and is charging. You can continue using your iPhone or iPad while it’s charging.


If the battery drains before you plug it into an external power source, your iPhone or iPad automatically shuts down (powers off) and will not be functional again until it’s plugged in to charge. However, no information or content is lost if the device turns off due to a dead battery.



In addition to the battery icon, you can adjust a setting so that the percentage of battery power remaining displays to the immediate left of the battery icon. Launch Settings, tap Battery and then turn on the virtual switch associated with Battery Percentage.


When your iPhone’s battery is running low but you don’t immediately have a way to recharge it, extend the life of the battery by turning on Low Power mode. To turn on this feature, launch Settings, tap Battery, and then turn on the virtual switch associated with Low Power mode.


As soon as you turn on the Low Power Mode feature, certain features and functions that typically consume a lot of battery power are deactivated, allowing you to extend the life of the battery and continue to use your device a bit longer.


To make it easier to access the Low Power Mode feature, add it to the Control Center. How to customize the Control Center is covered in the next blog.


Turning Off or Putting to Sleep the iPhone or iPad

iPhone or iPad

Your iOS mobile device can be turned on, turned off, placed into Sleep mode, or placed into Airplane mode.


Turned on—When your phone or tablet is turned on, it can run apps and perform all the tasks it was designed to do.


The touchscreen is active, as is its capability to communicate. To turn on the iPhone or iPad when it is powered off, press and hold the Side button for about 5 seconds, until the Apple logo appears on the screen.


Release the Side button, and then wait about 15 seconds while the device boots up. When the Lock screen appears, you’re ready to begin using the iPhone or iPad.



Depending on which iPhone or iPad model you’re using, the location of the Side button varies. On older iPhone models, this button was referred to as the Sleep/Wake button and is located on the top-right corner of the smartphone.


Turned off—When your iPhone or iPad is turned off and powered down, it is not capable of any form of communication, and all apps that were running are shut down. The device is dormant.


To turn off your phone or tablet, press and hold the Side button for about 5 seconds, until the Slide to Power Off banner appears on the screen. Swipe your finger along this red-and-white banner from left to right. The device shuts down.


Sleep mode—To place your iPhone or iPad into Sleep mode, press and release the Side button once. To wake up the device, press the Side button (or the Home button on all devices but the iPhone X).


In Sleep mode, your device’s screen is turned off, but the phone or tablet can still connect to the Internet, receive incoming calls (iPhone) or text messages, retrieve emails, and run apps in the background.


Notification Center also remains fully operational, so you can be alerted of preset alarms. Sleep mode offers a way to conserve battery life when you’re not actively using your phone or tablet.



By default, your iPhone or iPad goes into Sleep mode and auto locks after 5 minutes. To adjust this time interval or turn off the Auto-Lock feature, launch Settings, tap the Display & Brightness option and then tap the Auto-Lock feature. Your options include the ability to activate Auto-Lock after 2, 5, 10, or 15 minutes, or never.



Another way to place any iPad into Sleep mode is to place an optional Apple Smart Cover (or compatible cover) or Apple Smart Keyboard (which doubles as a Smart Cover) over the screen (the iPad Cover Lock/Unlock option must be turned on from the General menu in Settings).


In Sleep mode, an iPad “wakes up” for an incoming call (when used with iOS 11’s Handoff feature), a FaceTime call, or an incoming text message.


Airplane mode—This mode enables your device to remain fully functional, except it can’t communicate in any way using a cellular (3G/4G/LTE) connection.


The iPhone cannot make or receive calls, and neither the iPhone nor iPad can send or receive text/instant messages via a cellular network. Apps that do not require Internet access to function normally.


So, if you’re aboard an airplane, you can switch to Airplane mode and continue reading an eBook, playing a game, word processing, watching a movie that you’ve downloaded from the iTunes Store, or working with a wide range of other apps.


After switching into Airplane mode, you can turn Wi-Fi Internet access and Bluetooth functionality back on yet keep the cellular connection turned off. This is useful if you’re traveling abroad and don’t want to incur international cellular roaming charges, or if you’re aboard an airplane or a cruise ship that offers Wi-Fi service.



To turn on or off Airplane mode, launch Settings, and tap the virtual switch for Airplane mode. Alternatively, Launch Control Center, and then tap the Airplane mode icon.


Once the device is in Airplane mode, keep in mind that you can quickly re-enable Wi-Fi or Bluetooth, if needed, by tapping their respective icons in Control Center.


When the iPhone or iPad is in Airplane mode (or turned off altogether) you’re able to recharge its battery a bit faster, but you won’t be alerted about incoming calls and text messages, for example, until the phone is taken out of Airplane mode or turned back on.


You can also place an iPhone or iPad into Do Not Disturb mode. This mode automatically routes incoming calls directly to voicemail. You can customize the Do Not Disturb feature to allow certain people to reach you when you otherwise want to be left alone.



To activate and customize the Do Not Disturb feature, launch Settings and tap the Do Not Disturb option. From the Do Not Disturb submenu, turn on the Manual or Scheduled virtual switch, based on how you want this feature set up.


To later turn on or off the feature, access Control Center and tap the crescent moon–shaped icon.


When turned on, a moon icon is displayed on the iPhone or iPad’s status bar, and all calls and alerts are silenced.


You can turn on or off this feature at any time, or you can schedule specific times you want Do Not Disturb to be activated, such as between 11:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m. on weekdays. To do this, turn on the Scheduled feature.


If you set the Alarm Clock feature in your iPhone or iPad via the Clock app or using Siri, this feature continues to work, even with Do Not Disturb turned on.


When your iPhone is turned off, all incoming calls are forwarded directly to voicemail, and it is not possible to initiate an outgoing call. Likewise, incoming text messages, FaceTime calls, and other communications from the outside world cannot be accepted when an iPhone or iPad is turned off.


Instead, when you later turn on the device, notifications for these missed messages are displayed in the Notification Center, in their respective apps, and potentially on the Lock screen, depending on how you set up Notification Center.


What’s New

It’s a good idea to limit notifications your iPhone generates while you’re driving, especially if your smartphone is not connected to a vehicle via CarPlay.


To do this, from the Do Not Disturb submenu within Settings, tap the Activate option below the Do Not Disturb While Driving heading.


You can set this feature to activate automatically when you’re in a moving car, or you can opt to manually activate it from Control Center or the Do Not Disturb submenu within Settings.


Upgrading from iOS 10 to iOS 11

iOS 10 to iOS 11

Anyone who purchased an iPhone or iPad before September 19, 2017, needs to upgrade to iOS 11. The easiest way to do this is to use your mobile device to access any Wi-Fi hotspot, or your wireless home network, to establish a high-speed Internet connection. Then, from the device’s Home screen, launch Settings.



Before upgrading your iOS mobile device from iOS 10 (or earlier) to iOS 11, be sure to create a backup of your iPhone or iPad using the iTunes Sync Backup feature or the iCloud Backup feature.


After you install the iOS 11 operating system, all your apps, data, and personalized device settings will automatically be fully restored.


Next, tap the General option from the main Settings menu, and then tap the Software Update option.


If your device is running any version of iOS 10 (or earlier), a message indicates that an operating system upgrade is available. Follow the onscreen prompts to download and install the latest version of iOS 11 for free.


The upgrade takes between 20 and 30 minutes, depending on which iPhone or iPad model you’re using, its internal storage capacity, the Internet connection speed, and how much information is currently stored on your device.



Every few months, Apple updates the iOS to add new features to your iPhone or iPad. When a free iOS update is available, a message appears on your device’s screen and a Badge icon appears in the Settings app icon on your Home screen.


Interacting with Your iPhone or iPad

Interacting iPhone

If you’re a veteran iPhone or iPad user, you already know that Apple’s iOS mobile operating system enables you to interact with your mobile device using its touchscreen.


Data entry, for example, is typically done using the virtual keyboard displayed on the screen when it’s needed. Based on the type of information you’re entering and the app you’re using, the keyboard’s layout adapts automatically.


When you’re not using the virtual keyboard, much of your interaction with the iPhone or iPad is done through a series of taps, swipes, and other finger gestures on the Multi-Touch display.



iPad Pro users can interact with their tablets using the optional Apple Pencil ($99,, which enables users to write or draw directly on the tablet’s screen with extreme accuracy.


Using the Touchscreen


To navigate your way around iOS 11 on your iPhone or iPad, you need to learn a series of basic taps and finger gestures.



The iPhone 6s and all subsequent models offer the 3D Touch feature, which includes two touchscreen gestures called Peek and Pop. 


When you’re accessing the Home screen or using a growing number of compatible apps, if you press and hold your finger firmly on an icon or item, you can get a quick glimpse of what tapping or holding down your finger would reveal.


Then, if you want to access that content, press a bit harder on the screen to “pop” into it.


For example, if you’re using the Mail app and looking at your Inbox, which displays a listing of incoming messages, you can gently hold your finger on a message to preview it (“peek”), and then if you want to open the message and work with it, press your finger down a bit harder to “pop” it open.


This also works on the Home screen. Many apps offer quick access to the most common features of the app by pressing firmly on its icon. For example, if you hold your finger on the Camera app icon, a menu that enables you to quickly take a selfie, record a video, record a slow-mo video, or take a photo is displayed.


As you learn more about iOS 11’s features throughout this blog, you’ll discover how to use them by executing the necessary taps, swipes, pinches, and other finger gestures.


When you turn on the device or wake it from Sleep mode, virtually all of your interaction with the smartphone or tablet is through the following finger movements and taps on the device’s highly sensitive Multi-Touch display:


Double-Tap—Used to zoom in/out in certain apps, or center the content you’re viewing on the screen in some apps.


Drag—Press and hold your finger over an icon or object, and then drag it along the screen to a different location. When using a Move button, for example, you’d use the drag gesture. On an iPad Pro, the Drag gesture is used to move selected content from one app into another app.


Flick—Press gently on the screen and then move it left, right, up, or down, to scroll or pan.


Five-finger pinch (iPads only)—To exit an app and return to the Home screen, place all five fingers of one hand on the screen so that they’re spread out, and then draw your fingers together, as if you’re grabbing something. Be sure, however, that the Multitasking Gestures are turned on in the Settings app (found under the General heading).


Hold—Instead of a quick tap, in some cases it is necessary to press and hold your finger on an icon or onscreen command option. When a hold action is required, place your finger on the appropriate icon or command option, and hold it there with a slight pressure.


There’s never a need to press down hard on the smartphone or tablet’s screen. (Hold works with all iOS mobile devices running iOS 11, and is different from the Peek and Pop gestures that are exclusive to the newer iPhone models).


Pinch—Using your thumb and index finger, perform a pinch motion on the touchscreen to zoom out when using certain apps. Or “unpinch” (by moving your fingers apart quickly) to zoom in on what you’re viewing on the screen when using many apps.


Pull-down—On all iPhone and iPad models, except the iPhone X, quickly swipe your finger down from the very top of the iPhone or iPad’s screen. This causes the Notification Center to appear. You can hold the device in portrait or landscape mode for this to work.



The pull-down gesture is also used to access iOS 11’s enhanced Spotlight Search feature. Use a pull-down gesture that starts in the middle of the iPhone or iPad’s Home screen to access the improved Spotlight Search feature. 


One use of Spotlight Search is to quickly find any information that’s stored on your mobile device or to perform a web search.


Enter a keyword or search phrase into the Search field, tap the Search key on the virtual keyboard, and then tap one of the search result listings to access the related data or content by automatically launching whichever app it relates to.


Swipe—A swipe refers to quickly moving your finger along the screen from right to left, left to right, top to bottom, or bottom to top, in order to scroll left, right, up, or down, depending on which app you’re using.


Swipe Up—At any time, you can swipe your finger in an upward direction on most iPhone models (starting at the bottom of the screen) to make the redesigned Control Center appear.


From here, you can access a handful of functions. On an iPad, use the swipe up gesture from the bottom of the screen to access the redesigned Dock.


Tap—Tapping an icon, button, or link that’s displayed on your device’s screen serves the same purpose as clicking the mouse when you use your main computer.


Touch and Hold—When working with text created using the virtual keyboard, press and hold your finger on the screen over a letter or word to see a magnified view and be able to manually move (reposition) the onscreen cursor.



For iPad users, iOS 11 works with a two-finger gesture. This enables you to more accurately move the cursor around on the screen (in some apps), which is useful when editing text or highlighting text to select, copy, cut, and then paste, for example.


To move the cursor on the screen, place two fingers next to each other over the cursor or text you want to highlight and drag your fingers slowly around on the screen. The onscreen cursor follows your movement.



On all iPhone and iPad models, except the iPhone X, you’re able to return to the Home screen anytime by pressing the Home button once, regardless of which app is being used.



Apple continues to make navigating around your favorite apps with taps, finger gestures and swipes easy.


For example, on any screen where you’re scrolling downward, such as when you’re surfing the Web with Safari, tap the time that’s displayed at the top center of the screen to quickly return to the top of that page or screen.


Meanwhile, if you’re typing something on an iPhone and don’t like what you typed, instead of pressing and holding the Delete key to erase your text, simply shake the smartphone in your hand for a second or two to “undo” your typing.


Be sure to turn on the Shake to Undo feature by launching Settings and tapping Accessibility.



When you’re using one of the more recently released iPhone models, double-touch (use a gentle tap, as opposed to pressing) the Home button, and everything that’s displayed on the screen shifts downward, so you can more easily reach it with your thumb.


Plus, as you’re reading emails, you can use your thumb (on the hand you’re holding the iPhone with) to swipe left or right across an Inbox message listing to manage that incoming message.


Working with the Home Button

Home Button

Here’s how to use some of the Home button’s main functions when using iOS 11 on an iPhone or iPad model (except the iPhone X):


Activate Siri—Press down and hold the Home button for two seconds from the Home screen or when using an app.


Access the App Switcher—From any app (or from the Home screen), quickly press the Home button twice. Press the Home button again (or select an app) to exit the App Switcher.


Exit an app and return to the Home screen—When using an app, press the Home button once to exit it and return to the Home screen. Keep in mind that in most cases this does not shut down the app; it continues running in the background.


Reboot the device (without deleting any of your apps or data)—On older iPhone models and on all iPads, press and hold the Home button simultaneously with the Side button for about five seconds until the Apple logo appears on the screen.



When using an iPhone 7 or iPhone 8 series phone, to reboot the device, press and hold the Side button simultaneously with the volume down button located on the side of the smartphone, as opposed to the Sleep/Wake and the Home button on other iPhone and iPad devices (except the iPhone X).


Return to the main Home screen—When viewing any of the Home screens on your mobile device, press the Home button once to return to the main Home screen.


Wake up the device from Sleep mode—Press the Home button once when your iPhone or iPad is in Sleep mode. If the device is powered down, press and hold the Side button for several seconds instead.


Use the Touch ID that’s built into the Home button of compatible devices to unlock it, confirm a payment using Apple Pay, or when making a content purchase from the App Store, iTunes Store, iBook Store, or within a participating app.


Touch ID can also be used to grant you access to certain apps that otherwise require a password, such as a banking or credit card app.



For iPhone X users, instead of using Touch ID to scan a fingerprint, the Face ID feature is used in conjunction with the phone’s front-facing camera for digital face recognition.



On the iPhone 7 and iPhone 8 series that have a Touch ID sensor built into the Home button, you can customize how the button feels when you press it. To do this, launch Settings, tap the General option and then tap the Home Button option.


The 1, 2, and 3 circular icons are displayed; each represents a different feel for the Home button. Tap one at a time to experience the difference when you press the Home button, and then select the one you like best. Tap Done to save your selection.


Interacting with the iPhone X

Interacting iPhone X

Following are some of the new iPhone X finger gestures and uses of the Side button that have replaced the uses of the Home button:

  • To access the Home screen using an iPhone X, place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up.


  • To utilize Multitasking mode and access the App Switcher, place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up. However, instead of removing your finger from the screen at the end of the swipe, hold it in place for about a second.


  • To access Control Center while using the iPhone X, place your finger near the top-right side of the screen and swipe down.
  • To access Siri, either uses the “Hey Siri” command, or press and hold the
  • Side button for about two seconds.


To quickly launch the Wallet app and access Apple Pay (to make a payment in a retail store, for example), quickly press the Side button twice, and then look at the iPhone X’s screen (to utilize Face ID) and authorize the purchase.


Using the Virtual Keyboard

Virtual Keyboard

Whenever you need to enter data into your iPhone or iPad, you almost always use the virtual keyboard that pops up on the bottom portion of the screen when it’s needed.


The virtual keyboard resembles a typewriter or computer keyboard; however, certain onscreen keys have different purposes, depending on which app you’re using.


When you’re using an app that involves numeric data entry, such as Numbers or Excel, the layout and design of the virtual keyboard can change dramatically.


Divide the virtual keyboard in half (iPad)—Make it easier to type on the virtual keyboard with your two thumbs while holding the device. To split the keyboard, hold down the Hide Keyboard key that’s located in the lower-right corner of the virtual keyboard, and select the Split option.


Alternatively, use the index fingers on your right and left hand simultaneously, place them in the center of the virtual keyboard when it’s visible, and then move them apart.


Undock and move the virtual keyboard (iPad only)—Hold down the Hide Keyboard key (displayed in the lower-right corner of the keyboard) to be given the opportunity to undock or split the keyboard. Select Undock, and then while holding down the Hide Keyboard key, drag the keyboard up or down to reposition it.


Turn on or off the keyboard’s key click sound—Launch Settings, tap the Sounds option and then turn on or off the virtual switch associated with Keyboard Clicks.


Adjust auto-capitalization, autocorrection, check to spell, enable caps to lock, predictive, split keyboard (iPad only), and the keyboard shortcuts options—Launch Settings, tap the General option and then tap the Keyboard option to access the Keyboard menu. Turn on or off the virtual switch associated with each option.



When using the virtual keyboard, to turn on Caps Lock, quickly double-tap the Shift key (it displays an upward-pointing arrow). Tap the key again to turn off Caps Lock.


Make the virtual keyboard disappear—You can often tap anywhere on the screen except on the virtual keyboard itself, or you can tap the Hide Keyboard key (iPad only), which is always located in the lower-right corner of the keyboard.


Make the virtual keyboard appear—If you need to enter data into your iPhone or iPad but the virtual keyboard doesn’t appear automatically, simply tap an empty data field. An appropriately formatted virtual keyboard displays.


Make the keys on the virtual keyboard larger—For some people, a larger keyboard makes it easier to type. Simply rotate the iPhone or iPad from portrait to landscape mode. Keep in mind that not all apps enable you to rotate the screen.


Access emoji/symbols keyboards—Tap the Emoji (smiley face) key, located between the .?123 and microphone keys, to access alternative virtual keyboards that enable you to incorporate hundreds of different graphical emojis into your messages and documents.


Use the keyboard with one hand on an iPhone—Adjust the virtual keyboard to make it more accessible when you want to hold and use the iPhone with one hand. Press and hold the Emoji key and from the Keyboard Settings pop-up menu, tap the keyboard icon displayed on the right or left, based on which hand you’re holding your iPhone in.


Creating Keyboard Shortcuts

If there’s a sentence, paragraph, or phrase you need to enter repeatedly when using an app, you can enter that text just once and save it as a keyboard shortcut. Then, instead of typing a whole sentence, you can simply type a three-letter code that you assign to that shortcut, and the virtual keyboard inserts the complete sentence.


To create your own keyboard shortcuts, follow these steps:


1. Launch Settings and tap the General option, followed by the Keyboard option.

2. From the Keyboards menu, tap the Text Replacement option.

3. When the Text Replacement window appears, press the + icon to add a new shortcut.

4. Fill in the Phrase field with the complete sentence (or any text) you want to include, such as, “I am in a meeting and will call you back later.”

5. In the Shortcut field, enter a three-letter combination to use as the keyboard shortcut, such as “IAM” (representing “I am in a meeting and will call you back later”).

6. Now, anytime the virtual keyboard is displayed (when using an app), simply type IAM to input the full sentence.


Using an Optional External Keyboard

If you expect to do a lot of data entry or word processing on your iOS mobile device, instead of using the virtual keyboard, purchase an optional external keyboard that connects to the smartphone or tablet using a wireless Bluetooth connection or the device’s Lightning port.


The Apple Smart Keyboards ($159 or $169, depending on the model,, are available specifically for the various iPad Pro models.


These keyboards use a proprietary Smart Connector to attach the keyboard to the tablet using magnets. No pairing is required, and the keyboard is powered by the iPad Pro.


More Info

For other iPad and iPhone models, Apple (, Belkin (, Logitech (, and Zagg ( are a sampling of companies that offer compatible external keyboards. Some of these keyboards are built in to phone or tablet cases that also double as stands.


Using Headphones with the Newest iPhones


Starting with the iPhone 7 series, Apple removed the headphone jack from its smartphones. To compensate for this, you have five options:


Use the iPhone’s built-in speakers to play all audio. Invest in wireless (Bluetooth) headphones (or a Bluetooth phone headset), such as the AirPods or PowerBeats3 Wireless Earphones. 


Use the supplied Lighting to 3.5mm Headphone Jack Adapter to plug your existing headphones (with a 3.5mm jack) into the Lightning port on the bottom of your phone.


Acquire wired headphones with a Lightning Connector. The iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone X come with wired EarPods with a Lightning Connector.


Link your iPhone with external, wireless (Bluetooth or AirPlay-compatible) speakers, such as a HomePod.



Any wireless (Bluetooth) headphones or headphones with a Lightning Connector that you purchase for your iPhone will also work with any iPad model. As of late 2017, all current iPad models also still have a 3.5mm headphone jack built in.


Keeping it Covered

Apple, along with many independent companies, offers a vast selection of optional, custom-fitted cases and covers for each of the iPhone and iPad models. Some cases include an external keyboard, and others double as a stand for the smartphone or tablet.


Using a case or cover protects your mobile device against damage (especially while you’re on the go), and also enables you to further personalize your device when you choose a case or cover design and color scheme that matches your personality and taste.


Apple’s own cases and covers are available from all Apple Stores, Apple, and authorized Apple resellers. Third-party cases and covers can be purchased wherever smartphones and tablets are sold, as well as from and other online-only sellers.


Understanding Applecare+ Coverage

AppleCare+ extends the warranty of your iPhone or iPad from 90 days (which is included with each device purchase) to two years, and includes unlimited telephone and in-person technical support.


Coverage against most types of accidental damage is also included (although a deductible will apply). Loss or theft coverage is not, however, included.


Repair prices for a broken iPhone or iPad can be extremely costly without AppleCare+, which can make this a good investment, particularly if you also use the free tech support option.


The cost of AppleCare+ varies according to which model iPhone or iPad you own. If your part of the Apple Upgrade Program (, AppleCare+ is included for free each time you upgrade to a new iPhone.



Some wireless service providers, along with independent insurance companies, such as Square Trade ( and Worth Ave. Group (, offer their own iPhone and iPad insurance plans.


Some of these plans include loss or theft coverage for the device, but do not include unlimited technical support from Apple.


More Info

To learn more about AppleCare+ for the iPhone or iPad, visit


Take Advantage of iOS 11 Features for the iPad

In this blog

  • Discover what’s new in iOS 11 that’s exclusive to the iPad and iPad Pro
  • Use multiple apps simultaneously
  • Drag and drop content between apps
  • Work with the Apple Pencil and Smart Keyboard


The way you can interact with an iPad or iPad Pro has greatly improved with iOS 11, regardless of which apps you typically use. Some of the new or improved iOS 11 features that make an iPad more efficient to work with include


  • A redesigned Dock and Control Center Better multitasking capabilities
  • Easier ways to transfer content between apps using drag and drop (or copy and paste)
  • The ability to mark up or annotate content using the Apple Pencil (on an iPad Pro)
  • Keyboard shortcuts when using an iPad Pro with an optional Smart Keyboard


When you combine these features with the apps you’re already using (or soon will be using) on your tablet, you’ll quickly discover that the experience of using an iPad is closer than ever to working with a notebook computer without losing the convenience of the touchscreen display.


This blog covers some of iOS 11’s newest features that are specific to iPads—and in some cases, exclusively to the latest iPad Pro models.



The iPad offers a 9.7-inch Retina Display, whereas the iPad mini 4 features a 7.9-inch LED-backlit Multi-Touch display. On the upside, these models are less expensive than higher-end models, but they also lack some of the newer technologies built into the latest iPad Pro models.


The latest iPad Pro models offer a 10.5-inch or 12.9-inch Retina Display, a faster processor, multiple built-in speakers, as well as other technologies that make these models considerably more advanced.


As a result, iPad Pro models can function more like laptop computers when handling common computing tasks, such as word processing, spreadsheet management, working with PDF documents, or managing emails.


iPad Pro models also work with the optional Apple Pencil ($99.00) stylus and optional Smart Keyboard ($149 to $169, depending which iPad Pro the keyboard will be used with). If you want to be able to handwrite, draw, or annotate content on your tablet’s screen an iPad Pro model is worth checking out.


All iPad and iPad Pro models come in several case colors and system configurations. For example, you have options in terms of the amount of internal storage the tablet contains, as well as whether the iPad (or iPad Pro) can connect to the Internet via only Wi-Fi or also via a 4G (LTE) cellular data connection.



Many of the features discussed in this blog apply to all iPad models. Some, however, are exclusive to the latest iPad Pro models.



To quickly compare current iPad and iPad Pro models before making a purchase, visit After you purchase an iPad (or iPad Pro), you can’t add features to upgrade it, so make a decision based on what you anticipate your future needs will be.


For example, if you plan to store a massive number of high-resolution digital photos, large document and data files, as well as a library of HD video content on your tablet (including television shows and movies), choose a model with plenty of internal storage space.


Getting to Know the Customizable Dock

Customizable Dock

In addition to the Dock changes, the Control Center is more powerful and versatile than ever.


For example, you can place your finger on any app icon on the iPad’s Home screen and drag it onto the Dock so it becomes more easily accessible, especially if you’re working with multiple Home screen pages.



To see a list of recently accessed files that an app in the Dock has used, press and hold your finger on that app icon. For apps that are compatible with this feature, you see a list of recently accessed files. Tap any of the file listings or image thumbnails to launch the app and continue working with that file.



If you’re working with a photo in the Photos app, and you want to quickly send the image to someone else using the Messages app, place and hold your pointer finger from your right hand on the image thumbnail.


Using your left hand’s pointer finger, simultaneously swipe upward from the bottom of the iPad’s screen to make the Dock appear.


Next, use the finger on your right hand to drag the selected image thumbnail directly over the Messages app icon. Select which message conversation the image should go in, and place the image thumbnail into the Send field for that conversation. Tap the Send icon to complete the process.


The redesigned Dock, which is consistent no matter which Home screen you’re on, holds more apps than previous versions.


The right side of the Dock includes icons for recently used apps and, if applicable, icons representing apps you were just using on another iOS mobile device or Mac (which means you can use the device you’re using now to quickly pick up where you left off on some other device).


To manually add an app icon to the Dock, locate it on the Home screen, place your finger on it, and then drag it to the desired location on the left side of the Dock.


To remove an app icon from the Dock and return it to the Home screen, place and hold your finger on the app icon and drag it up and out of the Dock.


To delete an app from the Dock (or the Home screen), place and hold your finger on the app icon until all of the compatible app icons start to shake. The apps you can delete from your tablet altogether have an X in the top-left corner.


Tap the X on an app to delete that app from your tablet. (You can always reinstall it at a later time, for free, from the App Store.) Keep in mind that not all apps that come preinstalled with iOS 11 can be deleted.


What’s New

Using an iPad, to access the redesigned Control Center and App Switcher while using any app, place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up. Instead of a quick swipe to access the Dock, keep moving your finger up in one steady motion until the App Switcher and Control Center appear.


Alternatively, press the Home button twice in quick succession to access the App Switcher and Control Center screen.


If you’re using an iPhone, press the Home button twice in quick succession to access the App Switcher.


To access the Control Center, place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up. Remember, if you’re using an iPhone X, the finger gestures to access the Home screen, App Switcher, Control Center, as well as other iOS 11 features are different.


From the App Switcher, you can instantly switch between apps that are currently running on your tablet; just tap the enlarged app thumbnail for the app you want to use. Scroll left or right to view all apps that are running.


To close an app altogether (but not delete it from your iPad), place your finger on an app thumbnail in the App Switcher and swipe up.


Introducing the Redesigned Control Center

If you have swiped up to access the App Switcher and Control Center, but you don’t see the Control Center, swipe to the left to access the Control Center. Here, you’ll see a handful of icons and sliders you can use to access or work with some of iOS 11’s most popular features.


For example, you can turn on and off Airplane Mode, AirPlay, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth. You can also control the Music app, adjust the iPad screen’s brightness, adjust the master volume control for the tablet, and turn on or off Screen Mirroring.


The icons displayed on the Control Center control the screen’s rotation lock, Silent mode, Do Not Disturb mode, and flashlight; access the Timer features of iOS 11; allow you to launch the Camera app; or access the Home app’s Favorites buttons (used to control smart appliances and lighting in your home).



Regardless of what you’re doing on your iPad or iPad Pro, if you want to quickly return to the Home screen, either press the Home button, or do a five-finger pinch gesture on the tablet’s screen.


Start by separating your fingers on your right hand and placing them on the tablet’s screen.


Next, quickly draw your fingers together as if you’re grabbing something. The app you were using continues running in the background, but you instantly jump to the Home screen.


Accessing and Managing Files

Accessing and Managing Files

People use cloud computing and online-based file storage/sharing services for a wide range of purposes. You already know that iCloud integration is built directly into iOS, however, not everyone uses iCloud for all of their file storage/sharing needs.


What’s New

In iOS 11, the iCloud Drive app, which was previously used to access and manage files stored within your iCloud account, has been replaced by the new Files app.


The Files app does more than integrate with iCloud; it also offers a centralized place to access and share files stored on other supported cloud-based services, including Dropbox ( and Box (


The new Files app grants you access to your iCloud Drive, Dropbox, and/or Box account(s), so you can easily access and share files stored in the cloud and transfer files between cloud-based services with ease.


Other third-party apps that allow files to be stored in the cloud, can easily be set up to work with the new Files app. The list of cloud-based services and third-party apps that the Files app works with is continuously expanding.



To work with the Files app and access cloud-based content, your iPad or iPhone must have Internet access via a Wi-Fi or cellular data connection. If you know you’ll be in an area with no Internet access, make sure to download the content while you still have Internet access.


Finding Your Files Stored in the Cloud


There are several ways to locate files stored within cloud-based services that are compatible with the Files app.



You can set up your iPad’s Spotlight Search feature to help you find files stored in the cloud via the Files app.


Launch Settings, select the Siri & Search option, tap the Files app, and then turn on the virtual switch associated with Search & Siri Suggestions. (Like many features built into iOS 11, this also works on the iPhone.)


To manually find a file, launch the Files app from the Dock and then follow these steps:


1. On the left side of the screen, below the Browse heading, tap the cloud service you want to access, such as iCloud Drive.


2. At the bottom of the screen, tap the Recent option to see your most recently accessed files, or tap on the Browse option to view a directory of files, folders, and subfolders.


3. Open the appropriate folder or subfolder by tapping its thumbnail or listing, and then locate the file(s) you want to open, view, share, or work with.



Displayed near the top center of the screen are command tabs that allow you to configure how the files are displayed. If you access iCloud Drive, for example, your sort options include Name, Date, Size, or Tags.


4.A preview of the selected file displays within the viewer. You’re now able to manage or work with the selected content. See the next section, “Managing Files and Folders from the Files App” for details.



As you’re looking at the file directory for the cloud-based service you’ve selected, tap the Add Folder icon in iCloud Drive to create a new folder or subfolder. You can then add files to and rearrange files in the folder by dragging and dropping, using the Copy and Paste commands, or using the Duplicate and Move commands.


To use the File app’s Search tool to find a file stored in the cloud, follow these steps:


1. On the left side of the screen, below the Browse heading, tap the service you want to access.

2. Displayed along the top of the screen is a Search field. Within this field, type what you’re looking for, such as a filename, keyword, date, or tag.

3. Tap the Search key on the virtual keyboard to display search results.

4. Tap the icon or listing that represents the search result you want to open, preview, share, or work with.

5. Tap the Markup/Annotate icon (if applicable) to write or draw on the file, or tap the Share icon to open the Share menu.


Managing Files and Folders from the Files App

Managing Files and Folders

Using the Files app, once you select any file, photo, or document that’s stored within the cloud, you see a preview of the selected content. At this point, you have two or three options, depending on the file type.


If the file type you selected is a graphics file (such as a photo) or a PDF, you can mark up or annotate the file by tapping the Markup/Annotate icon.


Tap the Share icon to share the file with other people via the Internet (using Messages, Mail, Facebook Messenger, or another compatible app) or AirDrop.


You can also use the Share menu to import the file into a compatible app that’s installed on your tablet.


For example, if the file is a Word document, tap the Copy to Word icon. If it’s a PDF, select the Copy to PDF Expert icon, if you have this optional app installed.



The Copy and Print command icons are in the bottom row of the Share menu. The Print command works if you have an AirPrint-compatible (wireless) printer linked with your iPad.


The Copy command enables you to place the selected content into the tablet’s clipboard and then paste (import) it into another compatible app.


To exit out of the preview screen, tap Done in the top-left corner of the screen.



When you’re previewing a file, the command icons along the top of the screen disappear after a few seconds. To make them re-appear, tap anywhere on the screen.


To simultaneously manage multiple files from the Files app, launch the app, and select the cloud service you want to access. Tap the Select option in the top-right corner of the screen, and then tap the appropriate files or folders.


A circle icon appears within each selected file and folder thumbnail. One at a time, tap on the folder(s) or file(s) you want to select.


As soon as at least one file or folder is selected, the Duplicate, Move and Delete options become active along the bottom of the screen, as does the Share option, when applicable.


Use the Share command to access the Share menu.

Share command

Tap Duplicate to make a copy of the selected file (or files) and folder, and then place them in another directory or move them to another service that’s accessible from the Files app.


The original files and folders stay in their original location, while copies of the selected files and folders are placed in the newly selected location.


With the Move option, you can move the location of the selected files or folders somewhere else. The files aren’t copied, and they do not remain in their original location.


Use the Delete option to delete the selected files or folders. Deleted files and folders are removed from the tablet and the cloud-based service, so they’re no longer available to you from anywhere.



If you delete content accidentally and want to retrieve it, tap the Recently Deleted option, which is under the Browse heading. Tap the Select option, and then choose the files you want to restore.


Tap the Recover option to restore the selected files and place each of them back in their original folders. Keep in mind, though, that files moved to the Recently Deleted folder do not stay there forever.


Adding Tags to Files and Folders

Adding Tags

The Tags option, which is listed under the Browse heading, enables you to color-code files and folders and then sort and display content by color. You can also add one or more text-based tags to a file or folder.


To add a tag to a file or folder, select it by tapping its thumbnail icon to preview it, and then tap the Share menu. Tap the +Tag option, which is at the top of the Share menu to the right of the filename and then choose the tag you want to associate with the file or folder.


You can create your own text-based tags, which you can then use to search for files.


To create a new tag from scratch, open any file that you want to assign a tag to, and then tap the Share menu. Next, tap on the +Tag option. From the Tags menu, tap the Add New Tag option and type a title for the tag. (You can also associate a color with it.)


Tap the Add Tag button to save the tag and begin using it. This newly created tag is added to the Tag menu, which means you can just tap it in the list to add it to other files.


Annotating and Marking Up Files

When you select a PDF or a graphics file to preview in the Files app, the Markup/Annotate icon is displayed near the top-right corner of the screen.


If you’re using a regular iPad, use your finger as a stylus to write or draw on the screen. However, if you’re using an iPad Pro, the Apple Pencil works extremely well with these tools for added precision.


After you tap the Markup/Annotate icon a collection of annotation and markup virtual writing and drawing tools are displayed along the bottom of the screen.


Undo—Tap to erase the last thing you did.


Redo—Tap to restore what was removed when you tapped the Undo command.


Pen —Select this tool and then choose your virtual ink color by tapping one of the color icons, which are also along the bottom of the screen.


Highlighter—Just like a real highlighter, this virtual tool is ideal for drawing attention to text within a PDF. Select the Highlighter tool and ink color, and then use your finger or Apple Pencil to draw over text.


Pencil—This is the thinnest and most precise writing tool. Select it and then choose your virtual ink color.


Eraser—Tap anything you’ve already drawn or written to erase it.


Dotted-Line—Select this option to draw using a dotted line.



Tap the + icon in the bottom-right corner of the annotation screen to access a menu for adding additional content.


Options include Text (to add typed text), Signature (to create and then paste your virtual signature into the file), Magnifier (used to zoom in on one area of the image or file you’re previewing), and Shapes/Arrows (add, resize, and position a square, circle, dialog box, or arrow).



When working with the Apple Pencil on an iPad Pro, after selecting a virtual writing or drawing tool, the harder you press down on the screen with the stylus, the darker and thicker the virtual ink will be.


Keep in mind that these markup and annotation tools are available to you while previewing a file directly from the Files app.


If you select a file, tap the Share button, and then open it within the Notes app (or another compatible editing app or a PDF editor app), you have access to a much broader selection of powerful markup, annotation, and drawing tools.


One use for the markup and annotation tools built into the Files app is to compose and store your virtual signature, and then paste that signature into documents or files as you’re previewing them.


This is extremely useful if you need to sign a PDF of a contractor if you want to add a digital signature to a letter you’ve composed before sending it out.


To create and place a digital signature, follow these steps:

1. Launch the Files app and open any graphic or PDF.

2. Tap the Markup/Annotation icon.

3. Tap the + icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen.

4. Select the Signature option from the menu.


5. In the New, Signature window use your finger or the Apple Pencil to write your signature on the designated signature line. If you’ve previously saved a signature, you have the option to select it.


6. If you like the appearance of the signature, tap the Done option to save it. To redo the signature, tap the Clear option and then rewrite the signature.


7. Your signature appears within a box in the center of the tablet’s screen. Place your finger in the center of this box and drag it to the location where you ultimately want the signature to appear.


8. Place your finger on one of the blue dots at the corners of the box to resize the signature by dragging it in or out at a diagonal.


9. Tap Done in the upper-right corner to save changes you’ve made to the file. The file is uploaded to the cloud-based service it came from. From within the Files app, tap on the Share icon to share the now signed file with others via text message, email, or AirDrop, for example, or to export the file into another app.



After you create a signature once, it is stored within the Files app. Later, when you access the Signature feature, you can select the saved signature or create a new one.


Multitasking with the iPad


iOS 11 has dramatically improved the multitasking capabilities of the iPad (particularly the iPad Pro models); you can run two apps simultaneously on the screen. It’s now easier than ever to drag and drop, copy and paste, or move content quickly between compatible apps.


To launch and use two apps at once from the Home screen (or App Switcher), launch the first app you want to use, such as the Photos app. Place your finger near the bottom of the screen and swipe up to see the Dock.


Place your finger on the icon for the second app you want to use (Safari, on the left in the figure), and drag it up and toward one side of the screen. The second app launches.


At this point, the window for the second app is floating on the screen. You can drag this app window right or left. To hide this second app window, drag it off the side of the screen.


To make it reappear, drag it back onto the screen by placing your finder near the right or left edge and swiping inward, toward the center of the screen.


While the second app window is floating, place your finger on the horizontal bar near the top of the window and drag it down slightly to activate the split-screen mode, where the two apps are running in fixed windows.


It’s then possible to move the divider bar between the two apps left or right, depending on how much of the screen you want each app to occupy.


Notice that a horizontal app divider bar appears between the two apps. Place your finger on the gray bar located in the center of this divider line and drag it left or right to increase or decrease the size of the second app window.


To replace one of the two apps with another, access the Dock, and drag a new app icon into one of the two app windows.


What’s New

When you have two apps running simultaneously, you can access the App Launcher and then access two different apps that you want to use simultaneously. From the App Switcher, you can switch between different screens, each with two apps running simultaneously.



Not all iPad apps are compatible with multitasking (split-screen) mode, although more and more app developers are incorporating this functionality into their respective apps.


Of the apps that support this feature, not all allow you to drag and drop content across the screen, from one app to the other. Again, this is functionality that is being added to more and more apps over time.


Multitasking with the Files App

 Files App

As you’re working with one app, such as the Notes app, you can simultaneously open the Files app, acquire a photo or another type of file from the cloud, and then drag and drop it into the Notes app in a matter of seconds. Here’s how to do this:


1. Launch an app, such as Notes. Open or create a document.


2. Place your finger near the bottom of the iPad’s screen and swipe up to make the Dock appear.


3. Place your finger on the Files app icon and drag it up and to the right (or left) to launch the app in multitasking (split-screen) mode. Two app windows are displayed on the screen simultaneously.


4. Within the Files window, locate the file (a graphic, for example) you want to import into the Notes document. Place your finger on the file’s icon and drag it to the location within the Notes app (on the opposite side of the screen) where you want the image to be.


5. The original file remains stored in the cloud, but a copy is downloaded and transferred to the document you’re working with.


6. To close the Files window, place your finger on the divider bar between the app windows, and drag it to the side where the Files app is situated.



This drag-and-drop feature works with many other apps—for example, you can drag pictures from Photos into an email that you’re composing. However, not all apps support this feature.


When you place your finger on the selected content and attempt to move it to the other app window, a green and white plus-sign icon will appear in the top-right corner of the thumbnail of the file you’re moving.


If this plus-sign icon does not appear, the two apps are not currently able to support the drag-and-drop feature, or you’re attempting to drag and drop an unsupported file type.


Using the Apple Pencil with the iPad Pro

 Apple Pencil

For iPad Pro users, the Apple Pencil ($99.00,, which looks and feels just like a traditional pencil, has become a “must have” accessory if you want to be able to write, draw, annotate, markup, or sign content within documents, files, or photos.


The Notes app, for example, allows you to handwrite notes or draw directly on the screen, and a handful of third-party note-taking apps also transform your tablet into a digital notebook or sketchbook.


When it comes to photo editing or marking up photos, the Apple Pencil allows many editing and image enhancement tools to be utilized with greater precision than using your finger.


For iOS 11, Apple Pencil support has been added to a wide range of apps, including Microsoft Word and Excel.



Apple Pencil is pressure sensitive. When you use a regular writing instrument, if you press harder, you draw thicker or darker lines; the same is true of Apple Pencil. This accessory is extremely precise and works with virtually zero lag time.


The first time you attempt to use the Apple Pencil with your iPad Pro, you need to pair it with your tablet. This process takes less than one minute. Follow these steps:


1. From the Home screen, launch Settings.


2.Tap Bluetooth within the main Settings menu.


3. When the Bluetooth submenu is displayed, remove the top of the Apple Pencil to reveal its Lightning connector and place it into the Lightning port located at the bottom of your iPad Pro.


4. Tap the Pair button in the Bluetooth Pairing Request window that appears.


5. The Apple Pencil is displayed below the My Devices heading within the Bluetooth menu. To the right of the listing it should say Connected.


6. If you haven’t already done so, leave the Apple Pencil connected to the iPad Pro for five to six minutes to fully charge the internal battery for the stylus.


7.When you’re ready to use the Apple Pencil, remove it from the iPad Pro’s Lightning port and replace the white cap. The Apple Pencil now works with all compatible apps.



The Apple Pencil works for approximately 12 hours per charge (which takes about six minutes). However, a 15-second charge keeps the Apple Pencil operational for about 30 minutes.



To discover third-party apps that work with Apple Pencil (in conjunction with your iPad Pro), launch the App Store app. Tap the Search option and then type Apple Pencil Apps in the Search field.


Scroll through the app preview listings to discover hundreds of compatible apps for writing, taking notes, drawing, editing photos, signing documents, handwriting musical scores, completing crossword and Sudoku puzzles, and more.


Understanding Keyboard Shortcuts

For the 10.5-inch and 12.9-inch iPad Pro models, Apple offers an optional, full-size Smart Keyboard that doubles as a protective screen cover for your tablet.


The Smart Keyboard uses an innovative Smart Connector to link directly with the tablet using magnets, and it’s powered by the iPad, so there’s no pairing, battery charging, or setup involved.


When the Smart Keyboard is connected to the iPad Pro, it works just like a traditional computer keyboard, and it helps the tablet function more like a laptop computer. Any app that works with the virtual (on-screen) iPad keyboard also works with the Smart Keyboard.


For the 10.5-inch iPad Pro, the Smart Keyboard is priced at $159.00. For the 12.9-inch iPad Pro, the Smart Keyboard is $169.00.


In addition to being thin and lightweight, which makes it easy to transport, the Smart Keyboard uses iOS 11 and app-specific keyboard shortcuts. These shortcuts allow you to work faster and more accurately.


Most of these shortcuts make use of the Command key, followed by a number or letter. Many are identical to what you might already be accustomed to using on a Mac. To learn more about Smart Keyboard shortcuts, visit



To access the iPad Pro’s emoji keyboard and menu, press the globe-shaped emoji key on the bottom-left side of the Smart Keyboard (to the left of the Control key).


Third-Party Apps

Third-Party Apps

The collection of preinstalled apps that comes with iOS 11 enables you to use your iPhone or iPad for a wide range of popular tasks without first having to find and install additional apps.


However, one of the things that have set the iPhone and iPad apart from the competition, and made these devices among the most sought-after and popular throughout much of the world, is the vast library of optional apps.


You can obtain all the apps currently available for your iOS device from Apple’s online App Store. Then, as needed, iOS 11 can automatically update your apps to ensure you’re always working with the most recently released version of each.



Although some apps are tweaked to work exceptionally well on the most recent iPhone or iPad models, all iPhone-specific apps can scale themselves automatically to accommodate the screen size of the iPhone model you’re using.


Likewise, apps for the iPad (as well as universal iPhone/iPad apps) automatically adapt to the screen size of the tablet you’re using.


Working with the App Store

App Store

The iOS 11 edition of the App Store app not only features a redesigned app icon on the Home screen, but the entire layout and design of the app itself have been revamped.


The purpose of the App Store app remains the same—to help you find, download, install, and update apps on your iPhone or iPad that doesn’t come preinstalled with iOS 11.


There are two ways to access the App Store: directly from your iPhone or iPad (using the App Store app that comes preinstalled on your device) or using the iTunes software on your primary computer.


The App Store app is where you get apps for your iOS device. To get other things for your device—music, movies, TV show episodes, and ringtones— you use the iTunes Store app. Both require that your device have an Internet connection.


You can use the iTunes software on your primary computer to access the App Store, as well as many types of content. Anything you acquire is then transferred to your mobile device either using the iTunes Sync process or by downloading the apps or content from your online-based iCloud account.



The main focus of this blog is on using the App Store app to find, install, and update optional apps. For information on how to use the iTunes software on your PC or Mac in order to access the App Store, visit


Installing New Apps

Installing New Apps

If you’re shopping for apps directly from your iPhone or iPad, tap the Price icon, followed by the Buy icon, to make a purchase. (Free apps display a Get icon in place of the Price icon.)


You are asked to supply your Apple ID password (or place your finger on your device’s Touch ID sensor—the Home button—to confirm and potentially pay for the transaction). iPhone X users can use Face ID to confirm purchases.


The acquired app automatically downloads and installs itself on your device. After it is installed, its app icon appears on your iPhone or iPad’s Home screen and is ready to use.



Instead of manually entering your Apple ID password to confirm an app purchase (or acquire a free app), if your iOS mobile device is equipped with a Touch ID sensor as part of its Home button, simply scan your fingerprint to approve the transaction.


For this to work, the feature must be turned on once from within Settings. To do this, launch Settings, tap the Touch ID & Passcode option, enter your device’s passcode and then turn on the virtual switch associated with the iTunes & App Store option.


Restoring or Reinstalling Apps You’ve Already Downloaded

If you have Family Sharing set up via iCloud it’s possible to share apps you acquire with up to five other family members, without having to repurchase that app.


With or without Family Sharing, you’re able to install an app you acquire from the App Store on all of your own iOS mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account, as long as the app is compatible with each device.


Apps you’ve already acquired are indicated by an iCloud icon rather than a Get or Price icon. To download an app that you’ve already acquired or purchased (without having to pay for it again), make sure the iPhone or iPad you’re currently using is linked to your iCloud account, and follow these steps:


1. Launch the App Store app.

2. Tap the Today, Games, Apps, or Update icon along the bottom of the screen.

3. Tap your iCloud/Apple ID account profile photo in the top-right corner of the screen.

4. When the Account screen appears, tap the Purchased option.


5. Scroll down the list of all apps you’ve previously acquired (or purchased). To install (or reinstall) any of these apps on the device you’re using, tap the iCloud icon associated with the app’s listing.



At the top of the Purchased screen, tap the All tab to view all the apps you’ve purchased to date that are compatible with the device you’re using.


You also have the option to tap the Not On This iPhone/Not on This iPad tab to view only apps you’ve acquired in the past that are not currently installed on the device you’re using.



From Settings, you have the option of having your iOS device automatically download and install any new (and compatible) apps, music, or eBooks purchases made using your Apple ID on any other computer or device.


To set this up, launch Settings, select the iTunes & App Store option and then adjust the Automatic Downloads options, which include Music, Apps, Books & Audiobooks, and Updates.


What’s New

To conserve internal storage space within your iPhone or iPad, a new feature automatically deletes apps from your device that you don’t use. You can later reinstall them from the App Store for free.


To turn on this feature, which also removes clutter from your Home screen, launch Settings, tap the iTunes & App Store option, and then from the iTunes & App Store submenu, turn the virtual switch for the Offload Unused Apps option.


When an app is automatically removed, any app-specific data remains stored on your mobile device and/or on iCloud. When you reinstall the app later, that data becomes fully accessible.



To delete an app and its related files, data, or content, launch Settings, tap the General option, tap the iPad/iPhone Storage option, and then tap any in the list app.


You can see the file size of each installed app, plus how much internal storage space is being used by the content associated with the app.


Tap the Offload App option to remove the app while preserving your content or data in the cloud. Tap the Delete option to erase the app and all related data or content.


Another way to delete an app (and all of its related data and content), is via the Home screen. Press and hold down any app icon until they all start to shake, and then tap the X icon in the top-left corner of the app icon for the app you want to delete.


Finding Apps, Music, and More


If you’re shopping for apps, music, movies, TV shows, podcasts, audiobooks, eBooks, ringtones, or other content from your primary computer, with the goal of transferring what you acquire to your iPhone or iPad later via the iTunes Sync processor via iCloud, use the latest version of the iTunes software on your Mac or PC computer.


What’s New

Apple has teamed up with hundreds of the world’s leading educational institutions to offer courses and workshops through a free service, called iTunes U.


Starting in September 2017, to access iTunes U materials, iPhone and iPad users should use Apple’s free Podcasts app ( rather than the soon-to-be-defunct iTunes U app.


Everything You Need to Know About Apps

Apps are individual programs that you install onto your iPhone or iPad to give it additional functionality, just as you utilize different programs on your primary computer. For the iPhone or iPad, all apps are available from one central (online) location, called the App Store.


When you begin exploring the App Store, you’ll discover right away that there are in excess of two million apps to choose from. They are divided into different categories to help make it easier and faster to find what you’re looking for.


What’s New

The Games app category now has its own section within the App Store. To access it, launch the App Store and tap the Games icon at the bottom of the screen.


To access all other app categories, launch the App Store app, tap the Apps icon at the bottom of the screen, and then scroll down to the Top Categories heading. Tap the See All option displayed to the right of the Top Categories heading.


Tap a category that interests you, such as Health and Fitness, and then scroll down to see subheadings, including Apps We Love, Top Paid, and Top Free. To the right of these headings is a See All option you can tap to view all related app listings in that category.


After you tap the Apps icon at the bottom of the screen, you see a series of app listings under featured headings, like New Apps We Love or Our Favorites from Last Month. There are also special interest app categories, like Time for School or Plan a Dinner Party.


These categories change regularly and give you an opportunity to browse apps with a special theme or focus.


Understanding Device Compatibility

Device Compatibility

In terms of compatibility, all iOS apps fall into one of these three categories:


iPhone-specific—These are apps designed exclusively for the various iPhone models that might not function properly on the iPad. Most iPhone-specific apps run on an iPad but may not take advantage of the tablet’s larger screen.


iPad-specific—These are apps designed exclusively for the iPad. Some work exclusively with the iPad Pro models. They fully utilize the tablet’s larger display and do not function on an iPhone or on other iOS devices.


Universal—These are apps designed to work on all iOS mobile devices, including any model iPhone or iPad. These apps detect which device they’re running on and automatically adapt.



When reading the App Store description of any app, you can find the app’s compatibility underneath the Information heading.



If you own two or more iOS devices, such as an iPhone and iPad, and the devices are linked to the same Apple ID (iCloud) account, you can purchase a universal (or iPhone-specific) app once, but then install it on all your iOS devices.


When you’re browsing the App Store from your iPhone, by default it displays all iPhone-specific apps followed by universal apps, but it does not display iPad-specific apps. When you’re browsing the App Store from your iPad, iPad-specific, universal, and iPhone-specific apps are all listed.



Because some app developers release the same app in both an iPhone-specific and an iPad-specific format, many iPad-specific apps have “HD” for High-Definition in their title, to help differentiate them from iPhone or universal apps. Some iPad-specific apps include the words “for iPad” in their title.


Buying Apps

Regardless of whether you use the App Store app from your mobile device or visit the App Store using the iTunes software on your primary computer, you must set up an Apple ID account and have a major credit card or debit card linked to the account to make purchases.



If you don’t have a major credit card or debit card that you want to link with your Apple ID account, it’s possible to purchase prepaid iTunes gift cards from Apple or most places that sell prepaid gift cards.


To purchase prepaid iTunes gift cards online, visit


iTunes gift cards are available in a variety of denominations and can be used to make app and other content purchases. They are distinct from Apple gift cards, which are only redeemable at Apple Stores or


The first time you access the App Store and attempt to make a purchase, you are prompted to enter your Apple ID account username and password, or set up a new Apple ID account, which requires you to supply your name, address, email, and credit card information.


For all subsequent online app purchases, you simply need to enter your Apple ID password (or place your finger on your device’s Touch ID sensor), and the purchase is automatically billed to your credit or debit card or deducted from your iTunes gift card balance.


To set up electronic payment options for your Apple ID/iCloud account, another option is to launch Settings, tap the Wallet & Apple Pay option, select the Add Credit or Debit Card option, and then follow the on-screen prompts.



An Apple ID account is also referred to as an iTunes Store account. To learn more about how an Apple ID account works or to manage your account, visit


The same Apple ID you use to make purchases can also be used as your username when you’re using FaceTime for video calling or Messages to access the iMessage service, as well as to access your iCloud account.



If you’ve forgotten your Apple ID username or password, using any Internet web browser, visit Click the Forgot Apple ID or Password? option. Remember, even if you have multiple Apple computers and mobile devices, you need only one Apple ID account.


Some apps are free, but others need to be purchased or require you to make in-app purchases to fully utilize them. The following is an overview of how app pricing works.


Free Apps

Free Apps

Free apps cost nothing to download and install on your phone or tablet. In some cases, these are fully functional apps.


Other free apps are demo versions of paid apps. Certain features or functions of the app are locked in the free version but are later made available if you upgrade to the paid or premium version of the app.


The third category of free apps comprises fully functional apps that display ads as part of their content. In exchange for using the app, you must view ads. These ads typically offer the option to click special offers from within the app or learn more about a product or service being advertised.



Many free apps that contain ads also have a paid app counterpart that’s ad-free. Another type of free app enables the user to make in-app purchases to add features or functionality to the app or unlock premium content. The core app, without the extra content, is free, however.



Some fully functional apps are free because they’re designed to promote a specific company or work with a specific service. For example, to use the free HBO GO app, you must be a paid subscriber of the HBO premium cable channel.


Likewise, to use the free Netflix app, you must be a paid subscriber to this streaming movie service. The AmEx app is useful only to people with an American Express card, but the free Target app is useful to anyone who shops at Target stores.


The Southwest Airlines app (or the app for any major airline) is also free. It can be used to make and manage airline reservations with that airline, check in for a flight, create and store digital boarding passes, and manage a frequent flier account.


Paid Apps

After you purchase an app, you own it and can use it as often as you’d like, usually without incurring additional fees (although in-app purchases might be possible). You simply pay a fee for the app upfront, which is often between $.99 and $9.99. Typically, future upgrades of the app are free of charge.


Subscription-Based Apps

Each full-length digital edition of a magazine or newspaper requires its own proprietary app (also available from the App Store) to access and read that publication’s content.


These apps are typically free, and then you pay a recurring subscription fee for content, which automatically gets downloaded into the app.


Many digital editions of newspapers, such as the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal, utilize a subscription app model, as do hundreds of different magazines.


Usually, the main content of the digital and printed version of a publication are identical; however, you can view the digital edition on your iPhone or iPad, plus take advantage of added interactive elements built into the app.


If you’re already a subscriber to the print version of a newspaper or magazine, some publishers offer the digital edition free, whereas others charge an extra fee to subscribe to the digital edition as well. Or you can subscribe to just the digital edition of a publication.


With some publications, you can download the free app for a specific newspaper or magazine and then purchase one issue at a time (including past issues) from within the app.


There is no long-term subscription commitment, but individual issues of the publication still must be purchased and downloaded. Or you can purchase an ongoing (recurring) subscription, and new issues of that publication will automatically be downloaded to your iPhone or iPad as they become available.



Through the News app, many leading publications and media services offer content for free.


You can fully customize what topics or publications you’re interested in reading, and the News app presents all related content (potentially acquired from many sources) to you in an easy-to-read way.


Unless you acquire a paid subscription to a publication, when using the News app, you only have access to select articles and content, not the entire publication.  “Customize Your Reading Experience with iBooks and the News Apps,” which you can find at


In-App Purchases

Some apps enable you to purchase additional content or add new features and functionality by making in-app purchases. The capability to make in-app purchases has become very popular and is being used by app developers in a variety of ways.


If an app offers in-app purchases, they are listed within the In-App Purchases section, which is below the Information heading of an app’s description.



The price you pay for an app does not translate directly to the quality or usefulness of that app. Some free or very inexpensive apps are extremely useful, are packed with features, and can really enhance your experience using your iPhone or iPad.


However, there are also costly apps that are poorly designed, filled with bugs, or don’t live up to expectations or to the description of the app offered by the app’s developer or publisher. The price of an app is set by its developer.


Instead of using the price as the only determining factor if you’re evaluating several apps that appear to offer similar functionality, be sure to read the app’s customer reviews carefully, and pay attention to the average star-based rating the app has earned.


These user reviews and ratings are much better indicators of an app’s quality and usefulness than its price.


Researching Apps

Before committing to an app purchase, tap its title or graphic icon to view the app’s description screen which displays the app’s title and logo near the top of the screen, along with its price icon (or Get icon if it’s a free app), average star rating, and the total number of ratings it has received.


Immediately below this information are sample screenshots or video clips from the app itself. Keep scrolling down to view a text-based description of the app. This description is written by the app’s developer and is designed to entice you to acquire the app.


Further down the page are the app’s ratings and reviews. Tap the See All option to view all of the app’s ratings and text-based reviews. Tap any review to read it in its entirety. Use this information to determine what your fellow iPhone and iPad users really think of the app.


The Ratings and Reviews chart graphically shows how many ratings the app has received, it's overall average rating and the total number of ratings. A top rating is five stars.


Below the App Store rating, chart is reviews written by other App Store customers. Scroll down to read them.


Two more important sections in every app description are the What’s New and Information sections. Because many apps are updated periodically, the

What’s New section lists changes or improvements made to each new version of the app. The most recent information about the app is listed first.


The Information section includes details about the app’s seller/developer, the file size of the app, the app’s category, which iPhone/iPad models the app is compatible with, the languages the app supports, and the age appropriateness rating for the app.


This section also states whether the app offers in-app purchases or supports Family Sharing.


You can find a list of other apps from the same app developer as well as a list of similar apps.


Managing Your Account and Redeeming iTunes Gift Cards

When you scroll to the very bottom of the Today, Games, or Apps screen within the App Store, you see two command buttons: Redeem and Send Gift.


Tap the Redeem button to redeem a prepaid iTunes gift card. Tap the Send Gift option to send an iTunes gift card to someone else. The gift card is sent via email, and the recipient can redeem it almost instantly from the App Store, iTunes Store, or iBook Store.


Managing Your iTunes Account

Tap your profile photo in the top-right corner of the screen in order to access and manage your Apple ID account, access previous App Store purchases, redeem a Gift Card or Code, Send a Gift by Email, or Sign Out from your Apple ID account.


If you haven’t already done so, you need to sign into your account by typing your Apple ID password, using Touch ID, or using Face ID (if you’re an iPhone X user).


From the Account window, tap your username (or profile photo) to access the Account Settings window.


From here, you can further manage Apple ID features, update payment information, change your country/region, manage App Store–related alerts, manage app-related subscriptions, and customize other account-related functions.


Finding Apps

As you explore the App Store, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by the sheer number of apps that are available for your iOS device.


If you’re a new iPhone or iPad user, spending time browsing the App Store introduces you to the many types of apps that are available and provides you with ideas about how your phone or tablet can be utilized in your personal or professional life.


However, you can save a lot of time searching for apps if you already know the app’s exact title, or you know what type of app you’re looking for. In this case, enter either the app’s exact title or a keyword description of the app in the App Store’s Search field to see a list of relevant matches.


If you’re looking for a word processing app, either enter the search phrase “Microsoft Word” into the App Store’s Search field or enter the search phrase “word processor” to see a selection of word-processing apps.


To find specific iPad Pro apps that support the Apple Pencil, for example, within the Search field, enter “Apple Pencil Apps.”


If you’re looking for vertical market apps with specialized functionality that caters to your industry or profession, enter that industry or profession (or keywords associated with it) in the Search field.


For example, enter keywords like “medical imaging,” “radiology,” “plumbing,” “telemarketing,” or “sales.”


As you’re evaluating an app before downloading it, use these tips to help you determine whether it’s worth installing on your phone or tablet:

Figure out what types of features or functionality you want to add to your iPhone or iPad.


Using the Search field, find apps designed to handle the tasks you have in mind. Chances are, you can easily find a handful of apps created by different developers that are designed to perform the same basic functionality.


Pick which is the best based on the description, screenshots, and list of features each app offers.


Check the customer reviews and ratings for the app. This useful tool enables you to quickly determine whether the app actually works as described in its description. The customer reviews and star-based ratings are created by fellow iPhone or iPad users who have tried out the app firsthand.


If an app has only a few ratings or reviews and they’re mixed, you might need to try out the app for yourself to determine whether it will be useful to you.


If an app offers a free version, download, and test that first before purchasing the premium version. You can always delete any app that you try out but don’t wind up liking or needs.


Keeping Your Apps Up to Date

Apps Up to Date

Periodically, app developers release new versions of their apps. iOS 11 can automatically update your installed apps as long as your iPhone or iPad has access to the Internet.


To customize this auto-update option, launch Settings and tap the iTunes & App Store option. From the iTunes & App Stores submenu, make sure the virtual switch associated with the Updates option is turned on.


Keep in mind that some apps that have a large file size associated with them require a Wi-Fi Internet connection to initially download or later update.


At any time, you can see which apps have been updated, and read a summary of what functionality or features have been added to the app update (as well as which bugs have been fixed) by launching the App Store app and tapping the Updates icon.


If an app listed on the Updates screen has an Open button associated with it, the app has been recently updated. The date of the update is listed in the heading. Tap the app icon or its title to read about the update. Tap the Open button to launch the app and use it on your iPhone or iPad.


From the Updates screen, if an Open button is not displayed, you might see a progress meter indicating the app is currently being updated and downloaded to your device. If an update is available but has not yet been downloaded and installed, an Update button, instead of an Open button, is displayed with that app.


As you’re viewing the Updates screen, apps are listed in chronological order, based on when they were updated. Pending updates, if any, are displayed near the top of the screen.


Managing Your Kids’ App Acquisitions

As a parent, you’re able to control what apps your child is allowed to purchase, install, and ultimately use on their iOS mobile device (or yours). It’s also possible to control their online spending when it comes to apps and in-app purchases in several different ways.


To determine which apps and content your child is allowed to use on an iOS mobile device, activate the Restrictions options. To do this, launch Settings on the device, tap the General option and then tap the Restrictions option.


From the Restrictions submenu, tap Enable Restrictions, create a four-digit passcode and then turn on the virtual switches associated with iTunes Store, Music Profiles & Posts, iBooks Store, News, Installing Apps, Deleting Apps, and In-App Purchases, to limit what your child can do.


Under the Allowed Content heading, tap the Apps option, and determine what apps your child is allowed to access, based on an app’s age appropriateness rating.


When you set up iCloud’s Family Sharing, it’s possible to set up your child’s iOS mobile device so he or she needs to ask you for permission (via a text message to your iPhone or iPad) before acquiring any new apps or content. This feature also gives parents greater control over apps installed on a child’s device.



In addition to the apps that come preinstalled with iOS 11, Apple offers a handful of optional Made By Apple apps, such as Pages (similar to Microsoft Word), Numbers (similar to Microsoft Excel), Keynote (similar to Microsoft PowerPoint), iMovie (video editing), Apple Store (online shopping via the Online Store or an Apple retail store), GarageBand (music composition and editing), and Podcasts (listen to free podcasts and educational programming).


If you have an Apple TV device connected to your HD television set, consider downloading the free Apple TV Remote app to use your iPhone or iPad as a TV remote control. These and other Apple apps are available for free from the App Store.


What’s New

The iOS 11 edition of the App Store includes several new and permanent app categories you can browse through. For example, check out the AR Apps category to see information about the fast-growing collection of augmented reality apps.


Additional specialty app categories are continuously being created, but they are featured only temporarily within the App Store.


When you access the App Store, tap the Apps icon to view graphic banners that promote new, temporary, or seasonal app categories.