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How to give a Good Presentation

How to give a Good Presentation 32
How to give a Good Presentation Karen PetrieThis is a Seminar not a lecture • How is this going to work? • Solo Work and Group Work at start • Lecture from me to point out things to think about • Presentations from your group Lecture • Why it is important to get right • What to think about before you start creating slides • How to prepare the talk • Hints and tips for better slides • Practice makes perfectA Good Presentation • What is the best presentation you have been to? • Why was it so good? • Answer these two questions on the worksheet. You have 2 minutesA Bad Presentation • What is the worst presentation you have been to? • Why was it so awful? • Answer these two questions on the worksheet. You have 2 minutesGroup Work • Get into small groups of between 3 and 5 • Each tell the rest of your group about the worst and best presentation you have seen. • Be careful to explain why it was so good/bad You have 10 minutesWhy it is importantYour chance to be noticed • In academia: • more recognition of paper • paper being linked to you • recognition of your abilityYour chance to be noticed • In business • Your chance to differentiate • It is all about salesBefore you startThings to determine • The type of talk you will be expected to give • The composition of the audience • The time allotted for the talk • Expectations for information contentWho is the audience? • Determine the audience • Do not assume too much knowledge • but do not patronise either • Better to be too basic than too difficultTalk is different to written • Listeners have one chance to hear your talk and can't "re-read" when they get confused. • K.I.S.S. (keep it simple stupid). • Focus on getting one to three key points across. Talk is different to written • Repeat key insights: • Tell them what you're going to tell them (Forecast), • Tell them, • Tell them what you told them (Summary).What do you want to say? • Think of your talk as a sales pitch. • Your presentation does not replace your paperPreparing your talkDo not start on slides • Prepare on paper before going into powerpoint • prepare what you are going to say based on talk outline than write slides • Talk more important than visualTalk outline: Paper presentation • Title, author, affiliation (1 slide) • Forecast (1 slide) • Outline (1 slide) • Background • Motivation and Problem Statement (1-2 slides) • Related Work (0-1 slides) - refer to paper • Methods (1 slide) - refer to paperTalk outline: Paper presentation • Results (4-6 slides) • Main body of talk • Present key results and key insights. • Summary (1 slide) • Conclusion you wish people to draw • Future Work (0-1 slides) • Backup Slides (0-3 slides)Talk outline: Short presentation (5 mins) • Total of no more than 4 slides • Title, author, affiliation (1 slide) • Motivation and Background (1 slide) • Results (1 slide) • Conclusions (1 slide)Hints and TipsBe neat • Have someone proof read your slides • watch grammar, spelling and punctuation • Keep it brief • bullets not paragraphsThink of style • Should be easy to read • Smallest text 42pt font • Space between lines • Easy to read colour scheme • If it will not fit scrap or start a new slide • Use colour to highlight key wordsUse pictures + animation • Confucius says ``A picture = 1K words,'' but Dijkstra says ``Pictures are for weak minds.'' • Who are you going to believe? Wisdom from the ages or the person who first counted goto's? • Pictures are great for breaking up sections • Also use charts and graphs to illustrate results • Animation exampleSo: What is AI? • “A singular consciousness that spawned an entire race of machines” Morpheus, The Matrix • “The scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behaviour and Too Complicated their embodiment in machines." AAAI • “Making computers do anything that they can not currently do without human intervention” Karen PetrieAvoid Equations • People cannot understand equations quickly • If it is central to your result use at most one simplified as much as possible • the proof is in the paperAvoid Death by paradigm • Powerpoint • remember to use more than just bullets • LaTex • Do not copy paragraphs of text and equations into paperHumour + Stories • Do consider using humour or telling a story • It makes your presentation more memorable and stand out from the crowd • Good to be self deprecating • Be ready for humour to flopPracticePractice • Practice by yourself • to get timing correct • gain confidence • Should just need slide headings • Practice with an audience • Take criticism well & make changes • Helps with confidenceDealing with Nerves • Script first few sentences • Check any words you are unsure of in language and memorise • Smile and make eye contact • Breathe deeply • Talk to audience as if they are friends • Bachs Rescue Remedy SweetsEquipment • Copy talk on to computer well in advance in case of snags • Check laptop and projector work • Take a back-up • Find out how mic works • Expect the unexpectedOver to youGroup Presentations • In your group think about what the differences were between the best and worst presentations you discussed earlier. • Prepare a 5 minute presentation on these differences You have 15 minutes to prepareWhat is a good presentation? • It is subjective • What is great for one person is not so great for another • But some are universally bad • You need to find your own styleResources • Books • Presentation Zen by Garr Reynold • Successful Presentation Skills by Andrew Bradbury • Lend Me Your Ears by Max Atkinson • Beyond Bullet Points by Cliff Atkinson • Presentation Skills for Quivering Wrecks by Bob Etherington• Online • Five golden rules Resources • tml • Oral Presentation advice • e-talk.html • Effective Presentations • ive.htmlQuestions/comments?
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