How to lock iPhone Screen 2019
The iPhone has only been around since 2007, and the iPad since 2010, but already these devices have become indispensable parts of many people's lives. That indispensability comes from the sheer versatility of these devices.
In a typical day, you probably use your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) to surf the Web, exchange emails and text messages, make calls, manage your contacts and calendar, listen to music, play games, check the weather or the stock market, and a dozen other tasks large and small.
However, that insanely great power and convenience come with a price: your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is loaded with information about you. To be sure, most of that data is likely trivial or ephemeral, but much of it is private and sensitive.
Losing your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) would be a major inconvenience, but someone else getting access to your information could lead to big problems. So, yes, the notion of protecting your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) might not sound like a troubleshooting topic.
But taking steps to ensure that you can find your device if it gets lost and that while your device is lost no one else can see or mess with your information, can be viewed as a form of preventative maintenance.
And preventing trouble before it happens is the best type of troubleshooting. In this blog, we have to explain the How to lock iPhone Screen 2019
Locking Your iPhone
When your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is asleep, it's locked in the sense that tapping the touchscreen or pressing the volume controls does nothing. This sensible arrangement prevents accidental taps when the phone is in your pocket, or rattling around in your backpack or handbag.
To unlock the device, you either press the Home button twice or press the Sleep/Wake button and then the Home button. Just like that, you're back in business.
Unfortunately, this simple technique means that anyone else who gets his or her hands on your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) can also be quickly back in business – your business!
If you have sensitive or confidential information on your device, or if you want to avoid digital joyrides that run up massive roaming or data charges, you need to truly lock your iOS device(iPhone and iPad).
You Want to Lock Your Device with a Passcode
In the same way that you "lock" your user account and your many online accounts with a password, you might prefer to lock your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) with something similar.
Solution: You can do that by specifying a passcode that must be entered before anyone can use the device. The default in iOS is a six-digit passcode, but you can change that to either a simple four-digit passcode, or to a custom code that is longer and more complex and uses any combination of numbers, letters, and symbols.
Follow these steps to set up your passcode:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\ Tap Touch ID & Passcode to open the Touch ID & Passcode screen. If your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) doesn't support Touch ID, tap Passcode, instead, to open the Passcode Lock screen.
\3.\ Tap Turn Passcode On. The Set Passcode screen appears.
\4.\ If you prefer to use something other than a six-digit passcode, tap Passcode Options and then tap the type of passcode you want to use.
\5.\ Tap your passcode. For security, the characters appear in the passcode box as dots.
\6.\ If you're entering a custom passcode, tap Next. Your iOS device prompts you to re-enter the passcode.
\7.\ Tap your passcode again.
\8.\ If you're entering a custom passcode, tap Done.
Caution You really, really need to remember your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) passcode. If you forget it, you're locked out of your own device. The only way to get back in is to use iTunes to restore the data and settings to your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) from an existing backup.
You Want to Guarantee That Your Data Won't Fall into Malicious Hands
If your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) falls into another person's hands, your passcode will prevent that person from accessing your data and apps. You might be wondering what happens when that person tries guessing the password:
After six failed passcodes, iOS locks the device — that is, prevents any further passcode attempts — for one minute.
After a seventh failed attempt, iOS locks the device for five minutes.
After an eighth failed attempt, iOS locks the device for fifteen minutes.
After a ninth failed attempt, iOS locks the device for one hour.
After a tenth failed attempt, iOS locks the device completely and you must sync with iTunes to restore your data.
If your device contains extremely sensitive or private data, you might be concerned that someone could still somehow access the data.
Solution: You can configure your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) to not only lock completely after the tenth failed passcode attempt but also to erase all of its data. Here's how to set this up:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\ Tap Touch ID & Passcode. If your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) doesn't support Touch ID, tap Passcode, instead. iOS prompts you to enter your passcode.
\3.\ Type your passcode and, if you're using a custom passcode, tap Done.
\4.\ Tap the Erase Data switch to On. iOS asks you to confirm that you want to enable this feature.
\5.\ Tap Enable. iOS enables Erase Data.
You Need to Make an Emergency Call While Your iPhone Is Locked
If an emergency arises and you need to make a call for help, you probably don't want to mess around with entering a passcode. Similarly, if something happens to you, another person who doesn't know your passcode may need to use your iPhone device to call for assistance.
Solution: In both cases, you can temporarily bypass the passcode by tapping the Emergency button on the Enter Passcode screen.
You Are Using a Passcode, but It Does Not Always Appear When You Unlock Your Device
By default, iOS puts the passcode into effect as soon as you lock your device, or as soon as the device locks itself after a period of inactivity.
This is a sensible default because your passcode cannot protect your device if your device is unlocked. However, you might find that you can lock your device and iOS does not request the passcode when you unlock it.
This problem means that your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) has been configured to not require a passcode immediately after it has been locked. Some people set up the passcode to not kick in until the device has been locked for at least one minute to avoid having to constantly retype the passcode each the device locks itself due to inactivity.
However, any delay in requiring the passcode makes your device that much less secure. To ensure that the passcode is required as soon as your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is locked, follow these steps:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\ Tap Touch ID & Passcode. If your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) doesn't support Touch ID, tap Passcode, instead. iOS prompts you to enter your passcode.
\3.\ Type your passcode and, if you're using a custom passcode, tap Done.
\4.\ Tap the Require Passcode to open the Require Passcode screen.
\5.\ Tap Immediately
You Want to Be Able to Unlock Your Device with Your Fingerprint
Protecting your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) with a passcode is just good sense in this age of so-called iCrime, where thieves routinely go "Apple picking" by snatching iPhones and other Apple devices from the unwary.
With a passcode acting as a digital barrier between the crook and your iOS device(iPhone and iPad), at least your personal data is safe from prying eyes. Yes, a passcode is a smart safety precaution, but it's not always a convenient one.
First, having to tap that four (or more) character code many times during the day adds a small but nevertheless unwelcome annoyance to using the device. Second, because iOS, perhaps unwisely, highlights each character as you type your passcode, it's at least theoretically possible that some shoulder-surfing snoop could discern your code.
If you have an iOS device(iPhone and iPad) that supports Touch ID — that is, if you have an iPhone 5s or later, an iPad Pro, an iPad Air 2, or an iPad mini 3 or later — you can take advantage of Touch ID, the fingerprint sensor built into the Home button of this iOS device (iPhone and iPad).
By teaching the device your unique fingerprint, you can unlock your device merely by pressing the Home button. That's right: No more passcode tapping to get to your Home screen.
As an added bonus, you can use the same fingerprint to approve purchases you make in the iTunes Store, the App Store, the iBooks Store, Apple Pay, and even some third-party apps, so you no longer have to enter your Apple ID password. Here's how to set up Touch ID:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\Tap Touch ID & Passcode and then type your passcode (if you have one) to open the Touch ID & Passcode screen.
\3.\ Tap Add a Fingerprint. The Touch ID screen appears.
\4.\ Lightly rest your thumb – or whatever finger you most often use to press the Home button when you're unlocking your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) – on the Home button.
\5.\ Repeatedly lift and place your finger as Touch ID learns your fingerprint pattern.
\6.\ When you see the Adjust Your Grip screen, tap Continue.
\7.\ Once again, repeatedly lift and place your finger, this time emphasizing the edges of the finger.
\8.\ When you see the Complete screen, tap Continue. If you haven't yet specified a passcode, your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) prompts you to do so now.
\9.\ Tap your passcode and then tap it again when you're asked to confirm. Settings return you to the Touch ID & Passcode screen.
\10.\ To specify another fingerprint, repeat Steps 3 to 8.
You Can't Unlock Your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) Using Your Fingerprint
Using Touch ID to unlock your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is a major convenience, particularly if you'd otherwise have to enter a custom numeric or alphanumeric passcode that's fairly long.
However, that convenience goes out the window if your iOS device(iPhone and iPad)s refuses to unlock when you apply your finger to the Home button.
Solution: There are a number of reasons why you can't unlock your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) using your fingerprint:
If your device is running iOS 10, remember that you might have to unlock the device by pressing the Home button with the digit that you saved as a fingerprint. On some devices, and in earlier versions of iOS, you unlocked the device by resting that finger on the Home button.
Touch ID does not work if you've just restarted your device or if you haven't unlocked the device in the last 48 hours. In these cases, iOS forces you to use your passcode to unlock the device. iOS also insists on a passcode if your fingerprint isn't recognized after five consecutive tries.
Make sure you're using a digit that has been added to iOS as a Touch ID fingerprint. It's not unusual for people to add, say, a right thumb or forefinger and then try to unlock the device using the left thumb or forefinger.
Make sure your finger completely covers the Home button.
Do not move your finger while it's on the Home button.
Make sure your finger is clean and dry.
Touch ID will sometimes fail if your finger is very cold, so try warming up the finger.
Make sure your finger doesn't have any cuts or swelling.
If you have recently been swimming or in the shower, your finger might have absorbed enough water to change its print (resulting in so-called raisin fingers). In this case, you have no choice but to wait until the fingerprint returns to its normal state.
Use a soft cloth to clean the Home button.
Make sure a case or other protective covering isn't obscuring part of the Home button.
Make sure iOS is configured to unlock the device using a fingerprint. Run the Settings app, tap Touch ID & Passcode, then type your passcode to open the Touch ID & Passcode screen. Make sure the Device Unlock switch (where Device is iPhone or iPad) is set to On.
If none of these solutions work for you, then you should delete all your fingerprints and add them again.
Follow these steps to delete fingerprints:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\ Tap Touch ID & Passcode and then type your passcode to open the Touch ID & Passcode screen.
\3.\ Tap the fingerprint you want to remove.
\4.\ Tap Delete Fingerprint. iOS deletes the fingerprint and returns you to the Touch ID & Passcode screen.
\5.\ Repeat steps 3 and 4 to remove all your fingerprints.
Tip An easier way to delete a fingerprint is to follow steps 1 and 2, swipe left on the fingerprint and then tap the Delete button that appears.
You Don't Want to Forget Which Fingerprint You've Configured for Touch ID
If you don't use Touch ID that often, it's possible that you might forget which finger or fingers you've added as fingerprints in iOS.
Solution: To help you remember, you can provide a descriptive name for each fingerprint (such as "Right thumb" or "Left forefinger"). Here's how you do this:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\ Tap Touch ID & Passcode and then type your passcode to open the Touch ID & Passcode screen.
\3.\ Tap a saved fingerprint (which will have a generic name such as "Finger 1").
Tip If iOS has given your fingerprints generic names such as "Finger 1" and "Finger 2," how do you know which is which?
With the Touch ID & Passcode screen displayed, rest a finger on the Home button. If iOS recognizes that finger, it highlights the corresponding fingerprint name.
\4.\ Type a new name for the fingerprint and then tap Done.
\5.\ Repeat steps 3 and 4 for each saved fingerprint.
You Want to Configure Your Device to Lock Automatically
You can lock your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) at any time by pressing the Sleep/Wake button once. However, if your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is on but you're not using it, it automatically goes into standby mode after two minutes.
This is called Auto-Lock and it's a handy feature because it saves battery power (and prevents accidental taps) when your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is just sitting there.
It's also a crucial feature if you've protected your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) with a passcode or fingerprint lock, as I described earlier, because if your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) is never locked, then these security features are useless.
You might find, however, that your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) does not lock itself automatically after a period of inactivity.
Solution: To make sure your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) locks automatically, you must configure the Auto-Lock feature to shut of the device after a specified period of inactivity. Here are the steps to follow:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\ In iOS 10, tap Display & Brightness. In earlier versions of iOS, tap General.
\3.\ Tap Auto-Lock. The Auto-Lock screen appears.
\4.\ Tap the interval you want to use. Note that the available options depend on your device.
If something bad happens to your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) – for example, it crashes and will no longer start normally, it gets damaged or lost, or you forget your passcode – you can get back on your feet by restoring the device's default settings.
What about all that data you've stored on your device? To restore that, you need to have a backup available, either on your computer or on iCloud.
You Want to Back Up Your Device without Syncing
When you sync your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) with your computer, iTunes automatically creates a backup of your current iOS device(iPhone and iPad) data before performing the sync.
Note, however, that iTunes doesn't back up your entire iOS device(iPhone and iPad), which makes sense because most of what's on your device @@md music, photos, videos, apps, and so on @@md is already on your computer.
Instead, iTunes backs up only data unique to the iOS device (iPhone and iPad), including your call history, text messages, web clips, network settings, app settings and data, and Safari history and cookies.
However, if you've configured iTunes not to sync your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) automatically, you might want to back up your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) without performing a sync.
Solution: Follow these steps to back up your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) using iTunes:
\1.\ Connect your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) to your computer.
\2.\ Open iTunes, if it doesn't launch automatically.
\3.\ If your iOS device (iPhone and iPad) asks whether you trust this computer, tap Trust and, on your computer, click Continue.
\4.\ In the Devices list, click your iOS device(iPhone and iPad).
\5.\ Click the Summary tab.
\6.\ Click Back Up Now. iTunes backs up the iOS device(iPhone and iPad) data
Using iTunes to back up your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is handy, but it requires that you connect your device to your computer, open iTunes, and run the backup.
These are not onerous steps, but they present enough of a hurdle that you might not back up your device regularly. That's a problem because the key to restoring your data successfully should it come to that is to have a recent backup available.
To make sure this happens, it would be nice to have a way to automatically back up your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) on a regular schedule.
Solution: If you have an iCloud account, you can configure your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) to use iCloud as the backup location.
If you regularly use iTunes to sync your iOS device(iPhone and iPad), you can tell iTunes to use iCloud as the backup location. To configure this, follow these steps:
\1.\ Connect your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) to your computer.
\2.\ In iTunes, click your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) when it appears in the Devices list.
\3.\ Click the Summary tab.
\4.\ In the Automatically Back Up section, select iCloud.
If you never use iTunes, you can still configure iOS to back up your data to iCloud directly from your iOS device(iPhone and iPad):
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings to launch the Settings app.
\2.\ Tap iCloud.
\3.\ Tap Backup.
\4.\ Tap the iCloud Backup switch to On and then tap OK when iCloud confirms the setting. This tells iOS to make automatic backups whenever the device is locked, connected to a Wi-Fi network, and plugged into a power source.
\5.\ To run a backup right away, tap Back Up Now. Your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) backs up its data to your iCloud account.
You're Having iCloud Backup Problems
After you've set up iCloud backups, you might find that the backups don't complete or don't run at all.
Solution: There are a number of possible reasons why iCloud backups won't run. Here are some things to look for:
Make sure that iCloud backups are activated. Open the Settings app, tap iCloud, tap Backup and then tap the iCloud Backup switch to On.
Make sure your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is connected to a Wi-Fi network. iCloud backups do not work if there is no Internet connection, nor do they work over a cellular connection.
Make sure your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is plugged into a power source.
Make sure your device is locked.
Check that you have free space on your iCloud account. To check this, open the Settings app, tap iCloud, and then examine the Available value beside the Storage command.
Note How do you know whether you have enough free space on iCloud? Backup size varies according to device and capacity, but expect your backup to require anywhere from 400 MB to 1 GB.
If your iCloud backup is failing because storage space is low, you can free up some space by deleting one or more backups from devices you no longer own or use:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings to launch the Settings app.
\2.\ Tap iCloud.
\3.\ Tap Storage.
\4.\ Tap Manage Storage.
\5.\ In the Backups section, tap the device whose backups you want to delete
\6.\ Tap Delete Backup. iOS asks you to confirm that you want to turn off backups for this device and delete its backup data.
\7.\ Tap Turn Off & Delete.
Protecting a Lost Device
If there's a downside to using an iOS device(iPhone and iPad), it's that you end up with a pretty large chunk of your life on that device.
Initially, that may sound like a good thing, but if you happen to lose your device, you've also lost that chunk of your life. Plus, assuming you haven't configured your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) with a passcode lock, as described earlier, you've opened a gaping privacy hole because anyone can now delve into your data.
If you've been backing up your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) regularly, then you can probably recover most, or even all, of that data. However, I'm sure you'd probably rather find your device because it's expensive and there's just something creepy about the thought of some stranger flicking through your stuff.
The old way of finding your missing iOS device(iPhone and iPad) consisted of scouring every nook and cranny that you visited before losing it, and calling up various lost-and-found departments to see if anyone turned it in.
The new way to find your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is via a feature called Find My iPhone. (You can use this feature through your iCloud account if you have one or through the Find My iPhone app.)
Find My iPhone uses the GPS sensor embedded inside your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) to locate the device. You can also use Find My iPhone to play a sound on your iOS device(iPhone and iPad), remotely lock it and send a message, or, in a real pinch, remotely delete your data.
Note You might think that a fatal flaw with Find My iPhone is that someone who has your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) can easily turn off the feature and disable it. Fortunately, that's not the case because iOS comes with a feature called Activation Lock, which means that a person can turn off Find My iPhone only by entering your Apple ID password.
You Want to Ensure That You Can Find a Lost Device
Find My iPhone works by looking for a particular signal that your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) beams out into the ether. This signal is turned off by default, so you need to turn it on if you ever plan to use Find My iPhone.
Solution: Follow these steps to activate Find My iPhone:
\1.\ On the Home screen, tap Settings. The Settings app appears.
\2.\ Tap iCloud. Your iCloud account settings appear.
\3.\ Tap Find My Device (where Device is iPhone, iPad, or iPod).
\4.\ Tap the Find My Device switch to On. iOS asks you to confirm.
\5.\ Tap Allow.
Tip Your lost iOS device(iPhone and iPad) might just be lying somewhere where no one can find it. In that case, the danger is that the iOS device(iPhone and iPad) battery will die before you have a chance to locate it using Find My iPhone.
To make this less likely, be sure to activate the Send Last Location switch. This configures iOS to send you the device's last known location as soon as it detects that its battery is nearly done.
You Want to Locate a Lost Device on a Map
To get a general idea of where your lost device is located, you might prefer to see its location visually, by using a map.
Solution: You can use the Find My iPhone feature of icloud.com to locate your device.
Here are the steps to follow:
\1.\ Use a web browser to navigate to www.icloud.com.
Note Rather than using icloud.com, you can also use the Find My iPhone app to locate your lost iOS device(iPhone and iPad).
\2.\ Sign in to your iCloud account.
\3.\ Click Find My iPhone. The iCloud Find My iPhone application appears.
\4.\ Click All Devices. iCloud displays a list of your iOS device(iPhone and iPad)s.
\5.\ Click your lost iOS device(iPhone and iPad) in the list. iCloud locates your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) on a map
Tip To see if the device's location has changed, click the Refresh Location button.
You Want to Locate a Lost Device by Playing a Sound
Locating your lost device on a map is often handy (for example, it might show you that your device is in your house or your workplace), but most of the time it's not specific enough to tell you exactly where your device can be found.
If you misplace your iPhone, the first thing you should try is calling your number using another device so you can hear it ringing.
The solution won't work if, for example, your phone has Ring/Silent switched to silent mode, if it's in Airplane mode, or if you don't have another device handy. It would be nice to be able to hear a sound on your iPhone anyway, and it would be nice to be able to hear a sound on a lost iPad or iPod touch.
Solution: You can use Find My iPhone to play a sound on your device. This sound plays even if your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) is in silent mode or Airplane mode, and it plays loudly even if your iOS device(iPhone and iPad) has its volume turned down or muted. Here's how it works:
\1.\ Sign in to iCloud and open the Find My iPhone application.
\2.\ Display the My Devices list.
\3.\ Click your lost iOS device(iPhone and iPad) in the list. Find My iPhone locates your iOS device on a map.
\4.\ Click Play Sound. Find My iPhone begins playing the sound on your iOS device and displays an alert message.
\5.\ When you find your iOS device, tap OK in the alert message (and, if needed, enter your passcode or Touch ID) to silence the sound.
You Want to Lock the Data on a Lost Device
If you can't find your iOS device right away by playing a sound, your next step should be to ensure that some other person who finds the device can't rummage around in your stuff.
Solution: You do that by putting your iOS device into lost mode, which remotely locks the iOS device using the passcode that you set earlier. (If you didn't protect your iOS device with a passcode, you can't remotely lock the device.)
You can also provide a phone number where you can be reached and send a message for whoever finds your iOS device. Follow these steps to put your iOS device into lost mode:
\1.\ Sign in to iCloud and open the Find My iPhone application.
\2.\ Display the My Devices list.
\3.\ Click your lost iOS device in the list. Find My iPhone locates the device on a map.
\4.\ Click Lost Mode. Find My iPhone displays the Lost Mode dialog, which prompts you for a phone number where you can be reached.
\5.\ Type your phone number and then click Next. Find My iPhone prompts you to type a message that will appear on the iOS device along with the phone number.
\6.\ Type the message and then tap or click Done. Find My iPhone remotely locks the iOS device and displays the message.
Caution If you do not locate your device after it has been locked, keep an eye out for an email or text message telling you that your device has been found. When you click the link, you're asked to provide your Apple sign-in credentials.
This will look like a legitimate Apple message, but it's really a scam set up to obtain your Apple ID sign-in data so that the scammer can unlock your device.
You Want to Erase the Data on a Lost Device
If you can't get the other person to return your iOS device and it contains sensitive or confidential data, you might want to take further steps to ensure that the other person cannot access your data.
Solution: You can use Find My iPhone to take the drastic step of remotely wiping all the data from your iOS device. Here are the steps to follow:
\1.\ Sign in to iCloud and open the Find My iPhone application.
\2.\ Display the My Devices list.
\3.\ Click your lost iOS device in the list. Find My iPhone locates the device on a map.
\4.\ Click Erase Device (where Device is iPhone, iPad, or iPod). Find My iPhone prompts you for your Apple ID password.
\5.\ Type your password and then click Next. Find My iPhone asks you to enter an optional phone number where you can be reached, which will appear on the iOS device after it has been erased.
\6.\ Type your phone number and then click Next. Find My iPhone prompts you to type a message that will appear on the iOS device along with the phone number after it has been erased.
\7.\ Type the message and then click Done. Find My iPhone remotely wipes all data from the iOS device.
Note If you locate your device after you have erased it, you can restore your settings, apps, and data by connecting the device to your computer and then using iTunes to restore your most recent backup.
Customize Your iPad or iPhone
In this blog
Personalizing your iPhone or iPad by adjusting the options available from within Settings
Customizing the Lock screen and Home screen Customizing and using Control Center
Getting to know what’s possible from the Lock screen, Dock, and App Switcher
More than ever before, users are able to customize their iPhone or iPad beyond personalizing the appearance of the Lock screen, Home screen, Dock, and Control Center. Now you can control more options within Settings that allow for greater privacy and security.
This blog focuses on personalizing and customizing your iOS mobile device and gets you acquainted with a selection of the most popular or useful options available from within Settings, Control Center, Notification Center, Spotlight Search, and the App Switcher.
Spotlight Search enables you to quickly find any information or content stored locally within your mobile device or that you have stored within a cloud service linked with the Files app. When necessary, this search tool can also scour the Internet to find the information you’re looking for.
One of the ways to access Spotlight Search is from the Home screen. Place your finger near the middle of the screen and swipe down. You see the Search field at the top-center of the screen, along with Siri App Suggestions.
If you make the appropriate adjustments in Settings, you also can access Spotlight Search by swiping to the right on the Lock screen (without first unlocking your device).
On the Spotlight Search screen (and on an iPad’s Dock), iOS 11 displays a few of your most recently used apps, recommendations for apps your mobile device thinks you might want to use next, and apps you were just using on another Mac or iOS mobile device linked to the same iCloud account (when the Handoff feature is active).
Depending on which model iPhone or iPad you’re using, the options available from the main Settings menu (and all submenus within Settings) vary. If you read in this book about an option that’s not listed in the Settings menu or a Settings submenu on your own devices, it typically means that feature isn’t available on the model iPhone or iPad you’re using.
One of the first things you should do when you begin working with a new iPhone or iPad is to launch Settings and invest the time necessary to manually review and customize each of the available options. Once you make changes within Settings, they remain saved and active until you manually alter them.
If apps you install enable you to customize specific features within the app, those customization options often are available to you from within Settings.
To customize iCloud-related functions, including Family Sharing and iCloud Drive, launch Settings, tap your profile photo/username, and then tap the iCloud option to reveal the iCloud Control Panel.
Using the Settings App
You launch Settings by tapping the Settings app icon on the Home screen. The main Settings menu is displayed. In most cases, you need to tap one of the displayed options to reveal a sub menu related to a specific iOS 11 feature, function, or app. The menus and submenus are displayed in a hierarchical structure.
To quickly find a feature or function you want to adjust while in Settings, use the Search field that’s displayed at the top of the main Settings menu. If the Search field isn’t visible, place your finger anywhere on the main Settings menu and swipe down.
Type a keyword associated with the feature or function you’re looking for, such as Wallpaper, Handoff, or Low Power Mode.
When a Settings option’s virtual switch is positioned to the right and you see green, that option is turned on. When the switch is positioned to the left, it’s turned off. Tap the switch to toggle its setting on and off.
When a right-pointing arrow (>) is displayed to the right of an option, that feature has a submenu; tap the right-pointing arrow or its listing to open the submenu.
As you work your way deeper into each submenu, a left-pointing arrow (<) icon appears near the upper-left corner of each submenu screen. It enables you to exit out of each Settings submenu and move a step back toward the main Settings menu.
If you’ve made adjustments, those changes are automatically saved when you exit out of the menu or submenu within Settings. If you exit out of a menu or submenu without making any changes, nothing is altered.
On all iPhone and iPad models, except for the iPhone X, press the Home button once to exit out of Settings entirely (and, if applicable, save your changes). If you’re using an iPhone X, use a single swipe up from the bottom of the screen to access the Home screen from anywhere.
The following sections describe the most commonly used options available from the Settings main menu. Remember, these options vary slightly, based on which model iPhone or iPad you’re using and the hardware configuration of that device.
To access anything having to do with your Apple ID and iCloud, from the main Settings menu, tap your profile photo/username to reveal the Apple ID submenu.
From here, tap iCloud to access the iCloud Control Panel and manage all things having to do with using iCloud in conjunction with the iPhone or iPad you’re currently using.
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This feature applies to all iPhones and iPads. The Airplane mode option has no submenu; it simply offers one virtual on/off switch. When Airplane mode is turned on, a small airplane icon appears in the upper-left corner of the screen.
Airplane mode shuts down your iPhone or iPad’s ability to communicate in any way (wirelessly) with other devices, a cellular network, or the Internet. Once in Airplane mode, you can then turn Wi-Fi or Bluetooth back on manually, while keeping cellular connectivity turned off.
After your device is placed into Airplane mode, you can still turn on Wi-Fi or Bluetooth after the fact, enabling the iOS device to access the Web via a Wi-Fi hotspot (to use the wireless web access available on some commercial aircrafts, for example), and also communicate with a Bluetooth-enabled wireless keyboard, external speaker(s), wireless headphones, a printer, or phone headset.
When you turn on Airplane mode, the Wi-Fi and Bluetooth features of your iPhone or iPad get turned off automatically. You can, however, turn them back on manually while still in Airplane mode. Do this from within Settings or Control Center.
When you tap this option, a submenu containing a virtual on/off switch is displayed. When it’s turned on, a listing of available Wi-Fi networks (hotspots) is displayed directly below the Choose a Network heading.
When you’re reviewing a list of available Wi-Fi networks, look to the right side of each listing for a lock icon. This indicates that the Wi-Fi hotspot is password protected. Tap a hotspot that does not display a lock icon, unless you possess the password for that network.
Also on the right side of each listing is the signal strength of each Wi-Fi hotspot in your immediate area. When given the option, choose a network with the strongest signal for the fastest web-surfing experience.
To choose any Wi-Fi hotspot listed, tap its listing. In a few seconds, a check mark appears to the left of your selected Wi-Fi hotspot and a Wi-Fi signal indicator appears in the upper-left corner of your device’s screen, indicating that a Wi-Fi connection has been established.
If you select a Wi-Fi network that is password protected, you will see an Enter Password window the first time you tap that network. Using the device’s virtual keyboard, enter the correct password to connect to the network you selected.
You will often have to do this when connecting to a public Wi-Fi hotspot offered in a hotel or at a private business, for example.
If you leave the Wi-Fi option turned on, your iPhone or iPad can automatically find and connect to an available Wi-Fi hotspot based on whether you have the Ask to Join Networks option turned on or off.
When the Ask to Join Networks feature is turned off, your iPhone or iPad reconnects automatically to wireless networks and Wi-Fi hotspots that you have connected to previously, such as each time you return to your home or office.
If you attempt to access a public Wi-Fi hotspot—in an airport, library, or school, for example—you might be required to accept terms of a user agreement before Internet access is granted.
In this case, your iOS device says it’s connected to a Wi-Fi hotspot, but until you launch Safari and accept the user agreement terms, your other apps, including Mail, aren’t able to access the Internet.
The main drawback to using a Wi-Fi connection is that a Wi-Fi hotspot must be present, and you must stay within the signal radius of that hotspot to remain connected to the Internet.
The signal of most Wi-Fi hotspots extends for only several hundred feet from the wireless access point (the Internet router). When you go beyond this signal radius, your Internet connection is lost.
For example, if you want to fully utilize the Maps app for real-time, turn-by-turn navigation directions, you must have a cellular data connection. If you try using this feature with a Wi-Fi connection, as soon as you move out of the signal’s radius, the Internet connection is dropped and your mobile device can’t pinpoint your location or gather related information from the Internet.
Turn on Bluetooth functionality to use compatible Bluetooth devices, such as an Apple Watch, HomePod, AirPods, any wireless headset (or headphones), an external keyboard (unless it’s an Apple Smart Keyboard), some printers, or wireless speakers.
In Settings, tap Bluetooth, and then turn on the virtual switch in the submenu. The first time you use a particular Bluetooth device with your iOS mobile device, you will probably need to pair it.
Follow the directions that came with the device or accessory to perform this initial setup task. Some Bluetooth devices, like AirPods, automatically pair with your iOS device. The pairing process should take less than 15 seconds.
After you’ve paired a device, as long as it’s turned on and in close proximity to your iOS device, and the iOS device has the Bluetooth feature turned on, the two devices automatically establish a wireless connection and work together.
If you’re using your iPhone or iPad without having a Bluetooth device connected, and you do not want to use the Handoff feature built into iOS 11, turn off the Bluetooth feature. This helps extend the battery life of your iOS device.
The Cellular submenu includes several settings you can control. When Cellular Data is turned on, your iOS mobile device can access the 3G/4G/LTE cellular data network from the cellular service provider to which you’re subscribed. When this option is turned off, your device can access the Internet only via a Wi-Fi connection, assuming that a Wi-Fi hotspot is present.
Tap the Cellular Data Options listing to turn on or off cellular data roaming. When turned on, Data Roaming enables your iPhone or iPad to connect to a cellular network outside the one you subscribe to through your wireless service provider.
The capability to tap into another wireless data network might be useful if you must connect to the Internet, there’s no Wi-Fi hotspot present, and you’re outside your own service provider’s coverage area (such as when you’re traveling abroad).
When your iPhone or iPad is permitted to roam (the Data Roaming option is turned on), you will incur hefty roaming charges, often as high as $20 per megabyte (MB). Refrain from using this feature unless you’ve purchased a cellular data roaming plan through your service provider, or be prepared to pay a fortune to access the Web.
Depending on your service provider, you might be able to transform your iOS device into a personal hotspot so other devices can connect wirelessly to the Internet via Wi-Fi using your iPhone or iPad’s cellular data connection.
If your provider allows, this option is available from the Cellular submenu of Settings. Tap the Personal Hotspot option, turn it on, and then set up a Wi-Fi password.
Scroll down within the Cellular submenu within Settings to determine which apps can access your iPhone or iPad’s cellular data connection (as opposed to using only Wi-Fi to access the Internet).
When an app listing’s virtual switch is turned on, that app can use a cellular data connection. When it’s turned off, that app must rely exclusively on Wi-Fi Internet connectivity when it’s available.
From the Notifications submenu in Settings, you’re able to determine which apps function with Notification Center, and you can determine the other ways in which apps that generate alerts, alarms, or notifications notify you. This applies to preinstalled apps as well as most other apps you install from the App Store.
Widgets are associated with certain specific apps that get displayed in the Notification Center and on the Today screen.
When you use an app’s widget, you can quickly manage or handle tasks associated with that app without manually launching the app. When looking at the Today screen, scroll down and tap the Edit button to set up and configure available widgets. Not all apps have widgets associated with them.
When you tap the Notifications option in Settings, a listing of all apps capable of generating alerts, alarms, and notifications is displayed below the Notification Style heading. Tap each item to customize notifications for that app.
Later, as you install additional apps onto your device from the App Store, return to this menu to adjust Notifications related to those apps as well.
When you tap an app in the Notification Style list, the first option is labeled Allow Notifications. When turned on, this app shares information with Notification Center. When turned off, no alerts, alarms, or notifications will be generated by that app.
The following list describes the different types of notification options:
Sounds—Determines whether the app will be able to generate audible alerts or alarms to get your attention. When turned off, the selected app remains silent but can generate on-screen notifications (if you enable those settings).
Badge App Icon—For compatible apps, when a new alert or notification is generated, a number displays on the app icon on the Home screen. For example, when used with the Mail or Messages app, the Badge App Icon displays the number of new, unread messages you’ve received.
A badge is a small red-and-white circle in the upper-right corner of an app icon on your device’s Home screen. The badge contains a number that shows you that something relating to a specific app has changed. For example, a badge appears on the App Store app icon when one of more of your apps requires an update.
Show on Lock Screen—Notifications generated by the app are displayed on the Lock screen as well as within the Notification Center. This allows anyone who happens to look at your screen to see notifications, such as the first few lines of an incoming email or text message, or Caller ID information for an incoming call.
Show in History—Notifications from compatible apps are listed on screens that show your history of using the iPhone or iPad.
Show as Banners—Notifications are displayed as one of two types of banners: Temporary and Persistent. When you choose Temporary, the app displays a banner at the top of the screen for each new alert or notification.
But the banner automatically disappears after a few seconds. When you choose Persistently, the banner remains on the screen until you manually swipe it away with your finger.
Show Previews—A preview of the message or notification is displayed, such as the first few lines of an incoming email or text message.
Some apps have additional notification options. For example, the Calendar submenu under Notifications displays a submenu that enables you to separately customize alerts, alarms, and notifications related to Upcoming Events, Invitations, Invitee Responses, Shared Calendar Changes, and Siri Found in Apps.
The submenu that appears for each of these options enables you to determine where related notifications are displayed, and which alert style should be used.
The Siri Found in Apps option allows you to use voice commands to find content stored within an app. For example, you can ask Siri, “What time is my next meeting?” or “Where is my next meeting?” and Siri accesses the Calendar app to find this information, assuming you’ve granted Siri access to the Calendar app.
Use these quick tips to manage the Notification Center:
Avoid getting bombarded by excessive notifications from apps that aren’t too important to you by manually setting Notification Center to work only with apps that you deem important. Turn off notifications for all other apps.
At the very bottom of the Notification Center settings submenu on the iPhone are two features: AMBER alerts and Emergency Alerts. When turned on, if the government issues an AMBER alert in your area or a message is broadcast over the Emergency Broadcast System, an alert appears on your device.
To protect your privacy, consider setting up a Notification Center to refrain from having alerts displayed on your Lock screen. To do this, tap each app under the Notifications Style heading, and turn off the Show on Lock Screen option.
The options for available notifications vary by app. For example, for the Messages app, you can assign Notification Center to display message previews on the Lock or Home screens, plus repeat alerts between 0 and 10 times at 2-minute intervals to get your attention.
The redesigned Control Center grants you quick access to a handful of smartphone- or tablet-related functions and apps. For the first time, you can customize the Control Center to display app icons and give you quick access to apps and iOS 11 features/functions you use most often.
To display Control Center, no matter what you’re doing on any iPhone (except for the iPhone X), place your finger near the very bottom of the screen and swipe up.
On the iPad, quickly press the Home button twice to make the Control Center and App Switcher appear. If you’re using the iPhone X, access the Control Center by placing your finger near the top-right corner of the display and swiping down.
From within Settings, however, tap the Control Center option, and then tap Customize Controls to determine which iOS 11 features/functions and which app icons will be displayed within the Control Center.
The app icons and iOS 11 features/functions that will be displayed as part of Control Center are displayed below the Include heading. To remove any of these options, tap on the – icon for a listing.
To add a function or app icon to the Control Center, look below the More Controls heading and tap the + icon associated with a specific listing.
Once you’ve added all of the functions and app icons you desire to the Control Center, use the Move icons (the three lines) to rearrange the order in which the tools and app icons are displayed within Control Center.
Do not Disturb
The Do Not Disturb feature, “Discover iOS 11 and the Newest iPads and iPhones,” enables you to temporarily turn off your iPhone or iPad’s capability to notify you about incoming calls, text messages, and app-specific alerts, alarms, or notifications when the device is in Sleep mode (locked) or while the device is being used.
When you tap the General option in Settings, various additional options become available. For example, from here you can access the Software Update feature to update your iOS whenever Apple releases an update.
You also can customize options related to AirDrop, Handoff, CarPlay, and how the Home button is used (on all devices except for the iPhone X). This submenu also provides access to your iPhone or iPad’s Accessibility options, iPhone/iPad Storage options, the Restrictions feature, and time/date, keyboard, and language options.
The Offload Unused Apps option allows your iPhone/iPad to automatically delete apps from your device that you never use, which frees up internal storage space. When this feature is turned on, any app-specific data, documents, or files remain saved.
To turn on this feature, launch Settings, tap General, tap iPhone/iPad Storage, and then tap Offload Unused Apps. The first time you do this, you see a message indicating how much internal storage space can be saved by removing unused apps. You can always reinstall an app from the App Store, if and when you decide to use it.
A growing number of popular car manufacturers are making their vehicles compatible with the iPhone via the CarPlay feature. Only turn on this feature if you drive a car that’s compatible with it. For privacy reasons, do not use CarPlay in conjunction with a rental car or someone else’s vehicle.
When your iPhone is linked with your vehicle, you can activate Siri, control the Music app, or access other apps while driving simply by pressing the Siri button on your steering wheel or tapping various options displayed on your vehicle’s infotainment center screen.
Every car manufacturer interacts with CarPlay differently, so check the owner’s manual for your car to determine what’s possible. Tap the CarPlay option under the General menu in Settings to customize the feature and link your iPhone with your vehicle, if applicable.
The Accessibility menu option displayed under the General menu of Settings gives you access to an extensive list of customization options that are designed for people with vision, hearing, or physical limitations.
Every so often, you might run into a problem with your iPhone or iPad that results in a system crash or the need to reset specific settings. For example, to restore your iPhone or iPad to its factory default settings and erase everything stored within it, tap the Reset option, tap the Erase All Content and Settings option, and then follow the on-screen prompts.
In general, you should refrain from using any of the Reset settings unless you’re instructed to do so by an Apple Genius or a technical support person.
If you upgrade to a new iOS mobile device and want to return your old device to factory settings and erase all of your data and content so you can safely give away or sell the device, use the Erase All Content and Settings option in the Reset submenu of Settings.
Before using any of the options found under the Settings Reset option, which could potentially erase important data from your iPhone or iPad, be sure to perform a manual iCloud backup or iTunes sync and create a reliable backup of your device’s contents.
Display & Brightness
The Display & Brightness options enable you to control the brightness of your iPhone or iPad’s screen, plus customize the default text size and typestyle.
In general, you should leave the virtual switch for the Auto-Brightness feature turned on and then use the Brightness slider only when you manually need to adjust the screen to accommodate a specific lighting situation.
From the Display & Brightness submenu in Settings, you can activate and customize the Night Shift screen viewing feature. When turned on, this feature adjusts the onscreen colors and brightness that are displayed to make viewing the screen less strenuous on your eyes when you’re using the iPhone or iPad at night or in a low-light area.
If you often use your iPhone or iPad at night, while lying in bed before you go to sleep, for example, be sure to turn on the Night Shift feature.
The customization options offered within Settings enable you to auto-schedule the Night Shift feature to turn on at sunset and turn off at sunrise. Alternatively, you can set the specific times this feature automatically turns on and off by tapping the Night Shift listing to access the Night Shift submenu.
From the Night Shift submenu, use the Color Temperature slider to manually adjust the warmth of the color palette used when the feature is turned on.
You can choose a custom graphic to be used as the wallpaper behind your device’s Lock and Home screen. Tap Wallpaper to adjust this.
Your iPhone or iPad has more than two dozen preinstalled wallpaper designs built in, plus you can use any digital images stored in the Photos app as your Lock screen or Home screen wallpaper.
To change the wallpaper, tap Choose a New Wallpaper. Tap the Dynamic, Stills, or Live thumbnail to reveal iOS 11’s built-in Wallpaper options, or select a photo from an album that’s listed under the Photos heading.
Live wallpapers (available for the latest iPhone models only) animate when you place your finger on them as they’re being displayed in the Lock or Home screen. They work better on the Lock screen where they’re not covered with app icons.
If you choose a preinstalled graphic, follow the on-screen prompts to select and save your options for the Lock or Home screens.
If you prefer, you can use a picture that’s in your Photos app. To select one of your own photos to use as your Lock screen or Home screen wallpaper, tap the Wallpaper option in Settings and then tap Choose a New Wallpaper. Next, tap an album thumbnail to reveal images stored within the Photos app.
Tap the thumbnail that represents the image you want to use as your wallpaper. On the preview screen, use your finger to move the image around on the screen and to zoom in or out. (The Perspective Zoom On/Off option is displayed in the lower-right corner of the preview screen to let you know whether you can adjust the zoom on the photo.)
If the image you opt to use is not sized appropriately for both the portrait and landscape aspect ratio on the iOS mobile device’s screen, the image can appear distorted or not fill the entire screen when you rotate your device.
Tap this option to adjust the overall volume of the iPhone or iPad’s built-in speaker (or the volume of the audio you hear through headphones), as well as to turn on or off various audible tones and alarms your phone or tablet generates.
From this menu, you can assign specific audio tones, sounds, or ringtones to specific types of app-specific alerts and alarms. You also can turn on or off the clicking noise associated with pressing keys on the iPhone or iPad’s virtual keyboard.
Turn on the Vibrate mode so that the iPhone handset shakes instead of or in addition to playing a ringtone. You can control the ringer volume using an onscreen slider and adjust the custom ringtones and audio alerts associated with various features and functions of your iPhone.
Your device has a built-in library of different alerts and ringtones, plus you can download additional ringtones from the iTunes Store.
Manually adjust the ringer and speaker volume using the Volume Up and Volume Down buttons located on the left side of your iPhone or iPad. Alternatively, you can use the volume controls in the Control Center. Some apps, like Music and TV, also display an in-app volume control slider.
Siri & Search
The Siri feature enables you to communicate with and issue commands to your iPhone or iPad using your voice. From the Siri submenu in Settings, you can fully customize this feature.
On much newer iPhone and iPad models, Siri can always be waiting for you to say, “Hey Siri,” from anywhere nearby to activate the Siri feature and then issue a spoken command. Otherwise, it’s necessary to press and hold the Home button for about two seconds to activate Siri.
From the Siri submenu within Settings, select the primary language Siri understands, choose between giving Siri a male or female voice, and select Siri’s accent—American, Australian, or British. You can also determine which apps Siri has access to when providing you with information or responses to your queries.
To learn more about how to use Siri,
Touch Id (or Face Id) & Passcode
You need to manually enter your iPhone or iPad’s passcode to access this submenu. Determine whether your device’s Touch ID (Home button sensor) can be used to identify your fingerprint to unlock the device or approve online purchases.
Plus, turn on the Apple Pay option to activate Apple Pay on compatible devices. Tap Add a Fingerprint to securely scan and store your fingerprint(s). These fingerprint scans cannot be accessed by Apple or third parties.
Scroll down on the Touch ID & Passcode submenu to access options that enable you to decide which features, if any, will be accessible from the Lock screen (while the device is still locked).
For an added layer of protection against someone hacking into your iPhone or iPad, turn on the virtual switch associated with Erase Data. When turned on, if someone enters the wrong passcode 10 times in a row, the device automatically erases itself. As the device’s primary user, you can later restore the device from an iCloud Backup or iTunes Sync Backup once you recover it.
If you’re using an iPhone X, when you tap Face ID & Passcode from the Settings menu, you’re granted access to a variety of features for activating and customizing the smartphone’s face recognition feature.
Older iOS mobile devices not equipped with Touch ID or Face ID simply have a Passcode option available to them in Settings.
This submenu enables you to display the battery life percentage remaining on your device in the top-right corner of the screen in addition to the Battery Status Bar. From the Battery submenu within Settings, you can also see how individual apps that are running on your iPhone or iPad are affecting the device’s overall battery life.
Tap the Last 24 Hours or Last 7 Days tab, and then view the apps listed below the Battery Usage heading if you’re wondering why your iPhone or iPad’s battery is draining too quickly. You can extend battery life by shutting down specific apps and keeping them from running in the background when you’re not using them.
iTunes & App Store
Choose which Apple ID account you want to associate with the iPhone or iPad you’re using, and manage that account by tapping the Apple ID option displayed near the top of this menu.
From below the Automatic Downloads heading, determine whether the device you’re using will automatically download content acquired from other computers or mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud (Apple ID) account. This relates to Music, Apps, Books/Audiobooks, and App Updates acquired from the iTunes Store, iBook Store, and App Store.
Wallet & Apple Pay
If you’re using one of the more current iPhone or iPad models that have a Touch ID sensor built in to the Home screen (or an iPhone X with Face ID), use the options available from the Wallet & Apple Pay submenu to set up the Apple Pay feature and the Wallet app (on the iPhone).
This process involves linking one or more of your credit or debit cards to Apple Pay so that you can authorize purchases when you’re shopping at retail stores, shopping on the iTunes Store, shopping on compatible websites, or making purchases through certain third-party apps.
Starting in early 2018, Apple Pay will allow users to instantly send or receive cash from other Apple Pay users via the Messages app.
On compatible iPhones, to speed up making payments using Apple Pay in stores, turn on the Double-Click Home Button option.
Then from the Lock screen, quickly press the Home button twice to launch the Wallet app and select the stored debit or credit card with which you want to pay. When this option is turned off, you must manually launch the Wallet app from the Home screen.
If you’re using an iPhone X, to quickly activate the Wallet app to make an Apple Pay payment, press the side button twice.
From under the Transaction Defaults heading, choose a default debit or credit card to use with Apple Pay transactions, plus store your default shipping address, email, and phone number. This speeds up the checkout process.
Accounts & Passwords
Access this submenu within Settings to manage each of your email and cloud accounts that are linked with the mobile device you’re using. This includes schedule information that you maintain using a compatible cloud-based application, such as Microsoft free personal email, that can be set up to sync with the Calendar app.
Many of the apps that come preinstalled with iOS 11 allow you to customize features/functions from within Settings. Tap the specific listing for Mail, Contacts, Calendar, Notes, Reminders, Messages, FaceTime, Maps, Safari, News, Home, Music, TV, Photos, Camera, iBooks and Game Center to access a Settings submenu for that specific app.
In subsequent blogs of this book that focus on specific apps, customizing those apps from within Settings is covered in greater detail.
If you’re a paying cable TV or satellite TV subscriber, from the main Settings menu, tap the TV provider option and select your cable TV or satellite TV provider. You’ll be asked to provide your log-in information for your existing cable TV or satellite TV account.
Once you provide this information, your iPhone or iPad will be able to log you into compatible TV network apps so you have full access to programming you’re entitled to as a subscriber.
For example, you’ll be able to automatically log into the HBO GO app to access on-demand HBO programming if you’re already a paid HBO subscriber.
Other individual apps that you have installed on your iPhone or iPad and that have user-adjustable options or settings available are listed at the bottom of the Settings menu. Tap one app listing at a time to modify these settings.
Working with Control Center
Regardless of what you’re doing on your iPhone or iPad, you can access Control Center to have quick access to popular iOS 11 features and functions, as well as some of the most commonly used apps. Some of the default options available from Control Center include the following:
Airplane Mode—Quickly turn on/off Airplane mode on your iPhone or iPad by tapping on this icon.
Wi-Fi—Turn Wi-Fi on or off with a single tap, without having to access Settings.
Bluetooth—Turn Bluetooth on or off so that your iPhone or iPad can link to Bluetooth devices it has already been paired with.
Do Not Disturb—Manually turn on/off the Do Not Disturb feature after you’ve customized this option in Settings.
Rotation Lock—Normally, when you rotate your iPhone or iPad sideways, the screen automatically switches from portrait to landscape mode. To prevent this from happening when the phone or tablet is rotated, turn on the Rotation Lock feature by tapping on its icon.
With some apps, having the Rotation Lock turned on could prevent you from accessing certain app-specific features or views. For example, turning on Rotation Lock prevents you from using the Week view in the Calendar app on an iPhone.
Flashlight—Use the rear-facing camera flash on the back of your iPhone or iPad Pro as a flashlight. Turn it on or off by tapping the flashlight icon.
Music Controls—Tap the Play/Pause, Fast Forward, or Rewind icon to
control the currently playing music (via the Music app or another compatible app). When applicable, the song’s title and the artist is displayed in conjunction with the music controls.
Volume Control—Adjust the volume control for your iPhone or iPad’s built-in speakers or the headphones or speakers linked to your mobile device.
Screen Brightness—Manually adjust the screen’s brightness using this slider.
Camera—Launch the Camera app.
Home App Controls—If you have your iPhone or iPad set up to wirelessly control “smart” devices in your home—such as lighting, the thermostat, or appliances—and the “smart” devices are HomeKit compatible, you’re able to control multiple “smart” devices from the Home app.
Press the Home app icon within the Control Center to access the Home app’s widget, which offers one-touch shortcuts for managing “smart” equipment.
From the Control Center submenu within Settings, you’re able to choose some of the iOS 11 features and app icons that appear in Control Center. Additional options you can add include: Alarm, Magnifier, Notes, Stopwatch, and Text Size.
On an iPhone, you’re also able to add an icon for controlling Low Power Mode, which reduces iPhone battery power consumption when the battery is running low, allowing you to use the iPhone a bit longer before recharging it.
Voice Memos (an audio recording app) and the new Do Not Disturb While Driving feature—which prevents you from using your iPhone for particularly dangerous tasks, such as texting, while you’re driving a car—are also options that can be added to the Control Center.
Organizing Apps in Folders
If you’re like most iPhone and iPad users, you’ll probably be loading a handful of third-party apps on your device. After all, there are well over two million third-party apps to choose from. To make it easier to find your apps on the iPhone or iPad’s Home screen, and to reduce onscreen clutter, you can group app icons together into folders.
From the Home screen, tap and hold down any app icon until all the app icons begin shaking. Drag one app icon on top of another to automatically place both of those apps in a new folder.
You can organize your apps in folders based on categories, like Travel, Games, or Productivity, or you can enter your own folder names and drag and drop the additional app icons into the folders you create.
After your app icons are organized, simply press the Home button (on all iOS devices, except for the iPhone X) to save your folders and display them on your Home screen. On an iPhone X, to return to the Home screen, from the bottom of the screen, swipe up.
To open a folder, tap its icon. Tap any of the contained app icons to launch one of the apps.
You can create as many separate folders as you want to be displayed on your Home screens, plus there is no limit to how many apps you can place into each folder.
If you later want to remove an app icon from a folder so that it appears as a standalone app icon on your Home screen, simply press and hold any of the folder icons until all the onscreen icons start to shake. The folder’s contents are displayed.
While the app icons are shaking, simply drag the app icons, one at a time, back onto the Home screen. Each is then removed from the folder. Press the Home button to finalize this action. (On an iPhone X, from the bottom of the screen, swipe up.)
Moving App Icons Around on the Home Screen
To move app icons around and reorganize them on the Home screen, press and hold down any app icon with your finger. When the app icons start to shake, use your finger to drag one app icon at a time around on the Home screen.
Your iPhone or iPad can extend the Home screen across multiple pages. (Switch pages by swiping your finger from left to right, or right to left when viewing the Home screen.)
To move an app icon to another Home screen page, while the icon is shaking, hold it down with your finger and slowly drag it to the extreme right or left, off the screen, so that it bounces onto another of the Home screen’s pages.
The Dock is a customizable selection of app icons that are present on each of the Home screens. On an iPhone, you see the Dock along the bottom of the Home screen.
On an iPad, the Dock is displayed on the Home screen, but you can access it anytime by placing your finger near the bottom of the screen and swiping up. “Take Advantage of iOS 11 Features for the iPad,” explains how to choose which app icons appear on the left side of the Dock.
On an iPad, the right side of the Dock holds app icons for the most recently used apps. If you have the Handoff feature enabled, the icon for an app you were using on another iOS mobile device or Mac linked to the same iCloud account is in that area of the Dock, so you can pick up your work on the device you’re using from where you left off on the other computer or mobile device.
From the Dock, you’re also able to launch the iPad’s Multitasking mode, so two apps are displayed on the screen at once. When you switch pages, the icons displayed on the Dock remain constant.
Place your most frequently used apps in the Dock, so that they’re always visible from the Home screen. As the app icons are shaking on the Home screen, press the black-and-white X in the upper-left corner of an app icon to delete it from your iPhone or iPad.
You’re able to manually delete most of the apps that come preinstalled on the iPhone and iPad, which means you can delete preinstalled apps that you opt not to use. (You can always reinstall deleted apps later.)
However, certain apps, like Photos, Camera, Clock (iPhone), App Store, Settings, Wallet, Phone (iPhone), Safari, Messages, and Health (iPhone) can’t be deleted (but you can move them around or place them in folders).
Discovering What’s Possible from the Lock Screen
The Lock screen automatically displays the current time and date, along with the wallpaper of your choice. You can also set it up so app-specific alerts or banners are displayed on the Lock screen when applicable, plus you can decide whether you want the ability to access Control Center directly from the Lock screen.
Controlling what information can be displayed on the Lock screen, which makes it potentially viewable by anyone without requiring they unlock the phone, is one of the ways you’re able to protect your privacy.
From within Settings, you can opt to turn off most functionality that displays app-specific Notifications content on the Lock screen, as well as block access to the Today screen (which includes the Spotlight Search field), and the ability to access Control Center, without first unlocking the device.
While viewing the Lock screen, swipe to the left to access the Today screen, which is virtually identical to the Today screen accessible from Notification Center.
This Today screen displays information you configure from within Settings, such as the local weather forecast for your current location or your upcoming appointments (scheduled using the Calendar app).
You can also customize it to display a list of recently used apps, news headlines, information about upcoming destinations that use the Maps app, battery details, and access to app-specific widgets.
To choose which app-specific widgets are displayed, scroll down on the Today screen, and tap the Edit button. After unlocking the device, you see the Add Widgets screen, which has a list of available widgets.
Currently, activated widgets are listed first. To deactivate any of them, tap the – icon to the left of the listing. To change the display order of the widgets, place your finger on a widget listing’s Move icon (the three lines) and drag it up or down.
Scroll down on the Add Widgets screen to view a list of available widgets that are not yet active. They’re displayed under the More Widgets heading. Tap the + icon associated with any of these widgets to activate it.
Tap Done to save your changes. You can also control the information displayed on the Lock screen from within Settings. To do this, launch Settings, tap the Touch ID & Passcode option (or the Passcode option on older devices), enter your passcode and then scroll down to the Allow Access When Locked option.
Turn on the virtual switches associated with the options you want to have accessible from the Lock screen.
Managing Your Customized Notification Center Screen
Access iOS 11’s Notification Center window/screen from the iPhone or iPad at any time by placing your finger anywhere near the top of the screen and swiping down. (If you’re an iPhone X user, swipe down from the top-center of the display.)
Notification Center displays all alerts, alarms, and notifications generated by your device in one place. The information displayed in the Notification Center is divided into two screens, which you can scroll between by swiping from right to left or from left to right.
The first Notification Center screen (also known as the Today screen). It displays a Search field at the top. From here, you can locate any information stored in your device or perform an Internet search.
The date and time are also displayed. Scroll down and tap the Edit icon at the bottom of the screen to customize what information is displayed, such as a weather forecast, stock information, upcoming Calendar events, upcoming reminders, or app-specific widgets.
The secondary Notification Center screen displays alerts, alarms, and notifications generated by your mobile device, and the apps you have set up to work with Notification Center. It’s important to customize what information is displayed on this screen by launching Settings and then tapping the Notifications option.
From the Notifications menu in Settings, tap each app listing to determine which apps will display content within the Notification Center. Any listing for an alert, alarm, or notification is interactive.
You can tap or swipe the listing to launch the appropriate app and gain immediate access to the information that’s related to what you’re being alerted about.
All alerts, alarms, and notifications are displayed in chronological order, with the newest information displayed first.
To clear all notifications from Notification Center, tap the small X icon displayed to the right of the Earlier Today, Yesterday, or a previous day’s headings, and then tap Clear.
When viewing an item from within Notification Center, swipe sideways (right to left) across a listing to access the View or Clear buttons. If you swipe across a listing from left to right, you see an Open button.
Alternatively, tap a listing to open it. When you open a listing, the app related to the notification is launched and the related content automatically is displayed.
Using one of the newer iPhones, press down gently on the listing to use the phone’s 3D Touch capabilities to view a menu of available options.
For example, if you’re looking at a message from the Mail app about a new incoming email, use the 3D Touch function to quickly preview the email, and then tap the Trash or Mark As Reading option. Press down on the preview to launch the Mail app and further read, respond to, or manage that message.
Using the App Switcher
At any given times, multiple apps will be running on your iPhone or iPad simultaneously, although on an iPhone you can view only one app at a time. On an iPad, when using Multitasking mode, you can view two apps on the screen simultaneously, but many more can be running in the background.
To quickly switch between apps that are running, shut down apps, or take advantage of the Handoff feature to pick up what you were doing on another mobile device or Mac that’s linked to the same iCloud account, use the App Switcher.
To launch App Switches on any iPhone (except the iPhone X), quickly press the Home button twice (from any screen but the Lock screen). On an iPad, the App Switcher and Control Center are displayed on the same screen. Access it by pressing the Home button twice.
When you’re using an iPhone X, place and hold your finger near the bottom center of the screen, swipe up with that finger, and hold your finger in place (on the screen) an extra second.
The App Switcher displays large thumbnails of the apps currently running in the background. To re-launch an app, tap its thumbnail. To shut down an app, swipe up on that thumbnail. You can easily scroll through the app thumbnails using horizontal finger swipes.
On an iPhone, if the Handoff feature is available for a specific app you were just using, a banner for it is displayed along the bottom of the screen. Tap the banner to launch that app on the device you’re currently using to pick up where you left off on a different device.
On an iPad, if the Handoff feature is available for a specific app, that app icon is displayed on the extreme right side of the Dock (and an iPhone logo is shown in the top-right corner of that app’s icon).
iOS 11 and Apple Pay Security and Privacy Strategies
In this blog
Setting up and using the Passcode feature
Unlocking your iPhone or iPad using the Touch ID sensor
Setting up and using Apple Pay
Employing additional security and privacy strategies
Every day, people rely on their iPhones or iPads to store a vast amount of highly personal information that they wouldn’t necessarily want friends and family, much fewer cybercriminals to see or have access to.
With each new version of the iOS operating system, new and more advanced security features are added to keep unauthorized people from accessing your mobile device and to keep private the information you store within your device.
There are two important things you need to consider when it comes to iPhone and iPad-related security.
It’s your responsibility to turn on and use the majority of the security features that are provided to you. If they remain turned off, or they’re not set up properly, they simply won’t work.
Human error, not the technology you use, is the most frequent cause of security breaches when it comes to securing your personal information, protecting yourself against identity theft, and keeping yourself from becoming a victim of online-based fraud or crime.
This blog helps you turn on and properly set up some of the most useful security and privacy features offered by iOS 11 on your iPhone or iPad. The blog also includes strategies you can implement to ensure your private information stays private and the content you choose to share is shared only with the appropriate people.
If you’re an iPhone X user, you can take advantage of the new Face ID feature to unlock your phone, verify a purchase, or use Apple Pay, rather than using Touch ID to scan your fingerprint.
Face ID uses the phone’s TrueDepth camera system on the front of the device to recognize your face. To use Apple Pay, for example, double-click the side button on the phone to activate Apple Pay and then look at your iPhone X’s screen. It is still necessary, however, to set up and occasionally use the Passcode feature when working with an iPhone X.
Setting Up the Passcode Feature
The first time you turn on a new iPhone or iPad, part of the setup procedure involves you creating a six-digit passcode that you use to unlock your iPhone or iPad each time you turn it on or wake it up from sleep mode. To keep unauthorized people from picking up and using your mobile device, set up and turn on this feature when prompted to do so.
When the passcode feature is turned on, anytime your iPhone or iPad is turned on or woken up from sleep mode, you’re required to manually enter the passcode you’ve created to unlock and use your mobile device.
If you also turn on the Touch ID option, instead of manually entering the passcode, you’re able to use the Touch ID sensor built into the Home button of your device to scan your fingerprint and unlock your iPhone or iPad from the Lock screen.
Customize the Lock and Home screen of your mobile device. iPhone X users can use the Face ID feature to unlock their phones.
When you set up your iPhone or iPad, you see the Create a Passcode screen, which prompts you to create and enter a six-digit passcode. Make sure you create a code that you’ll remember, but make it something that won’t be obvious to people who know you. (In other words, don’t use your birthday, anniversary date, spouse’s birthday, pet’s birthday, or child’s birthday.)
Alternatively, tap Passcode Options to choose a different method of securing your device:
Create Alphanumeric Code—Create a passcode using numbers and letters rather than just numbers. For maximum security, choose a code that includes at least eight characters, incorporates numbers and letters, and uses upper- and lowercase letters.
Again, don’t choose something obvious, such as the word “password” (which is the most common password that people choose when given the option to create a password).
Custom Numeric Code—Create a numeric passcode with any number of digits. You’re not limited to four or six digits.
4-Digit Numeric Code—Create a passcode that uses just four digits. Yes, it’ll be easier to remember, but a shorter passcode is also potentially easier for someone else to figure out.
Don’t Use Passcode—Turn off the passcode feature altogether. When you do this, your device doesn’t need to be unlocked, so anyone can pick up your iPhone or iPad and begin using it immediately. Deactivating the passcode feature is not recommended!
If you suspect someone has discovered your passcode, change it by launching Settings, tapping Touch ID & Passcode, entering your existing passcode, and then tapping Change Passcode. You’re prompted to enter your old passcode and then required to create a new six-digit passcode and enter it twice.
Changing your passcode at least once a month is a good added security measure.
From the Passcode Lock submenu screen within Settings, also tap Require Passcode and make sure the Immediately option is selected. This ensures that anytime your iPhone or iPad is turned off or goes into sleep mode when it’s turned back on, the passcode is required to unlock the device.
After you’ve activated the Passcode feature, also turn on the Erase Data feature. If an unauthorized person steals your iPhone or iPad and fails to enter your current passcode 10 times in a row, your mobile device automatically erases itself, ensuring that the person who has taken possession of your mobile device can’t access your personal information, data, photos, and files.
To turn on this feature, launch Settings, tap Touch ID & Passcode and then scroll to the bottom of the Passcode Lock submenu screen. Turn on the virtual switch associated with the Erase Data option. This only needs to be set up once.
As an added precaution, if you have the Find My feature turned on and your iPhone or iPad is lost or stolen, you also have the option of remotely erasing the content of the device.
Setting Up the Touch ID Sensor to Unlock Your Phone
The first time you turn on and set up your new iPhone or iPad (with the exception of the iPhone X), you’re prompted to set up the Touch ID sensor to be able to scan your fingerprint.
When you scan your fingerprint, you can use it to unlock your device instead of entering a password. You can also use your fingerprint to authorize Apple Pay purchases.
The Touch ID sensor is only built into the iPhone 5s or later phone models, the iPad Air 2, iPad mini 4, and all iPad Pro models.
During the setup process, if you have an iPhone or iPad that includes the Touch ID feature, it’s a good strategy to scan and store the fingerprint from both of your thumbs, as well as your index finger(s). This allows you to easily reach the Home button with any one of these fingers to unlock the device or authorize a purchase.
Even if you turn on the Touch ID sensor and store your fingerprint, you can still unlock the mobile device using the passcode that you’ve created and stored. Your fingerprint scan is stored internally within your iPhone or iPad, within a separate chip. It’s never shared with Apple or third-parties.
When the Touch ID screen is displayed, tap Continue to scan your fingerprint. When the Place Your Finger screen appears, follow the on-screen prompts to place your finger on the Home button and then lift it repeatedly.
Next, you see the Adjust Your Grip screen. Tap Continue. You’re prompted to repeat the process using the same finger while holding the iPhone or iPad slightly differently. Again, follow the on-screen prompts. When the Complete message appears, your fingerprint is securely stored on your mobile device.
After the initial setup process is complete, you can always add fingerprints for yourself or for other people whom you trust to use your mobile device by following these steps:
2. Tap the Touch ID & Password option.
3. Enter your passcode when prompted.
4. Under the Fingerprints heading of the Passcode Lock submenu, tap the Add a Fingerprint option to add a new fingerprint and then follow the on-screen prompts.
If you’re an iPhone X user, instead of setting up Touch ID to recognize your fingerprint, you set up the Face ID feature, so the front-facing camera can use face recognition to confirm your identity in the future.
To rename or delete a stored fingerprint, tap Settings, tap Touch ID & Passcode, and then under the Fingerprints heading tap the stored fingerprint you want to modify.
You can rename the fingerprint (such as Thumb-Right Hand, Thumb-Left Hand) or tap Delete Fingerprint to erase that fingerprint from your mobile device. Once you do this, that fingerprint no longer works with the device’s Touch ID sensor.
iOS 11 allows you to determine what a successful fingerprint scan using the Touch ID sensor can be used for. The three options include unlocking your iPhone/iPad, authorizing Apple Pay purchases, and authorizing iTunes Store, App Store, or iBook Store purchases.
To turn on or off any of these options, launch Settings, tap Touch ID & Passcode, and then turn on or off the virtual switch associated with each option below the Use Touch ID For heading.
Adjusting the Lock Screen Settings
When you first turn on your iPhone or iPad or wake it up from sleep mode, the first thing that appears is the Lock screen. Depending on how you set up your device, the device has either limited or no functionality until you unlock the device by successfully entering the correct passcode or using the Touch ID sensor built into the Home button.
To determine what functionality is possible from the Lock screen without first unlocking the device, launch Settings, tap Touch ID & Passcode, and then from the Passcode Lock submenu screen, scroll down to the Allow Access When Locked heading. You can turn adjust the virtual switches for the following eight options:
Today View—When turned on, upcoming events stored in the Calendar app for the current day, immediately pending items from the Reminders app, as well as other apps that manage your schedule and appointments are automatically displayed on the Lock screen.
Recent Notifications—When turned on, alerts, alarms, and notifications generated by any apps on your mobile device that was created while your iPhone or iPad was turned off or in sleep mode are displayed on the Lock screen.
Control Center—When turned on, you can access the Control Center (and most functionality offered by the Control Center) from the Lock screen without first unlocking the device. Keep in mind that when this feature is enabled, anyone who happens to pick up your device can access the Control Center tools from the Lock screen.
Siri—When turned on, from the Lock screen, you can access Siri and issue verbal questions or commands without first unlocking the iPhone or iPad. Some Siri functionality, such as the ability to make calls, is restricted unless the phone is first unlocked.
Home Control—When turned on, you can control smart devices in your home (using the Home app) without first unlocking your iPhone or iPad.
Return Missed Calls—If someone calls you via a voice call to your iPhone or a video (or voice) call via FaceTime on your iPhone or iPad, but you don’t answer, a notification of the missed call is displayed on the Lock screen (if you have Notifications for the Phone and FaceTime apps set up to display on the Lock screen).
Turn on the Return Missed Calls feature to launch the Phone or FaceTime app and return the missed call without first unlocking your iPhone or iPad.
Reply with Message (iPhone Only)—Anytime you receive an incoming call on your iPhone, you have the option to respond to the caller with a stock text message.
For example, the message might say, “I am driving and can’t talk,” or “I’m in a meeting and will call you later.” If you want to be able to send these instant replies from the Lock screen without first unlocking the iPhone, turn on this feature.
Wallet (iPhone Only)—If you have Apple Pay set up, or you store other types of membership or customer loyalty cards within the Wallet app of your iPhone, enable this feature to be able to quickly open the Wallet app from the Lock screen by double-pressing the Home button.
Keep in mind that with this feature enabled an unauthorized person might be able to open the Wallet app, but because his fingerprint is not stored within your phone, he won’t be able to authorize any purchases or view the account numbers for the debit or credit cards you have stored within the Wallet app.
The apps installed on your iPhone or iPad, along with a handful of core iOS 11 features are able to generate alerts, alarms, and notifications to get your attention.
Based on how you set up your mobile device, this information can automatically be displayed on the Lock screen, which means that anyone who happens to be looking at your device’s screen can see this information.
In addition to the controls offered from below the Allow Access When Locked heading of the Passcode Lock submenu within Settings, you can also adjust the Notifications option(s) related to individual apps.
To do this, launch Settings, tap the Notifications option and then tap each app listed below the Notification Style heading. If you do not want Notifications for the selected app to be displayed on the Lock screen, be sure to turn off the virtual switch associated with the Show On Lock Screen option.
Taking Advantage of iOS 11’s Restrictions Features
If you have kids, you might sometimes allow them to play a game, listen to music, watch a movie, or access their social media account(s) from your smartphone or tablet.
However, you might want to prevent your kids from accessing any other content stored within your device, making online purchases, or using apps that you haven’t approved.
You might also occasionally want to allow adult family members or friends to use certain features of your mobile device while keeping everything else private.
The way to do this is to utilize iOS 11’s customizable Restrictions features (which are also sometimes referred to as Parental Controls). To set up Restrictions, launch Settings, tap General and then tap Restrictions. Tap the Enable Restrictions option.
When prompted, create a four-digit passcode. Keep this code private. In other words, do not allow your kids (or the other people who use your iPhone or iPad) to discover this code. When prompted, enter the same code a second time to confirm it.
If you forget the Restrictions code, there is no way to recover it and regain full access to your mobile device. You need to erase your device, set it up as a new device, and then manually restore apps and data.
If you restore from a backup that was created after the Restrictions feature was activated, when you restore your device, the Restrictions are restored and remain active.
The master Restrictions feature is now enabled. Scroll down the Restrictions submenu screen, and turn on or off the virtual switch associated with each option. When a feature or option is turned on, the other person using your iPhone or iPad is able to use that app or feature.
When the virtual switch is turned off, the other person using your mobile device doesn’t have access to that app or feature. For example, if you want someone else to be able to use your iPhone or iPad only to take pictures using the Camera app, turn on the virtual switch associated with Camera, but turn off all the other virtual switches.
Scroll down on the Restrictions submenu screen to the Allowed Content heading to control what types of content other users can access while using your iPhone or iPad.
For example, you can prevent your kids from listening to podcasts or music with explicit lyrics or watching TV shows or movies (from the iTunes Store) that have specific ratings.
You can also prevent them from visiting websites featuring adult content or using Siri for anything that involves explicit language. Tap each listing below the Allowed Content heading and select adjustments that you’re comfortable with based on the age of the person who will be using your mobile device or your relationship with them.
Under the Privacy heading of the Restrictions submenu, you can adjust specific iOS 11 and app-related functions that you want to prevent other people from using, such as the ability to access or edit your Contacts app’s database, your Calendar, content within the Reminders app, or the digital photos stored within the Photos app.
In the Allow Changes section of the Restrictions submenu are additional iOS 11-related functions that you can prevent others from altering. At the bottom of this menu are Game Center–related options (which relate to online multiplayer games) that you can prevent other people, such as your kids, from adjusting.
For example, you can allow them to play an online multiplayer game, but only with “friends” whom you have preapproved.
Once all of the Restrictions options are adjusted, only a person who knows the four-digit Restrictions code you created has full access to your iPhone or iPad (so don’t share that four-digit code with others!). Other people are limited in terms of what they can do while using your device, based on the Restrictions you’ve imposed.
To turn off the Restrictions feature, launch Settings, tap General, tap Restrictions, tap Disable Restrictions, and, when prompted, enter the four-digit Restrictions Passcode you created.
For more information on how to set up specific Restriction-related settings, visit https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201304.
Customizing iOS 11’s Privacy Settings
One of the great things about iOS 11 is that the apps installed on your iPhone or iPad are designed to interact with and seamlessly share data with each other, and, at times, share information with websites or third parties. However, you have some control over which apps access what information and how that information is shared.
To adjust Privacy-related settings, which includes when and how your iPhone or iPad is able to share your exact location using its built-in GPS capabilities, launch Settings and tap the Privacy option.
On the Privacy submenu, there are a dozen main features that you can control, starting with Location Services. Location Services manages the GPS capabilities built into your iPhone or iPad.
When Location Services is turned on, your iPhone keeps continuous tabs on your exact location. The location information can be used or shared automatically with apps based on permissions you’ve granted from the Privacy submenu.
From the Privacy submenu within Settings, tap Location Services and then turn on the virtual switch associated with the Location Services feature at the top of the submenu.
Then scroll down and adjust which compatible apps will be able to access your location information. iOS 11 and all of the various apps installed on your mobile device use location information many different ways.
The Maps app relies on Location Services to figure out where you are at any given moment and provide accurate, turn-by-turn directions that lead you to your intended destination.
The Camera app can use Location Services every time you snap a photo to store the exact location (along with the time and date) where the photo was taken (and can later use this information to organize your images).
When you add a meeting or event location to the Calendar app, your iPhone or iPad can determine how long it will take you to reach your next appointment location, based on your current location, and then suggest the best time to leave (after determining current traffic conditions).
If you use the Uber app to call for a ride, it uses Location Services to automatically pinpoint your exact pickup location.
One thing to be cautious of is using Location Services in conjunction with social media services, like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or SnapChat. As you create a posting or publish a photo online using your mobile device, by default, these services are typically set up to share your exact location as part of your post.
This is great if you’re on vacation and want to share with people where you are, but it can be a security risk if you’re posting public messages (that strangers can see) from your home, office, school, or hotel room.
Make sure you understand which apps and iOS 11 features are using the GPS capabilities built into your mobile device. You can check this either from the social media apps you use to manage your accounts or from the Location Services submenu within Settings.
In addition to Location Services, there are other privacy settings that you can adjust for individual apps. Go to Settings and tap Privacy. Then tap each option on the Privacy submenu to determine which apps or online services have access to specific information.
For example, if you tap the listing for the Contacts app, you see that apps like Instagram, Facebook, Facebook Messenger, Skype, and SnapChat are able to access your personal Contacts database and use information from your Contacts entries.
To terminate permission for specific apps to access your Contacts database, tap the Contacts listing from the Privacy menu and then turn off the virtual switches for the listed apps that you don’t want to be able to access your Contacts database.
Making Payments from Your Mobile Device
If you’re making purchases through the iTunes Store, the App Store to acquire paid apps, or the iBook Store, anytime you approve a purchase, payment is made either using the credit card or debit card you have linked with your Apple ID account or a prepaid iTunes gift card. You need to set up payment information associated with your accounts.
Adding or Updating Payment Details for Your Apple ID
No matter how many Apple devices you have, you need only one Apple ID account. To add or update the debit/card information associated with your Apple ID account, launch Settings, tap the iTunes & App Store option, tap your Apple ID username near the top of the iTunes & App Store submenu, and then tap the View Apple ID option in the Apple ID pop-up window.
You’re prompted to provide your Apple ID password or sign into the account by scanning your fingerprint via the Touch ID sensor. Tap Payment Information. Choose to use a credit or debit card or to link your Apple ID with a PayPal account (a new option added in iOS 11).
If you selected the credit/debit card option, in the appropriate fields, provide your card number, expiration date, and the card’s CVV security code, along with your first and last name and your billing address. Tap Done when you’ve filled in the required fields.
You can also manage your Apple ID, look up a forgotten password, change your password, and update payment information from any computer’s web browser. Visit https://appleid.apple.com to do this.
After payment information is linked with your Apple ID, anytime you want to make a purchase from one of the Apple stores, you can approve the purchases simply by providing your Apple ID password or using your device’s Touch ID when prompted.
Setting Up Apple Pay
Apple Pay is an electronic payment service that can be linked with a participating debit or credit card so you can use it in a secure way to make online purchases, as well as purchases from tens of thousands of retail locations across the United States and in a growing number of countries around the world.
There are several reasons why using Apple Pay is more secure than making a purchase using a traditional (plastic) debit or credit card. The merchants don’t see your name or receive your actual credit/debit card number, expiration date, security code, or card PIN. The card issuer processes the payment using an encrypted code.
Also, a purchase can be authorized only by you via Apple Pay using the Touch ID sensor to scan your fingerprint. In other words, even if someone steals your device, they can’t access your card details or use the card without your fingerprint scan.
Meanwhile, if your traditional (plastic) credit or debit card is stolen, the thief could use that card to make purchases until you call the card issuer and report the missing card. Unauthorized use of a credit/debit card by someone else and potential identity theft is a much lesser threat when you use Apple Pay.
The process for setting up Apple Pay for a particular debit or credit card varies based on the participating bank or financial institution that issued your card. To activate the Apple Pay service on your mobile device, launch Settings, tap the Wallet & Apple Pay option, and then tap the Add Credit or Debit Card option.
To use Apple Pay, your iPhone or iPad must be signed into an active iCloud account. Follow the on-screen prompts to link your credit or debit cards, one at a time, with Apple Pay. Start by tapping the Continue button from the Apple Pay introduction pop-up window.
Then, as you’re making a purchase, select which card you want to use, and authorize the purchase by scanning your fingerprint via the iPhone or iPad’s Touch ID sensor (build into the Home button). iPhone X users simply need to look at their phone’s screen at the appropriate time to authorize a purchase.
Many of the more recently released iPad Pro and iPad mini models support Apple Pay but only when you use it to make online purchases from supporting websites or when you’re making in-app purchases. You cannot currently make Apple Pay purchases at retail stores using any iPad.
After you store information about at least one compatible credit or debit card in the Wallet app, use the app to make purchases/payments using Apple Pay at participating retail stores, when making in-app purchases (incompatible apps), or when making online purchases (from participating websites).
In a retail store, instead of handing a retail store’s cashier your plastic debit or credit card, you simply need to hold your iPhone close to the cash register or credit card swiper, launch the Wallet app.
And select the debit or credit card you want to play with (or use the app’s default card that you preselect), and then place your finger on the iPhone’s Touch ID sensor to authorize the purchase and make your payment.
Not all debit or credit card issuers (banks and financial institutions) currently support Apple Pay, although the list of supporting card issuers in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia-Pacific countries is growing rapidly.
To determine whether your card issuer supports Apple Pay, enter your debit or credit card information into the Wallet app, or visit https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204916.
To view an up-to-date list of retail stores, supermarkets, restaurant chains (and fast food establishments), pharmacies, and hotels, for example, that currently accept Apple Pay, visit www.apple.com/apple-pay/where-to-use-apple-pay.
If you’re using Apple Pay to make a debit or credit card purchase at a retail store, you might be required to enter the PIN associated with the card or provide a signature to complete a transaction. This varies and is determined by your financial institution, the retailer where you’re making the purchase, and the amount of the purchase.
Adding Card Details to the Wallet App
To add one or more credit or debit cards to the Wallet app, which is a process you need to do only once per card, tap the + icon to the right of the Apple Pay heading when you launch the Wallet app. The phone must have Internet access to proceed.
Tap Next in the top-right corner of the Add Card screen. The rear-facing camera of your iPhone becomes active. In a well-lit area, position your plastic credit or debit card within the onscreen frame, and your iPhone automatically scans the card and imports your name and card number into the Wallet app. Confirm the displayed information and tap Next.
To manually enter credit or debit card details instead of scanning the card, tap the Enter Card Details Manually option displayed at the bottom of the screen.
You see the Card Details screen; enter the Expiration Date and CVV security code from your card. At this point, the verification process varies based on the card issuer. Follow the onscreen prompts to complete the verification process.
Some card issuers require you to call the customer service number on the card verification screen to activate your card in the Wallet app for use with Apple Pay.
After the credit or debit card has been verified and activated by your card issuer, a digital version of that card (that displays only the last four digits of the card number) is displayed in the Wallet app.
You’re now ready to use that credit or debit card to make Apple Pay purchases. If you want to add additional cards to the Wallet app, repeat this process for each card.
If you have an Apple Watch linked with your iPhone, after adding a new credit/debit card to the Wallet app, you’re asked if you want the new card to be activated on the Wallet app in your smartwatch as well.
There are two ways to set the default card, which is the one preselected each time you launch the Wallet app.
Place your finger on one of the virtual cards displayed under the Apple Pay heading, hold your finger down on the screen, and drag that card’s graphic to the top of the pile. A message is displayed stating that the card you selected and placed at the top of the pile is now your default card.
Launch Settings, tap the Wallet & Apple Pay option and then tap the Default Card option below the Transaction Defaults heading. Be sure to customize the Shipping Address, Email, and Phone Number fields as well.
Once you have one or more credit or debit cards stored in the Wallet app, when you’re ready to make a payment at a retail location, launch the Wallet app and select the card you want to use by tapping the graphic for a card displayed below the Apple Pay heading.
When prompted by the cashier, hold the iPhone up to the cash register or credit card swiper, and then place your finger on the iPhone’s Touch ID sensor for a few seconds to authorize the payment.
If you’re an iPhone X user, press the iPhone’s Side button twice to activate Apple Pay, and then look at your smartphone’s screen to use the face recognition feature.
When making an in-app or online purchase, you’re prompted to confirm an Apple Pay payment by placing your finger on the phone’s Touch ID sensor. Once a purchase is finalized, a confirmation message is always displayed on your iPhone’s screen.
There are three ways to launch the Wallet app on your iPhone:
Tap the Wallet app icon from the Home screen.
From the Lock screen, quickly double-press the Home button, without first having to unlock the phone, to manually launch the Wallet app.
Be sure to turn on the virtual switch associated with the Double-Click Home Button option, which is in Settings, Wallet & Apple Pay.
Customize the Control Center to include the Wallet app icon, and launch the Wallet app from the Control Center. Launch Settings, tap Control Center, tap Customize Control, and then under the More Controls heading tap the + icon associated with the Wallet app.
Once the Wallet app is listed under the Include heading, use the move icon displayed to the right of the listing to customize the app icon’s placement within the Control Center.
To delete or edit a credit or debit card stored in the Wallet app, launch Settings, tap the Wallet & Apple Pay option and then tap the listing for a card that appears below the Cards heading. Scroll to the bottom of the screen and tap Remove Card.
To change the Billing Address associated with the card, tap the Billing Address option.
Using the Wallet App to Manage Reward Cards, Membership Cards, and More
A growing number of retail stores and organizations that have iPhone apps also allow users to manage their reward or membership cards from the Wallet app.
For example, Dunkin’ Donuts, Walgreen’s, Panera, and AAA were among the first companies and organizations to support the Wallet app for this purpose. To use this functionality, it is often necessary to also install the app from that company. Following are some other uses for the Wallet app:
Most of the major airlines enable you to store Frequent Flier membership cards in the Wallet app and also manage digital versions of upcoming flight boarding passes.
Ticket services, such as Ticketmaster and Live Nation, enable you to store digital tickets you purchase online in the Wallet app and present those tickets at the event.
Many movie theater chains allow you to prepurchase movie tickets and store them in Wallet, and those that have reward programs also support the Wallet app to store membership card details, so you can view, manage, and redeem reward points earned from within the app.
To add membership or reward card details from participating companies and organizations into the Wallet app, launch the app and tap the + icon next to the Passes heading. Next, scan the plastic card into the Wallet app by tapping the Scan Code to Add a Pass option.
Alternatively, import the appropriate information directly from the store or organization’s own iPhone app. Directions for how to do this are supplied in the compatible app.
After you set up Apple Pay to work with the Wallet app and begin storing compatible company/organization reward and membership cards in the app.
You’ll quickly discover that not only is Apple Pay more secure than making a purchase using a traditional, plastic credit/debit card, but the checkout process is typically faster, and you can dramatically slim down your actual wallet.
To learn more about how Apple Pay and the Wallet app work, visit www.apple.com/apple-pay.
To delete a card that’s stored in the Wallet app, view that card with the app and then tap the Info (i) icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen; then tap Delete.
Employing Additional Security and Privacy Strategies
Setting up the Passcode and Touch ID features to unlock your iPhone or iPad are easy security steps you can take to help protect the content that’s stored within your mobile device.
The following are additional security-related strategies you can implement to further protect yourself, your identity, your financial transactions, and your activities when using an iPhone or iPad.
Create and Use a Virtual Private Network
If you’ll be surfing the Web, engaging in online shopping, handling online banking, or sending/receiving emails from your mobile device that’s connected to a public Wi-Fi hotspot, one of the easiest ways you can add a strong added layer of protection between yourself and cybercriminals is to install and use a virtual private network (VPN) app on your mobile device.
You turn it on anytime you’re connected to the Internet—especially from a public Wi-Fi hotspot. A VPN can work with any type of Wi-Fi or cellular data connection, however.
In some cases, your home or work Internet service provider may provide a VPN, in which case you can configure it to work with your iPhone or iPad. To do this, launch Settings, tap General and then tap VPN.
Tap the Add VPN Configuration option and enter the required information that’s been provided by your Internet service provider (ISP).
Alternatively, you can acquire a VPN app for your mobile device from the App Store. To find one, launch the App Store app, tap the Search icon, and type VPN or Virtual Private Network in the Search field.
In many cases, VPN apps are offered for free, but you have to pay a monthly or annual fee for the service. Payment is made via an in-app purchase.
After you’ve installed a VPN app, it configures itself to work with your mobile device, and you can leave it on all the time if you choose. You also can manually turn it on and off based on where you’re surfing the Web and what online activities you’ll be engaged in.
Norton Wi-Fi Privacy (https://us.norton.com/wifi-privacy), priced starting at $4.99 per month, is just one example of an auto-configuring VPN service that works with the iPhone and iPad.
Adjust the Privacy and Security Settings for Safari
In addition to activating a virtual private network when surfing the Web or handling online activities from your iPhone or iPad, be sure to manually customize the Privacy settings associated with the Safari web browser. Launch Settings, tap Safari and then scroll down to the Privacy & Security heading.
“Surf the Web More Efficiently Using Safari,” for more information about Safari’s Privacy and Security settings. If you plan to use another web browser on your iPhone or iPad, such as Google Chrome or Firefox, be sure to manually adjust the privacy and security settings associated with the web browser you use.
For example, from the iOS version of the Chrome web browser, tap the Menu icon in the top-right corner of the screen and then select the Settings option.
From the Settings menu, tap the Privacy option and adjust the various settings as you deem necessary. Also, tap the Content Settings option and adjust those settings as well.
Turn Off Airdrop When You’re Not Using It
“Sync, Share, and Print Files Using AirDrop, AirPlay, AirPrint, and Handoff,” you can wirelessly share certain app-specific content with other Mac and iOS mobile devices using AirDrop.
However, if you have AirDrop’s Everyone setting active and you leave AirDrop turned on when you’re out and about in public, total strangers could potentially send you files, photos, or content without your permission.
As a safety precaution, turn off AirDrop until you’re ready to use it, and then turn the feature off when you’re done. The easiest way to do this is by tapping the AirDrop icon in the Control Center.
You can then select one of three options: Receiving Off, Contacts Only, or Everyone. Choose the Receiving Off feature when you don’t need to be using AirDrop.
Don’t Use Carplay with Your iPhone in Other People’s Cars
CarPlay, which enables your iPhone to link directly with a vehicle’s infotainment system, is a powerful feature that makes using your iPhone while driving much safer. This is a very useful feature if you link your iPhone with your own vehicle.
However, because every car manufacturer utilizes CarPlay differently, do not use this feature to link your iPhone with someone else’s car or a rental car.
In some cases, as soon as a CarPlay link is established, content from various apps installed on your iPhone, including Contacts, Calendar, Music, and Messages, is transferred, synced, and stored within the car’s infotainment system.
If this syncing process happens within a rental car, and you return the car without manually resetting the CarPlay feature within the vehicle, your entire Contacts database could be accessible by people who rent that vehicle in the future.
For more information about the CarPlay feature, how to set it up, and how to use it with your vehicle, refer to the owner’s manual for your vehicle, check with your dealership, or visit www.apple.com/ios/carplay.
To determine which vehicle makes and models support CarPlay (the list is always expanding), visit www.apple.com/ios/carplay/available-models.
Don’t Ever Share Your iCloud Password
Many of the apps that come preinstalled with iOS 11, along with an ever-growing selection of third-party apps, now sync and share data with your free iCloud account.
Because so much personal—and potentially private— information, documents, data, files, content, and photos are being stored in the cloud, it’s important to protect your iCloud account password information and not share it with anyone.
In most cases, your iCloud account username and password are the same as your Apple ID username and password. You should get into the habit of changing this password at least once per month, or more often if you believe your account password has been compromised.
“Use iCloud and the Files App,” in addition to manually storing data, documents, files, and photos within iCloud Drive (which is part of your iCloud account).
You can set up iCloud to create and maintain a complete backup of your iPhone or iPad, plus sync app-specific data relating to Photos, Mail (your iCloud email account only), Contacts, Calendars, Reminders, Notes, Safari, News, Home, Game Center, Siri, iCloud Keychain, iBooks, Maps, and other popular apps.
While Apple and iOS 11 strongly encourages iPhone, iPad, Mac, Apple TV, and HomePod users to use iCloud, this is not a requirement. You can select which iCloud features to turn on.
To do this, launch Settings, tap your profile photo/Apple ID username and then tap the iCloud option to access the iCloud Control Panel.
From below the Apps Using iCloud heading, turn on the virtual switches for apps and features you want to use iCloud for. For features, you don’t want to use, turn off the virtual switches.
For all content to sync between all of your iOS mobile devices and Mac(s), the iCloud Control Panel settings need to be set up exactly the same way on each computer and device, and they need to be linked to the same iCloud account.
You can also access online versions of several popular iOS 11/Mac apps by visiting www.icloud.com. When you sign in using your Apple ID/iCloud username and password, the online editions of the apps are populated with the latest version of your app-specific data.
Especially if you’re accessing iCloud.com from a computer that’s not your own, be sure to sign off from the website when you’re done using it. To sign out from the iCloud website, click your username/profile photo in the top-right corner of the browser window, and then click Sign Out.
To change your Apple ID/iCloud password, from your iPhone or iPad, launch Settings, tap your Apple ID username/profile photo, and tap Password & Security.
When prompted, enter your current Apple ID/iCloud password, and then tap the Change Password option. Follow the on-screen prompts. Alternatively, from any computer’s web browser, visit https://appleid.apple.com.
Turn On the Find My Feature
One of the iCloud features you should definitely turn on right away if you haven’t already done so is the Find My feature.
As long as this feature is turned on, and your iPhone or iPad is powered on and connected to the Internet, you have the ability to track the exact location of your device if you lose it or it’s stolen.
This feature only needs to be turned on once, and it only works when it’s turned on, so make sure to do so before your device gets lost or stolen.
To turn on the Find My feature, launch Settings, tap your Apple ID/iCloud username/profile photo, tap iCloud, and then scroll down within the iCloud Control Panel and tap Find My iPhone or Find My iPad.
Turn on the virtual switch for the feature. From this submenu screen, turn on the virtual switch associated with the Send Last Location feature.
When turned on, if your iPhone or iPad battery is about to go dead, one of the last things the device does is transmit its exact location to your iCloud account, so you can access it using the Find My feature.
If you wind up needing to pinpoint the location of your lost or stolen iPhone or iPad, lock down the device, remotely erase its content, or handle a variety of related tasks, you have two options.
From any computer’s web browser, visit www.icloud.com/#find, and sign into the website using your Apple ID/iCloud username and password, or from any other iOS mobile device, use the optional (free) Find My app, which is available from the App Store.
Don’t Use iCloud Keychain, Unless You’re the Only Person Using Your iPhone or iPad
If you’re the only person who uses your iPhone or iPad, and you have the Passcode and Touch ID (or Face ID) features turned on, iCloud Keychain is an extremely convenient feature to use because of it automatically stores and remembers the usernames and passwords for the majority of websites you visit.
The information is synced across all the computers and mobile devices that are linked to the same iCloud account.
For security reasons, iCloud Keychain does not remember passwords for online banking and online finance-related websites, but for online shopping websites you frequent, the app securely stores and remembers the credit card information you use when making purchases from specific sites.
The downside is that if more than one person uses your iPhone or iPad, iCloud Keychain allows others to automatically sign into websites as you, which is why you should turn off the feature if you allow others to use your mobile device.
To turn on/off iCloud Keychain, launch Settings, tap your Apple ID username/profile photo, tap iCloud, and tap the Keychain option in the iCloud Control Panel. Turn on or off the virtual switch associated with this feature.
If you use multiple Apple computers and mobile devices, tap the Advanced option and also turn on the Approve with Security Code option. Now, when you activate iCloud Keychain on your other computers or mobile devices for the first time, you’re required to enter an iCloud Security Code that you’ve set.
With this feature enabled, even if someone hacks your Apple ID and password, they still need the iCloud Security Code to activate or access your iCloud Keychain information, which is stored as a standalone encrypted file within your online-based iCloud account.
Turn On iCloud’s Two-Factor Authentication
During the initial iPhone/iPad setup process, after you enter your Apple ID and related password (which is also your iCloud username and password), you’re prompted to turn on Two-Factor Authentication, which is an optional feature.
When the feature is turned on, anytime you enter your Apple ID and password for the first time on a new computer or mobile device, you’re required to verify your identity with a six-digital authentication code that is automatically displayed on one of your other computers or mobile device’s screen that is linked to the same Apple ID account.
The code can be sent to your iPhone as a text message or email. To grant access to your iCloud account from the device you’re using, enter the six-digit code that’s sent to you.
In the future, you’re prompted for a new six-digit verification code if you sign out of your iCloud account from a device, erase your device, or opt to change your Apple ID/iCloud password.
Be Careful with Shared Online Content
You already know that iOS 11 and many of the apps you’ll be using with your iPhone or iPad store, sync, and allow you to share data, documents, photos, and/or files with your online-based iCloud account, or with another cloud-based file storage/file sharing service.
Using the new Files app or the official Dropbox app (if you have a Dropbox account), for example, you’re able to share individual files, or entire folders or subfolders, that are stored online with specific other people.
After you share a file, folder, or subfolder with someone else (or with multiple people), those other people have access to that content from their own computer(s) and/or mobile device(s) until you revoke their access.
As a cloud-computing user, it’s your responsibility to keep track of which files, folders, and subfolders you’re sharing with other people and to grant or revoke access to content as you deem necessary.
It’s also your responsibility to ensure that you populate folders or subfolders that you opt to share with the correct data, documents, files, content, or photos.
Human error is the greatest cause of people accidentally being granted access to information they shouldn’t be given access to because the user accidentally drags and drops, copies and pastes, or somehow transfers specific files or content into the wrong folder or subfolder.
Each time you opt to share content using the Files app, or any other cloud computing app, double-check that you’ve selected the correct files to share and that you’ve placed them into the correct folder (or subfolder) to be shared.
Next, confirm that the file(s), folder(s), or subfolder(s) are set up to be shared with the correct people.
If you often use a particular file-sharing tool, you might want to get into the habit of reviewing your entire cloud-based account once per day, once per week, or, at the very least, once per month, to double-check that all files are stored in the correct places.
And that you have not accidentally granted access to the wrong people to access specific content or files they were not intended to see or have access to.
Don’t Worry About “Ransomware” or Viruses on Your iPhone or iPad
One of the great things about working with an iOS mobile device is that it’s extremely difficult, if not almost impossible, for a hacker or cybercriminal to remotely install a virus onto your iPhone or iPad. That’s the good news!
The bad news is that some more creative hackers have discovered ways to trick iPhone and iPad users into thinking their mobile device has been infected by malware or ransomware.
If this happens to you, do not call the phone number that appears on your screen, and do not agree to pay a fee to have the “virus” removed from your smartphone or tablet.
In the majority of cases, the hackers are manipulating the Safari web browser and locking it up, but there is almost always an easy (and free) way to fix the problem. If you run into this type of problem, call AppleCare+ (800-275-2273 or 800-MY-iPhone), or visit an Apple Store. An Apple Genius should be able to correct the issue quickly.
You can find step-by-step directions for how to deal with ransomware pop-ups and web pages on an iPhone or iPad on Apple’s website at https://discussions.apple.com/docs/DOC-8071.
Always use Common Sense
Compared to older versions of iOS running on older model iPhones and iPads, iOS 11 running on newer model smartphones and tablets offers more advanced security tools and built-in protections than ever before, which makes it easier to protect your mobile device, data, content, files, photos, and identity.
In addition to the technology-based tools and resources at your disposal, however, always use common sense! In other words, never give out your Apple ID username and password, your iPhone/iPad passcode, or any other usernames and passwords to other people, especially strangers.
Meanwhile, before you start using any cloud-based service to share private or sensitive information, make sure you understand how the service works and how to customize the various privacy, permission, and security settings.
When you’re using social media—like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, SnapChat, LinkedIn, Pinterest, or any other online service—be sure to manually set up the privacy and security settings to a level you’re comfortable with.
By default, these services are typically set up so when you establish your account, everything about your account, and everything you publish online is public.
Take the time to determine who you want to see your online postings and photos and adjust the settings of your various social media accounts (using mobile apps for each account) accordingly.
Then as you communicate with your online friends, particularly people you’ve never met in person, never share too much personal information about yourself.
When using any social media service, never provide personal information, such as your Social Security number, driver’s license number, account password, debit or credit card details, or too much information about your private life, with people you communicate with online.
If you opt to share “private” photos with other people, keep in mind that with a single tap of the Share button, the person you’ve shared your private photos with can easily make them public or distribute them to whomever they want.
This can all be done from a mobile device, so use common sense about what you share online, whether you’re participating in a public forum or communicating with someone privately using social media, email, or the Messages app.