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how leadership influences organizational performance

The way that the functions of leadership are carried out. The way that a leader behaves is the leadership style.how leadership influences student learning
LEADERSHIPA general interpretation of Leadership “A relationship through which one person influences the behaviour or actions of other people”Leadership Perspectives Traditional view • Command Control • Decisionmaking Modern view • Inspiration • Creating a vision • Building effective teamsThe Role Of Strategic Leadership  Strategic leaders are the people who influence or control the corporate strategy of a business  Often personally identified with the strategy  Occurs both in small firms (e.g. the founder) and large corporatesHow Strategic Leadership Is Demonstrated Where leaders set the vision and core Where leaders take beliefs direct control Leadership Leadership as as command vision Leadership Leadership as symbolic as decision making Where the leader is Where the leader the embodiment of the weighs up the options strategy, but not and decides involved daytodayLeadership or Management LEADERS MANAGERS Inspire people Enact the plan Build relationships Use their authority Take risks Manage risks Have followers Have subordinatesWhat is a Leadership Style The way that the functions of leadership are carried out The way that a leader behavesBroad Classifications Of Leadership Style Paternalistic Authoritarian Democratic LaissezfaireAuthoritarian “ • Focus of power is with the manager • Communication is topdown oneway • Formal systems of command control • Use of rewards penalties • Very little delegation • McGregor Theory X approachPaternalistic “ • Leader decides what is best for employees • Links with Mayo – addressing employee needs • Akin to a parent/child relationship • Still little delegation • A softer form of authoritarian leadershipDemocratic “ • Focus of power is more with the group as a whole • Leadership functions are shared within the group • Employees have greater involvement in decisionmaking • Emphasis on delegation and consultation • A tradeoff between speed of decisionmaking and better motivation and moraleLaissezfaire “ • Leader has little input into daytoday decisionmaking • Conscious decision to delegate power • Managers / employees have freedom to do what they think is best • Effective when staff are ready and willing to take on responsibility • Not the same as abdicationWhy Move Away From Autocratic Leadership • Changes in society’s values • Better educated workforce • Focus on need for soft HR skills • Changing workplace organisation • Greater workplace legislation • Pressure for greater employee involvementFactors Affecting Leadership Style ◎ Personal value ◎ Type of systems organisation (size, structure) ◎ Manager’s experience ◎ Effectiveness of teams and groups ◎ Confidence in subordinates ◎ Skills and experience of ◎ Feelings of subordinates security ◎ Pressure (time, ◎ Nature of the costs) business problemsFive Essential Qualities Of A Leader ◎ Courage ◎ Concentration ◎ Confidence ◎ Passion ◎ ValuesThe Six Tasks Of Leaders  Be clear about what change is required  Turn ideas into action points and motivate others to act on them  Win commitment based on honest, realistic, twoway discussion  Create a climate of learning, so people know it is safe to make mistakes  Keep going – persistence is vital  Learn from experiences and mistakesLeadership Tasks Of The MD • Create the vision, based on an understanding of SWOT • Form the team and a structure that will help achieve business goals • Decide key business and personnel policies • Manage rewards and disciplineLeadership And Business Change Successful management of change requires positive action from top management and a leadership style that gains a commitment to change“Change Leaders” Effective change management involves… • Effective, open communication of the reasons for change • Championing innovation and creativity as a response to change • Setting a good personal exampleThanks Any questions You can find us at queriesthesisscientist.com