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Sustainable Development Goals and issues

The use of renewable and nonrenewable resources in a manner that satisfies our current needs. sustainable development and environmental issues | Download Free ppt
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTOne person can make a difference … …and everyone should try J F Kennedy Introduction The term“sustainabledevelopment” first came to prominence in the world Conservation Strategy (WCS)in1980. It achieved a new status with the publication of two significant reports by Brundtland on: North and South: a programme for survival and common crisis (1985)  Our Common Future (1983) and has gained even greater attention since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)heldinRiodeJenerioinJune1992.A brief history of sustainable development 1962: Rachel Carson’s 1972: Stockholm UN book “Silent Spring” 1983: Brundtland Conference on Human becomes the catalyst for Commission: “Our Development, first bringing modern Common Future” together heads of state on a environmentalism massive scale to address the question of environment and development 1992: Earth Summit •Rio Declaration •Agenda 21 2000: Millennium •CSD 1997: Kyoto Protocol Development Goals •CBD •UNFCCC 2002: Johannesburg Conference on 2009: COP15 Sustainable Copenhagen Development And now… Rio+20… 2010: COP16 Cancun •Johannesburg Plan of 2011: COP17 Durban Implementation Resources Any thing that we take from the physical landscape to make other things that we need or want for our lives, e.g • Drink • Food • Shelter • Fuel/Power • Manufactured goods But, using resources can lead to a lot of waste Finished Resources Activities products wasteResources : soil Gives support and Eroded and blown nutrients to crops away by wind Over use by people Absorbs water, so and/or animals can helps to slow down cause lasting or stop the risk of damage to soils flooding Soaks up some Washed away by harmful chemicals heavy rainsResources : seas and oceans To think about: What do you think will be the impact of these types of fishing on the resources of the sea?Resources : coal, oil, gas and minerals China & India Are Building 4 New Coal Power Plants – Every Week More than 1,000 new coal plants are planned worldwide, with about three-quarters of these in China and India alone Coal, oil and gas are Fossil Fuels. We dig up coal and drill for oil. We then burn the coal and oil (and gas) to generate electricityResources: forestsResources : minerals Iron ore mine, Australia Granite quarry, Glensanda, ArgyllWhat is Development?  Generally Development is the gradual growth of a situation that becomes more advanced and strong than previous one.  Development is intended to bring a positive change for human being and its surroundings. Development may take place by bringing about a change in policy, projects and legislation.  Development is a unfolding of human potentials for meaningful participation in economic, social, political and cultural process and institutions, so that people can improve their conditions.Sustainable Development “ Improvement Preserving natural Sustainable of lifestyles resources and Development and well-being ecosystemsSustainable Development ○The use of renewable and nonrenewable resources in a manner that satisfies our current needs but does not compromise the future availabilityofresources ○According to the UN, sustainable development “meets the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meettheirownneeds.”Triple Bottom Line Solutions must meet environmental, economic, and social goals simultaneously to satisfy the triple bottom line.  Sustainable development is more than just caring about the environment, or generating money through economic growth.The pillars of Sustainable Development Environ- Society Economic ment Sustainable development Systems Approach When we think of sustainable development we must think of a system where the decisions taken ensure that every component of the system– man, trees, environment, society, wealth, is capable of flourishing without hindering the capacity of the other component to do so, whether inthepresentorinthefutureA look at the three pillars of SD: economic Social environmental •opportunities for growth Participation and inclusion of •Protection of ecosystems and •increased GDP and benefits everyone biosphere •increased quality of air, land, •system stability and security •eradication of poverty and water exclusion •Green jobs and eradication of •better management of waste and unemployment •food security pollution •Prevention of practices which •equitable distribution of •respect and protection for all misuse resources resources species - flora, fauna, marine species •Regulation of over-exploitation •better life chances and •measures to ensure resource and harmful externalities opportunities sustainability and harmony •protection from exploitative •Protection of marine resources practices Sustainable Development – the Economic Dimension The economic pillar is often made to be the strongest or even the only pillar in “development”. To ensure economic development and sustainability at the same time, we need to look at issues such as: ○ Fair trade ○ Debt eradication ○ Putting in place mechanisms which ensure that everyone gets their due reward ○ That corporations, industries and governments or Industries do not use up resources and put a strain on the environment We need mechanisms to “measure” sustainable development. This is why indicators are used. One of the current issues is that the indicator used, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is not appropriate for measuring sustainable development. Firstly, it is based on money. Secondly, using GDP as measure does not reflect social inequality or resource overexploitation. WHAT IF WE USED HAPPINESS AS AN INDICATOR INSTEAD?Sustainable Development – the Social Dimension ○ Health: everyone having access to healthcare and leading healthy lifestyles, and diseases (such as HIV) being eradicated ○ Education: everyone, esp. girls and people from poor background having access to education ○ Equality: everyone should be equal, and not be discriminated against because they do not have the same resources or wealth as others, or because they are a girl or belong to a specific community etc. ○ Peace: many of us may take peace for granted; however, last year, over 30 conflicts and wars around the world were taking place and lack of security is a very real issue for a lot of youth. ○ Food security, technology and communication, equal opportunities etcSustainable Development – The Environmental Dimension The environment pillar of sustainable development is crucial; once we understand that the resources that the planet offers are finite it becomes clear that current methods of consumption are using up more resources than the planet can afford. Examplesofhowhumanactivitieshavealteredtheplanetare: ○Climatechangeandglobalwarming Human activities and choices (especially use of fossil fuels) have released huge amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, which are naturally trapped by our ozone layer– thus contributing to the“greenhouseeffect” and global warming. This has in turn led to changes in weather patterns, more dramatic and destructive natural occurrences, drying up of water resources and melting of polar icecaps– themselves contributing to the rise in sea levels.Continued.. ○Deforestation Humans have destroyed huge amounts of trees to make place for agriculture, construction, industry, and to use as resources e.g for making paper or houses. This has had a huge impact on the planet as trees are not only a huge sink of theplanet’s CO2, but they also provide“ecosystemservices” such as preventing erosion, harbouring countlessspeciesandsoon. ○Lossofbiodiversity Human activities have disrupted ecosystems and also led to the disappearance–extinction–ofcountless speciesofplantsandanimals.Sustainability principles ○ Reduce dependence upon fossil fuels, underground metals, and minerals ○ Reduce dependence upon synthetic chemicals and other unnatural substances ○ Reduce encroachment upon nature ○ Meet human needs fairly & Old and new approaches to efficiently. human use of the atmosphereMany conflicting views of sustainable development believe that it is actually anti-growth and anti-wealth. On the contrary, SD is about balance and a holistic approach to development. This means that some things need to be preserved and sustained while others should be given the incentive to be developed. What needs to What needs to be sustained be developed. • People and cultures • Quality of life • Natural Resources • Justice and social equality • Biodiversity • Equal opportunity • Environment and Ecosystem • Institutions • Culture of sustainability • Fair income • Dialogue and CommunicationMaking those decisions… ○ The challenge is to devise policies which balance economic growth, environmental protection, and social equality and which look at the long term, but as long as you stick to the core principles, this is possible ○ Established Indicators must be used to measure progress of sustainable development policies, so you can evaluate if more needs to be done Thus, you need to think outside the box, and think about others, and view your contribution as part of a system, where you are helping SD policies achieve goals that are beneficial to everyone including the planet.Some quick facts about sustainable development and Rio+20 ○ People participate in Rio+20 through the 9 Major Groups. Our group, the UNCSD Major Group of Children and Youth (MGCY) focuses on engaging youth in the Rio process. ○ Sustainability is not just about climate change, it includes how to conserve and replenish in ways that are helpful for future generations, in all that we do ○ You can count on the MGCY as the official voice for youth at the Rio+20 conference, so keep in touch so we can work togethero There are seven critical issues that are going to center discussions at the conference. These are: Jobs, Oceans, Energy, Water, Food, Cities and Disasters. "We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.”“ Sustainable Development depends on the scientific and efficient use of the resources (natural and manufactured). Future is on the hands of the people. More researches are needed for finding policy and tools of Sustainable Development.THANKS Any questions? You can find us at:
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