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Oral Presentations

Oral Presentations 5
Oral Presentations This module covers concepts such as: • Characteristics of a successful oral presentation • Strategies for effective, planning, preparation and practice of oral presentations • Common assessment criteria for oral presentations Oral Presentations Public speaking No worries Speaking in public is a necessary part of Apparently 3 out of 4 people (75) suffer from speech anxiety; fear of public speaking is the 1 university life. You will often be asked to explain social phobia. Whatever you do, don’t stress and justify your ideas in tutorials and seminars. Your lecturers, tutors, fellow students – just This workshop looks at what makes for a about everyone, including the Learning Advisers successful oral presentation and arrives at a at JCU – want you to succeed. So, relax. Your public speaking audience is on your side – checklist which will help you deliver successful, cheering from the sidelines. entertaining and informative oral presentations. Content Knowledge You may also like to check out the online version One of the best ways to overcome the of this module. nervousness of speaking publicly is to thoroughly Presentation Criteria know your topic. After all, this is primarily what your lecturer or tutor will be assessing. You will Think back to the best speeches, lectures or have to know your topic well enough to inform, presentations that you have ever seen. What debate, instruct or present an opinion – whatever made those presentations successful is the purpose of your presentation. Try Activity 1  Just as in planning any assignment, you will need Here are the criteria for successful oral to work to a timeline based on a process similar presentations that other students have to that for Essay Writing. For oral presentations suggested. Do some of your criteria appear in you will also have to allow for practice at this list delivering and demonstrating your content • Entertaining knowledge. • Relevant and useful Structure and Organisation • Knowledgeable Structure your presentation according to the • Involved the audience guidelines, facilities and time allocated. You must • Wellorganised leave your audience with a sense that they have • Easy to understand been given a wellstructured and organised • Confident presentation. You should make sure that you closely study the Introduction weightings and criteria your lecturer will use to Give an overview and what you intend to assess your oral presentation. There is an accomplish during the presentation. example below and two others in the Activities. Body Criteria Weighting This should be a logical sequence of Content knowledge 60 information and should be well supported Evidence of planning/research 10 with evidence, visual aids and audience Structure 15 involvement. Use of visual aids 5 Conclusion Nonverbal communication 5 This is where you point out to the audience Audience involvement 5 how you have achieved what you promised in the introduction. Try Activity 2  1 AudioVisual Aids Audience Involvement How do you think audience involvement can be Audiovisual aids can help with your presentation encouraged because they can help take the pressure off you and provide an opportunity for variety in your Here are some suggestions: presentation. The use of PowerPoint slides for • Role play example, can not only take the focus off you but • Demonstrations can also provide memory prompts. • Group work PowerPoint Tips: • Use your first and last slide to list the key When should you try and get your audience points or objectives of your presentation; involved • Don’t distract your audience from your Right from the start main message by using too many wild transitions or animations; Why not ask your audience what they already • List key points only and use a font that is know about your topic and use this as a starting of a readable size from the back of the point This way you will be tapping into the prior room; knowledge of the audience and you will be giving • Make sure that your key points are them a sense of involvement from the outset. consistent with what you say. Your audience will be confused if they are Nonverbal Communication reading one thing and hearing another; Be aware of your gestures, • If you have a long quote, let your tone of voice, movement and audience read it for themselves and give facial expressions. them time to do this. Many students are surprised Other audiovisual aids you should consider using when told that they didn't appear nervous at all include music or video clips, slides, computer You can learn to put on a confident and brave presentations, flip charts or materials that you front while still feeling nervous inside. One of the can hand around. best ways to do this is to practise. Practice Points: • Take every opportunity to practise your Did you know oral presentation skills (join Most people tend to speak too quickly Toastmasters, attend Effective Speaking in an oral presentation – mainly courses, practise in front of your partner, because they are nervous Keep this in friends, the cat…); mind and pace your presentation • Video yourself and assess your carefully. If in doubt, slow it down. Public presentation using the criteria provided in speaking should be clear and more these workshop notes; deliberate/planned than the rapid bursts of • Familiarise yourself with the room and speech you are used to in everyday conversation. equipment; • Time yourself. Another tip Nerves can lead some people to Try Activity 3  sound unsure of themselves, by having a rising intonation at the end of every sentence. Speak with confidence 2 Your Turn: Activities 1. See if you can compile a list of “the top 10 features of a successful presentation”. Consider the most effective teaching or information sessions you have attended. What made them effective 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 2. Search online for “Ted talks education” and choose a presentation that is about 10 minutes long. Use the criteria provided below to assess the presentation. Alternatively, use the criteria to assess your best lecturer CRITERIA Excellent Good Fair Needs COMMENTS Work (1) ORGANISATION • talk was wellprepared • topic clearly stated • structure scope of talk clearly stated in introduction 3 • topic was developed in order stated in introduction • speaker summed up main points in conclusion • speaker formulated conclusions and discussed implications (2) CONTENT Speaker: • was in control of subject matter • covered what s/he intended to cover • displayed knowledge of topic by referring to other sources (3) CONFIDENCE Speaker: • looked relaxed and confident • controlled nervous hand movements • used appropriate body language • established good eye contact initially • maintained eye contact throughout talk • was aware of the audience response • speaker’s movement and posture were relaxed 4 CRITERIA Excellent Good Fair Needs Comments Work (4) SPEECH • pace was varied and not too rushed • volume was appropriate • intonation varied appropriate • pronunciation and articulation were clear • grammar accurate (5) VISUAL AIDS • equipment handled with confidence • introduced at appropriate times • were legible • did not contain too much information • showed appropriate use of diagrams (6) TIMING/MODE OF DELIVERY • talk was welltimed • time was divided appropriately • speaker spoke from notes • speaker read text in spoken style (7) DISCUSSION MANAGEMENT Speaker used appropriate strategies to: 5  initiate discussion  control flow of questions and focus of discussion  respond confidently  deflect difficult or irrelevant questions Downloaded from: 3. Video your next presentation and use the following rubric to assess yourself. Criteria Below expected level At expected level Above expected level Topic introduced. Topic introduced clearly, Topic introduced clearly and purpose of talk was and in an interesting way. Introduction of made clear. Purpose of talk was made topic clear. Outline of points was given. Some understanding of Good understanding of A very good understanding topic shown. Some links topic shown. Links and of the topic shown. Links and connections made connections between ideas and connections between between ideas. Points are made clear. Information ideas made clear. Development of usually developed with was relevant and expressed Information was relevant topic minimum detail. in own words. Points were and well expressed in own Information is usually developed with sufficient words. Points were well relevant. and appropriate details. organised and developed with sufficient and appropriate details. Some eye contact was An interesting approach Speaker monitored made. taken to topic. Speaker audience and adapts used techniques such as presentation accordingly. Techniques used to engage visual aids and props, An interesting or original Ability to audience were minimal, or anecdote, surprising facts, approach taken to the engage and mainly ineffective. direct audience topic. Speaker used involve participation. techniques such as visual audience aids and props, anecdote, humour, surprising facts, direct audience participation. Attempts were made to The presentation content The presentation content, Suitability of tailor the presentation and structure was tailored structure and delivery were presentation for content to the intended to the audience and to the closely tailored to the purpose and audience purpose of informing, intended purpose of audience and to the 6 interesting or persuading. informing, interesting or intended purpose of persuading. informing, interesting or persuading. Presenter occasionally Presenter usually spoke Presenter spoke clearly and spoke clearly and at a good clearly to ensure audience at a good pace to ensure Voice: clarity, pace. comprehension. Delivery audience comprehension. pace, fluency was usually fluent. Delivery was fluent and expressive. The vocabulary of the The vocabulary of the The vocabulary of the presentation was mainly presentation was presentation was Vocabulary, appropriate for the topic. appropriate for the topic. appropriate for the topic. A sentence The presentation content Sentence structures were variety of phrases and structure, was occasionally usually correct. The sentence structures were grammar grammatically correct. presentation content was used. The presentation usually grammatically content was grammatically correct. correct. Pronunciation occasionally Pronunciation and Pronunciation and Pronunciation correct, but often hesitant intonation is usually intonation is correct and and inaccurate. correct. confident. Greetings and general Greetings are culturally Greetings are culturally Cultural presentation are not appropriate. Questions are appropriate. Gestures, conventions for culturally inappropriate. answered appropriately. stance and eye contact are oral appropriate. Questions are presentation answered appropriately. No visual aids were used; Visual aids supported the Visual aids were carefully OR presentation effectively. prepared and supported They clarified and the presentation Visual aids were Use of visual reinforced the spoken effectively. They clarified occasionally appropriate aids message. and reinforced the spoken and related to the spoken message. The aids added message. impact and interest to the presentation. An attempt was made to The presentation was The presentation was Conclusion of conclude the presentation. summed up clearly. summed up clearly and topic effectively, with key points emphasised. Not all questions could be Most questions answered. Questions answered with answered. Questions Answers showed good little difficulty. Very good Answering answered with difficulty, knowledge and knowledge of the topic was questions from and little knowledge of the understanding of the topic. demonstrated. Language audience topic was demonstrated. Language was mainly was correct and fluent. correct. Downloaded from: 7
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