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The Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020

The Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 28
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EmmaGoulding,Vatican City,Professional
Published Date:06-07-2017
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HORIZON 2020 The New EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation 2014-2020 Speaker's nameThe Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020: European Council conclusions, 8 February 2013 Key challenge: stabilise the financial and economic system while taking measures to create economic opportunities 1. Smart & inclusive growth (€451 billion) HORIZON Competitive Education, Connecting Cohesion Business 2020 Youth, Sport Europe SMEs 2. Sustainable growth, natural resources (€373 billion) 3. Security and citizenship (€16 billion) 4. Global Europe (€58 billion) TOTAL 5. Administration (€61.6 billion) €960 billionInvestment in R&D is part of the solution to exit from the economic crises GPD growth, 2010 Average R&D Investment, 2004-2009What is Horizon 2020 • Initial Commission proposal for a €80 billion research and innovation funding programme (2014-2020); now just over €70 billion • A core part of Europe 2020, Innovation Union & European Research Area: − Responding to the economic crisis to invest in future jobs and growth − Addressing people’s concerns about their livelihoods, safety and environment − Strengthening the EU’s global position in research, innovation and technologyActive involvement of stakeholders • EU Presidencies: Sweden (societal challenges-based approach), Spain (integration of research and innovation), Hungary (FP7 interim evaluation), Poland (widening participation), European Council conclusions from 4.2.2011 (Common Framework to bring together all EU research and innovation funding) • European Parliament reports: Merkies (Innovation Union), Audy (FP7 evaluation), Matias (Horizon 2020) and Carvalho (simplification) • Overwhelming response to the public consultation on Horizon 2020 (more than 2000 contributions) • Survey on administrative costs for participants in FP7 • 25 workshops on the content of Horizon 2020⃰ What's new • A single programme bringing together three separate programmes/initiatives • Coupling research to innovation – from research to retail, all forms of innovation • Focus on societal challenges facing EU society, e.g. health, clean energy and transport • Simplified access, for all companies, universities, institutes in all EU countries and beyond th The 7 Research Framework Programme (FP7), innovation aspects of Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP), EU contribution to the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)Three priorities Excellent science Industrial Societal leadership challengesPriority 1. Excellent science Why: • World class science is the foundation of tomorrow’s technologies, jobs and wellbeing • Europe needs to develop, attract and retain research talent • Researchers need access to the best infrastructures⃰ Proposed funding (€ million, 2014-2020) European Research Council (ERC) Frontier research by the best individual teams 13 095 Future and Emerging Technologies Collaborative research to open new fields of 2 696 innovation Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (MSCA) Opportunities for training and career development 6 162 Research infrastructures (including e-infrastructure) Ensuring access to world-class facilities 2 488 All funding figures in this presentation are subject to the pending Multiannual Financial Framework Regulation by the EP and the CouncilPriority 2. Industrial leadership Why: • Strategic investments in key technologies (e.g. advanced manufacturing, micro-electronics) underpin innovation across existing and emerging sectors • Europe needs to attract more private investment in research and innovation • Europe needs more innovative small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to create growth and jobsProposed funding (€ million, 2014-2020) Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies (LEITs) 13 557 (ICT, nanotechnologies, materials, biotechnology, manufacturing, space) Access to risk finance Leveraging private finance and venture 2 842 capital for research and innovation Innovation in SMEs 616 + complemented by expected 20% of Fostering all forms of innovation in all budget of societal challenges + LEITs and types of SMEs 'Access to risk finance' with strong SME focus Priority 3. Societal challenges Why: • Concerns of citizens and society/EU policy objectives (climate, environment, energy, transport, etc) cannot be achieved without innovation • Breakthrough solutions come from multi-disciplinary collaborations, including social sciences & humanities • Promising solutions need to be tested, demonstrated and scaled up⃰ Proposed funding (€ million, 2014-2020) Health, demographic change and wellbeing 7 472 Food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and 3 851 maritime research & the Bioeconomy Secure, clean and efficient energy 5 931 Smart, green and integrated transport 6 339 Climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials 3 081 Inclusive and reflective societies 1 309 Secure societies 1 695 Science with and for society 462 Spreading excellence and widening participation 816 Additional funding for nuclear safety and security from the Euratom Treaty activities (2014-2018)Horizon 2020 and partnering Public private partnerships: • Through Joint Technology Initiatives or other formal structures (Art. 187) • Through contractual agreements, which provide inputs for work programmes • Only when criteria met, e.g. clear commitments from private partners Public public partnerships: • Through « ERA-Nets » for topping up individual calls/actions (replacing current ERA-Net, ERA-Net Plus, Inco-Net, Inno-net) • Through participation in joint programmes between Member States (Art. 185) • Supporting agendas of Joint Programming Initiatives when in line with Horizon 2020 • Only when criteria met, e.g. financial commitments of participating countries European Innovation Partnerships: • Not funding instruments, but for coordination with broader policies and programmes⃰ Role of the EIT and JRC in Horizon 2020 Proposed funding (€ million, 2014-2020) European Institute of Innovation & Technology (EIT) 2 711 Combining research, innovation & training in knowledge and Innovation Communities Joint Research Centre (JRC) 1 903 Providing a robust, evidence base for EU policies Additional funding for the JRC for Euratom Treaty activitiesSimplification: Rules for Participation 1. A single set of rules:  Adapted for the whole research and innovation cycle  Covering all research programmes and funding bodies  Aligned to the Financial Regulation, coherent with other new EU Programmes 2. One project – one funding rate  Maximum of 100% of the total eligible costs (except for innovation actions, where a 70% maximum will apply for profit making entities)  Indirect eligible costs: a flat rate of 25% of direct eligible costs 3. Simple evaluation criteria  Excellence – Impact – Implementation (Excellence only, for the ERC) 4. New forms of funding aimed at innovation  pre-commercial procurement, inducement prizes, dedicated loan and equity instruments 5. International participation  facilitated but better protecting EU interestsSimplification: Rules for Participation 6. Simpler rules for grants  broader acceptance of participants accounting practices for direct costs, flat rate for indirect costs, no time-sheets for personnel working full time on a project, possibility of output-based grants 7. Fewer, better targeted controls and audits  Lowest possible level of requirements for submission of audit certificates without undermining sound financial management  Audit strategy focused on risk and fraud prevention 8. Improved rules on intellectual property  Balance between legal security and flexibility  Tailor-made IPR provisions for new forms of funding  A new emphasis on open access to research publications Beyond the Rules: further simplified provisions in the Grant Agreement and implementing procedures to facilitate access to Horizon 2020 (e.g. common IT platform).Simplification: summary • Single set of simpler and more coherent participation rules • New balance between trust and control • Moving from several funding rates for different beneficiaries and activities to just two • Replacing the four methods to calculate overhead or «indirect costs» with a single flat rate • Major simplification under the forthcoming financial regulation • Successful applicants to get working more quickly: time-to-grant of 8 months; exceptions for the ERC and in duly justified casesContributing to the European Research Area (ERA) • ERA framework proposal in 2012 to create a single market for knowledge research and innovation • Complemented by Horizon 2020:  Boosting support to ERA priorities – mobility, infrastructures, knowledge transfer, policy learning  Stronger partnerships with Member States and private sector to invest more efficiently  Taking account of gender, ethical issues, researcher careers and open access to resultsStrong participation by SMEs • Integrated approach - around 20% of the total budget for societal challenges and LEITs to go to SMEs • Simplification of particular benefit to SMEs (e.g. single entry point) • A new SME instrument will be used across all societal challenges as well as for the LEITs • A dedicated activity for research-intensive SMEs in 'Innovation in SMEs' • 'Access to risk finance' will have a strong SME focus (debt and equity facility)