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Basics Of Stock Market

Basics Of Stock Market 24
Basics Of Stock Market By Ronak Nangalia Sohrab KothariInvestment Need of Investment • The money you earn is partly spent and the rest saved for meeting future expenses. Instead of keeping the savings idle you may like to use savings in order to get return on it in the future. This is called Investment. • One needs to invest to 1. earn return on your idle resources 2. generate a specified sum of money for a specific goal in life 3. make a provision for an uncertain futureWhen to Start Investing • The sooner one starts investing the better. By investing early you allow your investments more time to grow, increases your income, by accumulating the principal and the interest or dividend earned on it, y ye ea ar r a af ft te er r y ye ea ar r. . • The three golden rules for all investors are: 1. Invest early 2. Invest regularly 3. Invest for long term and not short termWhere to Invest • One may invest in: 1. Physical assets like real estate, gold/jewellery, commodities etc 2 2. . F Fi in na an nc ci ia al l a as ss se et ts s s su uc ch h a as s f fi ix xe ed d d de ep po os si it ts s w wi it th h b ba an nk ks s, , s sm ma al ll l saving instruments with post offices, insurance/provident/pension fund etc or securities market related instruments like shares, bonds, debentures etc.Short Long Term Options for Investment • Short Term: 1. Savings Bank Account 2. Money Market or Liquid Funds 3 3. . F Fi ix xe ed d D De ep po os si it t w wi it th h B Ba an nk ks s • Long Term: 1. Post Office Savings 2. Public Provident Fund 3. Bonds 4. Mutual FundsBefore investing in a Market • Before investing, it is always wise to learn the Basics of Stock Market. We have compiled articles and tutorials on the Share Market Basics. Also included here explanation of Stock Market Terms and jargon u us se ed d b by y p pe eo op pl le e i in nv vo ol lv ve ed d i in n t tr ra ad di in ng g s st to oc ck ks s a an nd d shares. Whether it is Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), National Stock Exchange (NSE), London Stock Exchange (LSE) or New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), trading terms or more or less similarWhy Trade In Stock Market • 1. You do not need a lot of money to start making money, unlike buying property and paying a monthly mortgage. • 2. It requires very minimal time to trade unlike building a conventional business • 3. It’s ‘fast’ cash and allows for quick liquidation (You can convert it to cash easily, unlike selling a property or a business). • • 4 4. . I It t’ ’s s e ea as sy y t to o l le ea ar rn n h ho ow w t to o p pr ro of fi it t f fr ro om m t th he e s st to oc ck k m ma ar rk ke et t. . But You need to have your basics clear. Unless you do….you will be wasting your time and loosing money. You need to be crystal clear of each and every aspect of Investments, stock options, Stock Trading, Company, Shares, Dividend Types of Shares, Debentures, Securities, Mutual Funds, IPO, Futures Options, What does the Share Market consist of Exchanges, Indices, SEBI , Analysis of Stocks – How to check on what to buy, Trading Terms (Limit Order, Stop Loss, Put, Call, Booking Profit Loss, Short Long), Trading Options – Brokerage Houses etc.Stock Market System • Primary market • stock market is a secondary market • • t tr ra ad de e s st to oc ck k f fo or r l li is st te ed d c co or rp po or ra at ti io on ns s • Progressive development of stock marketPrimary Market • The primary market provides the channel for sale of new securities. Primary market provides opportunity to issuers of securities; Government as well as corporate to raise resources to meet their requirements of investment and/or discharge s so om me e o ob bl li ig ga at ti io on n. . • They may issue the securities at face value, or at a discount/premium and these securities may take a variety of forms such as equity, debt etc. They may issue the securities in domestic market and/or international marketWhy Companies need to issue shares to Public • Most companies are usually started privately by their promoter(s). However, the promoters’ capital and the borrowings from banks and financial institutions may not be sufficient for setting up or running the business over a long t te er rm m. . S So o c co om mp pa an ni ie es s i in nv vi it te e t th he e p pu ub bl li ic c t to o c co on nt tr ri ib bu ut te e t to ow wa ar rd ds s the equity and issue shares to individual investors. • The way to invite share capital from the public is through a ‘Public Issue’. Simply stated, a public issue is an offer to the public to subscribe to the share capital of a company. Once this is done, the company allots shares to the applicants as per the prescribed rules and regulations laid down by SEBI.Secondary Market • Secondary market refers to a market where securities are traded after being initially offered to the public in the primary market and/or listed on the Stock Exchange. Majority of the trading is done in the secondary market. Secondary market c co om mp pr ri is se es s o of f e eq qu ui it ty y m ma ar rk ke et ts s a an nd d t th he e d de eb bt t m ma ar rk ke et ts s • Difference between Primary and Secondary Market is  In Primary Market securities are offered to public for subscription for the purpose of raising capital or fund  Secondary Market is an equity trading venue in which already existing/preissued securities are traded among investors.Equity Investment • When you buy a share of a company you become a shareholder in that company. Shares are also known as Equities. Equities have the potential to increase in value over time. It also provides your portfolio with the growth necessary to reach your long term investment goals. Research studies have proved that the equities have outperformed most other forms of investments in the long t te er rm m. . • Equities are considered the most challenging and the rewarding, when compared to other investment options. • Research studies have proved that investments in some shares with a longer tenure of investment have yielded far superior returns than any other investment. • However, this does not mean all equity investments would guarantee similar high returns. Equities are high risk investments. One needs to study them carefully before investingTypes of investors • Speculators • Hedgers • • A Ar rb bi it tr ra ag ge er rs sImportant Jargons o BSE Sensitive Index or SENSEX o Bull Market o Bear Market o Delivery o Intraday o Dematerialization o Long Buy o S Sh ho or rt t S Se el ll li in ng g o Stop Loss o Portfolio o Tick Size o Averaging o Booking Profit or Loss o Crash Curciuts o Right Issue o Stock bonus o Stock SplitJargons SNP CNX NIFTY 50 Nifty CNX 100 Nifty Junior Future Index Future Contract Margin P Pr re em mi iu um m Discount Market lot Roll over Options Call Put Long Positions Short positions Expiry
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