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INDUSTRIAL SOCIOLOGY Dewi Hardiningtyas, ST, MT, MBA socius : “companion” ology : “the study of” logos : Auguste Comte “knowledge” 1838 ,“social physics” Sociology is : The scientific study of human social behavior, interaction between humans, social institutions, and social organization/structure A scientific study of society and human behavior Systematic study of collective human behavior The Social Science demographic and census activity was increased  data In 1600’s available  solving urban problems (crime and pauperism) Auguste Comte gave sociology a name and place among the 18301842 academic discipline Emile Durkheim promoted “human behavior as structure th Last 19 and process” and “society as a set of functional century relationships”. sociology became a discipline in Yale, USA. 1875 International Sociological Association established 1949 (sponsored by UNESCO) Macro Sociologist Micro Sociologist 1 2 Who looks at Who looks at the particular pattern of interactions interactions (usually in larger groups) Urbanization Industrialization Poverty Inequality Family breakdown Crime/deviant Racial/ethnic minorities Gathering information for planning and process Evaluation of progress in society Proposing different method of change Dealing with issues of population or budgets Sociologist performs action like social surveys, solves public relation problem, advices to various consumer, and many more for industries Main area of application of sociology in academic institutions or organizations. Sociologists play a role of counselor while solving minority or racial problems Help in understanding and predicting the human behavior in different situations. Also helps in understanding the influence of society on any human and what make them come together to live in a society Interdisciplinary of Sociology Sociology (Sosial) Anthropo Psychology logy (Individu) (Budaya) Clinical Religions Comparative Research design and methodology Educational Rural Environmental Sociobiology Industrial Sociolinguistics Legal Sociology of art Medical and health/wellness Sociology of science Political Social psychology Urban INDUSTRIAL SOCIOLOGY  Industrial sociology is a discipline which deals with study and examination of interaction of human in technological change, globalization, labor markets, work organization, and managerial practices. A sociology of work  Industry : academics, government, business, and religious Sejarah Sosiologi Industri Karl Marx 1 Pembagian kerja memproduksi konflik sosial dan merupakan kausa prima ketidaksederajatan sosial dan alienasi. Emile Durkheim Pembagian kerja dan differensiasi fungsional dari peranperan 2 individu menciptakan integrasi sosial di dalam masyarakat modern Max Weber Menekankan pentingnya “organisasi” dan “birokrasi 3 Scope of Industrial Sociology 1 Relations in a business : the boss and workers, the owner and manager, between managers/ owners/ workers. Factory workers : working situations, mentally, relations. 2 Conditions which affected industry : politics, legal, regulation, 3 national economic performance Industrial development (industrialization) affect the condition of sociological community, and sociological conditions affect the development of industrial society • It can be used to define various industrial relations • It can be used for social development which entails socio political as well as economic changes. • It can be used to define various trade relations • It can be taught as postgraduate subject. • Trained sociologists can be created and they may help in conducting various researches and training. • It can be used as a source of trained personnel’s for various social institutes • It helps in defining and determining the various possible relations inside or outside the country INDUSTRIAL R E L A T I O N Dale Yoders : it is a whole field of relationship that exist because of the necessary collaboration of men and women in the employment process of an industry. Four basic elements : The organizations of workers and managements The state The managements The workers GOVERNMENT, CUSTOMER, OTHERS EXTERNAL COMPANY, SOCIETY, ETC. ORGANIZATIONS SOCIAL RELATIONS IN FORMAL INDUSTRY STATUTORY INDIVIDUAL INTERNAL INFORMAL GROUP SOCIO MIXED FUNCTIONAL Industrial Relations Factor that Influence the behavior of people • Institutions : government, trade unions, labor courts, etc. • Character : to study the role of workers unions and other institutions • Methods : focus on collective bargaining and workers participations in the industrial relations schemes • Contents : pay, hours of work, leave with wages, health and safety disciplinary actions, lay off • To safeguard the interest of labor and management • To avoid industrial conflict • To raise productivity • To establish industrial democracy • To eliminate strikes, lockouts, and gheraos • To regulate government control • Improvements in the economic conditions of workers • Control exercised by the state over industrial undertaking • Socializations or rationalization of industries • Vesting a proprietary interest of workers Reduction in Uninterrupted industrial High morale production disputes Mental New Reduced revolution programs wastage Fall in Multiplier normal effects tempo Frustration Resistance and social of change cost Workers’ Strong and Mutual trust participation in stable union management Sincere Sound Mutual implementation personnel accommodation of agreements policies Government’s Progressive role outlook References • Sembiring, Jimmy Joses. Smart HRD. 2010. Jakarta : Transmedia Pustaka • Schneider, Eugene V. Industrial Sociology: The Social Relations Of Industry And The Community. 1969. McGrawHill • Lari, Osama. Industrial Sociology : A Comprehensive Approach. 2010. India : Word Press THANK YOU
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