Science vs technology ppt

science and technology writing ppt and science technology society approach ppt
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Published Date:05-07-2017
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Science & Technology Creativity and Inventions National Academy of Sciences Science Day, February 28, 2010 Ashok Misra Chairman-India, Intellectual Ventures Former Director, IIT Bombay ashokmisraintven.com © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedScience Day in India Sir C.V. Raman worked on the Molecular th Scattering of Light. It was on February 28 , 1928 that announced the discovery of what was subsequently known as the “Raman Effect” for which he received the Nobel Prize two years later. He thus became the first scientist from India to get the Nobel Prize – a feat that has not been repeated since then. © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedImportance of Science “It is science and science alone that could solve the problems of hunger and poverty, of insanitation and illiteracy, of superstition and deadening custom and tradition, of vast resources running to waste, of a rich country inhabited by starving people.” Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru in “Discovery of India” © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedImportance of Science in India  Science is the base for the development of all technological and economic growth. Advancing nations have to be strong in Science.  It is imperative we in India emphasize the importance of Science.  Ensure that our bright youngsters are attracted to science subjects.  This will enhance the level of science education and research. th  We produce approx. 50 lakhs students at the 12 class level – greater than the population of several nations.  Yet in India there is large shortage of good scientists in all the research laboratories.  System should provide ample opportunities of creativity, innovation and generation of new ideas at all levels of science education. © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedGlobalization and the Knowledge Economy • The advances in technology have led to globalization and increased the power of knowledge • New and specialized knowledge spreads globally faster than capital or people • When this dissemination occurs, the entire world and mankind stand to gain • The creation of specialized knowledge is where the Inventors and Innovators come in • Science base of the country has to be very strong • Inventions are Global – key to economic growth © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedThrough Pandit Nehru’s Vision  The Indian Institutes of Technologies were set up  Tata Institute of Fundamental Research started  Bhabha Atomic Research Centre established  Indian Institute of Science received a further boost  Council for Scientific & Industrial Research – set up several labs  Department of Science & Technology These initiatives led to the growth of Science & Technology and Education & Research in India © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedIndian Scientists who made a Difference  C. V. Raman – Physics – Nobel Prize  Meghnad Saha – Physics  Jagdish Chandra Bose – Physics & Botany  S. Chandrashekhar – Astrophysics  Srinivasa Ramanujan – Mathematics  Satyendra N. Bose – Physics  Praful Chandra Ray – Chemistry  Neel Ratan Dhar – Chemistry & Agriculture  P.C. Mahalanbis – Mathematics  Birbal Sahni – Botany All of them worked at times when sophisticated instruments and powerful computational tools and unimaginable informational technology was not available. © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedScientists & Engineers who have made a Difference in India  Homi J. Bhabha – Department of Atomic Energy  S.A. Vikram Sarabhai – Department of Space  M.G.K. Menon – Established the Department of Electronics, Space and several others.  Satish Dhawan – Department of Space and IISc  A.P.J. Abdul Kalam – ISRO and DRDO – missile programme  C.N.R. Rao – Chemistry & Materials Science. Set up JNCASR  K. Kasturirangan – Deprartment of Space (ISRO)  M. Visvesvaraya – Civil Engineering  MM Sharma – Chemical Engineering  R. Chidabmaram – Atomic Energy  Anil Kakodkar – Atomic Energy © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedScientists who changed our lives Isaac Newton – Gravity (1687) Alexander Graham Bell – Telephone (1876) Jagdish Chandra Bose - Father of Radio Science (1894) © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedScientists who changed our lives Madame Curie Radium (1898) John Logie Baird Television (1925) Alexander Fleming Penicillin (1928) © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedScientists who changed our lives CV Raman – Molecular Scattering of Light (1930) John Enders Polio Vaccine (1948) Martin Cooper Mobile Phone (1973) © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedPeople who have continued to… • Robert Noyce – The integrated circuit • Bill Gates – First ubiquitous operation system after the human brain • James Watson – DNA structure • Sanjai Kohli – Architect of mass-market GPS • Craig Venter – Genome sequencing (and more?) • Robert Langer – Drug delivery • Steve Jobs – “A lot of times, people don‟t know what they want until you show it to them.” © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedRole of Institutions of Higher Learning • Education - to develop high quality manpower • Basic research and development - to create new knowledge • Applied research and development - to use that new knowledge to develop intellectual property, inventions and advanced technologies © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedThe Golden Age of Invention • Camera • Automobile • Laser • Movie • Airplane • Medical devices • Radio • Phone • Integrated circuit • Light bulb • Vaccine • Network connectivity • Surgery • X-ray • Television  100 year old products are suddenly changing  Still driven by new discoveries in science  Higher risk and diversity but good for mankind  Break traditional boundaries © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedThe Golden Age of Invention © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedThe Golden Age of Invention © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedThe Earth Needs Inventions • Addressing the digital divide • Food and resource management • Energy generation and distribution • Healthcare • Waste management • Ecological balance • Counter-terrorism © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedDevelopment of Vaccines • A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. • Began as "variolation“, i.e. exposing uninfected individuals to matter from smallpox lesions. Now more scientific. • Vaccine technology has wiped out major diseases, but newer ones are still needed. © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedMRI & CT Scan Digital signal-processing techniques, originally developed to enhance pictures of the Moon for the Apollo Program, are an indispensable part of Computer-Aided Tomography (CAT) scan & Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) technologies used today worldwide. © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reservedSilicon Locket for Cardiac Monitoring – IIT Bombay Monitoring of cardiac patients with state- of-the-art electronics, embedded into an ultra small form factor - thus named ‘locket’. To accelerate modern treatment. © 2008 Intellectual Ventures, LLC All rights reserved