Wifi iPhone Not Working (50+ New Wifi Hacks 2019)

How to find Wifi Password on iPhone 2018

How to find Wifi Password on iPhone 2019

Your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) lets you perform a satisfyingly large range of fun and interesting tasks while you’re offline. You can play games, read saved articles, listen to downloaded music or podcasts, crack open an e-book, update your contacts, and much more.


But iOS and the iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch really shine when they have access to the outside world, either via a Wi-Fi network or a cellular signal. With a link established, you can surf, e-mail, message, post, upload, download, and perform all the other online verbs that are the watchwords of today’s connected lifestyle.


Alas, you might find yourself having to revert to the satisfying-but-limited world of offline pastimes if you have trouble connecting your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) to a network.


Even if you can get online, iOS might still cause you grief with the way it handles network or cellular connections. This chapter takes you through quite a few connectivity problems and offers solutions that will help you get iOS and your network working smoothly again.


Troubleshooting Wi-Fi Issues on iPhone

 Wifi Password on iPhone 2018


If you’re having trouble connecting to a local Wi-Fi network, the problem might be with your device or it might be with the network itself. (I’m assuming here that you have a password for the network if it requires one.) Let’s begin here in Part I by assuming that the problem rests with your device.


Solution: Turn the Wi-Fi antenna off and then on again. This resets the antenna, which is often enough to make the connection go through. To toggle the antenna, open Settings, tap Wi-Fi, tap the Wi-Fi switch to Off, and then tap the same switch back to On.


Tip  You can also toggle the Wi-Fi antenna off and on by swiping up from the bottom of the screen to open the Control Center and then tapping the Wi-Fi icon twice. Tap outside the Control Center to close it.


If your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) still won’t connect to the Wi-Fi hotspot, then it’s possible the problem lies with the network itself. Unfortunately, wireless networking adds a whole new set of potential snags to your troubleshooting chores because of problems such as interference, compatibility, and device ranges.


Solution: Here’s a list of a few troubleshooting items that you should check to solve any wireless connectivity problems you’re having:


Reboot devices. Reset your hardware by turning off the Wi-Fi network’s router and then turning it back on again. If your network has a separate broadband modem, you should reboot that as well.


Look for interference. Devices such as baby monitors and cordless phones that use the 2.4GHz radio frequency (RF) band can play havoc with wireless signals. Try either moving or turning off such devices if they’re near your wireless router.

Caution  You should also keep your wireless router well away from a microwave oven; microwaves can jam wireless signals.


Check your range. If you’re getting no signal or a weak signal, it could be that your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is too far away from the Wi-Fi router. You usually can’t get much farther than about 115 feet away from any Wi-Fi access point before the signal begins to degrade (230 feet if you’re using 802.11n devices).


Either move closer to the router or turn on the router’s range booster feature, if it has one. You could also install a wireless range extender.


Change the channel. You can configure your wireless router to broadcast signals on a specific channel. Sometimes one channel gives a stronger signal than another, so try changing the channel. You do this by logging on to the router’s configuration pages and looking for a setting that determines the broadcast channel.


Upgrade the router’s firmware. Some network problems are caused by router bugs. If the manufacturer has corrected these bugs, the fixes will appear in the latest version of the router firmware, so you should upgrade to the new version. See your router documentation to learn how to perform an upgrade.


Reset the router. As a last resort, reset the router to its default factory settings (see the device documentation to learn how to do this). Note if you do this you’ll need to set up your network from scratch.


iOS Automatically Connects to a Network You No Longer Want to Use



When you join a Wi-Fi network, iOS remembers your connection details and joins that network automatically the next time it comes within range. This is convenient for networks you want to use, but it’s a pain for networks you no longer need.

A common dilemma is having multiple networks available, one of which is more desirable (because, say, it’s faster or cheaper).


If you’ve previously connected to some or all of the other networks, then there’s a good chance iOS will choose one of them for its automatic connection, leaving you with the hassle of connecting to the network you want manually.


Solution: Tell iOS to forget the network (or networks) you don’t want to use:

\1.\ Run the Settings app and then tap Wi-Fi to open the Wi-Fi Networks screen.

\2.\ Tap the blue More Info icon to the right of the network you want to forget. iOS displays the network’s settings screen.

\3.\ Tap Forget this Network. iOS asks you to confirm.

\4.\ Tap Forget. iOS discards the login data for the network and no longer connects to the network automatically.


You’re Getting Frequent Prompts to Join Nearby Wi-Fi Networks

By default, when your device requires a network connection and you’re not already connected to a Wi-Fi network, iOS displays the Select a Wireless Network dialog to show you nearby networks.


However, as you move around town, you may find that dialog popping up all too frequently as new Wi-Fi networks come within range (although iOS is smart enough not to prompt when you’re moving quickly — such as when you’re driving). These constant prompts are both annoying and inconvenient.


Solution: Tell iOS to stop prompting you to join nearby networks. Open the Settings app, tap Wi-Fi, and then tap the Ask to Join Networks switch to Off.


You Want to Connect to a Hidden Wi-Fi Network

Each Wi-Fi network has a network name — often called the Service Set Identifier or SSID which identifies the network to Wi-Fi devices.


By default, Wi-Fi networks broadcast the network name so that you can see it in the Select a Wireless Network dialog or the Wi-Fi screen in the Settings app. However, some Wi-Fi networks disable network name broadcasting as a security precaution. Why?


The thinking is that if an unauthorized user can’t see the network, he or she can’t attempt to connect to it. (However, some devices can still pick up the network name when authorized computers connect to it, so this is not a foolproof security measure.) If you’re an authorized user, however, how do you connect to a network you can’t see?s


Solution: You can connect to a hidden Wi-Fi network by entering the connection settings by hand. You need to know the network name, its security and encryption types, and the network password. Here’s how it’s done:


\1.\   Open the Settings app and then tap Wi-Fi.

\2.\ In the list of nearby networks, tap Other. iOS displays the Other Network screen.

\3.\   Type the network name in the Name text box.


\4.\ Tap Security to open the Security screen and then tap the type of security the Wi-Fi network uses: None, WEP, WPA, WPA2, WPA Enterprise, or WPA2 Enterprise. If you’re not sure, most secure networks use WPA2.


\5.\ Tap Other Network to return to the Other Network screen. If you chose WEP, WPA, WPA2, WPA Enterprise, or WPA2 Enterprise, iOS prompts you to enter the network password.


\6.\ Type the password in the Password text box.

\7.\   Tap Join. iOS connects to the network.


You’re Having Trouble Sending a File via AirDrop

You can transfer files between your Mac and your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) by syncing via iTunes. However, if you just want to pass along a single file from your device to the other, the sync procedure is overkill.


Instead, if your Mac is running OS X Yosemite or later and your iPhone is running iOS 8 or later, and your Mac and iPhone are connected to the same Wi-Fi network, you can use a tool called AirDrop to send a file directly between your Mac and your device. However, you might find that the two devices don’t see each other or that the file does not transfer.


Solution: If you don’t see your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) from your Mac, or if you don’t see your Mac from your iOS device(iPhone and iPad), here are some things to check:

  • Make sure that both your Mac and your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) are connected to the same Wi-Fi network.
  • AirDrop requires Bluetooth as well as Wi-Fi, so make sure both your Mac and your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) have Bluetooth enabled:


  • In iOS, swipe up from the bottom of the screen to display the Control Center, and then tap to activate the Bluetooth icon. Tap outside the Control Center to close it.


  • In macOS (or OS X), open System Preferences, click Bluetooth and then make sure the Bluetooth setting is On. (If it says Off, click Turn Bluetooth On.)


Tip  If you have Wi-Fi and/or Bluetooth turned off in iOS, a quick way to turn them both on is to open any share sheet and tap the AirDrop icon.


You can also swipe up from the bottom of the screen to display the Control Center, tap AirDrop, and then tap Contacts Only. Tap outside the Control Center to close it.

  • Make sure your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) and your Mac are within 33 feet of each other so that they can discover each other via Bluetooth.


  • Make sure the iOS device(iPhone and iPad) has AirDrop turned on. Swipe up from the bottom of the screen to display the Control Center, tap AirDrop, and then tap Contacts Only. If you still don’t see your device on your Mac, tap Everyone, instead.


  • Make sure your Mac is discoverable. Open the AirDrop window (in Finder, click Go and then click AirDrop, or press Shift+Cmd+R). In the Allow me to be discovered by list, select Contacts Only. If you still don’t see your Mac from iOS, select Everyone, instead.


  • If you’ve set AirDrop to Contacts Only, make sure both your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) and your Mac are signed in to the same iCloud account.



If an AirDrop file transfer fails, try these solutions:

  • Make sure neither your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) nor your Mac is in Do Not Disturb mode:


  • In iOS, swipe up from the bottom of the screen to display the Control Center, and then tap to deactivate the Do Not Disturb icon.


  • In OS X or macOS, click the Notifications icon to display the Notification Center, click the Notifications tab, scroll to the top of the tab, and then click to set the Do Not Disturb switch to Off.


  • Make sure your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) doesn’t have the Personal Hotspot feature activated. Open the Settings app, tap Personal Hotspot, and then tap the Personal Hotspot switch to Off.


  • Do not try to send multiple files of different file types. For example, while it’s okay to send two or more image files, you can’t send, say, an image file and a PDF at the same time.


  • Make sure your Mac isn’t in legacy mode, where it’s configured to only send files to Macs issued in 2012 or earlier. On the Mac, open the AirDrop window. If you see the text “Searching for older Macs…,” click Cancel to exit legacy mode.


  • Make sure the Mac Firewall isn’t configured to block all incoming connections. Open System Preferences, click Security & Privacy, click Firewall, click the lock icon, and then enter your Mac’s administrative password.


  • Click to deactivate the Block all incoming connections check box, if necessary, and then click OK.


If all else fails, reset your iOS network settings. In the Settings app, tap General, tap Reset, tap Reset Network Settings, and then when iOS asks you to confirm, tap Reset Network Settings.


Troubleshooting Cellular Issues

If you have an iPhone or an iPad with a cellular antenna, you know the freedom and efficiency of having an always-on data connection as long as there’s a cellular network within range.


That convenience doesn’t come cheap, unfortunately, so most cellular problems center around keeping your data and roaming charges in check. This section takes you through these and other cellular-related problems.


You Can Send E-Mail over Wi-Fi but Not over Cellular


You might find that you can send e-mail messages just fine at home or at work, but e-mails sent while you’re walking around town or in transit just sit in the Mail app’s Outbox. This feels like a bug, but it’s actually a feature because many cellular providers don’t allow mail to be sent through third-party servers.


That’s not a problem when you’re on Wi-Fi because your messages don’t get sent via the cellular network, but as soon as you’re off Wi-Fi, the cellular network kicks in and your provider prevent third-party messages from being sent.


Solution: Your cellular provider will have set up an outgoing server to handle sent messages, so you need to set up that server as a secondary SMTP server for your e-mail account.


iOS will try sending messages using the account’s default server, but if that fails (when you’re on the cellular network instead of a Wi-Fi network, for example), it will fall back to the secondary server and your message will get sent.


To set up a secondary SMTP server, follow these steps:

  • \1.\   Open the Settings app and then tap Mail, Contacts, Calendars.
  • \2.\   Tap your e-mail account.
  • \3.\   Tap your outgoing mail server.
  • \4.\   Tap Add Server.
  • \5.\ Enter your cellular provider’s SMTP hostname, as well as your username and password.
  • \6.\   Tap Save.


You Are Not Sure How Much Data You Are Using

If you’re using your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) with a plan that comes with a maximum amount of monthly data and you exceed that monthly cap, you’ll almost certainly pay big bucks for the privilege.


To avoid that, most cellular providers are kind enough to send you a message when you approach your cap. However, if you don’t trust that process, or if you’re just paranoid about these things (justly, in my view), then you might prefer to keep an eye on your data usage yourself.


Solution: iOS keeps track of the cellular network data it has sent or received, as well as the roaming data it has sent or received if you’ve used your iPhone out of your coverage area.


First, take a look at the most recent bill from your cellular provider and, in particular, look for the dates the bill covers. For example, the bill might run from the 24th of one month to the 23rd of the next month. This is important because it tells you when you need to reset the usage data on your device.


Now follow these steps to check your cellular data usage:

  • \1.\ Open the Settings app and then tap Cellular to display the Cellular screen.
  • \2.\ In the Cellular Data Usage section, read the Current Period and Current Period Roaming values.
  • \3.\ If you’re at the end of your data period, tap Reset Statistics at the bottom of the screen to start with fresh values for the new period.


You Want to Prevent Your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) from Using Cellular Data

If you’ve reached the limit of your cellular data plan, you almost certainly want to avoid going over the cap because the charges are usually prohibitively expensive. As long as you have a Wi-Fi network in range, or you’re disciplined enough not to surf the Web or cruise YouTube when there’s no Wi-Fi in sight, you’ll be okay.


Still, accidents can happen. For example, you might accidentally tap a link in an e-mail message or text message, or someone in your household might use your phone without knowing about your restrictions.


Solution: To prevent these sorts of accidents (or if you simply don’t trust yourself when it comes to YouTube), you can turn off cellular data altogether, which means your device accesses Internet data only if it has a Wi-Fi signal.


To turn off cellular data on your iOS device(iPhone and iPad), open the Settings app, tap Cellular, and then tap the Cellular Data switch to Off.


You Want More Control over How Your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) Uses Cellular Data

Rather than turning off cellular data completely, as I described in the previous section, you can take a more targeted approach.


For example, if you’re a bit worried about going over your cellular plan’s data ceiling, it makes sense to avoid relatively high-bandwidth items, such as FaceTime and iTunes, but not relatively low-bandwidth content, such as iCloud documents and the Safari reading list.


Solution: You could just police this yourself but, hey, you’re a busy person and you might forget the next time a FaceTime call comes in and you’re in a cellular-only neighborhood.


I say leave the details to iOS by configuring it to not allow certain content types over a cellular connection. To do that, open the Settings app and tap Cellular. In the Use Cellular Data For section, tap the switch to Off for each type of content you want to ban from cellular.


You Want to Prevent iOS from Using Data Roaming

Data roaming is an often-convenient feature that enables you to make calls — and, with your iOS device(iPhone and iPad), surf the Web, check and send e-mail, and exchange text messages — when you’re outside of your normal coverage area.


The downside is that, unless you’ve got a fixed-rate roaming package from your cellular provider, roaming charges are almost always eye-popping expensive. You’re often talking several dollars per minute or megabyte, depending on where you are and what type of service you’re using. Not good!


Unfortunately, if you have the iOS Data Roaming feature turned on, you may incur massive roaming charges even if you never use your device! That’s because iOS still performs background checks for things like incoming e-mail messages and text messages, so a week in some far-off land could cost you hundreds of dollars without even using your phone.


Solution: To avoid this, turn off the Data Roaming feature on your device when you don’t need it. To do this, open the Settings app, tap Cellular, tap Cellular Data Options, and then tap the Data Roaming switch to Off.


[Note: You can free download the complete Office 365 and Office 2019 com setup Guide for here]


Troubleshooting Bluetooth Issues


iOS supports a wireless technology called Bluetooth, which enables you to make wireless connections to other Bluetooth-friendly devices, such as headsets, keyboards, and game controllers.


In theory, connecting Bluetooth devices is supposed to be criminally easy, but in practice that’s often not the case, so this section provides you with a few common troubleshooting techniques.


You Don’t See a Bluetooth Device

Not surprisingly, you can’t make a Bluetooth connection if you can’t see the device in the Settings app’s Bluetooth window.


Solution: If you don’t see a Bluetooth device in the Settings app, try the following:

  • Make sure the device is turned on and fully charged.


  • Make sure the device is discoverable. Unlike Wi-Fi devices that broadcast their signals constantly, most Bluetooth devices broadcast their availability — that is, they make themselves discoverable — only when you say so. Most Bluetooth devices have a switch you can turn on or a button you can press to make them discoverable.


  • Make sure the Bluetooth device is well within 33 feet of your iOS device(iPhone and iPad), since that’s the maximum range for most Bluetooth devices. (Some so-called Class 1 Bluetooth devices have a maximum range 10 times as long.)


  • Make sure iOS has Bluetooth enabled. In the Settings app, tap Bluetooth, and then tap the Bluetooth switch to On.


  • If possible, reboot the Bluetooth device. If you can’t reboot the device, or the reboot doesn’t solve the problem, reboot your iOS device(iPhone and iPad).


  • Check with the Bluetooth device manufacturer to ensure the device is capable of being paired with an iOS device(iPhone and iPad)s.


You Can’t Pair with a Bluetooth Device

As a security precaution, many Bluetooth devices need to be paired with another device before the connection is established. In some cases, the pairing is accomplished by entering a multidigit passkey — iOS calls it a PIN — that you must then enter into the Bluetooth device (assuming, of course, that it has some kind of keypad).


For all other Bluetooth devices, you initiate the pairing by tapping the device in the Settings app’s Bluetooth screen. Either way, you might find that even though the device shows up fine in the Bluetooth screen, you cannot pair it with your iOS device(iPhone and iPad).


Solution: First try the solutions in the previous section. If you still can’t get the pairing to work, tell iOS to start over by forgetting what it knows about the device:


  • \1.\   Open the Settings app and then tap Bluetooth.
  • \2.\ Tap the blue More Info icon to the right of the Bluetooth device name.
  • \3.\   Tap Forget this Device. iOS asks you to confirm.
  • \4.\   Tap OK.
  • \5.\ When the device reappears in the Bluetooth window, trying pairing with it again.

You Don’t Hear Audio through a Paired Headset


After you pair a Bluetooth headset, iOS is usually smart enough to start blasting your tunes through the headset instead of the device’s built-in speaker. The operative word here is “usually,” since every so often iOS fails to do this.


Solution: You need to manually specify your paired headset as the output device. Swipe up from the bottom of the screen to open the Control Center, tap the AirPlay icon that appears below the playback controls (to the right of the AirDrop section), and then tap your paired Bluetooth headset. iOS now plays your device audio through the headset.


Surf the Web More Efficiently using Safari

This section discusses

  • How to use new features in the iOS 11 version of Safari
  • How to use Safari Reader
  • Using your iPhone as a personal Wi-Fi hotspot


Chances are, if you know how to use a Mac or PC, you already know how to surf the Web using a browser such as Safari, Microsoft Edge, Firefox, or Google Chrome on your computer.



One the most useful features offered by the iOS 11 version of Safari is the capability to use Split Screen mode and have two independent web browser windows open at the same time on the iPad. It’s also possible to use Multitasking mode, and have two apps (such as Safari and another app of your choosing) running side-by-side on your tablet’s screen.


To use the Split Screen feature, launch Safari on your iPad, and in the Smart Search field, type the first URL you want to visit (or select it from a saved bookmark).


Next, tap the + icon to open a second browser window, and enter the second URL you want to visit. Two browser tabs are now displayed below the Smart Search field.


Place your finger on either browser tab and drag it down and to the left or right side of the screen. Release your finger, and Split Screen mode launches. At this point, the two browser windows are running independently of each other. To close one of the browser windows, tap the X icon near the top-left corner of the window you want to close.



Using the Handoff function, you’re able to begin surfing the Web using Safari on one of your supported Macs or iOS mobile devices, and then pick up exactly where you left off on another, as long as all the equipment is linked to the same iCloud account. (Only iOS mobile devices and Macs released within the past few years offer this capability.)


To turn on the Handoff feature, launch Settings, tap the General option and then tap the Handoff option. From the Handoff submenu, turn on the virtual switch associated with the Handoff feature. This must be done on each device. Also turn on your device’s Bluetooth feature.



Tot surf the Web and use the Safari web browser, your iPhone or iPad requires an active Wi-Fi or cellular data Internet connection unless you’re using Safari’s Read List feature to look at the content you’ve saved for offline viewing.


Customizing Your Web-Surfing Experience

As you’d expect from your iPhone or iPad, surfing the Web is a highly customizable experience. For example, you can hold your device in portrait or landscape mode and, on most websites, you can also zoom in on or zoom out of specific areas or content. 


To do this, use the reverse-pinch finger gesture (to zoom in) or the pinch gesture (to zoom out), or double-tap a specific area of the screen to zoom in or out. Keep in mind that zooming does not work when you’re viewing a mobile-optimized website.


To further customize your web surfing experience, launch Settings and tap the Safari option. The Safari submenu offers a handful of customizable options. The following sections summarize what each is used for.


What’s New

The Siri & Search feature gives you the option to allow Siri to access and use content from the Internet to better serve as your virtual assistant. To turn on this feature, launch Settings, tap Siri & Search and then scroll down and tap Safari. Turn on the virtual switch for Search and Siri Suggestions.


Adjusting Search-Related Settings

The Smart Search field is used to enter specific website addresses (URLs) and to find what you’re looking for on the Web via a search engine, such as Google, Yahoo!, Bing, or DuckDuckGo. The Search Engine option enables you to select your default (favorite) Internet search engine.



DuckDuckGo.com is a search engine that does not track your web surfing behaviors or activities, so it offers a more private experience. However, you can use Safari’s enhanced Privacy features to prevent your web surfing activities from being tracked, regardless of which search engine you’re using.



It’s possible to open a private browsing session by tapping the tab browser icon, and then tapping the Private option. Tap Done to continue surfing (now in Private mode).


To indicate you’re in the Private mode, the Title bar area of the Safari web browser (where the command icons are located) is gray rather than white. When in Private mode, Safari doesn’t keep track of the web pages you visit.



When viewing the Tabbed Browser Screen on an iPhone, tap the New Browser Window (+) icon to open a new browser window. If you have the Handoff feature turned on, scroll down this screen to view open browser windows on your iPad or Mac(s) that are linked to the same iCloud account and that also have Handoff turned on.


To turn on the Handoff feature (on an iPhone or iPad), launch Settings, tap General and then tap Handoff. Turn on the virtual switch for the Handoff feature.


Other settings you can configure for Safari include Search Engine Suggestions, Safari Suggestions, Quick Website Search, and Preload Top Hit:


Search Engine Suggestions—Automatically offers additional (related) search term suggestions when you enter a website address or search term in Safari’s Search field.


Safari Suggestions—Shows related websites when you perform a search using the Search feature in the iOS 11 version of Safari.


Quick Website Search—Can be used to search a specific website for a specific term. For example, enter “Wiki New York” into the Search field to access the Wikipedia website and display information related to New York.


Preload Top Hit—Displays your favorite and most frequented websites when you do a relevant search.


Customizing General Safari Options

The Safari submenu within Settings displays a heading labeled General. Here you’ll find additional options for customizing your web surfing experience, including the following:


Autofill—When turned on, this feature helps you fill in online-based forms by remembering your responses and automatically inserting your information into the appropriate fields. It also pulls information from your own Contacts app entry. Autofill is particularly useful when shopping online.


To customize this option and link your personal contact entry to Safari, tap the AutoFill option, turn on the Use Contact Info option, and then tap My Info to select your own Contacts entry.


You can also set whether Safari remembers usernames and passwords for specific websites you visit, as well as credit card information that you use to make online purchases.


Tap the Saved Credit Cards option to add or edit credit card information you have securely stored in Safari for use when making online purchases. This functionality is part of what Apple calls iCloud Keychain.



Some websites allow you to make purchases using Apple Pay from your mobile device. To do this, you first need to set up Apple Pay. “iOS 11 and Apple Pay Security and Privacy Strategies,” for more information about setting up and using Apple Pay to make online purchases, and for making purchases from retail stores.


Frequently Visited Websites—Turn on this feature to display websites you frequent the most often when performing a search, as well as before you enter information into Safari’s Search field or into Spotlight Search.


Favorites—This feature serves as a shortcut for accessing websites you frequently visit and that you have favorited. As you begin typing a website address or website name into the Search field, Safari accesses your Favorites list and auto-inserts the appropriate website URL.


When you tap the Search field, a screen with icons representing sites in your Favorites list is displayed.


Your Favorites list of websites automatically syncs between your Macs, PCs, and iOS mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account. This option now enables you to choose a specific folder where your favorite bookmarks are stored in the device you’re using.



If you’ve created custom Bookmark folders when using Safari on your Mac, you can access and manage them from your iOS mobile device. Plus from the Favorites option within the Safari submenu of Settings, you can make one of these custom folders your default.


Open Links (iPhone only)—Any time a new web page opens as a result of you tapping a link, this feature determines whether the new browser window is opened as the new active browser window or opened in the background as a tabbed browser window.


Open New Tabs in Background (iPad only)—Any time a new web page opens as a result of you tapping a link, this feature determines whether the new browser window is opened as the new active browser window or opened in the background as a tabbed browser window. How this option works depends on options you have selected on the Safari submenu of Settings.


Show Favorites Bar (iPad)—When you turn on the virtual switch associated with this feature, your Favorites Bar displays across the top of the Safari screen, just below the row of command icons and the Search field. The default setting for this feature is off because it utilizes some of your onscreen real estates.


Show Tab Bar (iPad)—When turned on, if multiple browser windows are open in Safari, tabs for each window are displayed along the top of the screen, just below the row of command icons and the Search field. The default setting for this feature is on. This makes it faster and easier to quickly switch between open browser windows.


Block Pop-Ups—When turned on, this feature prevents a website you’re visiting from creating and displaying extra windows or opening a bunch of unwanted browser tabs. The default for this option is turned on because this makes for a more enjoyable web-surfing experience.


Adjusting Safari’s Privacy & Security Options

From the Safari submenu in Settings, scroll down to the Privacy & Security heading, and then turn on or off the virtual switches associated with the various options.



Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) enhances your security when surfing the Web and handling online tasks (such as online banking or online shopping) from your mobile device.


The adjustable Privacy and Security options include the following:


Prevent Cross-Site Tracking—Cross-site tracking is a technology (called “remarketing”) that’s used by online advertisers. When you look up or discuss a product or service via a search engine or website or when you’re active on social media, what you look up or discuss is remembered.


As you continue your web surfing activities, advertisements for what you looked up or discussed continuously appear on other advertising-supported websites.


For example, if you look up something do to with new tires for your car, for the next few days (sometimes longer), you see ads related to tires on many different websites and social media services that display advertising.


Turning on the Prevent Cross-Site Tracking feature makes it harder for advertisers to customize and target the online ads you see based on your past surfing habits and searches.



In addition to turning on the Prevent Cross-Site Tracking, turn on the virtual switch associated with the Ask Websites Not to Track Me feature. This prevents a website’s operator from tracking what you see and do on each website you visit.


Block All Cookies—Some websites automatically remember things about your visit, such as your personal preferences, so when you return to that website, the same information doesn’t need to be collected from you again. This data is stored in Safari as a “cookie.”


To prevent websites from creating cookies and having Safari store them, turn on the virtual switch associated with this feature. When you have this feature turned on, your web surfing experience will be more convenient because websites you frequently visit will remember information about your activities and preferences.



The Fraudulent Website Warning feature helps prevent you from getting tricked into visiting a fraudulent website that’s designed to replicate a legitimate website.


For example, imagine you receive an email staying there is a problem with your credit card account, and you must click on a specific link immediately to rectify the situation.


The email is not from your credit card issuer, however. It’s from someone trying to perpetrate online fraud. When you click the provided link, you’re sent to a fake website designed to look exactly like the actual website from your credit card company.


However, the website’s purpose is to collect personal information from you; that information could be used for identity theft, credit card fraud, or to steal your money.


Similar scams appear to come from banks and financial institutions, eBay, major airlines, and email service providers. Turning on this feature does not offer total protection from fraudulent websites or what are called phishing schemes, but it does help to protect you.


Camera & Microphone Access—Some websites use the microphone and camera built into your iPhone or iPad to help you communicate via video calls or voice-over-IP (Internet-based) voice calls.


These apps won’t be able to access and turn on your iOS device’s camera or microphone unless you turn on the virtual switch associated with this feature. Turning off this feature helps to prevent hackers and online-based criminals from potentially virtually spying on you while you’re surfing the Web.


Check for Apple Pay—If a website you’re visiting supports the Apple Pay feature, you’ll be notified that you can use Apple Pay for purchases.


Examining Additional Safari-Related Options

After accessing Settings and tapping on the Safari option, as you scroll down within the Safari submenu, you’ll discover the following three additional options:


Clear History and Website Data—Use this feature to delete the contents of Safari’s History folder, in which details about all the websites you have visited are stored. Cookies are also deleted.


Automatically Save Offline—Use this feature to download all articles and web pages you save in Safari’s Reading list. Items added to the Reading List are stored within your iCloud account, so you can access them from Safari running on any of your computers or mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account.


So you can read and refer to them anytime later, even when your iPhone or iPad is not connected to the Internet.  Keep in mind that this feature does not store audio or video that’s associated with an article or web page you save within your Reading List. 


Advanced—View details about website-specific data that Safari has collected. You can manually delete this information. You also can enable or disable the JavaScript feature.


Using Tabbed Browsing with Safari

Safari’s main screen contains the various command icons used to navigate the Web. On the iPhone, these icons are displayed along the bottom of the Safari screen, while the smart Search field is displayed along the top of the screen.


If you’re using Safari on an iPad, the Title bar displays all of Safari’s command icons along the top of the screen, unless you’re using Split Screen mode, in which case the icons are displayed along the bottom of the screen.



The command icons offered by Safari include Back, Forward, Bookmarks, Reader (when applicable), Webpage Refresh, Share, Open New Browser Window (+), and the Tab Browser icon.


Immediately below the Title bar, if you have the option turned on, your personalized Favorites Bar is displayed. Below the Favorites Bar, the Tabs bar becomes visible if you have more than one web page loaded in Safari at any given time (and you have this featured turned on).


Switching Between Web Pages on an iPhone

The iPhone version of tabbed browsing involves Safari opening separate browser windows for each active web page. Tap the Tabbed Browser icon located in the bottom-right corner of the Safari screen to quickly switch between open browser windows, because only one at a time can be viewed.



When looking at the Tab View screen, if you press the + option for a second or two, a Recently Closed Tabs menu screen appears. You can easily reopen a previously visited but closed browser window by tapping an item listed (which is based on your personal web surfing history).


When you’re viewing the Tab View screen, tap the New Browser Window (+) icon to create a new (empty) browser window, and then manually surf to a new website by typing a URL or search term into the Smart Search field, selecting a favorite icon, or selecting a bookmark.



When viewing the Tab View screen in Safari, tap the Private option to turn on the Private web surfing mode only for the newly open browser windows. This prevents Safari from storing details about the websites you visit and syncing this information with your iCloud account.


To switch between active (viewable) browser windows that are open, simply tap one of the web page thumbnails displayed. Swipe up and down to scroll through the browser window thumbnails. To close a window (tab), tap its X icon.



To access browser windows open on your other computers or iOS mobile devices, scroll down to the bottom of the Tab View screen (on the iPhone) to see listings for open browser windows on your Mac(s) or other iOS mobile devices linked to the same iCloud account. Tap any of these listings to pick up exactly where you left off on that other device.


Tap Done to exit the Tab View screen and return to the main Safari web browser screen. Alternatively, tap any web page thumbnail displayed in the Tab View screen to open that browser window and continue your web surfing experience at the selected web page.


Using Tabbed Browsing on Any iPad

When you tap a link in a web page that causes a new web page to automatically open, a new tab in Safari is created and displayed. The right-most tab is the active tab. The Tab bar can display multiple tabs at once. To instantly switch between web pages, tap the desired tab. The website name (or web page title) is displayed in the tab for easy reference.



On the iPad, tabs are not displayed if the Show Tab Bar option is turned off from the Safari submenu of Settings. Turning off Show Tab Bar and Show Favorites Bar enables you to save on screen real estate that can then be used to display more of the web pages you’re visiting.


Having these features turned on, however, makes switching between browser windows and reloading frequently visited websites faster and more convenient.


As you’re viewing a web page, to open another web page, tap the New Browser Window (+) icon near the top-right corner of the Safari screen (between the Share and Tab Browser icons). When you do this, a new tab is created for an empty browser window.


This enables you to visit a different web page without closing the web page(s) you’re currently viewing. To close a tab, tap the small x that appears on the left side of an open tab.



As you’re surfing the Web using your iPad, tap the Tab Browser icon in the top-right corner of the screen to display all the open browser windows on each of your other Macs or iOS mobile devices linked to the same iCloud account.


Tap any of these preview windows or listings to open that browser window on your iPad and pick up exactly where you left off when using the other computer or device.


Cleaning Up Screen Clutter with Safari’s Reader Option

Safari Reader enables you to select a compatible website page (or an article displayed on a website); strip out graphics icons, ads, and other unwanted elements that cause onscreen clutter; and then readjust the text (and view related photos) from that web page.


The Safari Reader works only with compatible websites. If the feature is available while you’re viewing a web page, the Reader icon is displayed before that web page’s URL on the extreme left side of the Smart Search field.



When using the Reader feature, tap the AA icon on the right side of the Smart Search field in Safari to access a menu that enables you to change the font used to display the text, as well as decrease or increase the size of the text. Tap the Reader icon a second time to return the web page to its normal appearance.


Creating and Managing Reading Lists

As you’re surfing the Web, you might come across specific web pages, articles, or other information that you want to refer to later. In Safari, it’s possible to create a bookmark for that website URL and have it displayed as part of your Bookmarks list or as part of your Favorites Bar.


Another option, however, is to add a web page to your Safari Reading List. In addition to just storing the web page’s URL, Reading List stores the actual content of that page for later viewing (including offline viewing).



The Reading List feature downloads entire web pages for offline viewing, as opposed to simply storing website addresses that you can refer to later. Although this feature downloads text and photos associated with a web page, it does not download animated graphics, video, or audio content associated with that page.


To add a website or web-based article to your personalized Reading List for later review, tap the Share icon, and then tap the Add to Reading List icon in Safari’s Share menu.


To later access your Reading List to view any of the stored web pages or articles, tap the Bookmarks icon, and then tap the Reading List tab.



Like your Bookmarks list and Favorites Bar, the items stored in your Reading List automatically sync with your iCloud account and are almost instantly made available on any other computer or iOS device linked to your iCloud account.


Working with Bookmarks

When you tap the Bookmarks icon on an iPad, the Bookmarks menu appears along the left side of the screen. It remains visible until you tap the Bookmarks icon again. On the iPhone, when you tap the Bookmarks icon, the Bookmarks menu is displayed on a new screen in the Safari app.


At the top of the Bookmarks menu are three tabs. The leftmost tab (shaped like a book) is the Bookmarks tab. When you tap it, your saved list of website bookmarks is displayed. The center tab is the Reading List tab. Tap it to reveal your reading list.


What’s New

The History tab (represented by the clock icon) enables you to see a listing of websites you’ve previously visited. Tap any History listing to quickly revisit that web page without manually typing its URL. The most recently visited websites are listed first. As you scroll down, headings for earlier that day and previous days are displayed.


One way to clear (erase) your web surfing history is to launch Safari, tap the Bookmarks icon, and then tap the History tab. Next, tap the Clear tab in the lower-right corner of the History list.


Sharing Web Content in Safari

The iOS 11 version of Safari makes sharing web links and managing web page content extremely easy, thanks to a handful of available options offered by the Share menu. The Share menu, which you access by tapping the Share icon, offers a variety of features for sharing, printing, and managing web page content.



The options available to you from the Share menu vary depending on several factors, including the content you’re viewing as well as whether you have Facebook, Twitter, and other third-party apps installed and set up to work with Safari and iOS 11.



If you have the AirDrop feature turned on, when you access the Share menu, the AirDrop option is available. This enables you to wirelessly share content with nearby (compatible) Mac, iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch users. Some older Mac and iOS mobile device models don’t support AirDrop.


Also displayed on Safari’s Share menu are command icons that allow you to manage the content you’re viewing. The following are some of the more commonly used options:


Copy—Use this command to copy the URL for the web page you’re looking at to the virtual clipboard. You can then paste that information into another app.


Print—Wirelessly print a website’s contents to any AirPrint-compatible printer that’s set up to work with your iOS mobile device. To print a web page, tap the Print icon.


From the Printer Options screen, select the printer you want to use, and then choose the number of copies you want to be printed. Tap the Print icon at the bottom of the Print Options window to send the web page document to your printer.


Add to Reading List—Instead of adding a web page URL to your Bookmarks list or Favorites Bar, you can save it in your Reading List for later reference.


Add Bookmark—Tap this option to add a bookmark to your personal Bookmarks list. When you opt to save a bookmark, an Add Bookmark window appears. Here, you can enter a title for the bookmark and decide whether you want to save it as part of your Bookmarks menu or in your Favorites Bar.


You can also create separate subfolders in your Bookmarks menu to organize your saved bookmarks.


Add To Favorites—Add a listing for the website you’re currently viewing to your Safari Favorites list. This list syncs with iCloud and will be updated on all the Macs, PCs, and iOS mobile devices that you have linked to the same iCloud account.



When using Safari on the iPhone, you can maintain a Favorites list; however, to conserve onscreen space, a Favorites Bar is not displayed across the top of the Safari screen like it is on an iPad.


Instead, on an iPhone, the Favorites list is displayed as an additional Bookmark folder when you tap the Bookmarks icon.

When using an iPad, turn off the Show Favorites Bar option (found on the Safari submenu within Settings) to hide the Favorites Bar.


Add to Home Screen—See the section, “Launching Your Favorite Websites via Home Screen Icons,” later in this chapter, for more information on this feature.


Open in News—Transfer the web content you’re viewing in Safari to the News app, where it will be formatted and become viewable like any news article that’s accessible from the For You screen.


Request Desktop Site—Anytime you visit a website using the iOS 11 edition of Safari, if a mobile version of the website is offered, that’s the version that automatically loads. A mobile website has been custom formatted to accommodate the smaller iPhone or iPad screen size (compared to a full-sized computer monitor).


However, if you’d prefer to switch to viewing the Desktop version of the website, tap the Request Desktop Site icon, and if available, this version of the website loads. You can then use the zoom in and zoom out finger gestures, as well as swipe finger gestures to navigate around the web page.


What’s New

It’s now possible to create a PDF from the contents of any web page you’re looking at, and then annotate, store, share, or manage that file just as you would any other PDF. To do this, as you’re viewing a web page you want to convert into a PDF, tap the Share button, and then tap Create PDF.


You see a preview screen that shows what will become the PDF. Tap the Markup/Annotate icon to write or draw on the PDF. (This feature works particularly well if you’re using an Apple Pencil in conjunction with an iPad Pro.) Tap the Share icon to determine what you want to do with the PDF.


For example, you can copy it and then paste it into another compatible app, share it with other people (via text message, AirDrop, email, or social media), or save the file within a cloud-based file storage account, such as iCloud Drive (via the Files app) or Dropbox.


Tap the Print button to print the file to an AirPrint-compatible printer that’s wirelessly linked to your mobile device.


To save the PDF, tap Done, tap Save File To, and then choose where you want to save it. You can choose a specific folder or subfolder within iCloud Drive, or you can choose the On My iPhone/iPad option to save it locally within the internal storage of the device you’re using.


Creating, Managing, and Syncing Bookmarks and User Information

Your iOS device automatically syncs your Bookmarks and related Safari data with your other iOS mobile devices, as well as the compatible web browsers on your primary computer(s).


To activate iCloud sync functionality as it relates to Safari, launch Settings, tap your profile photo/username and then tap the iCloud option. Turn on the virtual switch associated with the Safari option. This must be done on each of your iOS mobile devices just once.


Once this feature is turned on, your Bookmarks list, Favorites Bar, open browser windows (tabs), Safari Reading List, and iCloud Keychain data are automatically and continuously synced with your iCloud account.


Thus, when you add a new bookmark while surfing the Web on your iPad, for example, within seconds that same bookmark appears in your Bookmarks list on your iPhone and on Safari that’s running on your Mac.



For Windows PC users, if you download the optional iCloud for Windows software (www.apple.com/icloud/setup/pc.html), your Bookmarks and related web browser data on your PC sync with your iOS mobile device(s) and Mac(s), and vice versa. Simply add a check mark to the Bookmarks option displayed in the iCloud Control Panel.


This feature is compatible with the Microsoft Edge, Firefox, and Chrome web browsers. When prompted, simply select which web browser you want to sync your Safari bookmarks and data with.


When the iCloud Keychain feature is turned on (on each of your iOS mobile devices and Macs), any time you enter a username and password for a website you visit, Safari stores that information and syncs it with your personal iCloud account.


Then, any time you revisit that website on any of your Macs or iOS mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account, your username and password for that website are remembered and you’re automatically logged in.



iCloud Keychain also remembers credit card information you use when making online purchases from a website. All usernames, passwords, and credit card details are stored using 256-bit AES encryption to maintain security.



Safari supports Apple Pay and enables you to make online purchases when you visit participating websites. Instead of manually entering your credit card details when making an online purchase, select the Apple Pay option, and then place your finger on the Touch ID sensor to confirm the purchase.


To set up this feature, launch Settings, tap the Wallet & Apple Pay option and then tap the Add Credit or Debit Card option to link one or more of your credit or debit cards to your Apple Pay account.


Be sure to select your default shipping address, email address, and phone number to make the checkout process faster when shopping online.


To turn on and begin using iCloud Keychain, launch Settings, tap your profile photo/username and then tap the iCloud option. From the iCloud Control Panel, tap the Keychain option. Turn on the virtual switch for this feature. Follow the onscreen prompts that walk you through the feature’s built-in security precautions.


Next, return to the main Settings menu and tap the Safari option. Tap the AutoFill option, and turn on the virtual switches associated with Use Contact Info, Names and Password, and/or Credit Cards. Also, tap the My Info option and select your own entry from your Contacts app database.



For your security, online banking, credit card, and financial websites do not support iCloud Keychain. When you visit these websites, Safari might remember your username but you must manually enter your password each time.


When using this feature, it’s a good strategy to also activate the Passcode Lock feature of your iOS mobile device to prevent unauthorized people from accessing personal information when using your iPhone or iPad to surf the Web.


Using iCloud Keychain, you no longer need to remember the unique usernames and passwords that you associate with each of the websites you frequently visit.


Plus, to make your web surfing experience even more secure, you can use the built-in Password Generator feature to create highly secure passwords for you (which the web browser then remembers).


Launching Your Favorite Websites via Home Screen Icons

A time-saving alternative to creating bookmarks for your most frequented websites is to create a Home screen shortcut icon for each of these websites. When you do this, an icon for that website is displayed on your device’s Home screen. When you tap it, Safari launches and the selected website automatically loads.


To create a Home screen icon, surf to one of your favorite websites. After it loads, tap the Share icon, and then tap the Add to Home Screen button.


The Add to Home window appears. It displays a thumbnail image of the website you’re visiting and enables you to enter the title for the website (which is displayed below the icon on your device’s Home screen). Next, tap the Add option in the upper-right corner of the window.


After you create a Home screen icon for a web page, it can be treated like any other app icon. You can move the icon around on the Home screen, add it to a folder, or delete it from the Home screen.



Without manually launching Safari, it’s possible to look up and access web content using the Spotlight Search feature built into iOS 11. Plus, Siri is also fully compatible with Safari.


Activate Siri and use verbal commands like, “Launch Safari,” “Search the web for [topic],” or “Google [topic].” It’s also possible to ask a question and have Siri search the Web for the answer.


Transforming Your iPhone into a Personal Wi-Fi Hotspot

Your iPhone can use a 4G (LTE) cellular data connection to communicate with the Internet. If you have other devices, such as a Wi-Fi Only iPad or another device that uses only Wi-Fi to access the Internet, you can transform your iPhone into a personal (password-protected) Wi-Fi hotspot when public Wi-Fi is not available.


When you do this, your iPhone uses its cellular data connection to access the Internet and creates a Wi-Fi hotspot that your other Wi-Fi-only devices can connect to.



Not all cellular service providers offer this feature. With some providers that do offer the feature, you need to pay extra to have this feature added to your service plan.


If your cellular data provider supports allowing your iPhone to serve as a personal Wi-Fi hotspot, turn on this feature on your iPhone by launching Settings and tapping Personal Hotspot.


Turn on the virtual switch associated with Personal Hotspot, and then tap the Wi-Fi Password option to create a custom password you’ll use from your other Wi-Fi-only devices to access the Wi-Fi hotspot.


When the hotspot feature is active, access one or more of your Wi-Fi only devices, turn on the Wi-Fi-feature and select your iPhone’s Wi-Fi network. When prompted, enter the Wi-Fi password you created on your iPhone.


The personal Wi-Fi hotspot network name that’s used will be the name given to your iPhone. To change the iPhone’s name, launch Settings, tap General, tap About, and then tap Name. Enter a name for your iPhone, such as “Jason R. Rich’s iPhone 7 Plus.”



There are three ways to connect a Wi-Fi-only device to your iPhone to use the personal hotspot feature. You can wirelessly link both devices via Wi-Fi, connect a computer with your iPhone wirelessly via Bluetooth, or use the USB cable that came with your iPhone.


Plug the USB port end of the cable into the USB port of your computer, and plug the Lightning port end of the cable to the bottom of your iPhone.



Using the Personal Hotspot feature of your iPhone quickly depletes the smartphone’s battery, so if possible, use this feature when your iPhone is connected to an external power source.


If you have a monthly cellular data usage associated with your data plan from your cellular service provider, using the Personal Hotspot feature consumes some of this allocation.


In some cases, even if you have an unlimited cellular data plan, the cellular service provider caps how much data can be used by a personal hotspot, or the provider might limit the number of devices that can link to the personal hotspot simultaneously.



Do not use the Personal Hotspot feature while traveling overseas, unless you have an unlimited international cellular data plan. Otherwise, you’ll be charged outrageously high international roaming fees.


To avoid these charges, you can purchase and install a local (pre-paid) SIM chip that works in the country you’re visiting, or you can use a standalone personal Wi-Fi hotspot device that supports multiple devices, including your iPhone, iPad, or computer. Of course, you can also rely exclusively on public Wi-Fi hotspots to acquire Internet access.


An example of a standalone personal hotspot device that is designed specifically for international travelers is available from SkyRoam (www.skyroam.com). Once you purchase the device (for less than $100), you prepay a flat fee of $8.00 or $9.00 per day for unlimited Internet access in more than 100 countries.


Be Entertained using the TV, Music, and Itunes Store Apps

In this Blog

  • Playing digital music using the Music app
  • Watching TV shows and movies with the TV app
  • Acquiring new content from the iTunes Store and Apple Music service
  • Getting acquainted with the Health and Home apps


Entertainment has gone digital. When you subscribe to Apple Music, for example, you can access more than 40 million songs and albums using your iPhone, iPad, Apple TV, Apple Watch, or Apple HomePod.


An Internet connection is required for music streaming, but songs from the Apple Music library can be downloaded and stored on your device for offline listening if you purchase the music outright or you’re an active Apple Music subscriber.



From the iTunes Store, you can buy and download individual songs, entire albums, TV show episodes, TV series seasons, and movies. You also can rent movies from the iTunes Store using the iTunes Store app that comes preinstalled with iOS 11.


An Internet connection is required to acquire the content, but then you can listen or view it anytime without Internet connectivity because it’s downloaded and stored locally within your iPhone or iPad.


Listen to music from the iTunes Store or Apple Music service using the Music app. Watch TV shows and movies acquired from the iTunes Store using the TV app.


Meanwhile, every month, thousands of people are cancelling their expensive cable television subscriptions and taking advantage of alternative, less expensive options, like the iTunes Store, Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime Video, and the video-streaming apps from the individual television networks to experience their favorite TV shows and movies—both at home and on the go.


Once you activate a Netflix, Hulu, or Amazon Prime Video subscription (for less than $10 each per month), you’ll need the official app for that service to stream or download content (when applicable) to your mobile device.


To stream video content from a specific TV network or other on-demand streaming video service, you need the official app. These free apps are available from the App Store.



When you have an Apple TV or Apple TV 4K device ($179 to $199, www.apple.com/tv) connected to your HD television set, use iOS 11’s AirPlay feature to wirelessly transfer video and audio content from your iPhone or iPad to watch or listen to on your television set (using Apple TV as the conduit).


Getting to Know the Music App

The Music app serves as a full-featured digital music player, enabling you to play music. However, to be able to play music, you first must load digital music files into your iOS mobile device or choose to stream music from the Internet. There are several ways to do this, including the following:


Purchase digital music directly from the iTunes Store (using the iTunes Store app) on your iPhone or iPad. An Internet connection is required.



When you activate the iCloud Family Sharing feature, you can share some or all of your iTunes Store digital content purchases with up to five other family members. You decide what content gets shared, and you also have the option of keeping some of your content private.


In that case, your music is available only through your iCloud account on your own iOS mobile devices and Macs. Family Sharing needs to be set up only once, “Use iCloud and the Files App,” or visit www.apple.com/icloud/family-sharing, for additional information.


Purchase music using the iTunes software on your primary computer (used to connect to the iTunes Store) and then transfer content purchases and downloads to your iPhone or iPad using the iTunes Sync process or through iCloud.


“Rip” music from traditional CDs, convert it into a digital format using your primary computer and then transfer the digital music files to your iOS device. For this, the free iTunes software on your computer or other third-party software is required.


Upgrade your iCloud account by adding the optional iTunes Match service, which costs $24.99 per year, so you can access your entire digital music library via iCloud, whether that music was purchased from the iTunes Store, ripped from your own CDs, or purchased/downloaded from other sources. To learn more about iTunes Match, visit https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204146.


Shop for and download music from another source besides the iTunes Store, load that music into your primary computer, convert it to the proper format, and then transfer it to your iPhone or iPad using the iTunes Sync process, or use a specialized app to experience that content.



The Apple iTunes Store offers the world’s largest collection of digital music that’s available for purchase and download. This includes more than 40 million songs and albums, such as the latest hits, new music from the biggest bands and recording artists, as well as music from up-and-coming and unsigned artists/bands. You can also find classic songs and oldies from all music genres.


Apple Music subscribers (who pay $9.99 per month) can stream most of the iTunes Store’s music collection and listen to it on an unlimited, on-demand basis.


Subscribers also can temporarily download much of the music for offline listening. Meanwhile, if you want to stream and watch unlimited and free videos from YouTube, use the official (free) YouTube app available from the App Store.


More Info

For a $35 monthly fee and no long-term contract, you’re now able to subscribe to YouTube TV (https://tv.youtube.com). With this service, you can stream unlimited live and on-demand programming from more than 40 popular TV channels and networks using the YouTube TV app.


Remember, streaming content requires no internal storage space within your iPhone or iPad, but you do have to have a continuous Internet connection. Although the apps offered by the various streaming video and music services are free, a monthly subscription fee is charged by most of these services.


This fee, which is typically less than $10.00 per month, enables you to stream as much content as you want, on an unlimited basis, during each month you’re a paid subscriber.



When you stream content from the Internet, it gets transferred from the Internet directly to your iOS mobile device, for example. However, your iPhone or iPad does not save streamed content. Streaming content from the Internet requires using a specialized app, which is provided by the source of the content.


Discovering the Apple Music Service

You can use a free three-month trial subscription to the Apple Music service, but you’ll ultimately need to pay $9.99 per month for an ongoing individual subscription. Apple Music is accessible from the Music app.



An Apple Music Family Plan (for up to six people) is priced at $14.99 per month, and the new College Student Plan is priced at $4.99 per month.


Apple Music enables users to stream (and in some cases temporarily download) almost any music available from the iTunes Store, on an unlimited, on-demand basis. In addition, exclusive music from independent bands, artists, and musicians is offered, and you’re allowed to access playlists that have been compiled by other users and Apple’s music curators.



Music content you experience via Apple Music is streamed from the Internet, not purchased. One benefit to this on-demand aspect of the listening experience is that songs from Apple Music can be incorporated into your personal playlists and temporarily stored on your mobile device even if you don’t own them.


Plus, you can stream music to your Apple HomePod or listen to it on your television’s speakers via Apple TV (or Apple TV 4K).


Another useful feature of Apple Music is that you can quickly select one or more artists, songs, albums, or music genres that you love, and the service recommends similar music based on your personal tastes. This is a great tool for discovering new, up-and-coming artists and bands, or for previewing new music from some of your favorite artists or bands.


More Info

Learn more about Apple Music by visiting www.apple.com/music.



When you tap the For You icon displayed at the bottom of the Music app’s screen, one useful feature is that the Music app compiles custom playlists for you, based on your music preferences and listening history. This happens automatically every week.


Tap the New Music Mix or Chill Mix banner at the top of the screen. The New Music Mix is a playlist of 25 songs from new, up-and-coming, and well-established artists.


When viewing a playlist, tap +Add to add it to your Favorite Library, and then tap the iCloud icon to download the entire playlist (if you’re an Apple Music subscriber).


Alternatively, scroll down to choose which songs you want to add to your Favorites list or download. To do this, tap the + icon associated with specific song listings from the playlist.


Tap the More icon (…) to manage the new playlist, just as you would any other playlist. You also can purchase individual songs or the entire playlist with a single tap. Tap on a song, playlist, or album’s price icon to purchase it from the iTunes store, although this is not necessary if you’re an Apple Music subscriber.


Using the Music App: A Quick Tutorial

Aside from enabling you to experience the Apple Music service, the iOS 11 edition of the Music app continues to serve many other purposes for experiencing music content.


For example, it enables you to play songs or albums that are stored on your iPhone or iPad and that you own. You can also use the app to create, manage, and play custom song playlists.


The Music app is designed to give you total control over your music-listening experience. When you launch the iOS 11 edition of the Music app, along the bottom of the screen are a handful of command icons. Tap any of these icons to manage and experience music via the Music app or Apple Music.


Here’s a quick summary of what each command icon is used for:


Library—Access any music that you own (or have downloaded, if you’re an Apple Music subscriber) and that’s stored within your mobile device or your iCloud account.


On the iPhone, after you tap the Library option, you can sort your music collection by Playlists, Artists, Albums, Songs, or Downloaded Music. Scroll down to see the selection of newly acquired music under the Recently Added heading.


On the iPad, tap the Library command icon at the bottom of the screen, and then tap the pull-down menu option in the top-left corner of the screen to re-sort the music.



When you tap Downloaded Music, the only music that is currently stored in your iPhone or iPad is displayed as being available to listen to.



Regardless of which option you choose to sort and display your available music within Library when you tap a listing, that music’s Information screen is displayed.

From here, you can select and play that music, access the More (…) menu, quickly find more music from that artist/band, or obtain suggestions for similar music that you might like.


When music is stored in your iPhone or iPad, play that music by tapping its listing, whether or not your mobile device has Internet access.


If you see an iCloud icon associated with the music, the music is available to you, but it isn’t stored in your mobile device. With an Internet connection, you can stream the music (by tapping the music title) or download the music to your mobile device (by tapping the iCloud icon associated with the song or album.)



When viewing the Library menu on an iPhone or iPad, tap Edit to choose additional sorting options, including Video, Genres, Compilations, and Composers. Add a check mark only to the sorting options you want to be displayed. Use the Move icon (the three lines) associated with each listing to reorganize the menu order, and then tap Done to save your changes.


For You—Based on past music purchases, your music-listening habits while using the Music app, and information about your musical tastes that you provide to the app (by tapping the Love or Dislike icons as you listen to music, for example), the Music app recommends music you might be interested in and provides collections of curated playlists. An Internet connection is required.


Scroll toward the bottom of the For You screen to access Connect Posts, which are public postings from the artists/bands you’ve selected as your favorites. These posts include behind-the-scenes photos, text messages, and, in some cases, video clips.



The first time you use the Music app or the For You feature, provide the app with information about your personal music tastes. From the Tell Us What You’re Into screen, tap the floating circles that represent each of the music genres you enjoy (pop, R&B, classical, country, and so on). Tap Next to continue.


From the Choose Your Favorites screen, tap some of your all-time favorite recording artists or bands. Tap More Artists to see a larger selection or tap Add an Artist to manually enter a specific recording artist or bands you love. After choosing your favorites, tap Done.



To customize your public profile, which is accessible to people you share your music or playlists with, tap the For You icon, and then tap the Profile icon. Tap your name at the top center of the Account window and edit how you want your full name to appear. In the @nickname field, you can add a public nickname for yourself using alphanumeric characters and the underscore (_).


Tap the profile photo icon to add a profile photo of yourself. Tap Done to save your changes. From the Account menu, you’re able to update your favorite artists/bands list, start sharing music and playlists with your friends, add more curated playlists, redeem an iTunes Store gift card, and manage your Apple ID account.



When viewing the For You section of the Music app, tap any music selection, curated playlist, or music listing to begin streaming that music (if you subscribe to Apple Music); otherwise, the only music you own will be accessible.


As you’re viewing the For You music selection screen, tap a song title to jump to and play that song. Tap the Add (+) icon to add that track to your Library and download it to your mobile device so you can play it offline (for as long as you subscribe to Apple Music).


When any song is playing, from the Now Playing screen, tap the song’s More (…) icon to access a menu that enables you to add the selected (and playing) song to your Library (or remove it), create a custom Radio station based on the song, or add the song to a Playlist. You can also select the Play Next, Play Later, or Share Playlist option.



When listening to music via the Music app, tap the song listing’s More (…) icon, and then tap the Love (heart-shaped) icon to indicate you really like the music you’re listing to.


Alternatively, you can tap the Dislike icon to indicate you don’t like the song. Rating songs regularly helps the Music app and Apple Music service get to know your music preferences, so it can more accurately recommend music you’ll like in the future.


These options help you manage the music available to you and share your thoughts about the music you’re hearing.


Browse—This tool enables you to seek out new music, new playlists, music videos, and new albums, again based on your music preferences. After tapping the Browse command icon, choose from options including New Music, Playlists, TV & Movies, Top Charts, or Genres.


Tap any of the album thumbnails or music listings to play the music that’s being promoted. You’ll discover the selection of music and curated playlists changes regularly.


Radio—This streaming music service enables you to listen to (stream) customized, online radio stations that feature music based on your preferences and listening habits.


Choose a recommended station, or scroll down and choose from a wide range of options to explore the programming that’s offered. Tap the Beats 1 option to tune in to this 24/7 live global broadcast produced by Apple. To use this free feature, a continuous Internet connection is required.



With the Radio option, you can choose a station to listen to based on an artist, album, or music genre you enjoy; however, you can’t select the actual music that is played or choose the song order.


However, from the Now Playing screen or mini-player, you can skip a song (press the Fast Forward button) or tap the More (…) icon to access a menu that allows you to manage the currently playing song.



Listening to a streaming radio station can be an interactive experience. From the Now Playing screen, tap the More (…) icon to create a new station based on the currently playing song selection, share the song with someone else, see the lyrics from the song that’s playing (available for a growing selection of songs), or tap the Love or Dislike icon.


From the main Now Playing screen, you always have the option to tap Fast Forward to skip to the next song, which is listed under the Up Next heading.


Tap any displayed album title or band/artist’s name to view more information, see additional music from that performer, or learn about similar performers.


Search—Apple’s music collection is continuously expanding. Whether you’re looking for a particular song, album, artist, band, or composer, tap the Search icon, and then type any search word or phrase (including song lyrics) in the Search field to find what you’re looking for.


A continuously updated Trending Searches list is displayed, so you can see what other people are searching for.



Apple Music and the Music app work seamlessly with Siri. So, if there’s a song you want to hear, simply activate Siri and say, “Play [song title]” or “Play music from [a band or artist’s name]” or “Play [album title].”


Assuming the requested music is part of Apple’s extensive digital music library, the song or album begins streaming to your iPhone or iPad and plays within seconds, assuming an Internet connection is available.


Taking Advantage of the Now Playing Screen

Any time music is selected or playing in the Music app, the mini-player controls are displayed near the bottom of the screen, just above the app’s command icons on an iPhone or in the lower-right corner of the screen on an iPad.


The mini-player includes Play/Pause and Fast Forward icons; and depending on the source of the music, there might also be a Rewind icon (if you’re streaming music, rewind isn’t an option). The song title and album artwork are also displayed. To switch to the Now Playing screen or pane, tap the mini-player with your finger.


The Now Playing screen/pane displays album artwork, the title of the song being played, the title of the album the song is from, the artist/band, a time slider, a volume control slider, and command icons. On an iPad, the Now Playing options are displayed in a pane along the right side of the screen.



Scroll down the Now Playing screen (iPhone) to access the Shuffle and Repeat icons. Tap the Repeat icon to continue repeating the same song. Tap the Shuffle icon to play music from the selected album or playlist in a random order.


Keep scrolling down to view the song’s lyrics (if they’re available for the song you’re listening to). Tap the Hide option to hide the lyrics. At the bottom of the Now Playing screen is the Up Next heading, which displays what music will be played next from an album, streaming radio station, or playlist, for example.


To close the Now Playing screen and return to the mini-player view, tap the downward-pointing Close icon at the top center of the screen (iPhone) or the top center of the Now Playing screen (iPad).


Tap the Music Output icon displayed at the bottom-center of the Now Playing screen to change the speaker source. In Figure, you can see the Music Output menu and a volume slider.


Tap a displayed option to switch between the iPhone/iPad’s internal speaker(s), Apple TV, Apple HomePod (if applicable), AirPods, or Bluetooth/AirPlay speakers or headphones that are wirelessly linked to your smartphone.


Using Control Center’s Music Controls

Once music is playing (or streaming) on your iPhone or iPad, there’s no need to keep the Music app open. You can exit the app and return to the Home screen (or access the Dock or App Switcher), and then begin working with another app. The music that’s playing (or streaming) continues to play, even after you exit the Music app.


At this point, you can reopen the Music app at any time or take advantage of the Music Controls that are accessible from the Control Center. The Music app controls in Control Center include the name of the song that’s playing, the artist, and the Rewind, Play/Pause, and Fast Forward icons.


Creating Custom Playlists Using the Music App

Playlists are used to create a custom selection of songs. If you’re an Apple Music subscriber, you can create a playlist from any music that’s part of Apple’s vast and ever-growing music collection. You can also share playlists with other people and acquire curated playlists from Apple’s music experts or your favorite artists/bands.


However, if you’re not an Apple Music subscriber, the music you can add to playlists is limited to music stored on the mobile device you’re using (or music stored within the iCloud account that you own).


Thanks to iCloud, when you create a playlist, it almost instantly syncs between your iPhone, iPad, and all other computers and compatible devices (including the Apple Watch) linked to your iCloud account. Thus, all your playlists are always accessible when and where you want to experience them.



When playing a playlist comprising music stored on your iPhone or iPad, no Internet connection is required. However, if the music is being streamed from your iCloud account or via the Apple Music service, you need a continuous Internet connection (unless you first download each song selection in the playlist).


Creating a Playlist on an iPhone

Follow these steps to create and save a custom playlist using the Music app on your iPhone:


1. Launch the Music app on your iPhone.


2. Tap the Library command icon.


3. From under the Library heading, tap the Playlists option.


4.From the Playlists screen, tap + New Playlist.


5. Enter a custom title for the playlist in the Playlist Name field


6. In the Description field, type a short description of the playlist. For example, type “Favorite Song Compilation” or “Workout Music.”


7. Tap the Artwork icon to import any image that you want to associate with that playlist. You can either take a photo using the iPhone’s or iPad’s camera or select a photo already stored on the device. (If you don’t add your own artwork, the artwork is created for you using album art from music featured in your playlist.)


8. Turn on the virtual switch associated with the Public Playlist option if you want to share this playlist with others.


9. Tap + Add Music.


10. From the Library screen, locate the music you want to add. Select the Artists, Albums, Songs, Videos, Genres, Compilations, Composers, or Downloaded Music option to determine how your available music options are sorted.


11. If you select Songs, for example, all the songs currently stored on your iPhone or accessible via your iCloud account are displayed in alphabetical order by artist. Each song has an Add (+) icon to the right of its listing. Tap this icon to add the song to your playlist.



If you selected Artists or Albums, for example, after tapping the Add Music option, a list of artists whose music you have stored on your iPhone or iPad, or a list of albums (or partial albums) you have stored on your iOS device, is displayed.


Tap a listing to view individual song titles, and then tap the Add icon associated with each song you want to add. If you select Artists, initially a list of that artist’s albums is displayed. Tap an album to reveal individual songs.


12. One at a time, add as many separate songs, from as many different artists or albums as you desire, to the playlist you’re creating. Tap Done when you’ve finished compiling the list of songs to be added to your playlist.


13. A summary screen for your playlist is displayed. To the right of each song listing is a Move icon (the three lines). Place your finger on any of these icons and drag it up or down to rearrange the order of the songs.


14. Tap Done to save your newly created playlist.


15. Along with the playlists that are already available in the Music app, such as My Top Rated, Recently Added, Recently Played, and Top 25 Most Played, your new playlist is displayed when you tap the Library command icon, and then tap the Playlists option. You will likely need to scroll down to view it.


16. Tap the playlist listing to access that playlist.


17. Tap any song listing within the playlist to begin playing it.



To edit the contents of a playlist, from the playlist screen while a playlist is being played, tap Edit. Alternatively, while a song from a playlist is playing, access the Now Playing screen, and then tap the More (…) icon to remove the currently playing song from the currently selected playlist.


To delete a playlist, tap the Library icon followed by the Playlists option, and then tap the More icon associated with the playlist title. From the More menu, tap the Delete from Library option, and, when prompted, confirm your decision by tapping the Delete Playlist option.



Regardless of what you’re doing on your iPhone, you can begin playing a playlist, or any song, by activating Siri and issuing a command like, “Play [playlist title] playlist.” You can also ask Siri to play a particular song, or music from a specific artist, for example.


Creating a Playlist on an iPad

To create a Playlist using the iPad, begin by launching the Music app on your tablet; then tap the Library option. Next, tap the Library pull-down menu in the top-left corner of the screen, and tap the Playlists option.

Continue by tapping the New option near the top-right corner of the screen.


Follow steps 5 through 17 of the previous section.


Customizing the iTunes Store and Music Apps

To customize some of the features associated with the iTunes Store and Music apps, launch Settings and tap the iTunes & App Store option.


From below the Automatic Downloads option, turn on the virtual switch associated with Music if you want songs you purchase on other computers or mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account to automatically be downloaded to the iPhone or iPad you’re currently using.


If this feature is turned off, you always have the option of manually downloading that music.



If you have a preset cellular data monthly usage allocation, turn off the virtual switch associated with Use Cellular Data. This prevents you from automatically downloading content from the iTunes Store using a cellular data connection, which would otherwise quickly use up your monthly data allocation.


Then, from the main Settings menu, tap the Music option within Settings. One at a time, turn on/off the virtual switches associated with each customizable option, or when applicable, tap an option to customize features from a submenu.


Streaming Music via the Internet

In addition to the Music app’s Radio feature (see the “Discovering the Apple Music Service” section earlier in this blog), there are many free and subscription-based streaming music services that you can enjoy from your iPhone or iPad.


To use one of these services, such as Pandora, iHeartRadio, Amazon Cloud Player, or Spotify, for example, you need to download and install the app for that service, set up an account, and, if applicable, pay for a subscription.


In addition, virtually every radio network and local radio station in the world, as well as SiriusXM Satellite Radio, has a proprietary app that allows you to stream live programming from the Internet directly to your iOS device. An AM, FM, or satellite radio receiver is not required, but you do need a continuous Internet connection.


Using the TV App to Watch TV Shows, Movies, and More

The TV app allows you to manage and watch video content you’ve downloaded from the iTunes Store (including movies you’ve rented), but the app also links with other streaming video apps and services so you can view alternative programming selections. If you have Apple TV (or Apple TV 4K), you can stream videos from your iOS device to your home theater system.


Along the bottom of the TV app are four command icons that enable you to find, watch, and manage video content.


These are the command icons:

Watch Now—Tap this option to view a selection of recommended TV shows and movies that are available through the purchases you’ve made through the iTunes Store, the services you subscribe to, and the TV network apps you have installed on your mobile device. Scroll down to browse by category, see what’s trending, and discover what’s new within the iTunes Store.


Tap any TV show or movie listing to begin watching it via the TV app. In some cases, an alternate app from a specific TV network or streaming services will be launched by the TV app in order for you to watch selected content.


Library—Access TV shows and movies that you’ve acquired from the iTunes Store and that are stored within your iPhone or iPad. This includes rented movies. Tap the Library pull-down menu to sort and display content.


Options include Recently Added, TV Shows, Movies, and Downloaded. Downloaded shows only content that’s currently stored on your iPhone or iPad and does not list any content stored within your iCloud account. Tap a listing to view that TV show or movie.


+Store—From within the TV app, access the iTunes Store to acquire new TV show episodes, entire TV series seasons, or movies (which you can purchase or rent). Scroll down to see a listing of compatible TV network and cable TV channel apps that work in conjunction with the TV app.


When you download and install any of these apps, you’re able to watch programming from that network or service. In some cases, a subscription fee applies.



All TV and cable network-specific apps are free to download and install. In some cases, you can stream and watch programming for free. Some of these apps allow you to download certain programming for later (offline) viewing.


For premium cable TV and streaming services, you might have to pay a monthly fee to access the content. For example, to use the HBO NOW, HBO GO, or Showtime app, a paid subscription to that premium cable service is required.



After tapping on the +Store icon, scroll down and tap the Free Episodes button. This displays a selection of TV episodes and featurettes that are available to be downloaded for free from the iTunes Store. All other TV show and movie content from the iTunes Store needs to be paid for on an a la carte basis. (There is no monthly subscription fee).


Search—Tap this icon to access a Search field and seek out a TV show or movie programming based on any keyword, such as a title, actor’s name, or genre.



To customize the TV app, based on what optional TV network, cable network, and streaming video services apps you have installed, launch Settings and tap on the TV option.

  • Turn on the virtual switches associated with the optional apps you want the TV app to be able to work seamlessly with.
  • Tap on the Clear Play History option to delete the listing of TV shows and movies you’ve previously watched using the TV app.
  • Tap on the iTunes Videos option to choose the playback quality and preferred download quality for content acquired from the iTunes Store.


Watching Video Content Using the TV App

After tapping the Watch Now or Library command icon, select the content you want to watch. If you acquired it from the iTunes Store and then downloaded and installed it onto your mobile device, tap the Play icon to begin playing the selected TV show or movie.


If you acquired the content from the iTunes Store, but it is stored within your iCloud account (rather than directly on the device you’re using), first tap the iCloud icon to download the content (an Internet connection is required). Then you can watch the programming at your leisure.


When content is being streamed via the Internet to your mobile device, tap the Play icon upon choosing what you want to watch.



Remember, you need Internet access when downloading content to be stored within your mobile device. After that content is downloaded, you don’t need an Internet connection to watch it.


When you’re streaming content from the Internet, a continuous Internet connection is required. In most cases, either a Wi-Fi or cellular data connection will work. Some video streaming services, however, require a Wi-Fi Internet connection.



Streaming HD video requires extensive data consumption. If you’re streaming content using a cellular data connection and you have a monthly cellular data allocation imposed by your cellular service provider, you will quickly use your data allocation.


When you’re playing video content, you can hold your iPhone or iPad in either portrait or landscape mode. However, when you position your iOS mobile device sideways and use landscape mode the video window is significantly larger.


Depending on the source of the video content as you’re watching it, the location and appearance of the on-screen controls vary. However, you’ll typically see a Play/Pause icon, Fast Forward and Rewind icons, a time slider, a volume control slider, a closed captioning on/off icon, and a Picture-in-Picture icon (if you’re using a compatible iPad model).


The on-screen icons disappear after the video has started playing. To make them re-appear, tap anywhere on the screen. Tap Done to exit the video you’re watching and return to the previous TV app menu screen.



If you’re watching a purchased movie that you acquired from the iTunes Store, below the Play, Rewind, and Fast Forward controls you might see additional tabs that enable you to access movie-related “extras” that would otherwise be made available as part of the DVD or Blu-ray version of the movie. Tap any of these tabs to access the bonus content.



When traveling on airplanes with Wi-Fi service, keep in mind that streaming video services are typically blocked and do not work. So, to watch video content, you need to acquire it first, and then download it to your mobile device before the flight.



Some cable TV and satellite provider apps now allow certain programming to be downloaded and watched offline. A growing number of these apps also now offer the ability to stream live programming.


For example, if you have a TiVo Bolt or TiVo Bolt+ digital video recorder (www.TiVo.com) connected to your television set for recording your favorite shows, most of that programming can be downloaded to your mobile device and later watched offline, or streamed from your TiVo to your mobile device when an Internet connection is available.


The ability to download and store some TV show and movie content are also offered by the Amazon Prime Video streaming service and Netflix.


Taking Advantage of Picture-In-Picture on an iPad

If you’re using one of the newer iPad Air, iPad mini, or iPad Pro models to watch video content using the TV app, you have the option to use the Picture-in-Picture feature.


After you start playing a TV show or movie, tap the Picture-in-Picture icon. The video window shrinks and displays Enlarge, Play/Pause, and Close icons in it. Tap the Play icon to continue playing your video in the smaller screen, or tap the Pause icon to pause it.


As the video is playing, place and hold your finger on the video window to move it around in the iPad’s screen. You can then launch another app and use that app as the video continues playing in its smaller window. To adjust the size of the Picture-in-Picture window, place two fingers in the window and perform a reverse-pinch finger gesture.



Other popular apps used for streaming video content, such as YouTube, HBO GO, Netflix, Amazon Video, and Hulu, also support the Picture-in-Picture feature, but the appearance and location of the Picture-in-Picture icon, or the method for activating this feature, varies.


For example, when the Netflix app is playing a video, press the Home button to activate the Picture-in-Picture feature and also access the Home screen so you can launch another app.



If you pause a video and then exit the TV app when you relaunch the TV app you pick up exactly where you left off watching the video.


Renting Movies from the iTunes Store

If you have rented movies from the iTunes Store (as opposed to purchasing them), to access these movies, launch the TV app and tap the Library icon. When the Recently Added or Downloaded option is selected from the Library menu, your rented movies are listed below the Rentals heading.


When you rent a movie from the iTunes Store, it remains on your device (and accessible from your iCloud account) for 30 days before it automatically deletes itself, whether or not you have viewed the content.


What’s New

When you rent a movie from the iTunes Store, once you press Play to begin watching it, that movie now remains available to you for a 48-hour period. In the past, the window within which to watch the movie was only 24 hours.


In addition, when available, a 4K HDR resolution version of the movie will be made available to you, which will look even better on the iPhone X or an iPad Pro’s screen.


The rental fee for most 4K HDR resolution movies is $5.99. When looking at movie descriptions within the iTunes Store, look for the 4K icon to determine if a movie is available in this higher resolution format.


However, after you press Play in the TV app and begin watching rented content (or you begin watching the rented movie on a Mac or Apple TV device that’s linked to your iCloud account), you have access to that movie for 48 hours before it deletes itself.


During that 48-hour period, however, you can watch and rewatch the movie as often as you’d like using any of your iOS mobile devices, Macs, or Apple TV devices that are linked to your iCloud account.


The first time you tap Play to watch a rented movie, you’re prompted to confirm your choice. This starts the 48-hour clock and allows the rented movie to begin playing.


Using the iTunes Store App to Make Purchases

The iTunes Store app comes preinstalled with iOS 11 and is used to acquire music, movies, TV shows, and ringtones. Your iOS mobile device requires Internet access for this app to work.


For smaller-sized files, such as songs, albums, or ringtones, a cellular data connection is sufficient. However, for larger-sized files, such as TV show episodes and movies, you must use a Wi-Fi Internet connection to download the content.



Like the App Store, from the iTunes Store, you can view detailed descriptions and reviews of content before purchasing (or renting) it. You can also preview the content or watch a movie’s trailer(s). Tap the Details tab to read a description and access previews, or tap the Reviews tab to see star-based ratings and read reviews.


The process for purchasing content from the iTunes Store is virtually identical to using the App Store, “Find, Buy, and Use Third-Party Apps,” for more information.


On the iPhone, displayed along the bottom of the iTunes Store screen are five command icons: Music, Movies, TV Shows, Search, and More (…). Tap the More (…) icon to access the Tones (Ringtones), Genius, Purchased, and Downloads options.



The iTunes Store app can also be used to browse and purchase individual songs, entire music albums, or curated music collections. Tap on the Music icon at the bottom of the iTunes Store app screen to access the vast music collection offered by the iTunes Store.


To purchase music, tap on the price icon associated with a song, album, or music collection. Like the App Store, the Music area of the iTunes Store sorts music by genre (pop, rock, country, etc.) and categories (like New Music, Best of the Week, and Pre-Orders), making it easier to find.


On the iPad, six command icons are displayed along the bottom of the screen, which from left to right are Music, Movies, TV Shows, Top Charts, Genius, and Purchased. The Search field is displayed in the top-right corner of the screen.


To purchase or rent movies, tap the Movies icon. For TV shows (either individual episodes or entire seasons of a series), tap the TV Shows icon. Use the Search feature to quickly find available audio or video content using keywords.



After you tap the More (…) icon on the iPhone, tap Purchased to view all past purchases from the iTunes Store. As content is downloading, you can view the progress of that download by tapping the Purchased icon.


When you make a purchase from the iTunes Store, all charges are automatically billed to the credit or debit card you have linked with your Apple ID or offset against any credit your account might have from redeemed gift cards.



You can redeem an iTunes gift card and add the credit to the Apple ID account used for making online purchases from the iTunes Store, App Store, or iBook Store.


When you select the Redeem option, you can scan a physical gift card using the camera built into your iOS mobile device, so you don’t have to manually type the long redemption code.


When you make a purchase from your iPhone or iPad, it immediately gets downloaded to that device and, at the same time, gets stored in your iCloud account.


The online storage space required for purchased iTunes Store content is provided free of charge; it doesn’t count against the 5GB of free online storage space your iCloud account comes with. The content can then be downloaded and experienced on your other Macs and iOS mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account.


When shopping for TV show episodes to purchase and watch using the iTunes Store app, tap the TV shows command icon. Shows are displayed by series name. The search results display the TV show by season number and by available episodes.



Purchasing most single TV episodes from the iTunes Store costs $1.99 (standard definition) or $2.99 (high definition). A discount for acquiring a complete season of a TV series is offered. 


The price to purchase movies varies, but the rental price is typical $3.99 (standard definition) or $4.99 (high definition). Most individual songs available from the iTunes Store cost between $0.69 and $1.29, and album prices vary.


In addition to purchasing one TV show episode at a time, the iTunes Store gives you the option of purchasing the entire season all at once, at a discounted rate, plus you can choose between high definition (HD) or standard definition (SD) video quality.


The HD versions of TV shows have much larger file sizes associated with them and take up much more internal storage space in your device, but they look much better when you watch them.


To save money, purchase an entire season of your favorite show’s current season. This is called a Season Pass. Then, when a new episode airs each week and becomes available from the iTunes Store (about 24 hours later).


It can be downloaded to your iOS device and made available to you via iCloud using a Wi-Fi Internet connection. You’ll also receive a weekly email, plus Notification Center alerts from Apple telling you when each new episode in your Season Pass is available.



All episodes of a TV series’ available past season(s) can be acquired at the same time. When you shop for TV episodes from the iTunes Store (via the iTunes app), they’re commercial free and available to watch whenever you want.


They’re also permanently accessible via your iCloud account to be downloaded to any computer, iOS device, or Apple TV device that’s linked to the same iCloud account. Once an episode is downloaded to your iPhone or iPad, you no longer need an Internet connection to watch it.


Getting Acquainted with the Health App

One of the apps that come preinstalled with iOS 11 on all iPhones is called Health. On its own, this app does very little, unless you manually input health and fitness-related data into the app, which it will then store and track.


However, when your iPhone is wirelessly paired or connected with compatible health, medical, or fitness equipment, the Health app becomes a powerful tool for tracking, analyzing, managing, and sharing fitness, health, sleep, nutrition, weight loss, and medical data.


The Health app is designed to work seamlessly with the Apple Watch (which has a built-in heart rate monitor and pedometer). Many third-party companies have begun offering HealthKit-compatible equipment that works in conjunction with the Health app.


This includes heart and blood pressure monitoring devices, blood sugar monitoring devices, sleep monitors, weight scales, and all sorts of fitness equipment.


One example is a portable EKG device from a company called AliveCore (www.alivecor.com). The device, which is priced at $99.00, connects wirelessly to an iPhone. A monthly subscription fee is required to make full use of the device. To learn more, visit www.apple.com/ios/health.



The Health app is also being used by iPhone owners to participate in organized medical research being conducted by top-ranked medical schools, hospitals, and medical research companies around the world.


Research pertaining to Parkinson’s disease, autism, concussions, melanomas, heart disease, postpartum depression, and sleep health are examples of research that’s currently underway.


To participate in a medical research study via your iPhone, you need to download and install a propriety app that works in conjunction with the Health app. To learn more, visit www.apple.com/researchkit.


On its own, the Health app can be used to store emergency information, including your name, age, allergies, medication list, blood type, height, and weight. This information can become accessible to doctors and medical professionals in an emergency.


To enter this information in the app, launch the app and tap Medical ID. Tap Edit, and then enter your personal and medical information as requested. Be sure to enter the names and phone numbers of people you would like contacted in case of an emergency in the Emergency Contacts section.


What’s New

Emergency SOS is a feature built into iOS 11 that works in conjunction with the Health app. On older iPhones, when you quickly press the Side button five times in a row in quick succession, you see a counter and the Emergency SOS slider on the screen.


When the counter reaches zero, the phone automatically contacts the people within your Emergency Contacts list. To initiate the call(s) immediately, swipe the slider to the right.


On the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, or iPhone X, press and hold the Side button simultaneously with the Volume Up or Volume Down button until the Emergency SOS slider and the countdown icon are displayed.


When the timer reaches zero, the phone automatically calls the emergency contact(s). To make this happen immediately use your finger to drag the Emergency SOS slider to the right.


To set up this feature (which only needs to be done once), first, enter emergency contact information into the Health app. Next, launch Settings and tap the Emergency SOS option. From the Emergency SOS submenu, turn on the virtual switch associated with Auto Call.



From the Health app, you’re able to sign up as an organ donor through an organization called Donate Life. To do this, launch the Health app, tap the Medical ID icon, and then scroll to the bottom of the screen. Tap the Sign Up with Donate Life button, and follow the on-screen prompts.


Discovering What the Home App Can Do

One of the most exciting uses of the iPhone (and iPad) is the ability to use it as a wireless and programmable remote control for various “smart” devices and appliances in your home.


Over the past few years, third-party companies have released a wide range of “smart products,” and many more continue to be introduced. Following are some of the product categories:

  • Light bulbs and light fixtures
  • Door locks
  • Garage door openers
  • In-home security systems
  • Kitchen appliances (including refrigerators and convection ovens)
  • Smoke, carbon monoxide, and air quality detectors/monitors
  • Thermostats
  • Video doorbells
  • Video surveillance and baby/pet monitors
  • Washers and dryers
  • Programmable and remotely controllable electrical outlets


When you purchase a “smart” device that you want to control from anywhere using your Internet-connected iPhone or iPad, you need to download and install the proprietary app that comes with the “smart” equipment.


In other words, you’d use one app to control your home’s lighting, and another to control the thermostat, for example. However, the Home app that comes preinstalled with iOS 11 is designed to work seamlessly with the apps that are designed to work with all “smart” equipment that’s HomeKit-compatible.



For “smart” equipment or devices to work with the Home app, look for the HomeKit logo on the product’s packaging. Some smart equipment functions perfectly using an Internet-connected iPhone or iPad with a product-specific app installed, but it won’t work in conjunction with the Home app.


The Home app allows you to control multiple smart devices, of different types and from different manufacturers, from a single app. Using the app, you can program settings that you can activate with a single icon tap, or you can set up automation so smart devices function based on specific times or your current location.



When you’re in your home, to control smart devices from your iPhone or iPad, the mobile device must be linked with your in-home wireless network via Wi-Fi.


When you’re out and about (anywhere in the world), most of these smart devices can be controlled or programmed from your mobile device when it’s linked to the Internet via a cellular data or Wi-Fi connection.