Discrimination is the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, caste, or sex.This is not only the society that makes us weak, but it’s us who let them make us weaker.
Discrimination is treatment or making a distinction in
favor of or against, a person or thing based on the
group, class, or category to which that person or thing
is perceived to belong to rather than on individual
Under similar circumstances, when a
person with a protected
characteristic is treated less
favourably than others, it is direct
discrimination. For example– you
have the qualifications and
experience necessary for the job but
your application is turned down
because you are‘tooyoung’ or‘too
If there is a rule or policy in the workplace that puts you at a
disadvantage as compared to others, it may be considered indirect
discrimination. For example– an organization includes a clause
that forces all employees to work on Sunday. This puts Christians at
a particular disadvantage as it is common knowledge that Sunday is
a day of worship for Christians.
You have a right to challenge the clause if it affects you directly.Discrimination
on the Basis of
• GenderRacial Discrimination!
Racial Discrimination!Racial (Race) Descrimination
Race discrimination involves treating
someone (an applicant or employee)
unfavorably because he/she is of a
certain race or because of personal
characteristics associated with race
(such as hair texture, skin color, or
certain facial features).Ex- It would be
discrimination if a
real estate agent
refuses to rent a
house to a person
because they are of
a particular racial
background or skin
colour.What We Mean But
• Physical features discrimination
• It is discriminate against anyone in the workplace
because of their physical appearance.
• For example-height, weight, body shape, disfigurement,
skin condition, scar or birthmark.
Also Known As
Lookism is a term used to describe discriminatory
treatment towards physically unattractive people, mainly
in the workplace but also in social settings.WHAT IS CASTE??
Social and economic divides still exist
across India. "Caste" is the term used to
describe the complex system of social
divisions that pervades life in India.
Caste is an ancient hereditary system
that developed alongside and became
intertwined with Hinduism.Continued..
Caste systems involve the division of people into social
groups (castes) where assignments of rights are
determined by birth, are fixed and hereditary.
Those who fall outside the caste system are
considered“lesser human beings”,“impure” and thus
“polluting” to other caste groups. They are known to
be“untouchable” and subjected to so-called
“untouchabilitypractices” in both public and private
spheres.E.G. You are Muslim and you wear traditional
You call about an apartment and it is
available. When you show up to look at it, the
landlord says it is rented, but ad continues to
run in the newspaper.
It is illegal to deny someone an apartment
because of their religion— or for any other
DiscriminationDiscrimination based on Gender
• The unfair treatment of a person based on his or her
gender especially against women.
• Discrimination refers to inequality.
• Gender discrimination therefore refers to inequality
between people of opposite Gender
• A most famous example of gender discrimination is the
desire of Having A Male child in the family Rather Than
Having A Female Child.
• Apart from this, one serious area of discrimination is
the gender discrimination at workplaces.Causes of Gender Discrimination
• Men dominating mentality
• Various social and religious
• Lack of strong protest by
• Family Rituals
• Physical factor(Treating
women as weaker gender)
• Work place discriminationWORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION
Gender discrimination is caused by the sense that
certain occupations are a 'man's job' or a
'woman's job'. While there are laws against this
type of discrimination, it is still often a
determining factor when hiring someone.HUMAN RIGHTS
Human Rights inc. also states that education plays
an important role in gender discrimination. In
many countries, women are forced to stay home to
clean and cook. However, men are sent to school,
furthering inequality.PHYSICAL FACTOR
Often because women are physically
weaker than men, they are more
easily abused and discriminated
against men.Discrimination at Different Stages
• India lost 8 million foetuses due to
abortion in past decade
• 20000 women die every year due to
abortion related complications.
1980 1990 2000 2010
No. Of abortion 388405 581215 725149 620472
• Per 1000 female live birth 61
female become the victim of
• India losses 3 million girls in
infanticide in one decade.
• Infant girls , who were 1 year
and younger were 50% more
likely to die than boys of same of
• Dowry system is main reason
for female infanticide and sex
selective abortion.Discrimination in Education
• Although at the primary and
secondary level of education the
enrolment of girl has been improved
but they are still much behind as
compared to boys at higher and
• Only 2392 girls out of 21110 qualifying
candidates qualified IIT entrance exam.
• As per 2009 out of 4572 IAS officer all
over India only 604 are
Year Literacy Male Female
2001 74.04 % 82.14 % 65.46 %
2011 65.38 % 75.85 % 54.16 %Discrimination at Work
• Female work participation
rate in India is only 25.7% as
compared to 51.0% of male.
• Women comprise just 10%
ofIndia’s parliament .
• Out of 35 full cabinet rank
minister only 2 are women.
• For same occupation and
level of qualification Indian
women earn an average of
64% of what their male
counterparts earn.• The rights of women are
neglected in workplace,
while recruitment they are
treated as they cannot do
the job perfectly.
• They are considered as a
common victim for everyone
to stare them.
• Treating them as a for
• Underestimating their
abilities and skills while
recruitment.The present status of women
is said to be strong than the
past but it is the same.Effects Of Gender Discrimination
“Every effect is itself a Cause”
▧ Female foeticides and
▧ Decrease in sex ratio
▧ Domestic violence
▧ Sexual violence and Rape
▧ Economic inequality
▧ Inequality and harassment at
workplace, schools and in the
justice system etc.But There Are Some Acts Which Are Been
Incorporated For Betterment of Nation
Several state and federal laws prohibit gender
discrimination and offer remedies for such
behavior in employment as well as in education
and financial institutions.
The Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination on
the basis of sex.
The Equal Pay Act promotes equality between
men and women who perform the same job duties
in the same workplace.Continued…
Diversity and inclusion policies also help to
remedy gender discrimination by promoting
equality between the sexes.
Open door policy should be implemented in
workplace that employees are free to
discuss about pregnancy issues and the
issues that are directly related to some
specific gender.It is true that until and
unless we do not walk up
to make our stand in the
society, the differences
between male and female
will always exists. This is
not only the society that
makes us weak, but its
us who let them make
us weaker. “Change will
not always be
easy or conflict
free but change
will occur as
men push for it
together”“I measure the
progress of a
community by the
Place your screenshot here
Dr B R
anywhere is a
threat to justice
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Luther King Jr.Thanks!
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