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What is Critical Thinking?

What is Critical Thinking? 34
 Critical Thinking? Critical thinking is clear, rational, logical, and independent thinking. It’s about improving thinking by analyzing, assessing, and reconstructing how we think. It also means thinking in a self-regulated and self-corrective manner. It’s thinking on purpose Critical thinking involves mindful communication, About This Workbook problem-solving, and a freedom from bias or egocentric tendency. You can apply critical 
 The activity pages in the Critical Thinking thinking to any kind of subject, problem, 
 Workbook are meant to be shared and explored. or situation you choose. Use it as an electronic document or as worksheets. You can either print off the pages and use them as activity sheets, or you can edit them directly right in the document on your computer. There are also Answer Keys for the activities 
 that need them provided at the back of 
 the book. Now, go get thinkingActivities for COMMUNICATIONThis exercise is about differentiating between fact and opinion. A fact can be proven either true or false. An opinion is an expression of feeling or point-of-view and cannot be proven true or false. FACT or The teacher will create some statements that are either fact or opinion. If it’s a fact, check on F and then OPINION briefly explain how it can be proven. If it’s an opinion, check on O and briefly explain why you feel it can’t ? be proven. Compare answers with your friends and share your views with each other. Statement: Reasoning: F O 1. ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ F O ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 2. F O 3. ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ F O 4. ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ F O ___________________________________________________________ 5. ____________________________________________ F O 6. ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ F O ___________________________________________________________ 7. ____________________________________________ F O ___________________________________________________________ 8. ____________________________________________ F O 9. ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ F O ___________________________________________________________ 10. ____________________________________________Use this one for role-playing and interpersonal communication skills. Fill out the character sheet below to create a persona. Next, the class should be given an historical event or current issue COFFEE related to the lesson to discuss. Students should also get some time to do some research, and to think about how they want to represent their character’s views. HOUSE
 CHAT The class will split into groups. What follows will be a 20 min. cafe-style conversation about the chosen topic. Be sure to practice things like being open-minded and disagreeing respectfully. Character Name: __________________________ Age: ____ Gender: ________ Marital Status: ____________ Occupation: ______________________________ Education Level: _____ Hobbies: _______________________ 
 Create a brief background for your character: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Research notes for your chat: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________Work on some skills using metaphor and choosing words carefully with this fun, challenging exercise. Imagine you live in a world where there are only 10 words you can ever use. You can repeat them as much as you want, but you can’t ever use any other words. Write down the 10 words you’d choose. WORLDLY Next, make sentences with them in order to communicate something to your group. Use feeling and gesture WORDS to help them understand you. You can measure their understanding by writing your actual intended meaning below the sentence. Remember, you’ve only got 10 words to use, so choose them well Your 10 words: Create sentences with them here: 1. ____________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
 1. Actual meaning: _______________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________________________
 2. 3. ____________________________ Actual meaning: _______________________________________________________________ 4. ____________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
 3. ____________________________ Actual meaning: _______________________________________________________________ 5. 6. ____________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________________________________
 Actual meaning: _______________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 7. 5. ______________________________________________________________________________
 ____________________________ 8. Actual meaning: _______________________________________________________________ 9. ____________________________ 6. ______________________________________________________________________________
 ____________________________ Actual meaning: _______________________________________________________________ 10.This exercise encourages us to look much deeper at who we are both as individuals and as a society. It’s about looking at what we do or what we value with a fresh perspective. ALIEN
 Each activity encourages you to answer the questions as a way of exploring assumptions and some TRAVEL
 common situations in life that we take for granted. There are 2 scenarios provided. The blank space GUIDE is so that you can write your own. You can test your fellow classmates with your scenarios in stylized interview sessions where one of you is the alien and the other is the travel guide. Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 You are conducting a tour for aliens who You are chatting with a group of aliens ___________________________________ are visiting earth and observing humans. on a tour of a local library. While you all ___________________________________ You’re all in their spaceship when you fly mingle, one of the aliens picks up a ___________________________________ over a football stadium. One of the aliens volume about the history of global war ___________________________________
 is confused, and turns to you for help. Try and conflict. The alien turns to you and ___________________________________ answering these questions: asks you these questions: ___________________________________ ___________________________________ What is a game, and why do humans What is war and why do humans ___________________________________
 play them? wage it upon each other? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ What are “teams” and why are they so Humans seem to feel that warfare is ___________________________________ important for humans to be part of? often the only way to resolve conflict. ___________________________________
 Why is this so? Why is it these games seem to get ___________________________________ more attention than other matters on How do you decide who wins and 
 ___________________________________ your planet, like disease and poverty? who loses? How do you know this is ___________________________________ accurate? ___________________________________
 Why do humans get so emotional ___________________________________ and even violent when watching How does warfare affect those who ___________________________________ games? can’t or won’t participate? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ What would happen if no human What legacy do you feel these wars will ___________________________________ could ever play these games again? provide for your future generations?Time for some great debates In this exercise, students will learn the importance of being able to take a stance on an issue and defending that stance with logic, reasoning, knowledge, and common sense. TALK IT Below is a list of scenarios to present for students to discuss and debate. They are based primarily on ethics OUT and morality. They will encourage students to take a stand and defend their viewpoint. These can be done in pairs, but are much more compelling in larger class debates where views are divided. They can also be used as individual worksheets—students can circle an answer and then explain their choice in writing. 1. Richard finds an expensive looking ring in the school hallway one day. It has no name on it, and it’s not near anyone’s locker. 
 Should he: A) Give it to lost and found B) Ask if it belongs to anyone there C) Keep it and not say anything 2. Judy’s friend is stressed about an upcoming test. Judy already took the test and got 100%, so she knows all the answers already.
 Should she: A) Just give the answers to her friend B) Use her knowledge to coach her friend C) Not get involved at all 3. Coach Nelson has caught two of his star basketball players vandalizing school property. The rule is that they must be suspended. If that happens their team loses the upcoming semi-finals. If the coach keeps quiet they’ll surely win, but he could lose his job.
 Should the coach: A) Suspend the two players and obey the rules B) Pretend he never saw them 4. Nick overhears two students bragging about having posted some inappropriate images of a female student online for a joke. 
 Should he: A) Mind his own business B) Report the incident to the school principal C) Confront the boys and defend the student 5. You witness a bank robbery, and follow the perpetrator down an alleyway. He stops at an orphanage and gives them all the money.
 Would you: A) Report the man to police since he committed a crime B) Leave him alone because you saw him do a good deed 6. A friend tells you that he/she has been receiving anonymous bullying messages online. You suspect that certain people are guilty.
 Would you: A) Tell your friend just to ignore them B) Encourage them to report the abuse C) Risk confronting the ones you suspectHere is an exercise for visualization and non-verbal communication. It involves conversing with writing and drawing to develop reflection and deliberate thinking. SILENT Break into groups of 2 or 3. Each person gets their own sheet (or create one big one for the team). The SHARING teacher will provide an essential driving question to ponder. Write it at the top of the sheet. Next, reflect on the question and then begin “talking” about it using only writing and sketching in your space. The Essential Question: __________________________________________________________________________This is an exercise used in business to help you think fast and get your point across. It’s all about choosing and using words carefully and persuasively to achieve your goals in any conversation. ELEVATOR You must convincingly “pitch” an idea, concept, product/service or proposal in the time it takes to ride PITCH an elevator (about 30 to 60 seconds) so this is a timed exercise. Make some notes about what you want to say; some topic ideas and note space are provided below. Enjoy the ride My Topic: ________________________________ Ideas for EP Topics _____________________________________________________________________________ A product or service you are offering _____________________________________________________________________________ An idea for a website/social network _____________________________________________________________________________ A special project you need to fund _____________________________________________________________________________
 _____________________________________________________________________________ A favour you need from someone _____________________________________________________________________________ An organization or business plan _____________________________________________________________________________ An invention you want to get patented _____________________________________________________________________________
 _____________________________________________________________________________ A party plan for a birthday/wedding _____________________________________________________________________________ A campaign for a political position _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
 An advertisement for a local event _____________________________________________________________________________ An idea for a blog or a book _____________________________________________________________________________ A unique interior design for a space _____________________________________________________________________________Activities for THINKING VISUALLYRebus puzzles use visuals that put a different spin on words or parts of words that are well known. 
 REBUS Figure out the word or phrase for each of these rebus puzzles and write it underneath. ROUNDUP ANOTHER
 T 2222 ONE 1_____________ 2_____________ 3_____________ 4_____________ 5_____________ GET IT
 and better MORAL GET IT
 talk 10 AC GET IT
 and better III GET IT 6_____________ 7_____________ 8_____________ 9_____________ 10____________ B R TRAVEL
 BREED PHROMATE ED CCCCCC E D 11____________ 12____________ 13____________ 14____________ 15____________ YOURSELF
 YOURSELF SECRET 16____________ 17____________ 18____________ 19____________ 20____________ GET SHOWLook at the objects and words on the page for 1 minute. Next, try to write down everything you remember seeing and reading on the page. If you’re doing this one as a colour print-off, try recalling TOTAL RECALL the specific colour of each word and shape too, if you can. EAST SUMMER LUNCH RIGHT VACATION RAINBOW SUNGLASSES WINTER WEST images: www.freepik.comConnect these 9 dots using only four lines, and without lifting your pencil from the paper. 
 4/9 CONNECT (Hint: Think beyond real and imaginary boundaries with this puzzle.)Put in your own creative wording for each of these images. You can write some dialog between the CRAZY characters, write a single-line caption, or turn the image into a clever meme. Keep it short and witty CAPTIONS ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________Write one sentence to explain what each common image or symbol means to you. The idea here is to MEANINGS move away from conventional meanings and relate to the images personally. IN MIND ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________Anagrams are words and sentences that can be written different ways to obtain more words or groups AWESOME of words. Create new words by rearranging the letters in the ones below—some can be tricky ANAGRAMS SPEAR REWARD LEAST REINS PASTE MISTER TRACES ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ PLATES SPREAD POST PLAYER NAME SKATE SNAP ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ LEAP PARTIES RATES RESTRAIN PASS TEAM EAST ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________Activities for INDIVIDUAL SKILLSAnswer each question for each list below. To make it more challenging, try answering as quickly YOU NAME IT as you can against another person. Name 3 people that: Name 3 places that: Name 3 things that: 1. Talk more than you 1. Have good food 1. Are square ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 2. Talk less than you 2. You would like to visit 2. Are orange ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 3. Work hard 3. Have lots of mountains 3. Smell good ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 4. You think are smart 4. Are always warm 4. Live in the water ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5. Wear costumes 5. You don’t want to visit ever 5. Taste terrible ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 6. Are teachers 6. Are not on Earth 6. You enjoy doing ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 7. Travel a lot 7. Have a lot of technology 7. You don’t enjoy doing ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 8. Are always nice to you 8. People haven’t fought in wars 8. People read ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 9. Have a job you’d love to do 9. Have a lot of pollution 9. You see at school every day ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 10. Are very creative 10. Are famous all over the world 10. Scare you ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________This is a brainstorming exercise. The class writes everyday objects on slips of paper and places all the slips in a box. You each draw a slip from the box, and the activity begins on a 15 min. timer. You must 1001 WAYS now come up with as many new uses for your object as you can. Write them down or sketch them out in the box—be as creative as you can (You can also do this exercise in pairs or groups) My Object: ___________________________________________This exercise is designed to help you think laterally and discover new ways of looking at the WHAT WOULD world. Answer these questions using creative and constructive thinking. You can use as much HAPPEN? detail as you like. For fun, try to think of your own “What Would Happen?” questions What would happen if … … there were suddenly no computers, tablets, or phones of any kind anywhere on Earth?
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ … we had to live in a world without electricity?
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ … you woke up one morning to discover you had changed into a cartoon character?
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ … all the animals in the world could suddenly communicate with us in our own language?
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ … you discovered your best friend was a superhero?
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ How would you describe the following things and their sensations to someone who had EXPLAIN YOURSELF never seen or experienced them before? Use all your senses in your descriptions A bunch of flowers An automobile A rainstorm A laptop computer _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________ _________ _________ A piece of chocolate A rock concert A hug from someone A favourite place of yours _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _________ _________ _________The rules and laws we have in life are meant to guide us and protect us, and to keep order in our YOU KNOW society. Imagine that you get to make 3 rules that everyone in the world must follow. What rules THE RULES would you make and why? Rule No. 1_________________________________________________________ I chose this rule because: 
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Rule No. 2_________________________________________________________ I chose this rule because: 
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Rule No. 3_________________________________________________________ I chose this rule because: 
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Part of life is being able to strike a healthy balance between our needs and our wants. It’s also about focusing MAKING on what we consider to be truly important. Imagine you can have any 3 things that you want. In return you must CHOICES give away three things that you already have. What do you want and what will you give away, and why? What I Choose to Have What I Would Give Away 1. ______________________________________________________ 1. ______________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________ I would want these things because:
 I would give up these things because:
 ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________
 ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________
 ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________Everything around you—cars, buildings, even our personal electronic devices—all started with an idea. This is SKETCH an exercise in creative visualization. In the space below, sketch out an idea for an invention or a concept you THEM OUT think would be cool. Some ideas are provided, but feel free to come up with your own. Suggestions My Inventive Idea: _____________________________________________________________ • A portable source for charging a smartphone • A traffic system that doesn’t rely on colours • A machine that turns trash into energy • A “green” vehicle • An all-new method of personal transportation • A new immersive gaming system • An idea for a tablet or smartphone app • A challenging and fun new idea for a sport • A clever design for an interior space • An idea for a social networking domainADDITIONAL ACTIVITIESPair up with a partner and test each other with these fun and challenging “job interview” questions. This one STRANGE is all about lateral thinking and common-sense viewpoints. It’s also about active listening INTERVIEW A man buys a new car and goes home to tell his wife. He goes the wrong way up a one-way street, nearly runs into 7 people, goes 1. onto the sidewalk, and takes a shortcut through a park. A policeman sees all this and still doesn’t arrest him. Why not? 2. If you had a machine that could generate one million dollars a day, what would you be willing to pay for it? 3. Why is it against the law for a person living in New York to be buried in California? One house is made of red bricks, one of blue bricks, one of yellow bricks, and one of purple bricks. What is the green house made of? 4. A little girl kicks a soccer ball. It goes 10 feet and comes back to her. How is this possible? 5. 6. In South Africa you can’t take a picture of a man with a wooden leg. Why not? 7. You drive past a bus stop and see 3 people waiting for the bus: an old lady who is about to die, an old friend who saved your life, and your perfect partner. Knowing you can only have one passenger in your car, what would you do? How much dirt is there in a hole 3 feet deep, 6 feet long, and 4 feet wide? 8. If it took 8 men 10 hours to build a wall, how long would it take 4 men to build the same wall? 9. How far can you walk into the woods? 10. How many books can you put in an empty backpack? 11. Your friend says he can predict the exact score of every football game before it begins. He's right every time. How is that possible? 12.In a crisis situation, teamwork is crucial to handling challenges effectively. Fabricate a scenario in which students need to work together and solve problems to succeed (ex: stranded on a deserted island, being lost WORST at sea, etc.). The rule is that every team member must contribute an idea for a possible solution. CASE SCENARIO For example, they could come up with a list of items that would help them survive, or think of a plan to find shelter or build it. Students can then vote and agree to a final solution. Form into a circle and give everyone a unique picture of a person, place, object, or animal. One person TRAIN of begins a story that iuses whatever happens to be on their photo as the focus. The next person continues TALL TALES the story by adding something related to their photo. This exercise gets funny and challenging This fun collaborative team-building exercise develops aspects of Solution, Creativity, and Collaboration Fluency. Each group constructs a free-standing tower out of newspaper and tape. There isn’t a time limit for this exercise, unless you want to establish one. PAPER TOWER It encourages critical thinking and problem-solving. Which team can build the tallest, structurally sound free- standing tower? Throughout the process, students will start to realize there are questions they have that they didn’t ask. This is a perfect time to get them to explore how to answer these questions for themselves. This is an exercise based on building communication and trust between people. Arrange a challenging obstacle course and place students into teams. They get to take turns navigating the minefield you've CLASS built while blindfolded, with only their teammates verbally guiding them. You can also require students to MINEFIELD use only specific words or clues to make it harder, and switch the minefield around for each team.Answer Key REBUS ROUNDUP 4/9 CONNECT 1. Split decision Start experimenting with lines that extend outside the square, 
 11. Cross breed and the answer comes quickly. Here is a solution: if the dots are 2. Middle age 12. Half-hearted numbered 1 through 9 from left to right, draw a line from dot 1 through 5 to 9, then up through 6 and 3 and outside of the box, 3. One after another 13. Mixed metaphor then back down through 2 and 4, then right through 7 and 8. This will allow you to create other solutions based on these rules 4. Editor in chief 14. Sideshow 5. Tea for two 15. Travel overseas 6. Bigger and better 16. Top secret 7. Tennessee 17. Painless operation 8. Moral support 18. Get up and go 9. Forget it 19. Small talk 10. Small talk 20. Jack in the boxAWESOME ANAGRAMS Spear Reward Least Reins Paste Mister Traces pares
 warred tales
 siren spate remits
 spare teals timers reacts
 recast Plates Spread Post Player Name Skate Snap pares
 replay mean takes
 span reaps
 warred tops teaks spare Leap Parties Rates Restrain Pass Team East pale
 plea traipse taser
 spas tame seat
 tears trainers teasSTRANGE INTERVIEW 1. The man was walking. 2. Why pay for the machine if you already have it? 3. Burying people who are still alive is a crime. 4. Glass panels. 5. She kicked it straight up into the air. 6. You can’t take a picture with a wooden leg; you have to use a camera. 7. Give the car keys to your friend, and let him take the old woman to the hospital. Then stay behind and wait for the bus with your perfect partner. 8. None—otherwise it wouldn’t be a hole. 9. The wall is already built; no need for anyone to build it again. 10. Halfway—after that, you’re walking out of the woods. 11. You only need one; then the backpack isn’t empty. 12. The score before any football game begins is 0:0.Great students deserve
 great lessons. Students are the new critical thinkers. Now that you’ve explored activities for critical thinking skills, it’s time to take the next step in really engaging your students. The Solution Fluency Activity Planner is the place to be for developing top-notch lesson plans for eager young minds. The Activity Planner lets you: • Access thousands of inquiry and PBL units • Create your own custom lesson plans • Align with your curricular standards Start Planning for Free • Collaborate with global educators Please feel free to print or distribute this publication electronically as long as you do not modify it in any way or charge for it.
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