Done, your profile is created.Finish your profile by filling in the following fields
Forgot Password Earn Money,Free Notes
Password sent to your Email Id, Please Check your Mail
Updating Cart........ Please Wait........
Academic writing and citation
Academic writing and citation 8
Academic writing and citation
How to write an academic paper and get it approved
Rannveig Windingstad, Head librarian
Student Library Sophus Bugge I will talk about
• Why academic integrity is important
• The consequences of cheating
• How to write a good paper
• How to evaluate your sources
• How to cite correctly
• The online resources «Writing and
Publishing» and «Search and Write»
This thing called science
• One of the main points of
science is that a
research result must be
verifiable by others
• A scientific paper must
show where the
knowledge comes from
and within which tradition
Put your own mind into it
• Independent thougth and new ideas are key
elements in a work of science
• You can use facts and theories from different
sources, but the conclusions that you draw
from them must be your own
• The teachers already have all the text books.
They want know what you think
But I’m not a cheater…
• Many cheat without knowingly doing so
• Not to reference to your sources is
• As a student you are obligated to learn the
rules for academic writing and citation
minations/sources-citations/ The consequences of cheating
If you cheat you risk having your examination
annuled and be excluded from all universities
and university colleges in Norway for a period
of one or two semesters So what is a good paper?
Lars Nyre, professor in Information and media
So what is a good paper?
• Limit your subject
• Take time to form a proper thesis question
• Actively use your curriculum
• Focus, don’t jump around between subjects
• Let your thesis question act as a red thread
through your paper The quest for knowledge Where should I look?
«Google can bring you back 100 000
answers, a librarian can bring you
back the right one.»
-Neil Gaiman Where should I look?
• Google Scholar rather than Google
• Research databases
These sources have quality assurance:
o Peer review
o Scientific research
Where should I look? Evaluate your sources
The relevance of the source
• Does the source treat the subjects you are
• In what way can the source illuminate the
questions you are asking?
• Compare the source with other similar
sources to see what this source covers within
your subject and what it doesn’t.
Evaluate your sources
The quality of the source
• Who is the author?
• What is the audience?
• What is the genre?
• Who is the publisher?
• What is the publication date?
How to get your paper approved What’s your style?
• There are several o APA
• Many fields of
science has a
• Just stick to one of
o and many more…
Four keys to getting your paper approved
• List of references Reference
A reference is information about a source from which
information in your text has been retrieved.
In the text:
Two-thirds of Pompeii has now been excavated (Berry,
2007, p. 41)
In the list of references:
Berry, J. (2007). The Complete Pompeii. London:
Thames & Hudson Reference
The reference will differ after what kind of
source you are using.
• Etc… Quotation
A direct quotation reproduces someone else’s
words exactly as they were written or spoken.
Remember that direct quotations must either
be enclosed within quotation marks or indented
(depending on their length).