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Reading and Taking Notes

Reading and Taking Notes 19
www.library.qut.edu.au QUT Library Reading and Taking Notes Reading and Taking Notes 1Reading and Taking Notes Reading and note taking are key Reading skills you are expected to learn during your University degree. This presentation will show you how to read efficiently for different purposes and how to write effective notes. Note taking Reading and Taking Notes 2What to expect at University Students can arrive at University unprepared for the pace of teaching. – Lecturers move through material quickly – The student-to-teacher ratio is large, meaning less individual attention. Students need to be proactive, self-directed and self-teaching. Reading and Taking Notes 3Be a scientist Visual Read Aural / write Kinaesthetic Experiment with different learning techniques to see which ones work best for you. Discover your learning preferences with the online VARK questionnaire http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=questionnaire Reading and Taking Notes 4Interactive Solitary Learning how to learn Every individual learns differently There is no right or wrong way to study as long as you are able to learn the material. However, there are reading and note-taking techniques that will give you the edge. Reading and Taking Notes 5Reading Taking Notes Reading and Taking Notes 6Reading Taking Notes Reading and Taking Notes 7Reading Detailed Reading Reading Taking Notes Relaxed reading Scanning When writing assignments, reports, research papers or theses, you must acknowledge quotations, information and ideas taken from other authors through a bibliography or list of references. Before you write your list of references/bibliography check with your lecturer/tutor for the referencing and citation style preferred by your Faculty or School. Whatever style is chosen, it is essential to use it consistently throughout your paper. Remember to note full details Skimming of the sources you use while preparing and writing your paper. This will save much time when you later compile your bibliography or list of references. Reading and Taking Notes 8Reading Relaxed Reading Taking Notes Relaxed reading is what you do when you – Look through a magazine – Browse the internet – Read a comic – Read a novel at the beach Relaxed reading does not require memorization or concentration Reading and Taking Notes 9Reading Relaxed Reading Taking Notes Relaxed reading is a good way to enjoy additional or optional readings in your courses. – That is, readings that are NOT to be examined or needed for assessment. If you find something in your additional readings that could be useful, then you can switch your reading style to ‘detailed reading’. The techniques on the next few slides will help you with your detailed reading. Reading and Taking Notes 10Reading Skimming Taking Notes Skimming is used to quickly get an outline of content. Skimming establishes the boundaries of what you need to know and what is most important. Skim a book by reading the table of contents, introductions and conclusions of sections. Reading and Taking Notes 11Reading Skim a journal article or book chapter by running your eyes over the headings, sub-headings, pictures, graphics, captions and words in italics or bold. Taking Notes Methods of Analysis Two main methods of analysis are inductive and deductive. They are quite different in the way they work but they are both important in ongoing research. Fig 12: Differences in concentration Deductive analysis Deductive analysis tends to go from the Inductive Analysis general to the specific. It may start with a Inductive analysis starts with specific observations theory or model and then this is applied to and from these a theory or model is developed. experimental situations hypothesising about Observations are analysed looking for patterns or the expected results regularities. From this the theory is developed and then hypotheses for prediction of behaviour in the future. Reading and Taking Notes 12When writing assignments, reports, research papers or theses, you must acknowledge quotations, information and ideas taken from Reading other authors through a bibliography or list of references. Before you write your list of references/bibliography check with your lecturer/tutor for the referencing and citation style preferred by your Scanning Faculty or School. Whatever style is chosen, it is essential to use it consistently throughout your paper. Remember to note full details of the sources you use while preparing and writing your paper. This Taking will save much time when you later compile your bibliography or list Notes of references. Scanning is useful when reading for a particular phrase or topic. Run your eyes back and forth quickly across the page. Your eyes pick up the words or ideas you are looking for. Scan readings before writing detailed notes. Reading and Taking Notes 13When writing assignments, reports, research papers or theses, you must acknowledge quotations, information and ideas taken from Reading other authors through a bibliography or list of references. Before you write your list of references/bibliography check with your lecturer/tutor for the referencing and citation style preferred by your Scanning Faculty or School. Whatever style is chosen, it is essential to use it consistently throughout your paper. Remember to note full details of the sources you use while preparing and writing your paper. This Taking will save much time when you later compile your bibliography or list Notes of references. Scan when: – Looking for particular key words when searching the databases – Finding a particular quote in an article you have already read – Looking in your textbook for the answer to a tutorial question Reading and Taking Notes 14When writing assignments, reports, research papers or theses, you must acknowledge quotations, information and ideas taken from Reading other authors through a bibliography or list of references. Before you write your list of references/bibliography check with your lecturer/tutor for the referencing and citation style preferred by your Scanning Faculty or School. Whatever style is chosen, it is essential to use it consistently throughout your paper. Remember to note full details of the sources you use while preparing and writing your paper. This Taking will save much time when you later compile your bibliography or list Notes of references. Phonology can be defined as that sub- discipline within linguistics which is concerned with ‘the sound of language’. It differs from phonetics in that it focuses on Activity: How many times the linguistic aspects of the sound of does the word ‘phonetics’ language such as syntax morphology and appear in this paragraph? semantics while phonetics moves more towards aspects of acoustics, neurophysiology and perceptual psychology. It is possible to see many overlaps in research when some subfields could readily be referred to as ‘linguistic phonetics’ or ‘experimental phonology’. Reading and Taking Notes 15When writing assignments, reports, research papers or theses, you must acknowledge quotations, information and ideas taken from Reading other authors through a bibliography or list of references. Before you write your list of references/bibliography check with your lecturer/tutor for the referencing and citation style preferred by your Scanning Faculty or School. Whatever style is chosen, it is essential to use it consistently throughout your paper. Remember to note full details of the sources you use while preparing and writing your paper. This Taking will save much time when you later compile your bibliography or list Notes of references. Phonology can be defined as that sub- discipline within linguistics which is concerned with ‘the sound of language’. It differs from phonetics in that it focuses on Activity: The word ‘phonetics’ the linguistic aspects of the sound of appears 3 times. language such as syntax morphology and semantics while phonetics moves more towards aspects of acoustics, neurophysiology and perceptual psychology. It is possible to see many overlaps in research when some subfields could readily be referred to as ‘linguistic phonetics’ or ‘experimental phonology’. Reading and Taking Notes 16Reading Detailed Reading Taking Notes Detailed reading is a close analysis of a text and is how you should complete all the mandatory readings in your course. Highlight Re-write Underline Map U Reading and Taking Notes 17Reading SQ3R Reading Strategy Taking Notes SQ3R is a technique Survey • Skim or scan a text to determine the structure Question • Write down questions to focus what you are looking for • Write down thoughts, criticisms and reflections about the content Read • Read section by section – using all the graphic aids in the text. Relate material to other ideas in the course or your own interpretation of the content. Recall • Try answering your own questions in your own words. This tests how well you can remember what you have read. Review • Regular reviews increase retention and understanding Reading and Taking Notes 18Reading Detailed Reading – Weekly Readings Taking Notes How long will it take to read and take notes on all my assigned readings? – Approximately 10 minutes per page. However, each student is different and each subject is different, so... Time yourself reading Use the time it takes to read and take notes of 1 page to estimate how long you need to study per week. Reading and Taking Notes 19Reading How to Study Weekly Taking Readings Notes Time Read Write Think 30min Skim Overview Connect ideas covered in lecture and tutorial. 10min BREAK 45min Detail Highlight How does the reading Notes develop ideas? 10min BREAK 45min Detail Highlight How does the reading Notes develop ideas? 10min BREAK 30min Review Summarize What needs to be Mnemonics remembered? Write ‘to-do’ list Reading and Taking Notes 20Reading Taking Notes Reading and Taking Notes 21Taking Notes Lectures Assignments Exams Reading and Taking Notes 22Reading Lectures Taking Notes Download PowerPoint presentations ahead of time (if possible). Before lectures Skim slides and relevant readings before the lecture. Write down questions to ask your tutor or lecturer. In lectures After lectures Focus on content that will be assessed Read readings in detail Use abbreviations Review and re-write lecture notes in your own words Use diagrams, different coloured pens, Ask questions in tutorials arrows, etc... to quickly convey ideas Reading and Taking Notes 23Reading Assignments Taking Notes Always record the source with the content of ideas. Group notes by source or topic Source 1: James and Black (1999) Main idea Sources Poverty causes social isolation which has implications for children’s emotional wellbeing (p.45) Watson (2000, p. 32) Peters (2001, p. 54) James and Black Poverty can lead to attention seeking behaviour to gain Idea 1: recognition by peers (p.16) (1999, p. 45) Social Economic status not necessarily an indicator of academic Isolation ability or commitment (p.55) Smith (2004, p. 75) James and Black Harvey (2008, p. 95- Idea 2: Source 2: Smith (2004) (1999, p. 16) 97) Behaviour Family poverty impedes children’s ability to interact in the playground (p.75) Source 3: Watson (2000) Peters (2001, p. 35) Idea 3: James and Black Poverty is socially isolating for children (p.32) (1999, p. 55) Commitment Poverty is more prevalent in single parent and indigenous families (p.14) Reading and Taking Notes 24Reading Exams Taking Notes By the exam study period you should have100-200 pages of notes per subject. – Approx. 10 pages per week Reduce your notes to smaller chunks of information 2-3 times before the day of the exam to maximize memory Reading and Taking Notes 25Reading Exams Taking Notes Writing good notes is one of the best ways to retain information. Make mnemonics (sentences or words to help you remember ) Write flash cards Draw diagrams Reading and Taking Notes 26Image references (in order of appearance) PAGES 1-15 Bram Cymet, 'Zoom', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bcymet/3716590450/, ed, 2009, A photograph of a road taken with long exposure and zoom. In: QutPhoto2634.jpg, ed, 2004, Three QUT students in labcoats work together. dplastino, 'WU MING - Mind Map', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/marea/4035666628/, ed, 2009, A multi-coloured concept map. '2students', In: http://www.rcc.edu/students/images/2students.jpg, ed, girl and boy sitting on stairs talking with book on lap. 'student', In: http://www.sastt.ca/images/student.gif, ed, illustration of a stack of books. Kevin Paul Jones, 'Day 136: Procrastination', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/53537358@N00/2282744795/, ed, 2008, A Playstation II controller. herval, 'Wishful Thinking', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/herval/26406106/, ed, 2005, Cartoon of girl looking up. Kaitlyn, 'Day 178 - 7-26-09', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaitastrophic/3760236898/, ed, 2009, A student reads a book lying in bed. MC Quinn, 'Study', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mcquinn/2302027163/, ed, 2008, two girls sit in library studying. dmscvan, 'Thesis Table of Contents - 2006', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/svandermark/184667699/, ed, 2006, Table of contents. Light Rail Now, In: http://www.lightrailnow.org/images02/transit-graph-safety-per-pm-avg-2002-04_lrn.gif, ed, A graph of transit safety. Nicco Mele, 'Multi-tasking', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicco/3177526738/, ed, 2009. 'college-student', In: http://firstnyfcu.files.wordpress.com/2007/08/college-student.jpg, ed, student cross-legged with book in park. Tama Leaver, 'Coloured Contacts', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/tamaleaver/66740030/, ed, 2005, A green coloured eye. Mark Pilkington, 'Bee perception experiment', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/strangeattractor/154183797/, ed, 2006, A set of coloured circles for an experiment on bee perception. Reading and Taking Notes 27Image references (in order of appearance) PAGES 17-27 Karin Dalziel, 'Can't erase the highlighting in Zotero', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nirak/772741433/, ed, 2007, Screen capture of highlighted text. dplastino, 'WU MING - Mind Map', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/marea/4035666628/, ed, 2009, A multi-coloured concept map. Nick Aldwin, 'Tools of Evil', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ninja999/2191121767/, ed, 2008, pencil, eraser, page of maths workings. Tama Leaver, 'Coloured Contacts', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/tamaleaver/66740030/, ed, 2005, A green coloured eye. Leo Reynolds, 'question mark ?' In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/12364944/, ed, 2005, A photograph of a question mark with black border. Mark Wainwright, 'Revision', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/m-a-r-k/504416145/, ed, 2007, A close-up photo of a text book. herval, 'Wishful Thinking', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/herval/26406106/, ed, 2005, Cartoon of girl looking up. QUT, 'Reviewing', In: reviewing.jpg, ed, 2009, A graph showing percentage remembered over time with or without review. Kevin Collins, 'Stopped Watch', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kevincollins/38513145/, ed, 2005, A stop watch. Alan Morton-Smith, 'Lecture theatre audience', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mosmi/3709805804/, ed, 2009. Michael, 'Hypergeometric', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pictoral/2377836517/, ed, 2008, Student studying his notes. ccarlstead, 'Eraser', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cristic/2579854471/, ed, 2008, student in exam. QUT, 'Studying for Exams', In: studying_for_exams.jpg, ed, 2009, Diagram of how to study for exams. J.G. Davis, 'Life cycle of the alfalfa weevil', In: http://www.forestryimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=5365593, ed, 2008, A diagram of the life cycle of the alfalfa weevil. Steve Keys, 'ThinkMac's iKanji 1.0', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/36645776@N00/2711191611/, ed, 2008, screen capture of Japanese kanji flash card program. Lee Pilich, 'Music cross-rhythm, what atrocious weather.PNG', In: _what_atrocious_weather.PNG http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Music_cross-rhythm, ed, 2003, mnemonic diagram to help music student remember Reading and Taking Notes 28
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