Academic citation and documentation styles

from inquiry to academic writing citation and academic citation/documentation styles
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Published Date:16-07-2017
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Academic writing and citation How to write an academic paper and get it approved Rannveig Windingstad, Head librarian Student Library Sophus Bugge I will talk about • Why academic integrity is important • The consequences of cheating • How to write a good paper • How to evaluate your sources • How to cite correctly • The online resources «Writing and Publishing» and «Search and Write» This thing called science • One of the main points of science is that a research result must be verifiable by others • A scientific paper must show where the knowledge comes from and within which tradition you’re writing Put your own mind into it • Independent thougth and new ideas are key elements in a work of science • You can use facts and theories from different sources, but the conclusions that you draw from them must be your own • The teachers already have all the text books. They want know what you think But I’m not a cheater… • Many cheat without knowingly doing so • Not to reference to your sources is considered cheating • As a student you are obligated to learn the rules for academic writing and citation • minations/sources-citations/ The consequences of cheating If you cheat you risk having your examination annuled and be excluded from all universities and university colleges in Norway for a period of one or two semesters So what is a good paper? Lars Nyre, professor in Information and media science explains So what is a good paper? Summary: • Limit your subject • Take time to form a proper thesis question • Actively use your curriculum • Focus, don’t jump around between subjects • Let your thesis question act as a red thread through your paper The quest for knowledge Where should I look? «Google can bring you back 100 000 answers, a librarian can bring you back the right one.» -Neil Gaiman Where should I look? • Oria • Google Scholar rather than Google • Research databases These sources have quality assurance: o References o Peer review o Scientific research Where should I look? Evaluate your sources The relevance of the source • Does the source treat the subjects you are questioning? • In what way can the source illuminate the questions you are asking? • Compare the source with other similar sources to see what this source covers within your subject and what it doesn’t. Evaluate your sources The quality of the source • Who is the author? • What is the audience? • What is the genre? • Who is the publisher? • What is the publication date? How to get your paper approved What’s your style? • There are several o APA reference styles o Chicago • Many fields of o Harvard science has a o Oxford prefered style o MLA • Just stick to one of o and many more… them Four keys to getting your paper approved • Reference • Paraphrase • Quotation • List of references Reference A reference is information about a source from which information in your text has been retrieved. In the text: Two-thirds of Pompeii has now been excavated (Berry, 2007, p. 41) In the list of references: Berry, J. (2007). The Complete Pompeii. London: Thames & Hudson Reference The reference will differ after what kind of source you are using. • Book • E-book • Journal • Website • Etc… Quotation A direct quotation reproduces someone else’s words exactly as they were written or spoken. Remember that direct quotations must either be enclosed within quotation marks or indented (depending on their length).