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Innovative Digital Textile Printing Applications

Innovative Digital Textile Printing Applications 2
Innovative Digital Textile Printing Applications – A Contribution to Sustainability and CustomizationInnovative Digital Textile Printing Applications – A Contribution to Sustainability and Customization M. Korger, D. Güntzel, M. Lutz, C. Steinem, M. Ernst, M. Rabe Research Institute for Textile and Clothing (FTB), Hochschule NiederrheinContent I. Digital Textile Printing Market – Facts and Figures • Comparison to Traditional Textile Printing Market • Advantages of Digital Textile Printing II. Digital Textile Printing Center at FTB III. Research Projects in Digital Textile Printing 1. Process Chain Digitalization in Clothing Industry 2. Hotmelt Printing for Textile Application Fields 3. 3D printing (Additive Manufacturing)Traditional and Digital Textile Printing – Global View Digital Textile Printing (DTP) Traditional Textile Printing 300 Mio. m² (2011) 28,000 Mio. m² (2011) Annual Growth: 22 Annual Growth: 2.5 since 2010 Digital Figures exclude Seiren Japan, DTG (Garment Printing), New Grand Format Signage, Carpets/Tiles (source: Provost, J., Conference sheds light on digital market growth, Digital Textile, 2, 2012, 3940) Traditional vs. Digital Textile Printing Eco Efficiency Fingerprints – Radar Chart Saving / Reduction of … Saving of ressources  Water  Energy  Chemicals ► Less costs ► Less timeEcological and Economical Aspects A) Reactive Print after 12 kg/kg 1015 l/kg traditional printing Print Dry Steam Wash Dry 10 min 102 ºC B) Pigment Print  Waterless fixation  Versatility (print on different substrates) Print Dry Cure 5 min 150 ºCContent I. Digital Textile Printing Market – Facts and Figures • Comparison to Traditional Textile Printing Market • Advantages of Digital Textile Printing II. Digital Textile Printing Center at FTB III. Research Projects in Digital Textile Printing 1. Process Chain Digitalization in Clothing Industry 2. Hotmelt Printing for Textile Application Fields 3. 3D printing (Additive Manufacturing)JP5 evo Modern Inkjet Technology (MS PRINTING SOLUTIONS SRL) Printing Application Fields Inks Reactive, Antelos® RKY (Solunaris) Fiber Types Celulosic, Cotton, SilkBSTeaM Steamer (SETeMa B.V.)Breeze 921 TShirt Printer (Kornit Digital Europe GmbH) Printing Application Fields TM Inks Waterbased Pigments (NeoPigment ) Fiber Types All Fiber Types PossiblePiXDRO LP50 Hotmelt RD Printer (Roth Rau B.V.) Printing Application Fields TM Inks Hotmelt, TonerPearls CMYK (Océ) Fiber Types All Fiber Types PossibleContent I. Digital Textile Printing Market – Facts and Figures • Comparison to Traditional Textile Printing Market • Advantages of Digital Textile Printing II. Digital Textile Printing Center at FTB III. Research Projects in Digital Textile Printing 1. Process Chain Digitalization in Clothing Industry 2. Hotmelt Printing for Textile Application Fields 3. 3D printing (Additive Manufacturing)Digitalization of Textile Chain → Acceleration of fashion cycles → Quick changing designs → Low volume printing ZIMProject (20132015) “Development of an innovative digital printing unit for total process chain digitalization of clothing production covering natural fibers” Prof. Dr. Michael Ernst, Dorothee Güntzel Partner Fashion and ClothingDigital Workflow Combination of Clothing and Textile Industry Design Digital Printing Pretreatment Design Pattern Selection of Development Development Fabrics Profiling Digital Printing Color Management Combination Design and Pattern Design Prints Aftertreatment 3DVisualization Steaming 3DSoftware Washing ManufacturingDesign and Pattern Combination Visual bodyshaping → Applying visual perception rules into the design pattern background arrangement coloring shading scattered pattern silhouette tapering at the waist 15Controllability of Whole Digital Printing Process Fabric selection (woven and knitted fabrics) • Different surfaces (light reflection) • Different color effects → Color management/print profiles 50 40 30 20 Fabric 2 Fabric 3 Fabric 1 10 Fabric 1 (C1) = CO voile, fine (100 CO) plain weave Fabric 2 (C2) = CV/EA single Jersey (96 CV / 4 EA) knitted fabric 0 Fabric 3 (C3) = CO satin, fine (100 CO) atlas weave wavelength reflectance / Content I. Digital Textile Printing Market – Facts and Figures • Comparison to Traditional Textile Printing Market • Advantages of Digital Textile Printing II. Digital Textile Printing Center at FTB III. Research Projects in Digital Textile Printing 1. Process Chain Digitalization in Clothing Industry 2. Hotmelt Printing for Textile Application Fields 3. 3D printing (Additive Manufacturing)SITexPrint – A New Textile Printing Technology Project (20122015) SITexPrint – Solid Inks for Textile Printing Partners Printing Technology Inkjet Printing Technical Textiles Inks Fashion / Decoration Signage / Advertising / Automotive → Development of a sustainable hotmelt printing technology for textiles: Waterless VOC and O free 3 HSE friendly Pre Drying/ Print Washing treatment FixationSITexPrint – Project Overview Printing Technology Solid Out (SO) Solid In (SI) TM TonerPearls → Evaluation of different application fields (soft signage, home textiles, automotive, fashion) → Investigation and improvement • Ink adhesion (washing, rubbing) • Color fastness (light) SITexPrint – Project Results and Outlook  Unique contour sharpness on entire textile media range  Addressed applications could be soft signage and interior decoration → Textile displays, banners, flags, wallpapers (monthly change) Individual interior design Roller blinds ® (PES Mediatex Presto)SITexPrint – Project Results and Outlook  Very good deinkability at higher temperatures → Resist printing (removing the print afterwards) jeans after bleaching “Afrika Print” (CO mercerized)  Potential for alternative textile applications (3D printing) ► Big demand for flexible 3D structured textiles ► High contour sharpness, “highvalue“ lookContent I. Digital Textile Printing Market – Facts and Figures • Comparison to Traditional Textile Printing Market • Advantages of Digital Textile Printing II. Digital Textile Printing Center at FTB III. Research Projects in Digital Textile Printing 1. Process Chain Digitalization in Clothing Industry 2. Hotmelt Printing for Textile Application Fields 3. 3D printing (Additive Manufacturing)3D Printing in Textile Fields F. Bitonti, Verlan Dress, 2013 (MakerBot Replicator 2, FDM) Iris v. Herpen, J. Koerner, VT071, Voltage Collection, 2013 (TPU, SLS) Nike Vapor Laser Talon, source: nikeinc.com C. Davies, 3D printed Cortex Exoskeleton concept could crack plaster casts, 2013FDM 3D Printing and Textile Applications Workflow 3D printing Polyamide (PA) Polylactide (PLA) Polyester (PES) Thermoplastic elastomers Textile (TPE / TPU) applications CAD modeling Materials FDM printing (design) First approach: application of 3D structures on textiles by FDM technology  New design concepts  Replacement of traditional process steps (sewing, sticking)  Prototyping / production on demand on site 3D Printing Research at FTB FDM 3D printed structures on textiles FDM Printer: German RepRap X400 (photographs: M. Lutz, 2015) FDM 3D structures (PLA soft) printed on cotton fabric Reinforcement with retaining flexibility (safety clothing) Integrated customized functionalities → Good adhesion needed3D Printed Surface Modification – Application Fields Model of a FDM printed design for women’s sportswear Use in multifunctional clothing Supporting effect (bra substitute) Protective function Individual design applicable FDM printed pattern “filament area”, material: PLA soft (sketch/photograph: R. Melnikova, master’s thesis, 2013)Summary Sustainable Digital Textile Printing Applications  Digital workflow implementation in clothing production • Traditional → Digital • Saving of water, energy and chemicals  New sustainable “addon” digital printing technologies ► Hotmelt printing • No water and no drying process ► 3D printing • No waste generation carrier nonwovenAcknowledgement We wish to thank all employees of FTB and students of HN for their work and ideas promoting these research projects. Contact Research Institute for Textile and Clothing (FTB) Hochschule Niederrhein Webschulstr. 31 41065 Mönchengladbach H8, Booth A116 Dr. Michael Korger Tel.: +49 2161 – 186 6099 Michael.Korgerhsniederrhein.de
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