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Discrimination is the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, caste, or sex.This is not only the society that makes us weak, but it’s us who let them make us weaker.
DISCRIMINATIONINTRODUCTION Discrimination is treatment or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing is perceived to belong to rather than on individual merit.Direct Discrimination Under similar circumstances, when a person with a protected characteristic is treated less favourably than others, it is direct discrimination. For example– you have the qualifications and experience necessary for the job but your application is turned down because you are‘tooyoung’ or‘too old’.Indirect Discrimination If there is a rule or policy in the workplace that puts you at a disadvantage as compared to others, it may be considered indirect discrimination. For example– an organization includes a clause that forces all employees to work on Sunday. This puts Christians at a particular disadvantage as it is common knowledge that Sunday is a day of worship for Christians. You have a right to challenge the clause if it affects you directly.Discrimination on the Basis of • Race • Caste • Appearance • GenderRacial Discrimination Racial DiscriminationRacial (Race) Descrimination Race discrimination involves treating someone (an applicant or employee) unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or because of personal characteristics associated with race (such as hair texture, skin color, or certain facial features).Ex- It would be discrimination if a real estate agent refuses to rent a house to a person because they are of a particular racial background or skin colour.What We Mean But Appearance Discrimination? • Physical features discrimination • It is discriminate against anyone in the workplace because of their physical appearance. • For example-height, weight, body shape, disfigurement, skin condition, scar or birthmark. Also Known As Lookism is a term used to describe discriminatory treatment towards physically unattractive people, mainly in the workplace but also in social settings.WHAT IS CASTE?? Social and economic divides still exist across India. "Caste" is the term used to describe the complex system of social divisions that pervades life in India. Caste is an ancient hereditary system that developed alongside and became intertwined with Hinduism.Continued.. Caste systems involve the division of people into social groups (castes) where assignments of rights are determined by birth, are fixed and hereditary. Those who fall outside the caste system are considered“lesser human beings”,“impure” and thus “polluting” to other caste groups. They are known to be“untouchable” and subjected to so-called “untouchabilitypractices” in both public and private spheres.E.G. You are Muslim and you wear traditional clothing. You call about an apartment and it is available. When you show up to look at it, the landlord says it is rented, but ad continues to run in the newspaper. “ForRent” It is illegal to deny someone an apartment because of their religion— or for any other prohibited ground.Gender DiscriminationDiscrimination based on Gender • The unfair treatment of a person based on his or her gender especially against women. • Discrimination refers to inequality. • Gender discrimination therefore refers to inequality between people of opposite Gender • A most famous example of gender discrimination is the desire of Having A Male child in the family Rather Than Having A Female Child. • Apart from this, one serious area of discrimination is the gender discrimination at workplaces.Causes of Gender Discrimination • Men dominating mentality • Various social and religious belief • Lack of strong protest by women • Family Rituals • Physical factor(Treating women as weaker gender) • Work place discriminationWORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION Gender discrimination is caused by the sense that certain occupations are a 'man's job' or a 'woman's job'. While there are laws against this type of discrimination, it is still often a determining factor when hiring someone.HUMAN RIGHTS Human Rights inc. also states that education plays an important role in gender discrimination. In many countries, women are forced to stay home to clean and cook. However, men are sent to school, furthering inequality.PHYSICAL FACTOR Often because women are physically weaker than men, they are more easily abused and discriminated against men.Discrimination at Different Stages ABORTION • India lost 8 million foetuses due to abortion in past decade • 20000 women die every year due to abortion related complications. 1980 1990 2000 2010 year No. Of abortion 388405 581215 725149 620472 reportedFemale Infanticide • Per 1000 female live birth 61 female become the victim of infant mortality. • India losses 3 million girls in infanticide in one decade. • Infant girls , who were 1 year and younger were 50% more likely to die than boys of same of age. • Dowry system is main reason for female infanticide and sex selective abortion.Discrimination in Education • Although at the primary and secondary level of education the enrolment of girl has been improved but they are still much behind as compared to boys at higher and competitive level. • Only 2392 girls out of 21110 qualifying candidates qualified IIT entrance exam. • As per 2009 out of 4572 IAS officer all over India only 604 are women(13.72%). Year Literacy Male Female 2001 74.04 % 82.14 % 65.46 % 2011 65.38 % 75.85 % 54.16 %Discrimination at Work • Female work participation rate in India is only 25.7% as compared to 51.0% of male. • Women comprise just 10% ofIndia’s parliament . • Out of 35 full cabinet rank minister only 2 are women. • For same occupation and level of qualification Indian women earn an average of 64% of what their male counterparts earn.• The rights of women are neglected in workplace, while recruitment they are treated as they cannot do the job perfectly. • They are considered as a common victim for everyone to stare them. • Treating them as a for granted. • Underestimating their abilities and skills while recruitment.The present status of women is said to be strong than the past but it is the same.Effects Of Gender Discrimination “Every effect is itself a Cause” ▧ Abortion ▧ Female foeticides and infanticides ▧ Decrease in sex ratio ▧ Dowry ▧ Domestic violence ▧ Sexual violence and Rape ▧ Economic inequality ▧ Inequality and harassment at workplace, schools and in the justice system etc.But There Are Some Acts Which Are Been Incorporated For Betterment of Nation  Several state and federal laws prohibit gender discrimination and offer remedies for such behavior in employment as well as in education and financial institutions.  The Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex.  The Equal Pay Act promotes equality between men and women who perform the same job duties in the same workplace.Continued…  Diversity and inclusion policies also help to remedy gender discrimination by promoting equality between the sexes.  Open door policy should be implemented in workplace that employees are free to discuss about pregnancy issues and the issues that are directly related to some specific gender.It is true that until and unless we do not walk up to make our stand in the society, the differences between male and female will always exists. This is not only the society that makes us weak, but its us who let them make us weaker. “Change will not always be easy or conflict CHANGE free but change IS will occur as MUST women and men push for it together”“I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which Place your screenshot here women have achieved.” Dr B R Ambedkar“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." Place your screenshot here Martin Luther King Jr.Thanks Any questions? You can find us at:
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