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Public Speaking Pointers

Public Speaking Pointers 22
Public Speaking Pointers Enhancing Your Message with Good Presentation Skills Debra Biasca, PhD Spring 2012 Good presentation techniques help you meet your goals as a presenter   Increase:   Understanding of your work   Retention of your important points   Enhance:   Likelihood of persuading audience about your message   Value of your presentation for future reference   Elicit: good questions that help you refine your   Talk for next time   Paper for publication 2 of 31 Adopt a voice quality that will enhance your message   Use consistently audible volume   Vary your intonation   Slow down   Pause Replace awkward fillers like ‘um’ and ‘ah’ or ‘you know’ with moments of silence   Silence between points allows listeners to ‘catch up’ 3 of 31 Use body language to maintain audience interest ………………………………………………….slide 1of 4   Assume a relaxed but confident manner   Maintain strong posture   Try to be comfortable 4 of 31 Use body language to maintain audience interest slide 2 of 4   Maintain regular eye contact   With all portions of your audience   Eye contact works both ways 5 of 31 Use body language to maintain audience interest slide 3 of 4   Minimize looking at the screen   Minimize talking to the screen 6 of 31 Use body language to maintain audience interest slide 4 of 4   Avoid distracting nervous habits   Wringing hands   Rocking on feet   Hands in and out of pockets   Pacing 7 of 31 Use hand gestures effectively   Use gestures to demonstrate points or signal changes in topic   The right amount of body language will indicate that you are interested in your own topic   Use more hand gestures rather than fewer   But: Avoid excessive or repetitive hand gestures 8 of 31 Use facial expressions to your advantage   Adopt facial expressions to augment content of talk   Show enthusiasm for your topic   Remember to smile from time to time 9 of 31 Think about your props slide 1 of 2   Set up equipment/files in advance   Determine your location visa vs the desk / podium   Behind   Beside   In front /   Think about using a pointer   Laser   Stick   Adjust lighting   Use other prop   demonstrations   models 10 of 31 Think about your props slide 2 of 2   Consult your notes with subtlety   Avoid reading a script 11 of 31 Dress appropriately for giving a talk at a conference   Wear professional attire   ‘Business’ causal usually appropriate   Avoid jeans   Avoid shorts   Avoid hats 12 of 31 Don’t wear your lucky pants 13 of 31 Estimate your timing to avoid being rushed or not having enough material   Estimates for number of slides and time to speak to each slide vary   A good rule of thumb is 12 minutes per slide   Take more time if your slide is complicated   For a 12–minute talk, prepare 12–17 content slides.   Some slides may be up for just a few seconds, depending on their content 14 of 31 Divide your talk into parts and advise the audience of their progress   Title slide – what can it do for you   Mapping slide – similar to an outline; Beginning leverage graphics to enhance section divisions mnemonically End   Have a beginning, middle, and end; show purpose of each section – what you will talk about and accomplish   Graphics can help audience know where they are   Verbalize transitions between parts, too – Middle like ‘umbrella’ statements in written papers 15 of 31 Beginnings are important   Consider including a graphic you can explain to help audience orient to your topic   Use title slide to introduce Beginning yourself, establish credibility, and introduce the purpose of your work   Intro section also helps to accomplish these objectives, shows significance of your work, forecast org. of presentation   Define technical terms up front; if they are REALLY technical, consider audiencefriendly options 16 of 31 For the middle of your talk…   Don’t rush   Watch your audience to see if they are following your points Middle   Don’t forget eye contact, vary intonation, gestures (view previous slides for reminders)   Verbalize transitions between parts of the ‘middle’ 17 of 31 Leverage sentence headlines to help your reader   Supported by research   Alley Neely   Doumont   Easier to orient to slide   Readers pay more attention to what you are saying   Readers more likely to remember what you said   Can ask you better questions 18 of 31 Leverage sentence headlines to help you and your reader Results 25 older method 33 old methods 40 our method Our method results in 40 more light being absorbed •  25 His method • 33   Their method •  40 Our method 19 of 31 Wind generation is significant In 2007 alone, new global wind power installations equaled the capacity of 20 large conventional power plants = . 2007 Wind Power Installations 20 Conventional Power Plants 20 of 31 Use of visuals help audience remember your message   Orients the audience to subject, to your point   Improves comprehension of your point   Improves retention after your talk   What about likelihood that audience will agree with your point 21 of 31 Use graphical elements wisely   To make a point   Make your point clear with sentence headline   Don’t clutter slides   Avoid boring your audience   Give audience time to assimilate your graphics 22 of 31 80 of the world wind capacity is in IEA Wind member countries   Map IEA Wind Countries World Wind Capacity 23 of 31 Wind energy development brings national benefits Economic impact IEA Wind Total Capacity Estimated (Million Country (MW) Jobs euro) Germany 22,247 84,300 11,729 United 16,904 17,000 6,165 States Avoided CO 2 Spain 15,145 45,000 5,000 emissions: Denmark 3,124 28,000 4,690 Spain 18 million tons Italy 2,726 10,600 1,000 U.S. 30 million tons Canada 1,845 3,340 1,490 Australia 824 978 180 Numbers from 2006 Source: IEA Wind 2007 Annual Report 24 of 31 Emphasize your conclusions   Use your final moments for a conclusion that leaves the audience with your main points   This is what they will End remember best   What is the ‘takeaway’ you are offering   ‘Elevator’ speech   Maintain visibility for conclusions slide as you invite and respond to questions 25 of 31 Control questions during your talk   What standard should you follow   Questions during talk   Limit questions during talk   Prohibit questions during talk   Why 26 of 31 Control questions after your talk   Questions during the talk   Listen carefully to each question; clarify if needed   Ask that the questioner to repeat the question   Restate the question   Handle long ‘comments’ that have no question   You are not expected to know the answer to every question. What can you do when you don’t know the answer   Pause and think before answering   Compliment the questioner   Postpone your answer   Offer to answer later   Place Q outside scope of presentation 27 of 31 Don’t bore your audience   Avoid unnecessary repetition   Be sure each slide makes an important point   Everything on the slide relates to that point   Don’t be afraid to use separate slides – BREAK UP slides with too many bullet points – regroup into SETS of categories 28 of 31 Don’t confuse your audience with inconsistent terminology for an already dense topic   Use technical terms consistently  Acknowledge inconsistency in the   literature and pick your term for the concept /object / method / theory   Avoid unnecessary acronyms 29 of 31 Be proactive to avoid nervousness and be wellprepared.   Review the readings on presentations, visuals to gather lastminute tips – add to Writing Checklist (Hint—some excellent points on pp. 1724)   Practice your talk before you present it.   Familiarize yourself with the equipment and the room before your talk.   Prepare for the Q A. 30 of 31 Do your best Good luck with your presentation 31 of 31 Graphics Credits   public speaker icon   goal   voice quality   business casual  ; 2:            happy clock   Hat   Train http.//   Sentence headline, “Attorney sues self”:;bjWQ7Z   Wind graphics: IEA Wind Annual Reports, thanks to PatriciaWeis Taylor, secretary, IEA Wind and Rich Hinrichs, graphics editor
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