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Group influence social psychology ppt

conflict and peacemaking social psychology ppt and aggression in social psychology ppt
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Published Date:14-07-2017
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Chapter 15 Social Psychologyƒƒ ƒƒ Social Thinking Social Psychology scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another Attribution Theory tendency to give a causal explanation for someone’s behavior, often by crediting either the situation or the person’s dispositionƒƒ ƒƒ Social Thinking Fundamental Attribution Error tendency for observers, when analyzing another’s behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition Attitude belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in a particular way to objects, people and eventsƒ Social Thinking Our behavior is affected by our inner attitudes as well as by external social influences Internal External attitudes influences Behaviorƒƒ Social Thinking Attitudes follow behavior Cooperative actions feed mutual likingƒƒƒ ƒƒ Social Thinking Foot-in-the-Door Phenomenon tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request Role set of expectations about a social position defines how those in the position ought to behaveƒ ƒ ƒ Social Thinking Cognitive Dissonance Theory we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance) we feel when two of our thoughts (cognitions) are inconsistent example- when we become aware that our attitudes and our actions clash, we can reduce the resulting dissonance by changing our attitudesƒ Social Thinking Cognitive dissonanceƒƒ ƒƒ Social Influence Conformity adjusting one’s behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard Normative Social Influence influence resulting from a person’s desire to gain approval or avoid disapprovalƒ Social Influence Asch’s conformity experimentsƒ ƒ Social Influence Informational Social Influence influence resulting from one’s willingness to accept others’ opinions about realityƒ Social Influence Milgram’s follow-up obedience experimentƒ Social Influence Some individuals resist social coercionƒƒƒ ƒƒ Social Influence Social Facilitation improved performance of tasks in the presence of others occurs with simple or well-learned tasks but not with tasks that are difficult or not yet mastered Social Loafing tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountableSocial Facilitationƒ ƒ Social Influence Deindividuation loss of self-awareness and self- restraint in group situations that foster arousal and anonymityƒƒ ƒƒ Social Influence Group Polarization enhancement of a group’s prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group Groupthink mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides realistic appraisal of alternativesƒ Social Influence If a group is like-minded, discussion strengthens its prevailing opinionsƒƒ ƒ Social Relations Prejudice an unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory actionƒƒ ƒƒ Social Relations Stereotype a generalized (sometimes accurate, but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people Discrimination unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group or its members