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How to write Action Research ppt

how to write action research and how to do action research and how to write action research plan and how to formulate action research questions | download free pdf
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DrLaurenHepburn,United Kingdom,Researcher
Published Date:07-07-2017
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Action Research Benjamin Fritzsche Ingo Just Verantwortlicher Professor: Prof. Dr. Florain AltOutline • Definition & Characteristics • AR Planning & Performing • AR Evaluation • Development • Usage in IS & computing • Advantages & Disadvantages • Discussion Action Research 2Definition & Characteristics Action research is a research initiated to solve an immediate problem … led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a "community of practice" to improve the way they … solve problems. (Wikipedia) Action Research 3Definition & Characteristics History • 1940s - 50s: Lewin (USA) • 1950s - 60s: Tavistock Institute (UK) Action Research 4Definition & Characteristics Concentration on practical issues Action An iterative outcomes cycle of plan- plus research act-reflect outcome Characteristics Multiple data Emphasis on generation change methods Collaboration with practitioners Action Research 5Definition & Characteristics Action Research vs. Consultancy More vs. less required documentation Theoretical vs. empirical justifications Cyclical vs. linear process Different time and budget constraints Action Research 6Planning & Performing • Outline – FMA(R) – Research Process – Research Protocol – Participation – Self-delusion & Group-thinking – Outcomes & Generalization Action Research 7Planning & Performing • F, M, A, (R) F – framework of ideas M – problem solving methodology A – area of application R – action research process Action Research 8Planning & Performing • Research Process (plan-act-reflect) Diagnosis (F) Planning Reflection (M) Intervention Evaluation (A) Action Research 9Planning & Performing • Research Protocol Content: • The objectives of the project • How will it be evaluated • The roles and responsibilities of all participants • Organizational constraints Involvement: • Collaborative • Facilitative • Expert Action Research 10Planning & Performing • Participation • Goal: full participation by all affected • Reality: professional-client relationship Important in AR: • The degree of involvement of those affected • Political relationships between the participants • Any constraints on the free exchange of views and hence on the claimed outcomes Action Research 11Planning & Performing • Self-delusion & group-thinking Self-delusion • If researchers work alone, they should explain what steps were taken to avoid self-delusion • use fellow academics to challenge any assumptions and assertions Group-thinking • Devils advocate procedure: • a theory does not apply • A method is not working • An evaluation lacks on empirical evidence Action Research 12Planning & Performing • Outcomes Action Research • Practical • Theoretical achievements in the achievements problem situation • Learning about the • Include: processes of problem- solving and acting in a • Improved efficiency situation • Greater • Confirm/ modify/ effectiveness reject existing • Enhanced theories, or build new communication ones Action Research 13Planning & Performing • Generalizations Do not: • make any generalizations from one action research study that might have unique features Do: • reflect and think if your outcomes are applicable elsewhere • give sufficient information about the problem for readers Action Research 14Evaluation Easy 10 step Evaluation Guide: 1. The plan-act-reflect cycle 2. Explicit F, M and A 3. Data generation 4. Extent of participation 5. Self-delusion and group-think 6. Outcomes and generalization 7. New action research 8. Limitations of the AR 9. Flaws and omissions 10. Efficiency of the AR strategy Action Research 15Development “New Action Research” Definitions: Action research aims to contribute both to the practical concerns of people in an immediate problematic situation and to the goals of social science by joint collaboration within a mutually acceptable ethical framework. (Rapoport, 1970, p. 499) A general term to refer to research methodologies and projects where the researcher(s) tries to directly improve the participating organization(s) and, at the same time, to generate scientific knowledge. (Kock, 1997) Action Research 16Development Relational Praxis Everyday world consists of • Relationships, co-creation and participation Removal of distinctions • Researcher-subject • Academic-practitioner Research is undertaken • With, for and by people Focusing on • Information society • Digital divide • Community informatics • E-democracy Action Research 17Development Reflexive-practical outcome Technical • Functional improvements • Majority of action research projects Practical • Functional improvements • Reflection and understanding • Self-educational Emancipatory • Functional improvements • Self-understanding • Evaluate social or organizational context • Empowers participants to overcome social barriers Action Research 18Development Plurality of knowing Experimental • Empathy • Intuition • Feeling Presentational (emerges from experimental) • Stories • Drawings • Music Propositional • Logical and organized ideas and theories Practical • Ability to exercise a skill Action Research 19Development Significant work Well-grounded in everyday concerns of people Moves beyond the technical Goal: „That work is inspiring“ Worthwhile research as well as organizational objectives Action Research 20