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Published Date:22-07-2017
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ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENTObjective of the course This course aims to provide basic understanding of management concepts in organizations especially the following: 1. Acquire knowledge in the field of organizational management and internal organization of companies required for managing an enterprise. 2. Acquire knowledge in the field of personnel management, motivation and leadership for developing managerial skills 3. Gain knowledge for starting a small scale unit independently 4. Gain knowledge on case study and management information system. www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline 1. Introduction (20 hours) 1.1 Organization (2 hours)  System approach applied to Organization  Necessity of Organization  Principles of Organization  Formal and Informal Organizations 1.2 Management (4 hours)  Functions of Management  Levels of Management  Managerial Skills  Importance of Management  Models of Management www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline 1. Introduction (20 hours) 1.3 Theory of Management (6 hours)  Scientific Management Approach  Administrative Management Approach  Behavioral Management Approach  Modern Management Theories 1.4 Forms of Ownership (2 hours)  Single Ownership  Partnership  Joint Stock Company  Co – operative Societies  Public Corporations www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline 1. Introduction (20 hours) 1.5 Organizational Structure (2 hours)  Line Organization  Functional Organization  Line and Staff Organization  Committee Organization 1.6 Purchasing and Marketing Management (4 hours)  Purchasing  Functions of Purchasing Department  Methods of Purchasing  Marketing  Functions of Marketing  Advertising www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline 2. Personnel Management (8 hours) 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Functions of Personnel Management 2.3 Development of Personnel Policy 2.4 Manpower Planning 2. 5 Recruitment and Selection of manpower 2.6 Training and Development of manpower 2.7 Job Analysis, Job Evaluation and Merit Rating 2.8 Wages and Incentives www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline 3. Motivation, Leadership and Entrepreneurship (10 hours) 3.1 Motivation ( 2 hours)  Human needs  Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs  Motivation  Types of Motivation  Attitude Motivation; Group Motivation; Executive Motivation  Techniques of Motivation  Motivation Theories McGregor’s Theory X – Y Fear and Punishment Theory Alderfer’s ERG Theory MacClelland’s Theory of learned needs Herzberg’s Hygiene Maintenance Theory Vroom’s Expectancy/ Valency Theory www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline 3. Motivation, Leadership and Entrepreneurship (10 hours) 3.2 Leadership (6 hours)  Qualities of a good Leader  Leadership Style  Blakes and Mouton’s Managerial Grid  Leadership Approach  Leadership Theories 3.3 Entrepreneurship (2 hours)  Entrepreneurship Development  Entrepreneurial Characteristics  Need for Promotion of Entrepreneurship  Steps for establishing small scale unit www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline 4. Case Studies (2 hours) 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Objectives of case study 4.3 Phases of case study 4.4 Steps of case study 4.5 Types of case studies 5. Management Information System (5 hours) 5.1 Data and Information 5.2 Need, function and Importance of MIS 5.3 Evolution of MIS 5.4 Organizational Structure and MIS 5.5 Computers and MIS 5.6 Classification of Information Systems 5.7 Information Support for functional areas of management 5.8 Organizing Information Systems www.ThesisScientist.comCourse outline Note: Students have to submit a case study report after visiting an industrial organization outside or inside the Kathmandu valley. Reference Books: • M. Mahajan, “Industrial Engineering and production Management” ,Dhanpat Rai and Co. (P) Ltd. , Delhi, 2002 • E. S. Buffa and R. K. Sarin “Modern Production / Operations Management”, 8th Edition, Wiley, 1987 www.ThesisScientist.comEvaluation Scheme 1. Internal Assessment = 20 marks I. Assignment: 3X 1 = 3 II. Assessment: 2 = 5 III. Attendance: 2 Chapters Hours Marks distribution IV. Case study Report: 10 1.1 & 1.2 6 8 or 16 2. Final exam = 80 marks 1.3 6 8 1.4 & 1.5 4 8 1.6 4 8 2 8 16 3.1 6 8 3.2 & 3.3 4 8 4 & 5 7 8 or 16 Total 45 80 www.ThesisScientist.comChapter 1 INTRODUCTION ‘There is nothing in a caterpillar that tells you it is going to be a butterfly.’Organization- course outline  System approach applied to organization  Necessity of organization  Principles of organization  Formal and Informal organizations www.ThesisScientist.com1. Organization “Organization is the form of every human association for the attainment of a common purpose” - Mooney and Reiley. ‘An organization is a collection of people working together in a coordinated and structured fashion to achieve one or more goals.’ In common parlance: Organization is a process of identifying and grouping the work to be performed, defining and delegating responsibility and authority and establishing relationships for the purpose of enabling people to work most effectively together in accomplishing objectives. www.ThesisScientist.com1. Organization OrganizationsRoleinSociety • Organizations exist to allow accomplishment of work that could not be achieved by people alone. • As long as the goals of an organization are appropriate, society will allow them to exist and they can contribute to society. OrganizationsandPeople • Organizations are strongly influenced by the people that form part of them. • Organizations can take in part of the personality of the people within them and their attitudes, perceptions and behaviors affect how an organization will operate. OrganizationsRequireManagement • Organizations use management to accomplish the work that is required to achieve the goals. www.ThesisScientist.comHistorical development of organization The concept of organization grew along with growth of economic activities. Major stages of economic growth are: 1. Pre- industrial era I. Self- sufficiency era (as in village area) II. Commercial stage with marketable surplus a. Barter system (exchange system) b. Money system III. Development of means of transportation (railways, ships etc.) www.ThesisScientist.comHistorical development of organization 2. Modern industrial era I. Industrial revolution (development of lathe, shaping machine; James Watt – steam engine) II. Development of corporate form of business (limited liability) III. Managerial revolution (concept of modern management, scientific management) IV. Technological development (Mechanization and Automation) V. Economic Liberalization VI. Globalization (multinational company) - GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade, Geneva 1948) - WTO (World Trade Organization, Geneva 1955) - ISO (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva 1947) - SAFTA (South Asian Free Trade Agreement) www.ThesisScientist.comI. System approach applied to organization www.ThesisScientist.comI. System approach applied to organization • If a company has to change business processes or deploy new technology in order to stay competitive, then people, jobs descriptions and skill sets must also change or adjust. Such adjustments may affect the morale or general attitude of the organization. A system approach of organization methodology is applied to "smooth over" these issues as the organization goes through such changes • According to Dr H.L. Kaila, author of "Human Resource Management," the system approach of organization involves three basic steps: planning for change, assessing change forces and implementing the changes. In other words, management need a holistic approach. A system approach of organization methodology can also be referred to as a change management plan. www.ThesisScientist.comI. System approach applied to organization Properly applied, a system approach of organization methodology can position a company to compete effectively in the global economy. Once the methodology or change management plan is in place, organizations can adapt quickly to change and more forward with minimum down time.  Inputs: Men Material Machines Money Methods  Outputs: Product Services  External Environment: Social Political Cultural  Internal Environment: Board of directors Employees Culture