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Enterprise Management Systems
Enterprise Management Systems
www.ThesisScientist.comEnterprise Management System
• EMS is concerned with control, monitoring and the
management of IT infrastructure and applications in
order to optimize IT service delivery in Company.
• EMS is wide information system designed to coordinate
all the resources, information and activities needed to
complete business processes.
• Enterprise – an entire company, everything, allinclusive
• Management – The monitoring and controlling of entities
• Systems – Information Technology Infrastructure,
hardware and software, data, information, and processes
• Enterprise software is any software used in large
organizations (whether business or government).
• It is considered to be an essential part of a
computerbased information system, and it
provides businessoriented tools such as online
payment processing and automated billing
• Enterprise software is also referred to as
enterprise application software.
www.ThesisScientist.comEnterprise Resource Planning
• ERP is business process management software that
allows an organization to use a system of integrated
applications to manage the business and automate
back office functions.
• ERP software integrates all facets of an operation,
including product planning, development,
manufacturing processes, sales and marketing.
• Some of ERP’s functions include:
– Bookkeeping Accounting
– Human Resource Management
– Planning Production
– Supply Chain management
www.ThesisScientist.comEnterprise Resource Planning Software
• It helps an organization to integrate information flows,
operations and processes all resources accessible, for
example, materials, work force, machine and money.
• The focus of ERP is on resource management within
constraints to maximize the return on investment.
• These data are then stored in a unified database, which
are the key for the success of this software solution.
• The ERP package design is built on the principle of Best
• ERP Software: SAP, Supply Chain Management, CRM
• A supply chain is the system of organizations,
people, activities, information and resources
involved in moving a product or service from
supplier to customer.
• Supply chain activities transform raw materials
and components into a finished product that
is delivered to the end customer.
Distributor Retailer Customers
www.ThesisScientist.comSupply Chain Management
Supply Chain Management is
the design and management of processes
across organizational boundaries
with the goal of matching supply and demand
in the most cost effective way.
Matching Supply and Demand
www.ThesisScientist.comCustomer Relationship Management
• Customer Relationship Management is a
strategy for managing all your company’s
interactions with current and prospective
• CRM formation of bonds between a company
and its customers.
• CRM enables your company to increase
productivity, close more business, and
improve customer satisfaction and retention.
www.ThesisScientist.comModel of Customer Relationship
www.ThesisScientist.comCustomer Retention Marketing
• Customization: Changing the product (not just
the marketing message) according to user
• Customer coproduction: Allows the customer
to interactively create the product
• Customer service tools include:
– Frequently asked questions
– Realtime customer service chat systems
– Automated response systems
www.ThesisScientist.comBenefits of using CRM
• Centralized customer interaction
• Improved customer support and satisfaction
• High rate of customer retention
• Increase revenue and referrals from existing
• Improve your products/services
• Measure and optimize your performance
• Boost new business
www.ThesisScientist.comEnterprise Information Management
• Enterprise information management (EIM) is a set
of business processes, disciplines and practices
used to manage the information created from an
• EIM initiatives seek to build efficient and agile
data management operations with capabilities for
information creation, capture, distribution and
• The goal is to provide and preserve information
as a business asset that remains secure, easily
accessible, meaningful, accurate and timely.
www.ThesisScientist.comEnterprise IT Management
• EITM is a strategy conceived and developed by
Computer Associates International which details how
organizations can transform the management of IT in
order to maximize business value.
• Strategy for increasing the business relevance of the IT
function, EITM considers the need for IT organizations
to start operating as a servicebased business.
• Ensuring investments are prioritized according to
business strategy and that operational efficiencies can
be more quickly realized and costs reduced when IT
processes are integrated and automated.
www.ThesisScientist.comRole of IT in Enterprise Management
• Enterprise IT Management was developed in
response to a growing need by IT organizations to
gain more value from investments made in IT
capabilities, infrastructure and resources.
• EITM proposes a set of capabilities that enable IT
to better govern, manage and secure the IT
services delivered to the business.
• IT/IS as asset, “strategic weapon”, “nervous
system” (strategic level) Vs tool, commodity
www.ThesisScientist.comEnterprise Information Systems
• Enterprise information system (EIS) is a system
that serves an entire enterprise or at least two
functional departments in:
– Business intelligence (BI)
– Enterprise resource planning (ERP)
– Knowledge management (KM)
– Partner relationship management (PLM)
– Business process management (BPM)
– Customer relationship management (CRM)
www.ThesisScientist.comRole of IS in Enterprise Management
• Help to unify the firm’s structure and organization: One
• Management: Firm wide knowledgebased management processes
• Technology: Unified platform
• Business: More efficient operations customerdriven business
• Supporting the major business functions: sales and marketing,
manufacturing and production, finance and accounting, and human
www.ThesisScientist.comRole of IS and IT in Enterprise Management
• Reduce Costs/ Improve Productivity
• Improve Customer Satisfaction/ Loyalty
• Create Competitive Advantage
• Generate growth
• Streamline Supply Chain
• Global Expansion
www.ThesisScientist.comWhat do Enterprise Engineers do
• Identify and Integrate
best and most
successful ways to
change an enterprise
www.ThesisScientist.comWhat do Enterprise Engineers do
• Two aspects
– Understand new mechanisms
• New ways of organizing work
• New Corporate Architectures must be
– Understand methods that can change
www.ThesisScientist.comTwo questions Enterprise Engineers always ask
• What should the enterprise
• How do we get there from
• Enterprise Engineering is integrated set of
disciplines for building or changing an
enterprise, its processes, and systems.
• It integrates the most powerful change
methods and makes them succeed.
• The goal is a humantechnological partnership
of maximum efficiency in which learning takes
place at every level.
www.ThesisScientist.comGoal of the Enterprise Engineer
• Identify and integrate the most valuable and
successful ways to change an enterprise, and
to take them into a professional discipline
with a teachable methodology and measures
www.ThesisScientist.comNeed for Enterprise Integration
• Integration of markets
• Integration between several development and
• Integration between suppliers and
• Integration of design and manufacturing
• Integration of multivendor hardware and
www.ThesisScientist.comBasic principles for integration
• Provide the vision, right information,
resources, and responsibility
• Empowered people
• A comprehensive and effective
• Democratization and dissemination of
• Freely shared information
www.ThesisScientist.comTwo major issues of Enterprise
• How to motivate employee
• How to provide employee with the right
information to do their jobs
www.ThesisScientist.comTypes of Integration
• Loose Integration versus Full Integration
• Horizontal Integration versus Vertical
• IntraEnterprise Integration versus Inter
• System Integration, Application Integration,
and Business Integration
www.ThesisScientist.comLoose Integration versus Full
• Loose Integration If two systems can merely
exchange information with one another with no
guarantee that they will interpret this information
the same way
• Full integration Two systems are fully integrated
if and only if
– the specificities of any one of these systems are only
known to the system itself and not by the other one,
– the two systems both contribute to a common task,
– the two systems share the same definition of each
concept they exchange
www.ThesisScientist.comHorizontal Integration versus Vertical
• Horizontal Integration concerning physical and logical
integration of business processes from product demand
to product shipment, regardless of the organizational
Concerning the technological flow
• Vertical Integration concerns integration between the
various management levels of the enterprise, i.e.
decisionmaking integration, where a management level
defines the set of constraints for its lower management
levels, which in turn send feedback information to their
upper management level, and so on.
Concerning the decision flow
www.ThesisScientist.comIntraEnterprise Integration versus
IntraEnterprise Integration the integration of
the business processes internal to a given
enterprise. (Full integration)
InterEnterprise Integration the integration of
business processes of a given enterprise with
business processes of other enterprises, or
even sharing some parts of business processes
by different cooperative enterprises. (Loose
www.ThesisScientist.comSystem Integration, Application
Integration, and Business Integration
• Physical System Integration concerning
• Application Integration concerning
Interoperability of applications
• Business integration concerning Business
• Developing a common understanding among the
key stakeholders of the purpose and goals of the
project and the means and methods of
accomplishing those goals is called the Alignment
• It is important to accomplish this alignment
during the initiation phase.
• Project managers usually conduct a startup
meeting that is sometimes called a kickoff
www.ThesisScientist.comAlignment Process (Continued)
• The agenda and duration of the startup meeting
depends on the complexity level of the project.
• Projects with a limited scope and short duration
may engage in a session startup meeting over
• A mediumcomplexity project will require more
hour meeting while a highcomplexity project
cannot achieve alignment in a single meeting.
Alignment can require several days of activities.
www.ThesisScientist.comObjective of Alignment Process
• The purpose of the alignment process is to develop a
common understanding of the purpose, agree on the
means and methods, and establish trust.
• The components of the alignment process are
discussions of the purpose, goals, participant roles,
methods of tracking progress and costs, methods of
managing change, and building trust.
• The effects of a lack of trust are delays caused by fact
checking or missing information that was not shared
because the person’s discretion was not trusted to
handle sensitive information.
“Doing your best is not enough.”
W. Edwards Deming
You must know what to do, how to do it
and be willing to pay the price to do it.